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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Daily Herald (Newspaper) - March 22, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta volume xr lethbridge. alberta. 1 ' ' A I - MM J FHFDAY, MARCH 22, IMS \ number 86 #1 f v ft F "I - - 1 JO ESTABLISH AN FEEBLE MINDED Budget Shows Good Financial Stat .Uovt. Makes Announcement-May Debar Feeble-Minded , From Schools tts- 4,1 r (Special to tins TIerald) Edmonton, Alta., March' /21.r-That provision was being made by the provincial government for the care of the mentally defective in Alberta was the pnnounceiuent made in the legislature Thursday afternoon by Hon. Geo. P. Smith provincial socrotary during a uebate on a motion by Mrs. McKinney railing upon the government to take definite steps for the care and training of the feeble minded in the public schools, and also in the adult population. Mr. Smith, informed tho house that teps were being taken to secure a house in a suitable locality for the worst class of cases. -This was only a temporary arrangement to deal with the problem during the war period after which the original plan of the government suspended for the time being, of dealing with the problem in a' comprehensive way would be proceeded with. Hon. J. K. Boyle; minister of educe- 4 tion, informed the house that it was Intended to have an expert head of the institution when it. was established and ho would classify the grades of defectives in the province. Pay Teachers ^ Meantime, said Mr. Boyle, the government would pay half the salaries of teachers, in those cities or towns where special classes were opened for the feeble ftiinded children. Mrs. McKinney Mrs. McKinney mentioned that in 1913 Britain had taken legislature action tit the matter and declared that all society was suffering because of the presouoe of this unfortunate class in their midst. In the schools of Alberts), she pointed out, there were 3513 retarded children and 2fi mentally defective. The medical inspector of the Edmonton schools had stated that out of 3 40 children having lack of ability 40 were mentally defectives. That meant, said the member for Claresholm that 2 per cent of the school children was in .this class, and that was the percentage that surveys had established to prevail in Canada, and American schools. (Continued on Page 6) U. S. HAS BADLY FTHEDUTCH One Member Wants To Know Why Holland Does Not Break With U. S. The Hague" Mar. 21.- (1 p.m.). -No repty has been received up to this hour by the minister of foreign affairs from the allied powers regarding the shipping question. Amsterdam, Mar. 22.-The text of President Wilson's proclamation regarding Dutch shipping reached Holland after the Thursday evening newspapers had gone to press. Meanwhile a somewhat bluntly* worded dispatch from Washington, speaking of "the seizure of tho ships after tho War Trade Board had been Informed Holland had rejected the American ultimatum, "caused an outburst of puzzled anger from virtually the whole Dutch pros3. It is argued that there has been no rejection by Holland of nn ultimatum, and that previously nothing had been heard of any ultimatum. Tho feelings of the Dutch to all appearances are badly hurl. Break With U. S.? Amsterdam, Mar. 22.-A dispatch from The Hague to the Handelsblad, nays one of the moat prominent members of parliament intends to ask the government whether it is not timo to 'recall the Dutch minister at "Washington and hand passports to the American minister at The Hague. (.Special to the Horald) Edmonton, March 22.-That not only Js Alberta tho greatest grain country on the continent but that the province now leads Canada in tho production of wool was tho claim made by Hon. C. R. Mitchell, provincial treasurer in his statement in'ro&uc'ng the budget in the legislature Thursday night, and ho produced facts and ures in support of it. But the growth of the wool industry was the striking feature of his speech, and it. demonstrated development that has boon remarkable. In 1914 the production was one and a half million pounds and in J 917 the clip had jumped to 2,080,600. Alongside there wan the great advance in price due to the war from 16 cents in 1914 to 57 in 1917, figures which must act as a wonderful stimulant to' sheep raising in Alberta. Coal Production The coal production for 1917 was 4,988,862 tons but the treasurer emphasized that the position of this industry that would some day make Alberta famous could be Improved by better transportation facilities, and more systematic management of the mines. Livestock f "* Tremendous was tho adjective he applied to the value of tho livestock production in 1917, and that it was $333,309,183 an increase of $125,470,-856 over 1ft.16, should demonstrate that the description was not inaccurately applied. Mr. Mitchell spoke for some two houra and covered the whole field of production, and finance in tho, province. Mr. Mitchell remarking that this was hie fifth annual budget said that unfortunately the whole period had been coterminous with the war, and the effect had been that the government was, with respect to some ac-tivitleB,onarking time, and in tho main endeavoring to the best of its ability with the resources at baud to proceed along lines that would,take care of the conditions that were\arising from time.) to time, conditions ^directly or indirectly connected with the great world struggle. The government had done some; thing-in'the way of taking* care of tJfe men returning'but what had been done was nothing compared with what would be necessary for the government of Alberta and the other provinces of Canada. His view in regard to war problems was that they should study conditions that were likely to arise in the future so that whatever policy they might arrive at would not be a makeshift or a temporary one. Alberta Leads Observing that war conditions had shown that, food, and^ clothing were equally as essential as money if not more' so he said that the yield in Alberta in production was almost invar-Jably above that of every province in Canda, and indeed of the Slates of the Union. Enlistments The treasurer continuing referred to what the province had done in the prosecution of the war, and said that up to the end of last year the enlistments had been 3C.480, and commenting upon the subscriptions to the victory loan he said that Calgary had subscribed at the ratc of $3.89 per head, a record for Canada. New Taxes The various contributions from the province to the relief funds, Mr. Mitchell stated amounted to $2,500,000 in addition to $387,701. The new taxation said the treasurer was .-under two heads, supplementary revenue tax and the tax derived from the coal shipments of tho province. There would also be some slight amendment of tho corporation tax, but practically the only new taxation was that which had been imposed as he had stated. Tho supplementary tax was occasioned by the payment of $800,000 to the patriotic fund but any surplus would bo used to implement tho gen- F + - H 1 / lave. � First Executed af Provincial .1 ait Here Walked to Death With a Grin I J V,' & -' - ..... Hold Thei fensive; Intact O GEO. For Sh afford. BOIVIN, M.P., a Liberal, elected dep- uty speaker of the house of commons. TO OPPOSE THE \ TAMES W. F. Nickle To Move it- Geo, Boivin, Liberal, Deputy Speaker \ Ottawa, Maxell '22. - \\\ F. Nickle, member for  Kingston; w-nl movo ii resolution in the house declaring that an address be presented to His Majesty, the king, asking him to refrain from conferring any hereditary titles on British subjects residing in Canada. ^ Business"was advanced with a rush in parliament yesterday. Although the house was in session less than four hours, an adjournment being taken before 9 o'clock in the evening, over a dozen resolutions and bills were dealt with. Boivin Deputy Speaker Before government business was taken up George Boivin, Liberal member for Shefford, was elected deputy speaker of the house. Sir Wilfrid Laurier expressed his regret that the government had not among its supporters more members who spoke French. He did not oppose the appointment because it could not be regarded as a political gift, but rather as a recognition from the house of the ability of the member o� the opposition. The only discordant note was voiced by Col. J. iA;TJurrie who declared that the house should not name*'as deputy speaker ,al man who represents all that the people voted against, lie thought it would be a "slap in the face" for the spldiers. At exactly 6.10 this corning Adam Neigel, of Schuler, Alb""t;t, murderer of liis wife. Clara Neigel. paid the penalty for his crime on the scaffold at tho provincial jail her--. The exenu-{ lion was performed without a hitch, and after the coroner's jury had pa'ss-j ed on the remains, the hody was turned over to Rev. Father McCnffcry pj St.,_Patrick's on an order-in-councll from Ottawra, and burhd will be made by relatives on Friday afternoon. At 6.05 tho hangman and jail and police officials together with Father McCaffcry, madfr a procession leading tho condemned man from tho death cell where he had been since Nov. 29th, to. the scaffold. The anus and legs were bound, the black rap put, in place, the * noose v adjusted, and the trap sprung. The body shut through 'the trap for the eight-font drop, and the neck was completely broken. The body was cut down in about live minutes and was viewed by Coroner McNicot and a jury composed of S. I;. Mitchell, foreman, F. Thaell, E. Codd. A. Parks, Gust Anderson and C. Allwood, whose verdict was that Adam Neigel came to his death by being hanged by the neck until dead by a public executioner at the provincla.1 jail at Lethbridge on the morning of March ir~n/of war. The secretary gave the total cosb of the war as 550,000,000,000 marks, of which, he said, the entente Jiad expended 370,000,000,000. * * * WEATHER High ____ Low...... .Forecast; Fair and jnild. ***** 61 31 ? ? i > ? > * > CASUALTIES Killed in Action Pte. Geo. Taylor, Ma^lood. " Pte. Jas. Hewitt, Cowley. Wounded Pte. Frank SavJno, Lethbridge. next-of-kin, Italy. Pte. h. McMillan, Lethbridge, next-of-kin, Detroit. 4 V ? V * I �> O ? THOUSAND GUNS Headquarters in France, The Germans today continue their assault against the positions in the Cambral sector., not-, ably in the region of Croisilles and Hargincourt. At least forty divisions have been identified on the battlefront. No such concentration of artillery has bsei seen sincf. the war began. On the southern battlefield, a; .bitter struggle was waged today. The enemy has one thousand guns irTone small sector-one for every 12 yards. Severe fighting was.proceeding this morning in St. Ledg- , er, southwest of Croisilles. The hardest fighting yesterday in the northern battlefield was between the Canal Du Nord and Croisilles. Diognenes was retaken yesterday eve in a brilliant counter attack. A bright sun was shining today and rendered observation possible. Decisive Battle* London, Mar. 22.-"We are entered on a decisive battle for general peace," says the Taeglischc Rundschau of Berlin, according to an Exchange Telegraph dispatch from Copenhagen in announcing tho commencement of the German offensive in the west, is received with great felicitation by'tho German people who will follow it with feverish interest. The newspaper adds: "A single combat, between England and Germany which is to decide the war, our future position in the world, and whether the Anglo-Saxons shall continue to press their will on the world, opened today." To Regain Hindenburg Line London, Mar. 22.-It is hot yet pos-pthin to sive more than a general and vague idea of the fighting Thursday ivii. uie troiu between the Oise and the Sehsce which 'continues with swaying fortunes, according to the accounts of correspondents at the British front in f tho morning newspapers.  The Germun a Hack made on tire British front west and southwest of Canibrai evidently aims at recapturing all of the Hindenburg line, says a dispatch to the Morning Post, from the British headquarters in France, which adds: i Chief Blow at Cambrai "The German army attacking south of the Scarpe seems to hayo delivered its firs^l blow principally in the triangle of the^ Arras-Camhrai and Bapaume-Cambrai roads, while the German army south of Cambrai is striking against our trench systems in the region west of the Scheldt canal: No doubt the enemy hopes that the attacking forces of these two armies may succeed in forming a junction and thus cutting off a considerable part of the British front and taking back all the Hindenburg trenches lost exactly four months ago." ' Struggles for villages and ruined farm houses continued throughout Thursdav, according to the correspondent of the Daily Mail. f "The enemy bombardment/' he says, "began at five o'clock in the morning and at 7 o'clock some of the German units left their trenches and attacked the British with heavy and light machine guns; Between 9 and 10 the engagement became general on a front of 25 miles.. "Tho re3t of the perman attack aimed at Croisilles, Bullecourt andLagni-court and there was hard fighting in a brick yard near the first of these villages. Near the' .Bapaume-Cambral road the enemy also attacked and-turn- wing was pushed in the. direction Of Roussoy and Harglcourt. Sharp Salient * . "The British front in the area of attack forms a rather sharp salient. Uf^ the enemy could cut off this salient"*" and run his line straight in a northwesterly slant instead of,having it run at an angle, first north and then west, he would be able to hold it with fewer' troops. Also in pinching it off he ;wouid hope to surround and capture iv good number of British troops. These, it seems plain, are his aims in the first stage of the offensive. "The enemy is trying to repeat on a larger scale, the operation by wliich he won back some of the ground we gained in the first battle of Cambrai." Then he pushed on^in an angle both from the north and ea^t. His troops did their best to join hands but could: not make it, though they had at first considerable success. Much th> same design is being followed now. We have; good reason to hope that he will be checked as was the previous one." First Round Favors Allies ) London, Mar. 22.--The eagerly-await-. ed British official statement today' which was expected - to give further details of the tremendous fighting indicated in last night's reports, was1 read with great satisfaction, insofar as 1 it revealed that the enemy had been-held and suffered great lossei. If this turns out to be the great German offensive that has been predicted, the preliminary round appears to have gone in favor of the entente, although i as tho official report points out, further heavy fighting is still to be expected. The tremendous artillery duel was. heard more distinctly than ever in Kent last night. Houses were continually shaken as the result of the-violent concussions. "God Willing" ' Amsterdam, Mar.*21.-Field Marshal Von Hindenburg has telegraphed^' to the Posen Provincial Council as follows: "God willing, we will also overcomes tho enemy in the west and prepare tho way to a general peace." Prize of Victory Amsterdam, Mar. 21.-"The prize of victory must*, not and will not fail us- no soft peace, but one which corresponds with. Germany's fnterests," Em*' peror William telegraphed the Scliles-* wig-Holateln provincial' council. Penetrate British Line Ijondon, Mar. 21. - By employing masses of troops supported by a great weight of artillery, the Germans ap-poar to have penetrated the British f*ont line at'certain pointB between tha Scarpo and Vendeuil, says Reuter's correspondent at British headquarters, telegraphing this evening. Haifl's Report London, Mar. 21. - Field Marshal Haig's report from British headquarters in France describes the German offensive as comprising an intense bombardment by the dKilleryVIre and a powerful infantry attack on a front of over 50 miles. Some of the British positions were penetrated but the German losses were declared to have* been exceptionally heavy. Massed Troops Great" Target "During the enemy's attacks yesterday, his massed infantry offered re* markal?lo targets for our rifles, machine Suns and artillery, of which full advantage was taken by our troops^ All thc reports testify to the exceedingly heavy losses suffered by tn# enemy. * "No serious attack has yet been developed this morning but tho heavy ed toward Gauzeacourt, while his left fighting is still to be expected," h - i | ;