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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - March 22, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta Forecast high Tuesday 25-30. The Lethbridge Herald ? ? ? ? ? VOL. LXIV - No. 85 LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, MONDAY, MARCH 22, 1971 PRICE NOT OVER 10 CENTS TWO SECTIONS - 20 PAGES in press sale TORONTO (CP) - The United Church of Canada chose money over principle when it sold Ryerson Preu to an American company, the former head of Ryerson said today. In a brief to be presented today to the royal commission on book publishing in Ontario, William C. Heine said he resigned as unpaid chairman of the church's division of communication - "in business terms, chairman of the board of Ryerson Press" - because of the decision. Mr. Heine is editor of the London Free Press. He said the Canadian book-publishing industry must be kept Canadian, and suggests Canadian-content legislation and increased Canadian ownership as tools for saving it. Mr. Heine said the sale of Ryerson last October wps inevitable and the offer made by McGraw-Hill of Canada Ltd., a United States subsidiary, was in effect worth $1 million more than an offer made by Maclean-Hunter Ltd. of Toronto. "The money, though great, was less important than the principle; I had hoped the church would forego the additional revenue." McGraw-Hill offered $2.25 million for the "sick outfit" compared with $1.75 million offered by Maclean-Hunter. The McGraw-Hill offer was in cash and included other terms that brought its effective value up another $500,000. Action urged Mr. Heine said provincial and federal governments now roust ensure that other Canadian publishing firms remain in Canadian hands. The key was textbooks, without which no publishing firm could afford to risk money on other books. "It lies in the fact that a high percentage of text* books used in Ontario schools are published by Canadian subsidiaries of American publishing companies.. in the possibility, indeed the probability, that Canadian authors writing for subsidiaries of American firms are likely to avoid strong criticism of the United' States in the historical, political, economic or cultural fields. The long-term^ implications for Canadians are obvious." Mr. Heine said Ontario can ensure Canadian content by requiring that after a given date school boards buy 60 to 75 per cent of their textbooks from publishing firms in which a majority of shares are. owned by Canadians, which publish in Canada and which use Canadian authors;' "The effect would be to force marginally-profitable Canadian subsidiaries of American corporations, which were in Canada onjy to milk the Canadian market, to close their operations in Canada. "The majority of-reputable Canadian subsidiaries of American firms would go public to ensure being able to meet Ontario requirements, or would negotiate sales of blocks of their stock to purely Canadian corporations." Government subsidies or loans to Canadian publishers would be ineffective "because the publishers would still be forced into marginal operations by the sheer size and resources of American competitors." Slave regions still exist LONDON (AP) - All governments oppose slavery, the United Nations has condemned it, all major religions deplore it, but in the year of the third moon landing there are still slaves. In some countries of the Sahara region, an adult male costs 10 camels. In others he costs about $180, half the value of a woman slave. The Anti-Slavery Society, working from a third-floor office near London's Victoria Station, has been tracking down slaves and their owners since 1823. The society says chattel slavery exists in 11 countries while others have what the UN describes as "practices similar to slavery." Such practices include serfdom, debt bondage, sham adoption, exploitation of children and servile forms of marriage. Acknowledging that the extent varies greatly, the society lists these countries where chattel slavery is practised: Algeria, Chad, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Oman, Pakistan, the Philippines and Senegal. It has been outlawed in all these countries. Serfdom, the Society says, exists in Afghanistan, Bolivia, Ecuador, Ethiopia and Peru. Debt bondage is practised in Burma and India. Exploitation of children is carried out in about 40 countries. Servile forms of marriage exist in varying degrees in all Islamic or part-Islamic countries, the society 6ays. Trade in slaves is a clandestine operation. The old public markets of Africa have long since disappeared, but African slaves still move north to the Sahara. The Anti-Slavery Society estimates the world has several hundred thousand chattel slaves. The number of people involved in the other practices condemned may exceed 10 million. The society does not lightly point a finger at governments and make accusations of slavery. "We have to walk delicately between discreet diplomacy and the threat of publicity when governments won't move toward reform of archaic social injustice," says Col. Patrick Montgomery, the secretary. The society has consultative status with the UN's Economic and Social Council and seeks to achieve its ends by working through UN bodies. It finds the southeastern part of the Arabian peninsula is still a slave area, although King Feisal of Saudi Arabia made slave-owning illegal in 1962. In coastal villages of the peninsula are reported to be large numbers of slaves of African origin who work in the fields or as household servants, bodyguards and crew members on dhows, Two-way battle for Ulster post From AP-REUTER BELFAST (CP) - William Craig, a hard-line right-wing Protestant rebel who has challenged the British government's policy of moderation for Northern Ireland, made a iast-minuta bid today to be prime minister. But Development Minister Brian Faulkner, who has indicated his willingness to go along with reforms demanded by London to right long-standing complaints by Roman Catholics of discrimination in housing and jobs, was rated an odds-on choice to win. Craig, former home affairs minister, was read out of the governing Unionist parliamentary party for fighting two previous prime ministers. He succeeded in bringing both down. Even though Craig, the darling of the Protestant militants who want gun-toting police and British troops to move into Roman Catholic districts accused of harboring Irish Republican army terrorists, was nominated he can't vote for himself in the Union party caucus which will choose the next prime minister Tuesday. Faulkner had been expected to be the lone candidate to succeed James Chichester-Clark. Faulkner and Craig were nominated today at a caucus made up of the 31 members of the Protestant-based Unionist party in Northern Ireland's Parliament. Thirty-six Unionists were elected to the 52-member Parliament in February, 1969, but Craig and four others were read out of the party for refusing to toe the line and are not entitled to vote in party caucuses. Chichester-Clark quit Saturday under heavy right-wing pressure to scrap his London-dictated policy of moderation and crack down hard on gunmen of the Irish Republican Amy. His departure has caused Northern Ireland's worst political crisis in years. Despite firm British government warnings against repressive measures to crush the gunmen, Faulkner was reported ready to make at least one move to appease his party's right-wing militants if he is made prime minister. MAY ARM POLICE It was reported he would rearm Ulster's riot police who were stripped of their weapons at the height of sectarian strife in August, 1969. Right-wing insistence on red-blooded confrontation with the IRA caused Chichester-Clark's departure. But the British government has clearly hinted a break with the outgoing premier's moderate line might lead to direct rule of Ulster by London. In London, Home Secretary Reginald Maulding said today that the British government would take over direct rule of Ulster "only as a last resort." Two killed in Alberta By THE CANADIAN PRESS At least two persons died accidentally in Alberta during the weekend, both in traffic accidents. Marilynne Edna Kroetsch, 22, of Alliance, was killed in a single vehicle accident near Bwalf, 60 miles southeast of Edmonton. Craig Walden, 9, of Calgary, died in hospital of injuries suffered in a car-bicycle accident in the city. Super-Granny 108 ROME (AP) - Maria Imperi-ali, the woman Romans call Super-Granny, celebrated her 108th birthday today with a feast and in good health. Craig had warned that any move in. that direction by the British government would be "resisted and could lead to a blood bath." South forces retreat under heavy attack precarious perch - a South Vietnamese trooper keeps, a tight hold on the landing skid he is riding as a U.S. helicopter comes In to land at Han Nghi, South Vietnam. He was one of many ARVIN troopers who elected fo travel in this fashion rather than be left behind by overladen helicopters evacuating South Vietnamese forces from Laos. Some of the skid riders fell to their deaths on the flight from Laos. II persons confirmed dead in New Guinea landslide TELEFOMIN, New Guinea (Reuter) - At least 11 persons, including an American family of four, have been confirmed as dead following a landslide Sunday at the isolated New Guinea highlands village of Tifalim, about 12 miles from here. Rescue officials who issued the death toll today said it now appeared that most of the 115 inhabitants, earlier feared to have been caught in the landslide, had escaped. About 100 rescuers were today digging through up to 15 feet of Old Napoleon silver stolen from museum MIAMI (AP) - Bandits tricked a guard at the Dade County Art Museum today and escaped with a silver collection worth an estimated $1.5 million, police said. The pieces of silver, dating back to 1815, once belonged to Najpoleon Bonaparte arid his brother Jerome of France, said R. K. Preston, business manager of the museum, Villa Viz-caya. Preston said the silver, owned by Samuel Kirk and Son, a Baltimore jewelry firm, was on display at the museum, and was insured for $500,000. mud covering the wrecked village in search of bodies. It is feared the death toll could reach 20. Rescuers said that no one in the village could have survived the landslide, but fortunately most of the inhabitants were apparently out of the village at the time. The village Is located in the western Sepik district of Papua-New Guinea, about 450 miles southwest of Port Moresby. A spokesman for the geophysical observatory in Port Moresby said today there had been a "very small" earthquake in the Sepik region early Sunday, but its exact location had not been pinpointed. President Nixon on TV tonight WASHINGTON (AP) - President Nixon will appear on a one-hour live television interview on the American Broadcasting Co. tonight. Ii is the first of three such scheduled interviews. The others will be on CBS and NBC respectively. No date has been set for those programs yet. Newscaster Howard K. Smith will question the president in the one-hour program, starting at 7:30 p.m. MST. From AP-REUTER SAIGON (CP) - U.S. fighter-bombers made heavy raids today on North Vietnam for the second successive day as more South Vietnamese forces re- treated from Laos under heavy North Vietnamese attack. Saigon announced that 10,000 men had been pulled back across the border. Informed sources Indicated No action taken in troop mutiny KHE SANH, Vietnam (AP) - A commanding general said today he does not plan to take disciplinary action against 53 of his men who refused an order to move forward to secure a damaged helicopter and their commanding officer's armored vehicle. "I suppose if I went by the book, we could have them out and shoot them for refusing an order in the face of the enemy," said Brig. Gen. John J. Hill, "but they're back in the field, doing their duty." "I don't think it should be blown out of proportion." The commander of the reluctant armored cavalry troop, Capt. Carlos Poveda, was relieved of his command. Hill, commanding general of the 1st Brigade, 5th Mechanized Division, said the captain "made an error in tactics" that resulted in his losing control of his unit when he became separated from it. The men who balked were members of two platoons of Bravo Troop, 1st Squadron, 1st Cavalry, America! Division. They are temporarily assigned to Hill's division in the northwest comer of South Vietnam, supporting the South Vietnamese invasion of Laos. HAPPENED BEFORE A similar incident occurred in the Americal Division in August, 1969, when an infantry company refused to go forward Pakistan session delayed DACCA (Reuter) - President Yahya Khan postponed Pakistan's national assembly opening session for the second time today after meeting rival political leaders of the country's East and West regions on the country's political crisis. No new date has been announced for the assembly to meet. It was scheduled to convene Thursday after being postponed a first time by the president from March 3. A presidential announcement said the decision was made "to facilitate the process of enlarging the areas of agreement among the political parties." Yahya met today with Sheik Mujibur Rahman, the leader of East Pakistan's Awami League, and West Pakistan leader Zulfikar Ali Bhutto as he continued his attempts to avert a political split of Pakistan. It was the first time the three had met together to discuss the si uation. Bhuto met with Yahya for two hours Sunday night. Sheik Mujib met earlier in the day with Yahya for the fifth time since they opened their discussions last Tuesday. Worth more than $1 million Find body in stamp treasure house TORONTO (CP) - Douglas Gorman, 48, of Toronto, was charged Sunday with the non-capital murder of Milton Leroy Bitter, 69, whose battered body was found Friday among the litter of more than $1 million in stamps. Gorman was arrested at his home about a block from Rit-ter's three-storey bachelor home. An autopsy showed the philatelist died of extensive head injuries, including a fractured skull. Police said the borne was a, treasure house of stamps, cash, rare coins, bonds and investment certificates. It was not known whether any cash or valuables were missing. Included in the cash was almost $100,000 in Canadian currency, some of it in large bills of the 1930s. LIKE TREASURE HUNT Inspector John D. Webster, head of the Metropolitan Toronto police homicide squad, said: "There is no doubt what we found is worth more than $1 million. _ "It was just like discovering gold in the pirate stories. Just when we thought we couldn't find any more than there was, we would locate another box full of coins or another pile of bonds." He said the collection was stored in trunks, tea chests, cardboard cartons and wooden barrels. Police forced their way into the home after a friend of Mr. Ritter, Oscar Gramann, an OakviUe, Ont., stamp dealer, was unable to get an answer to several telephone! call*,..... Police said a search of the house failed to turn up a will. Mr. Gramann said it was not until last Monday, after 11 years of friendship, that Mr. Ritter revealed he had "maybe a million" in stamps in Vus library and basement-enough rare Canadian issues to depress the Canadian stamp market. Mr. Ritter ran a stamp shop in downtown Toronto until his mother died 10 years ago. After that he sold stamps by mail to beginning collectors, _ after five days of heavy casualties on a mountain held by the North Vietnamese. LJLJL_jL DDD,r 'Move that Eskimo here, this penguin there, and take the pipeline through herel' Miners back on the job at Canmore CANMORE (CP) - Work resumed at the Canmore Mines Ltd. coal operation today as 260 employees returned to the job after a three-day stoppage last week. Union officials said the production halt was for "study sessions" concerning the firing last week of a few workers and was not a strike. Terms of sick leave and scheduling of shift work at the mine 60 miles west of Calgary were also discussed but the basis for the return to work were not disclosed. (hat scores of planes made the raids and that they were the heaviest against North Vietnam since last November. The U.S. command said the American pilots, hit surface-to-air missile-SAM-sites, anti> aircraft gun positions and supply depots from the demilitarized zone at the 17th parallel to the 19th parallel, a distance of about 175 miles. The same categories of targets' and in the same area were hit by the American raiders Sunday. Thev South Vietnamese abandoned two more outposts in Laos, including their deepest remaining base there, a government spokesman reported. He said the two outposts, which were abandoned. Sunday, included Dong Da I, which at a point 12 miles inside the border was the deepest remaining outpost in Lacs. The other base reported abandoned was s ids-named Alpha and lay on the southern flank of Highway 9, the main highway across southern Laos. The South Vietnamese spokesman, Lt.-Col. Tran Van An, said 12,000 government, troops were still in Laos and that they now hold three bases. DRIVE NEARS END Field reports said the drive was rearing an end and that the strength actually was below 12,000 troops. The Saigon command claimed that more than 12,000 Hanoi troops have been killed in the six-week-old drive to cut fee Ho Chi Minn trail network. But the South Vietnamese admitted heavy losses themselves: 1,031 killed, 219 missing and 3,985 wounded, a total of 5,325 casualties, or about 25 per cent of the 22,000-invasion force. As the South Vietnamese returned to South Vietnam by U.S. helicopter or made their way overland, artillery duels raged across the border and U.S. war-planes exchanged missiles with batteries in North Vietnam. Cholera kills 300 LAGOS (Reuter) - More than 300 persons have died in a cholera epidemic in Nigeria, health authorities said Monday. In the first week of March, the disease killed 97 persons. Seen and heard About town    TCTRST - YEAR Lethbridge resident Mary and Bob Schmor bringing the winter footwear upstairs for the sixth time and five-year-old Stephenie commenting "winter is sure long today mommy." . . . Shuffleboard player John Panske bringing a buddy home to protect 1dm from wife Jean after he spent too long at the game. next in line? - Brian Faulkner, Northern Ireland's minister of development, leaves Magharahamlet Presbyterian Church at Ballnahinch in County Down Sunday with his wife after attending morning services. The 47-year-old minister, who is now committed to the moderate programs of resigned Prime Minister James Chichester-Clark, is a front runner in the race to become the next prime minister, ;