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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 22, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Thurjduy, March 1973 Transatlantic air fares In the latest of a dreary series of price-fixing deals, the world's premier exponent of that practice, the Inter- national Air Transport Association, has turned back a strong plea by Europe's airlines for sharply reduced transatlantic air fares. The Europeans wanted the lowered fares as a means of filling their planes, making their flights economical, and turning the North Atlantic route into the bonanza they believe it could be- Instead, IATA accepted the position put for- ward by the U.S. civil aeronautics board that the proposed decreases would bankrupt some American air- lines, and therefore should be dis- allowed. As a result, thousands of travellers who had hoped for more reasonable rates between Europe and North America will continue paying the in- flated prices required by what Ameri- cans would scathingly denounce as hopeless inefficiency if anyone other than Americans were guilty. The problem is simply that too many American airlines are fran- chised to fly too many routes, in- cluding the North Atlantic run, and that each of them seems to have enough political clout to avoid the normal consequences. Usually, when too many salesmen chase too few customers the weak- est go under, leaving enough busi- ness to keep the others going. In- stead, the redundant companies keep going from folly to promotional folly, advertising more and more extra- vagantly, adding gimmicks at an ever increasing rate, striving to outdo eacli other in costly and unneeded frills in hopes of snaring enough busi- ness to keep afloat until they can make a down payment on still an- other in the seemingly endless series of newer and bigger planes. Canadian travellers have more than a passing interest in travel costs be- tween here and the "old country." More Canadians than not have roots and relatives there, and most of the others especially the young people seem fascinated ny Europe and determirxd to go there. But quite apart from that, there is no reason why Canada needs to go tamely along with IATA (a moribund outfit at best) and its espousal of cer- tain U.S. airlines' interests. Just as readily, and far more sensibly, it could opt for co-operation with British and European carriers in setting more reasonable transatlantic fares. Not only would this benefit many thousands of Canadian travellers, but there isn't any doubt that lower Cana- dian fares would bring a lot of U.S. tourists to Canadian airlines and to Canada. If Canada wants American tourist business, as everyone claims, this is one sure way to get it. Parity with men Women's liberation as well as offer- Ing freedom and release has opened to women many former male occupa- tions including crime. Latest figures of the Federal Bu- reau of Investigation show the num- ber of women arrested for "serious" crimes such as murder and armed robbery increased 80 per cent from 1968-1971. The increase for moles dur- ing that same period was 35 per cent. The number of females arrested for homicide in 1971 rose 23 per cent from the previous year compared with a decline one per cent for males- Auto theft arrests of women were up 18 per cent, down six for men. Robbery arrests of both sexes increased but was 19 psr cent higher for women compared to 11 per cent for men. The days of the woman driving the getaway car is a thing of the past. Today's woman chooses to engage in crimes alone or with another woman rather than play subservient roles like driving an escape car for a man, according to prisoners interviewed at Ricker's Island women's jail in New York. J. Miller Leavy, head of the trials department of the Los Angeles dis- trict attorney's office has found there used to be a very strict division be- tween female-committed crimes such as shoplifting and male-committed crimes involving violence, "but now you have women in homicide about as cold and cruel as you can think." Betty Friedan. one of the founders of Women's Lib, though agreeing that the increase in female-committed crime may be a byproduct, feels that as women become more assertive, and if denied minimal comfort and dignity, are likely to take aggressive and hostile action but won't be in- volved in the "really serious" crimes such as "genocide, bombing and na- palm in Vietnam or being part of the mainstream of the Mafia." What a comfort to the female spe- cies! With an 80 per cent increase in serious crimes, such as murder, it is of little solace to know they were not responsible for the Asian bomb- ing. With the women's crime rate rising (the FBI figures show some female arrests in 1971) one is in- clined to agree with the Houston policeman's claim that women's lib's influence has niade things acceptable which were totally taboo before. Worth a try The mutually accepted challenge of students and staff at Hamilton Junior High School to quit smoking is an approach to the problem that is worth trying not only at that school but in others as well. Much of the blame for starting a habit which is frequently later re- gretted rests with the urging of the peer group to emulate a practice iden- tified by them as being adult and sophisticated. Now a pressure has been mounted for adults to repudi- ate the practice and for young people to reverse their estimate of its ac- ceptability. It could work; a high percentage pt those hooked could kick the habit. Public awareness of the pact should be an additional powerful force in producing good results. All that cheer- ing and jeering surrounding the smok- ers has to have an effect. Devil's advocate By Gregory L. Hales, Fleetwoort-Bawden School Every school district should have a full time devil's advocate. Every school district should employ a person to travel throughout the system probing teachers -r.id administrators in or- der to determine exactly what a particu- lar school or teacher is doing. The devil's advocate would elicit descriptions, explan- ations-and justifications of programs, meth- ods, resources, and so on. The prime question asked by the devil's advocate would be WHY? Why is this pro- gram in operation? Why are these meth- ods of instruction being employed? Why use these resources rather than some others? The devil's advocate would act as a tra- velling conscience, asking questions which are always in need of asking, but which, for various reasons may not be habitually asked by administrators or teachers. If justifications could not be provided for what Is being done in a school, then careful analysis must be undertaken by those persons concerned. For' example, if the question "Why do you use this text in your language arts program; of what value is this text to your particular were asked, and the only response forthcoming was "We have always used this the involved ought to immediately look for real reasons, for justifications, for the employ- ment of said text. Prior use alone Is not sufficient reason for continued use. But neither is the use of a text justified simply because "it is tha newest text LET ME GIVt YOU A time TIP ABOUT Trie SITUATION] Letters Opposes plant sale No way back for Indians By Shaun Herron, Herald special commentator Indians have come late to the tired circle of turmoit-maksrs of whom the world has wearied in the past decade-and-a-half. The occupation of a building in Saskatoon by young Indians is not much more than an equiv- alent of the effect of certain young students who needed to exhibit themselves and had the personality to induce some oth- er students to support them. The young "activist" h o "leads" his peers in unneces- sarily extravagant "protest" is usually a potentially disturbed person with a compulsion to ex- hibitionism. He's on an ego trip. There's a good deal of that in the American Indian Move- ment, and it is better to tell them early that most people, think so lhan to encourage them to believe they will be taken to represent the Indian people of this continent. Some of the talk one has listened to from them about the signifi- cance of Wounded Knee has on it all the marks of the student "leaders" talk when they were sure they had society on the run. Wounded Knee as a "lib- erated" Indian territory as one of Winnipeg's Indian visi- tors in the A.I.M. described it is adolescent tosh; the only reason why the town has not been reduced by force is that the American authorities do not want to spill blood. We're all tired of blood on the streets. The other day a European spokesman for the World Coun- cil of Churches defended the council's action in sending mon- ey to certain Indian groups. A European clergyman would no doubt be specially equipped to know each national situation better than the people who live in it, but in the North Ameri- can situation it is an odd kind of archaic reactionary thinking to believe that there is going to be oi) this continent another1 nation than the American and Canadian nations and that there will be surviving national ter- ritories within the national ter- ritory. The real reactionaries, in our little moment, are the so-called "liberals" who sup- port -movements not because they make sense but because they are "protest" movements and because they are there. A spokesman for the Ameri- can Indian Movement in Can- ada told us the other day that they want to worship The Great Spirit, sing their songs, speak their languages, and I know of nobody who is going to argue with them. We have saffron- robed priests chanting in the streets of this nation, we have Catholics, Protestants, Mos- lems, there are even, I un- few surviving Cm- gregationalists Mormons and the rest, and I have no know- ledge of anyone who wishes to restrict them in the practice of their religion and the use of tongues. So with Indians. But to talk of the Indians' traditional way of life being preserved, on Indian territory, as an inviolable right is non- sense and it would help a great deal to put the thing in per- spective if governments, and especially federal governments, would insist that there are to be no second-class nations with- in the nation; as Mr. Trudeau once insisted, with respect to Indian policy, that there would be no second-class citizens. The Indian way of life the spokes- man in question said they want- ed to live as their grandfathers lived is not possible any more than the way of life of the Ukrainian in the Ukraine is pos- sible here. What was the way of life of this young man's grand- father? It was lived in a dif- ferent country, in a different century indeed in a different age. Whatever governments may be disposed to say at the mo- ment .about aboriginal rights or aboriginal ways, the fact is that Hie movement of lime and events is against any arrange- ments that might for the mo- ment concede them or hope to preseve them. All we would be doing by enshrining them in law or custom would be to cre- ate problems for the future that would be greater problems for the Indians than tor the rest of us. It is indeed strange how reactionary are the "progres- sives" of our time. They will serve causes that belong to the dead past merely because someone whose skin is not "white" (have you ever seen a white sponsors it. The silliness of the tough talk now heal' from some Indi- ans is exactly the silliness of tone and temper and miscalcu- lation that we heard a few years ago from those who were going to tear down society from a university base, then sit down and think what they would put in its place. The Indians have one different plank in their plat- form: They will put the clock back to grandfather's time. What are we trying to. do, if we pay heed to this reaction- ary prattle? To lock the Indi- an into a ghetto from which ha will have to emerge, even more incapable than he often is now of fitting into any kind of soci- ety except that which subsists on handouts and in increasing squalor. We have to say again and again that we will not buy it and that we will not be bul- lied by young people who have not thought enough about their plight fo be able to offer any sort of solution for it. Feelings are not enough. All the Ameri- can Indian Movement has to offer the Indian is feeling; and tough talk; and trouble. History led us to this point. We should understand what the past has done to us and them. We should give a great deal of thought to what must now be done. But we should reject out of hand every proposal that pre- tends there is a way for the Indian back into the past, sep- arate from Canadian society or special witliin it. There is only one nation. In every nation there is room for different cul- tures. There is no room for sub- nations, We should say now that there are not going to be any. H will be interesting to learn how we make out when city council meets with Calgary Power to review the evaluation report on our power plant sub- mitted by a Montreal Engineer- ing firm. City council has been told for years that the city's power plant required additional gen- erators and the overhauling of those already installed. The previous report, prepared by former utility director Doug Hall spurred no action and was likely filed in the waste paper basket. This was the main rea- son for Mr. Hall's resignation. Mayor Andy Anderson en- joys referring to the way Leth- bridge has grown. Although he has sat on a number of coun- cils he didn't have the foresight to see that the power plant kept pace with the city's growth. The present utilities director Oli Erdos favors selling the city plant to Calgary Power but I question if he is experienced enough to know anything about the plant. I disagree with three Herald news reports dealing with the local power plant calling it un- economical, that the power contract has the city in a bind and why Calgary Power is in- terested in the Lethbridge plant. I suspect the bulk of the iraterial has been supplied by the city manager. Quring the years 1969 to 1972 our power plant has shown a sur. plus of 3V'j million dollars, not including the water works de- partment. During 1967-48 000 was allotted for generators. Could we be told where this surplus went? Our power plant supplied part of our electric energy In the recent black-out when Cal- gary Power failed and had to purchase power from B.C. Hy- dro and Northwestern U.S. Calgary Power plans to in- crease its purchase from B.C. Hydro from 40 megowatta to 240, if possible. If this Is done and our .plant closes it means higher rates and taxes. Also adding to costs will be the pow- er needed for the waterworks department, including the pump house and sewerage disposal systems Street lighting -alone costs us over It has been proposed to bor- row ?11 million over the next three years for underground wiring with arrangements al- ready made to borrow about half a million from the federal government for this purpose. Could we not have added an ad- dition to the present firehall to house the new fire ladder rath- er than building a new firehall four blocks away from the pres- ent location? Let's save the goose that lays the golden egg. PERCY MORRIS Lethbridge Amend election act It was with great interest that I read the comments about The Herald's cartoons during the election of last fall. I was not entirely satisfied with the han- dling of the cartoons, but the handling of the day to day news left a lot more to be desired, in my opinion. I was told at the beginning of the campaign that The Herald would only cover meetings and not print any press releases. The Herald cov- ered meetings of every candi- date at least once with the ex- ception of the NDP. There is not much merit in decrying past history and I only bring it up at this point in" the hope that future elections %vill bring fairer treatment from The Her- ald. Recent editorials In The Her- ald have pointed out that ex- cessive election expenses are making a mockery of dem- ocracy. I fully agree and would like to -make a proposal that might alleviate.this situation to some extent. Instead of hav- ing people donate to only one party we might set up a central election fund in each con- stituency and use the funds to hold debates and forums in which all the candidates would participate. If we are really concerned about democracy then we must make ideas more important than money in our election process. Our problems are becoming too complex to be solved only by those who can show an abil- ity to amass money. It could even be argued !hat the gather- ing of great fortunes are too often largely responsible for much of our environmental pol- lution problems. The present custom of using large sums of money to adver- tise candidates as if they were a piece of soap or some other commodity is grossly misdi- rected and inadequate as a means of informing the public of their platforms. People have a right to see a candidate's po- sition challenged by other can- didates in a public debate us- ing the most up to date meth- ods of communication. This need not be restricted to the electronic media. The Herald did an effective one page de- bate including all four candi- dates last fall which was well received. I would love to see Parlia- ment amend the election act be- cause much reform is needed. But we need not wait for Par- liament to act. Perhaps The Herald could get the ball roll- ing by asking for the sugges- tions and opinions of its read- ers on this very important mat- ter. In closing I would like to this opportunity to wonder out loud why the Lethbridge mem- ber of Parliament, Mr. Hurl- burt, is complaining that the basic pension is too low. He stated on numerous occa- sions that this was all his party was prepared to do last fall. HAL HOFFMAN Lethbridge Strike fully justified The problem Is (and it's not peculiar to education) that we get used to the chains we wear. Familiarity, while it may breed contempt, also breeds something like af- fection. Unpleasant, meaningless, routine activities may became agreeable if persist- ed in long enough. A boring text, method of instruction, or unit of study may become a pleasant habit due to the frequency of its repetition. The instructor may become complacent; the student may become lifeless and indiffer- ent. A devil's advocate would question and question and question until fundamental explanations and justifications pro- vided, or until reasoned and deliberate changes were effected. Of necessity the devil's advocate must not have an axe to grind and miBt not be the stooge for any one element In the school system. He must be as impartial and objective as possible, having the func- tion only of critical evaluation. Educators must constantly participate In critical sell-appraisal. And they frequently do. But there does exist the old "forest for the trees" kind of blindness. There is also the attendant problem of insufficient time available for teachers to perform eat- isfactory, in-depth self-appraisals. A devil's advocate would have the and wculd be sufficiently apart from the Im- mediate particular context that he could still see the forest through the Irees. A devil's advocate could lead us one step closer to the best possible education. Russia's man in a hurry By Dev Murarka, London Observer commentator MOSCOW A new style campaign to improve agricul- ture in the Soviet Union has begun after the appointment of 54-year-old Dimitry Polyansky, a Politburo member, as min- ister of agriculture earlier this month. One of his most urgent tasks will be to provide greater mechanization. In a stinging editorial, the Communist Party newspaper, Pravda, has underlined the very weak structure of farm mechanization as a whole. It says that so many farms lack machinery for so many opera- tions, that if they were properly equipped manual labor would be reduced by 50 per cent or more. But the blame is given not to the farms but to ministries in charge of production of agricul- tural implements. Pravda says that in the past three years not 8 single machine has been proposed or designed for pro- duction for linen and hemp har- vesting, both very labor-inten- sive jobs. It complains that about 100 different kinds of agricultural machinery and implements have been approv- ed in design but have not been included in any production plans. The other weak spot is poor or inadequate servicing. Even when farms have proper ma- chines, they cannot use many of them because they have not been repaired after break- downs. The organization re- sponsible for their servicing can never manage to do it in time. Savage criticism of the Agri- cultural Equipment Association or Selkhoztekhnika, has increas- ed since Polyansky took over. The head of this organization was ignominiously dismissed near the end of January. Another bottleneck in supply of farm implements is shown up by the weekly Literary Ga- zette which has disclosed that a dual-purpose harvester, which can deal with green maize as well as ripe cobs, has been working satisfactorily in the Kuban region for years, but tha prototype model remains unique. It has not been pro- duced elsewhere despite minis- terial orders to start serial production. Tha whole business, says the journal, has bogged down in bureaucracy and per- Bonal antagonisms. The weekly also cited an automatic tractor which Is working satisfactorily in Siberia but which has not been included in any plan for further production. The new agriculture minister faces an uphill task but by be- ginning on machinery supplies he has taken up the most com- plicated task of all, since usual- ly these matters are beyond his direct control. And he has to be a man in a hurry. Last year's grain harvest was only 1G8 mil- lion tons, 22 million tons short of target. And so far the out- look for this year is far from rosy. There is still uncertainty about the winter harvest, but it is generally accepted that it will be below last year's and winter harvest is mainly wheat. A bad harvest does not nec- essarily mean shortage of food for Russians, but in a coun- try where agriculture, even in good years, is not much above the margin of needs, a succes- sion of bad harvests can dam- age the entire economy. Ke- Eources have to be diverted to importing food grains. Many ancillary industries begin to suffer from a shortage of raw materials. So far the Russians have managed to avoid excessive slaughter of cattle despite the shortage of feed grains, but another bad year may compel them to kill off more and this would mean a setback for meat supplies for Dezt three to tour years. Tha striking teachers of Southern Alberta are fully justi- fied in asking for parity with city teachers. A teacher is a teacher no matter where he works in Al- berta and there is no excuse for trying to shortchange the coun- try teacher of hundreds of dol- lars just because he chooses to work outside city limits. The provincial government charges its citizens the same rates for health care insur- ance and income tax no mat- ter where they live. Doctors, dentists, and lawyers, do not offer a cut rate to those who live outside the city. The farm- er does not expect to receive a lower price for his beef if he raises his cattle way out in the bush country. Our government should insist that all Alberta (eachers be given the same rates of pay. Lethbridge T. G. MORRIS Letters ore welcome and will be published providing: identification is included (name and address are re- quired even when the letter is to appear over a pseu- they are sensible and not libelous; they are of manageable length or can be shortened (normally, letters should nor exceed 300 they ore deci- pherable (il greatly helps if letters are lyped, double spaced and with writers do not submit lelteri loo frequently. Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD TO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1905-1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Claw Reglstralfon No. 001? r ef The Canadian Press and Ihe Canadian Dally lttieri' AiMclallon and Die Audit Bureau of CLeo W MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. AOAMS, General Manager DON PILLING WILLIAM HAY Managing Associate Editor .ROY F. MILES OOUGLAi K. WALKEH Mvtrtlilng Marngtf editorial Pas. Editor THE HERAID SERVES THE ;