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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 21, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Wednesday, March 1973 The Irish White Paper Those who expected or hoped for dramatic solutions to Northern Ire- land's many problems will not be nature of tilings that political state- ments or administrative proposals can suddenly wipe away the corrosive cheered by the White Paper issued in memories of (our years of hatred and London earlier in the week. This docu- ment proposes little more than that legislative power be restored to Norh- crn Ireland, under an arrangement somewhat different from the Stor- mont Parliament, and that when this has been accomplished there he a conference on what to do next. In a little more detail, it proposes that Northern Ireland remain part of Great Britain as long as its citizens wish, which is just what the Ireland Act of 1949 says; that it have its own legislature, which it has had for 50 years; and that the rights of all its citizens be protected, regardless of religion, which its various govern- ments have always maintained was the case. Such proposals may be quite sensi- ble and perhaps are welcome, but they are hardly the stuff of which peace is made. But what else could reasonably be expected? The fact of the matter is that neither White Papers nor any other documents are gong to bring about peace in Ireland. It is not in the bloodshed. As long as there is a will to violence and savagery, as long as vengeance comes ahead of the solving of problems, it won't matter a great deal what rules are written or who writes them. If there is importance to this White Paper, it may lie in its having been issued at this time, implying as it does that there is still an orderly process of government, an accepted rule of law, and that Northern Ire- land is a part of it. Certainly Ulster's troubles cannot come to an end as long as it is ruled by an official appointed by London and backed by English troops. The new proposals at least will provide a framework in which Irishmen will once again be able to decide Irish questions, while still free to call on outside assistance for as long as it is needed. Whether this will work or not will be decided in the hearts and minds of Irishmen and Irishwomen. Others can onlyhope and perhaps pray. Endangered species A final fling at exterminating many of the endangered species throughout the world is feared following an inter- national conference designed to save them. The poachers are apt to inten- sify their nefarious activities before the international convention agreed to at the Washington conference comes into force. There is good reason to believe that the convention will be ratified by sov- ereign states but the process of put- ting it into force is expected to take at least a year. Before the measures for better surveillance and stricter controls on markets can be imposed the environmental psychopaths are apt to intensify their hunting and trapping. Some hope of reprieve from rapa- ciousness might be seen in the re- cent smashing of a massive fur smug- gling ring in New York. It may have dried up the outlets for many of the poachers and thus could discourage them from taking the risks and ex- pending the effort required to get the pelts and hides of rare species. But conservationists aren't counting heavily on this prospect because they know the extent of greed and perver- sity operative in human beings. Independently, states could use their statutory powers to apply the measures proposed at the United Nations conference before the con- vention hecomes effective internation- ally. Canada, for instance, has moved unilaterally to protect whales in its territorial waters. That pattern could be followed by other countries and in respect to other endangered species. ANDY RUSSELL Mother's gander WATERTON LAKES PAHK The old saying: silly as a goose, is about the most misleading bit of nonsense anyone could imagine, for geese, both wild and tame, are very intelligent creatures. Anyone who has ever hunted wild geese knows this, for no game bird is harder to approach or to decoy within gun range. By the same token, tame geese are by no means dunces of the bird world. There are probably some that are smart- er than others, but there are no stupid ones. I learned this at a very early age. When 1 was a small boy my molher ac- hatching enormous goose eggs. Consequent- ly when the goslings began to appear the poor hens were confronted with broods of fat, green, fuzzy children that drove them wild because every time they got close to the lake near our house, the goslings jumped in and swam happily away leaving their distraught foster mothers having traumas on the shore. When the goose hatched her brood, she quickly adopted all of the goslings and ended up with a very numerous family, which the gander guarded as jealously as any father possibly could. He had been If trouble didn't show up, he went looking 10; it. One day he caught my young brother, bit him painfully on the rear, knocked him quired a goose at an auction sale and the mean before, but now he was murderous. whole family became acquainted with geese. This lone, tame goose was of the female Bender and naturally this was not a very _, UIL "UIL uii "ie iciii, mm productive slate of affairs She was lone- down an'd wasJ di unmerciful- some and she let everybody know about it fa by frequent spasms of ear splitting honk- ing that broke out at every excuse from dawn to dusk. If a dog barked, she an- swered loud and long. If a horse whinnied, she called back as though her lite depend- ed on it. When a flock of wild geese flew over, she almost killed hevself trying to fly in pursuit. She was much too portly for {lying and the attempted take-oft1 aborted when she crashed into a plow. For a few days she was stiff and slow in her move- ments, but the accident did nothing to soft- en her voice. My mother's enquiries for her lonesome goose travelled far and one day a neighbor drove up in a buggy and made her a present of a gander. He was a big, vigorous bird, though ralher non-descript in appearance. We couldn't make up our minds h" he was grey with white patches here and there, or white with grey patches. He had one blue eye and one brown one. He immedi- ately took over the whole yard and before long we realized why our neighbor had given him away. This was undoubtedly the meanest gander anyone had ever seen. The only good thing about the deal was the effect the gander had on the goose. It was a ease of love at first sight and she became much quieter. The mating was highlighted by a great deal of (lot- fcoted strutting anrl hissing on the gand- er's part as he showed off to his lady-love by whipping everything within reach in- cluding the milk cow, the dog, a pig that broke out of its pen, and me. In due course the goose began laying eggs as trough she had inverted the pro- cess, until she had accumulated far more than she could possibly cover. Mother kept taking the extra one away until every set- ting hen In the chicken house was busy Letters Resist unionization When this writer was a very young man the society of Am- erica witnessed series after se- ries ot situations wliich in- volved confrontations between what was known as "capital" and "labor" or "union" and "management." The most vio- lent situations occurred be- tween the United Work- ers and the Coal and Steel In- dustry. In those days it Was easy to understand the prob- lems of the miners. Underpaid victims ol dreadful working conditions, long hours, mine closures and lay offs, mechan- ization of jobs, poor housing. They were hopeless, desperate people with no one to turn to, they could only use the one on milk and pablum, then they progress to harder foods. By this time weapon possible the power of numbers. Their weapon was used to force by any means, even violence, a better life for themselves and their children. A mine strike, nation wide, the country. The cut- off of fuel to vex a nation in the dead of winter was a ter- rible weapon to the public understood and in those days, suffered with the miners and hoped a fair settlement would soon be readied. How strange life can be- come. Forty years later it be- comes very difficult to under- stand the use of the strike wea- pon by a totally different group of people in a completely oppo- site set of circumstances. Here we have a group ol intellectual educators, leaders of thought, apparently almost unanimously willing to cut olf the education of the children of our society for as long as "two years." The reasons given seem strange "some of our peers are getting a little more than we "part of our medi- care payments are a "Blue Cross is a "our employers are stubborn and unfair." Such topics seem to be the problem. It is very hard to under- "This food profiteering rocket is a great setup firsl we start fhem out they're hooked and we can charge as much as we like." Bruce gives U.S. edge By Jolm Burns, Toronto Globe anil Mail PEKING President Nix'on's nomination of David Bruce as the United Stales' first unoffi- cial ambassador to the Peoples Republic is calculated to please. "A superb was the reaction of one western en- voy there seemed ev- ery reason to suppose that the view inside the council cham- bers ol the Forbidden City was equally enthusiastic, for Mr. Nixon could hardly have chosen a man with better prospects for success in one ol the most sen- sitive diplomatic assignments any president has made. With a career that has seen him heading missions in Lon- don, Paris and Bonn, as BS leading the U.S. team at the Vietnam peace talks in the Trench capital, Mr. Bruce will lend enormous prestige to the U.S. mission when it opens its doors in six weeks. One immediate effect of his appointment has been to strengthen speculation here that Peking's nominee as head of counterpart office in Washington will be Chang Wen- chin, a wiry figure in his early 60s who combines a quick sense of humor with an intellect that makes him one of Chou En-lai's top foreign policy advisers. Mr. Chang, who keeps fit by swimming a mile a day, is one of two assistant foreign minis- ters. He also heads the Ameri- can department of the foreign ministry and was at Premier Chou's_side throughout the pre- mier's" talks with President Nixon in Peking a year ago. In the view of diplomats here the nomination of Mr. Bruce en- sures that the Chinese will nominate one of their own top diplomats to the Washington post. The diplomats see Mr. Chang as the perfect choice, not only for his grounding in the in- tricacies of Sino-American rela- tions but also for his unusually forthcoming manner, which makes him one of the most pop- the ular Chinese officials diplomatic circuit. Although nominally only a liaison office, the American mission promises to outstrip most of Peking's 70 fully- fledged embassies in the two re- spects that diplomats use to measure a mission's perform- expertise and access to the men who count in the Chi- nese leadership. As he sets about his duties, Mr. Bruce seems likely to lend substance to a contention that has enjoyed wide currency among diplomats here ever sincri early days of ping- pong that a man must be an American (or an Al- banian) to get the most privi- leged treatment in China. The primacy that Peking at- taches to the pursuit of im- proved relations with Washing- ton is in itself a guarantee of a co-operau'vo attitude towards the new mission, but the per- sonal stature of Mr. Bruce seems likely to give the Ameri- cans an additional edge. If the Chinese have any reser- vations about Mr. Bruce, they are slight. They might have wished for a man with a more intimate association with Mr. Nixon or with special influence in the White Kis- singer, say. But short of that (and there are probably good reasons for Mr. Nixon wishing to avoid too personal an ap- pointment) Mr. Bruce seems an ideal appointment. If he is not a White House intimate he is a man of unparalleled prestige in the state department. Moreover he is 75, a detail that is not en- tirely nifrar in a society where traditional respect for age still holds and where most of the top leaders are themselves in their 60s or 70s. Mr. Bruce will be set apart from many western envoys here in his lack of Chinese ex- perience, but most diplomats here see this as no handicap. At his age a history of involvement with China might have meant some past association with the former nationalist government, which might not have com- plicated his task here hut would not in any event have made it any easier. Mr. Nixon lias said that the mission will have an initial staff of about 20 men, which puts it in the middle rank of diplo- matic missions here about the size of the Canadian embassy, say. By comparison the Soviet embassy has a strength of about 250, but more than half of that number is accounted for by the strong complement of diplomatic personnel not only clerks, but drivers, cleaners and that the Soviets have been obliged to. furnish for themselves since the Chinese withdrew all labor from the em- bassy at the outbreak of the cultural revolution. Diplomats here will watch closely to see if the Americans are jumped towards the head of the waiting list for new build- ings. If not they may have a wait of several months, as there are about 10 nations already on the list including Japan, Aus- tralia and New Zealand, among stand; perhaps people of the teaching profession can- not understand. One wrfo de- pends for his income on effort and initiative, yet is at tjw mercy of nature and weather finds it hard to feel sorry for fellow man who is giwintaed a good salary every year with an automatic annual increase. It is even harder to Evrnpathiw with those whose pay is based primarily on credentials and seniority, and whose job secur- ity is "above average. Why do people In present day society insist that this country owes them a raise in wages every year? By what "divine" right has this evolved? Does 1974 automatically have to be a more prosperous year than 1073? Is every IMng up with no downs? Farmers and rural business people do not understand the teachers' position. So far they have failed to communicate. Even if the strike is short and a complete financial success, free of tension, their credibil- ity is weak. Farmers are being urged to form unions. The National Farmers' Union is leaving uo stone unturned to promote tight unions, compulsory ones with rigid licencing, the strike wea- pon as the ultimate goal. The aim if, to get food prices as high as the Canadian .public can bear, to gouge every con- sumer dollar by any means, then export the surplus fgr what is beyond our control. This writer intends to fight such a system in every pos- sible way, even though it be a losing battle. It will be a sad trill, appy society when we are all unionized each using naked power to determine his share of the GNP. This is the direction we are headed, t am going to resist it. Milk River. KEN HTERATH Butchering children In answer to Gregory Hales letter on abortion (March I want to say the following: Mr. Hales1 need for drawing attention to himself took prom- inence over his understanding, his logic and his objectivity. One of those gasps he heard was mine. Believe me, h was not because I was squeamish (as he put but because I was totally repelled (as were at the unemotional cold-blooded efficiency of one who took an oath to preserve the most recent of the 35 na- ]jfe> going about the tions to recognize China in the ___ i past 30 months. Accommodation for the Amer- icans' families will pose a sim- ilar problem. There are already dozens of diplomatic families lodged in the city' hotels, with construction teams working around the clock to complete new apartment buildings to house them. Chinese officials of- fer no completion dates, but it will be at least several months before apartments become available in any number. business of grinding up an in- nocent little human being into mincemeat. This is the point that Mr. Hales missed by mile. I would like to ask him this: If a child of three months was taken from the protection of its womb, and placed on a table still wriggling well anyway showing signs of life and he was given a Ipiifa and asked to finish it off, what would stop him from butcher- ing the infant: Because he was squeam- ish? Because he was totally repelled at the thought of but- chering the child? If he is honest with' hinaelf, he will find there is an answer. Lethbridge. EARL DOUCETTE Unmerciful publicity ly with his wings, when the dog ran in and managed to roll liim away. He grabbed me by the leg with his bill one time when I was carrying an armful of wood for moth- er's kitchen woodbox and bit me hard with those powerful wings. I turned the tables on him by dropping the whole load on his head. We came to hate that gander all but mother. H seemed about everything that moved had good reason for not loving him. But Me day he made a mistake. A big Clydesdale workhorse was grazing in front of the buildings with his rump to the geese. Spotting an opportunity for some hellery, the gander began a typical sneak with head held low fo the ground and outstretched neck. Quiet as a ghost he made his stalk no doubt aiming lo grab the horse by the nearest leg and through sheer sutpise, stampede him over the horizon. But that horse had been foaled on wild mountain range and was watching. He kept on feed- ing till the gander was within range, then suddenly picked up his head and let fly with one foot like lightning. He literally kicked Die gander almost back into his flock tail over teakettle in a shower of feathers. My father and I were watching and thought he was dead, but we were disappointed. His right leg was broken and also a wing combining with numerous other bruises and injuries, nut he was alive. He looked at us hatefully, gathered himself up with as much dignity as circumstances allowed and just sat there perfectly still for three weeks or more, while mother carried wat- er and food to him. Finally one day he let out a great honk and got up fo limp after the flock, smarter no doubt, but just as mean as ever, Election blow for democracy By Carl T. Rowan, syndicated commentator WASHINGTON Argentina has recently concluded elec- tions that say much about the possible future of a Latin Am- erica free of oppressive mili- tary dictatorships, urban terror- ism and rural guerrilla vio- lence. President Alejandro A. Lan- usse and his military govern- ment finally abandoned the idea that they could rule Ar- gentina effectively while ban- ishing the Peronists, a party claiming the intense loyalty of almost half the country's peo- ple. The generals permitted Ar- gentina's first free elections in 39 years even though it was almost a certainty that the Per- onist candidate would win. The military had ousted dic- tator Juan Domingo Peron in a 1935 coup and bickered ever since about Argentina's viabil- ity as a nation with the Peron- ists treated as pariahs. It look them a generation to accept Oie fact that, while they djdn't want to live with Peron, they couldn't go on without him. If Lanusse can keep the mil- itary in line and prevent furth- er coups, Pcron's candidate, Hector J. Campora, will be in- stalled as Argentina's new president on May 25. And Ar- gentina just might have a chance to become one of the world's great, prosperous dem- ocracies rather than one of the biggest disappointments. It would startle American liberals to know that among those applauding loudest during Peron's recent return, and those most eager to see a Per- onist win the presidency, were the Priests of the Third World, those liberal and progressive Catholic churchmen who are trying to carry out a social and economic revolution in Latin America. Last Dec. 5 the secretariat of Priests of the Third World issued a statement saying that "Peron has returned to unite the oppressed working people against their oppres- sors "The people feel and are largely aware that the presence of their leader in the country will be valid and effective to the extent that it contributes to calling Into question the very foundations of the imperialist- capitalist system which oppres- ses them. By the same mea- sure it will contribute to the construction of the socialist slate, the only road lo libera- tion and authentic national pa- cification." Further talk that Compora is an enemy of the "imperialist- capitalist system" and in favor of a "socialist state" will sure- ly frighten many of Argentina's military leaders. It could in- duce some international corpor- ations and foreign governments to encourage thoughts of a new coup. But Argentina's unhappy, un- prosperous recent past mili- tates heavily against such non- sense. For it is political folly as much as anylhing that has kept Argentina from fulfilling her great promise as a nation. Argentina's Foreign Minister Eduardo F. McLoughlin said to me recently: "Violence and terrorism in Argentina is ser- ious. Much of it is the result of a mistaken military decision to forbid political activity. I am convinced that a return to democratic political life will bring an easing of violence and terrorism." No matter how big a mes< they are making of their coun- try, military juntas and ruth- less little oligarchies almost never voluntarily give power back to the people. 1fbu can be sure that Argentina's military will cling to as much as it can. But it is noteworthy, indeed, that Gen. Lanusse has convinc- ed his Argentine colleagues to go this far. I would to express my support of Mr. McAulay's letter on March 15 pertaining to the thoughtlessness The Lethbridge Herald showed In prinling a pic- ture of the car-train accident on March 12. The Letjibridge Herald may be glad to know that their one day of glory news item will re- main planted in the minds of those friends of the accident victim for a long time. I only wished that those per- sons responsible for printing such an uncalled for picture could have attended the funeral of the lady, they so unmerciful- ly made headlines of. They could then have made explana- tions lo the m a ny friends who wondered at their actions. The Herald did a good job of lowering its image fo the pub- lic as far as the quality of the material they print. It Is sad that in this day and age when the world has so many difficult times tliat we have to read, hear and see only the sad things in life when a few of us still hope a paper can bring a little enjoyment to its readers. WENDY RASMUSSEN Lethbridge. Letters are welcome and will be published providing! Idenfificalion is included (name arid address are re- quired ever when tho letter is lo appear over a pseu- they are sensible and not libelous; they are of manageable length or can be shortened (normally, letters should not exceed 300 they are deci- pherable (it greatly helps if letters are typed, double ipaced and wilh writers do not submit lelters too frequently. The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBHIDGE HERALD 10. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1905 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second class Man Registration No. 0012 Member of The CanE4lan Press and (he Canadian Daily Newipeper Publishers' Association anrt Ihe Audit Bureau of CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor anil Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, Central Manager DON PILLING WILLIAV HAT Managing Editor Associate Editor ROY F. MILES DOUGLAS, K. WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial THE HERALD SERVES THE ;