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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 21, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 TUB IHHBKIDCt HERALD Timdny, Marid SI, 1971 Jlnice Itnlclihon Ruin could be result of economic growth Uncertainty in Bonn bright hopes an era of ac- cord in 1-furope have dimmed recent- ly West Germany t'luuiccllor Willy niamlt's policy of seeking reconcilia- tion with the .Soviet dominated East- ern bloc, is in danger of being scut- tled. Voting on ratification of treaties ne- gotiated with the and Polish t-overnmcnts is not scheduled to take place for several weeks but there is an everywhere about Ihe outcome. Two defections in Mr. Brandt's coalition government earlier this montli cut the majority to four and ihere are fnc other JJPs who van be regarded as potential candi- dates for defection. rejection oi the treaties would mean a defeat of the government. It is (wt this prospect, however, thai is causing concern. The Russians have indicated that they won't sign the final protocol for the Berlin agreement unless Bonn approves the Moscow and treaties. And the L'.S. and other Western na- tions have made it clear that if Mos- cow doesn't sign the Berlin protocol, then they will have second thoughts about the European security confer- ence the Russians have been seek- ing. This all adds up to the threat of renewed Cold War. The London Economist almost blithely takes the attitude that the rejection of the treaties would not be Hie end of the world. It argues that the high hopes for Chancellor Brandt's policy are unrealistic. Noth- ing in Iho recent past, supports the notion thai the Soviet Union intends to let the smaller countries of East- ern Europe have greater freedom. Little would be lost through failure lo ratify the treaties. !f iJ.S. President Richard Nixon look the same view as The Econo- mist he would not make his visit to SIoscow in -May. lie apparently be- lieves, with Willy Brandt, that it is vitally important to make an effort to he 'conciliatory. Much could be lost by failing to proceed on the path of detente. "Ratification of the treaties bv Bonn might not lead to an opening up of Eastern Europe but failure to ratify most certainly will not improve the prospects. Suspiciousness in the Wesl did not permit the kind of accommodation that might have been possible in the time Nikita Khrushchev was I h e leader of the Soviet Union. Leonid Krevchnev and Alexei Kosygin have not been as open but they could be followed by men who are more hard-line. Is that risk worth taking? Aschersoii of The London Obsen'ers says rejection of. the treaties by the Bonn government would be the greatest diplomatic cat- astrophe suffered by Europe since the wartime victor Powers parti- tioned the continent some 25 years ago. Perhaps that is over-dramatic bul most observers would tend lo thai judgment rather than the Econo- mist view that the signing of the treaties is not a matter of much im- portance. Everyone say cheese The decision of the Alberta legisla- ture to allow TV cameras to cover proceedings is a good move but not one likely to affect program rulings or lure housewives from the sob shows. In fact local stations may not take advantage of this effort to bring taxpayers and decision makers to- gether because they are reluctant to interrupt regular programming. At least this was what happened in Nova Scotia last year when cameras were allowed in for the first time. Local stations didn't go for it so the experiment was abandoned. Perhaps stations in Alberta will not be so callous as to reject this innovation before it's properly started. While it's unrealistic to ex- pect all-day sittings in the flouse to receive complete TV coverage, ex- erpts of highlights could he edited and run at news time or at specified intervals during the day. If Alberta's reaction to viewing proceedings in the legislature is fav- orable perhaps the House of Com- mons will feel more inclined to fol- low suit. Too few Canadians ever have the opportunity of sitting in the visitor's gallery and observing the House in action. It's an education Hong Kong umvorried? By Joe Ma TVENNIS BLOODWORTH. the Observer correspondent In the Far East, says Hong Kong is not worried about the pros- pects of Peking rule. He is right, because he is not a Chinese resident in the Brit- ish Crorni Colony. The British, the Indian, the American residents have nothing to worry about, But what about the Chinese, who make up D3 per cent of the four mil- lion population? They, Mr. Bloodworth, ara worried. Salvador Lopez, former Philippine am- bassador to the United Nations and at pres- ent president of the University of the Philippines, tolci the International Press Institute world assembly in 1970: "The de- termining considerations for Western pol- icy were never what the Asians consider- ed to he good for themselves, hut what the West judged to be good for Asia. Inevitably, the world information system, v.nich is ha- sically dominated by UK West, has reflect- ed this bias in Western policy." I don't know how Mr, Bloodv.orth came to the conclusion that China's declaration that Hong Kong is "part of Chinese ter- ritory" and that Peking would setlle its future "'.vhen the time is ripe" has caused Httle stir in the colony. But I don't think he is right. To Chinese, everywhere, Hong Kong is Chinese territory without riotihl; but the Chinese in Hong Kong, tho same belief in democracy and freedom as Ihe Canadians or the Australians, are very worried about the prospect that once China takes over Hong Kong, they will be forced to live under a system from which they escaped et the risk of their UUIDGK. Massacliu- setts; In ]G07 Britain es- tablished its first iierraanent North American colony at Jamestown, Virginia. A year later Champlain erected his flimsy Habitation at Quebec and New France was Iwrn. From then on the diverse peo- ples of I h e continent often fought for its iwssession but, starting with the fur trade, they agreed beyond question that economic growth and ever-in- creasing wealth were not only desirable but natural, inevi- table aJid ordained by God. N'my, for (tie first time in al- most 400 years of toil, misery ami success, these people arc told Hint economic growth is near ils end, that the further pursuit of unlimited wealth and higher living standards throughout Iho world must lead to its physical ruin. Such is tho warning of Ihe scientists clus- tered around the computers in the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Within a single life- time, they say, man will gut which is most beneficial in helping us understand our present parlia- mentary system and the effective- ness of the people we elect to make decisions for us. TV is no longer a new media and it should he exploited more in bring- ing the people of. Canada into Parlia- ment, 'file occasions calling for live coverage may arise only when a particular issue is to be debated but there is reason to think that a higher level of public interest would be fos- tered at the federal level than one would expect to find in a provincial legislature. And who knows, with the camera's eagle eye on the House, some of our elected representatives might even make an effort to perk up a bit. Lengthy speeches saying nothing might be pruned if windy MPs fail fo impress critical audiences. Snooz- ers and readers will have to pay more attention or they might be re- jected at the polls next time. And those who are tempted to hurl obscenities around will have to watch their lang- uage or face the prospect of having their mouths washed oul with soap next time they're in Ihe grass roots area. Some saint! By Dong Walker Perhaps it is not commonly Known that three-fourths of the Hong Kong there is no citizenship in Hong he classified as refugees. Rarely a single day passes without some refugees from China landing in Hong Kong, while the less fortunate ones drown or are captured and killed in the "freedom swim." That Hong Kong has remained under British rule up to this day is almost ex- clusively due to the economic advantages the colony provides per cent of China's foreign exchange earnings come from Hong Kong. If India could not toler- ate a Portuguese Goa, one can hardly ask the they are Communist Chi- bear the mockeiy of a British colony in this territory. The People's Re- public of China has come out of isolation, so it seems, climaxing in rapproachment with "Enemy No. 1" the United States; and once China can bypass Hong Kong in her trade and other relations with the world, Peking wilJ consider "the time is ripe'1 to end a shameful chapter in Chi- nese history. Under the treaty, most of the territory of Hong Kong must be returned to China by 1907, and indications are the day will come in less than 25 years. Investments by non-Chinese interests in Hong the British govern- now calculated to be returned in a maximum of 20 years. Aliens can leave Hong Kong once China takes over. But what about Ihe Chinese residents Ihere? How can Mr. Rloodworth, because his per cent of the population is not worried, .say Ifong Kong is not worried? and his minor planet, as he Ls going now. Thus the era opened at Jatnestoviti ami Que- bec, a more moment In human cxEiericncc. already is closing. Assuming that his prediction lias any validity at all, it de- stroys most of tlic postulates on which man's civilization, and especially the affluent suuety of North America, are bmH. It makes nonsense for cur eco- nomic folklore, our political theories, our social aspirations and our quarrelling ideologies. It also raises profound moral questions for I hose people who conquered and exploited North America for gain in the name of a Christian religion founded oil tile doctrine of poverty in this world and superior riches in the next. The moral cpicsticns, white they arc always decisive for any society in the end, must be left here to the moralists. What of the practical questions? If it be true, indeed, that we can no longer count on perpetual economic growth and that the apex of our living standard is not Tar ahead, where docs that leave us? Obviously it leaves us with a new set of problems lhat our economists did not foresee, that our statesmen liacl never grasped, that our social re- formers can not i m agine, For some t.ime, however, these practical men will deny that the new problems are real. They will.say that the planet still holds plenty of resources for everybody's use, no matter how ils population grows; that synthetic products can be in- vented once the old ones are exhausted; that the pollution caused by the manufacture of these things can somehow be ciu'cd. They will say, in short that the nightmare conjured up in Cambridge and other centres of learning is a nightmare soon to pass away under the magic of science. So business must go on as usual. Thfi practical men may be, right after all, though the pre- sent state of the man- aged such men for somo G ,000 years, h ardly supports the doctrine ot practicality. At any rate, the worldwide ques- tions jxxsetl at Cambridge pose some puzzling local questions for Canadians, since, they prob- ably own more raw resources per capita than any people on earth. Within their vast territory the thought of ultimate exhaustion seems absurd. Their three oceans, their noble hikes and livers, their big sky and lovely landscape surely arc imtntino to serious pollution. Other peo- ples may suffer poverty and poison but not Canada, Oddly enough, a Canadian was the first head of government, so far as I know, to challenge tins comfortable assumption. In his notable anil speech at Vancouver about a year ago Pierre Trudcau sug- gosted, rather gingerly, that economic growth might not bo tha answer to all mankind's problems. The deity called tho Gross National Product pcr- trYour misleading onrf urrreotf- ou try another like, ast nignr, when you were idling me hw great you an in ffie assumed liaps was worshipped tofl slavish- ly and older gods ccmld wisely be remembered. Yet at Hie same lime Mr. Trudcau's government v.vs pre- paring a massive white paper on foreign policy and it desig- .iialed economic growth as of the nation's supreme priori- lies. The contradiction between the prime minister's private and public thoughts need not concern us at the moment when we are in nn election year and economic groutii is the grand desideratum and Holy Grail of all political parties, {he sure an- swer to everytliing; more than that, Hie personal goal of al- most every citizen. Nevertheless, (lie primo min- ister's moral liimch at Vancou- ver, if you can call it that, cm- braces many practical consid- erations, too complex for full discussion here. Among them is the fulure management of Canada's natnr- al wealth when our American neighbors, with increasing pop- ulation and increasing con- sumption per capita, will want every pound of raw material they can get from us. A second question (ignored In a political campaign of com- promises) is how we shall pay, in taxes, "or prices, or both, the huge cost of pre- serving our environment, if it can be preserved. A third and possibly the most important of all questions Is hew much individual freedom can be preserved In an area o( expanding government encour- aged, if not compelled, by tha expanding physical dilemma. Around tticse questions and others of similar magnitude world's debate must soon focus. While fltey will be muted in Canada during an election year, Uio central and perma- nent issues of our t'me, us newly discovered and distin- guished from the peripheral and ephemeral cannot be evaded much longer. For even if the computers of Cambridge are wrong by half a century or so, man now faces tho final challenge to all his accepted lifeways. His business will go on, but not as usual. (HeraM Special service) Paul Whitelaw Premier Bourassa scores triple victory for Quebec JVkSPKTH ami t were watching the TV All In rJlio Family, one ning the ime in which Archie ami Kdilb Bunker v.rro left aloiift wilh f-ach Elipeth floored mo with a question. Archif was telling EcJiUi thai she 1w> grjofl a saint. "A .saint i.s hard to hvr Archie. you fijnd :t lhat way, fioar? Kl.spoth QUEBEC CITY: Premier Robert Bourassa is by na- ture a man who prefers conci- liation to confrontation. His characteristic flexibility In the frequently polarized poli- tical climate of Quebec has been a notable aspect of bis leadership style, especially in the important and sensitive area of federal-provincial rela- tions. .Mr. Bourasi.a has persisted since he came to office nearly two years ago in pursuing ''quioL negotiation" with Ot- tawa despite growing pressure from many quarters, including some members of his own cabi- net, to return to the more ag- gressive approach followed by his predecessors in the pre- mier's office. Months of patience and low- key negotiation paid off for Mr, Bourassa when Prime Minister T r u d e a u unexpectedly an- nounced that Ottawa had ac- cepted Quebec's proposals on family allowances. Mr. Bourassa has hailed the news as a "triple victory" and "a major turning point" in fed- eral-provincial relations. The federal concession al- lowing Quebec to decide how Ihe annual million in baby bonus money earmarked for families in the province will be distributed, couldn't have come too Mxm for the 33-year-old eco- nomist, A rnajor p! ank of the prc- mier's ]ft70 election platform was that the election of a staunchly federalist Liberal government with a moderate and flexible approach fo consti- tutional problems would accom- plish more than the belligerent theatrics which marked Quc-- Ottawa relations in tho irHVis. Ifnwevpr, since lhat time talks between the I wo govern- ments have been less than .smooth and Ihe stalemate that developed in llif baby-bonus discussions la-st fall was dam- aging to Mr, Hourassa'.s public image, In addition, there had been recent indications Miat there was a serious division In I ha cabim-1 between those mem- bers who supported the mier's quiet approach find sev- eral prominent members who believed 23 months had shown how little such methods could accomplish. Most notable in I his regard was Claude Cast on- guay, sncinl affairs minis- trr who threatened publicly earlier this year lhat >io woiiH hare tn rofcign from the cabi- net if there was no settlement in the family allowance dispute. Also impatient with the Bour- assa styJe, though less publicly voiced about i t, were Labor Minister Jean Cournoyer and Jean-Paul who holds the important civil service and communications portfolios. Although the threat of a mas- sive public-service strike has temporarily put Mr. L'Allier's communications responsiblities in Iho background, he was ap- parently unhappy when he saw his effort to claim control over cable television for Quebec downgraded in the final days of the last national assembly ses- sion shortly before Christmas. The official reason for shelving the bill, which had already re- civcd two readings in tho as- sembly and was being studied hy a standing committee, was that there was insufficient Urns remaining before adjournment. Spokesmen for Mr. L'AHier, one of the most nationalistic ministers in the Bourassa cabi- net and a former member of the Parti Qnebecois, said that the bill would be redntroduced in the new session. However, there is still no indication that the legislation will be taken off the shelf. A serious court battle would liave loomed if Quebec passed a bill claiming jurisdiction over a field that is already regulated by the federal Canadian Radio- Television Commission. Appar- ently, the bilk is being kept in reserve by Mr. Bourassa for the time being as a bargain- ing weapon to force other con- cessions from Ottawa at some future date, Labor M inister Cournoy er wa-s in the frustrating position of knowing that the baby-bonus stalemate developed last fall because of Ottawa's insistanca that any agreement be part of an unacceptable package deal that would also include man- power and vocational training. Urge to merge reversed By Don Oakley, WANNA buy a business? Now is a good lime as more and more conglomerates prune tho corporate tree of some of its weaker branches. In place of the "urge to merge" that reigned during (he 1960s, Ihe molto today seems to be, "It's best to divest." During the first half of 1971, reports the American Apprai- sal Company, only about Letter to the editor Nol consensus I lake the grcalesl and most profound exceplion lo the stale- menl which appeared in Th0 Herald March K, and was at- tributed lo the executive of Iho rsew Democratic Party in Loth- bridge. I am referring lo tho coverage of the annual tuency meeting of this party. It lias been erroneously re- ported that this executive felt that there was little, hope for any New Democratic Party candidate to win in Lethbridge. This statement is either a lig- mer.t of the imagination of the reporter responsible or a per- sonal opinion of some party member, but certainly not a consensus of the feeling which prevails within the general membership or the executive of this party. TOM McLKOn NDP president. NBA service merger announcements were made, down some 19 per cent from the same period in 1970. And in thai year, Ihere were, some transactions involv- ing the sale of a subsidiary, div- ision or part of a division, up about 75 per cent from Ihe 800 sales which look place during the peak merger year of 1969. What is happening is a defin- ite trend of companies dispos- ing of product lines, divisions, subsidiaries and idle plant fa- cilities. The 1360s was the dec- ade for acqnisitioas; the will be the decade For divesti- ture. Says one business leader: "Ry 1975, any corporate pres- ident who has not sold off a division will be as much behind the times as if he had not bought a company or two by Pressure on profits is prob- ably the biggest single reason why corporate managements are taking a close look at mar- ginal operations. Many past ac- quisitions were made with scant regard for immediate operating profits. Some conglomerates jusl plain overextended them- selves. Not all companies are rush- Ing to divest, of course. Indeed, it's a buyer's market for thoso wishing to expand. Rut there is going to have to be "a drastic change in our says American Ap- praisal, More sve sec the picture begin to repeat itself. When Mr. Bourassa termed Mr. Trudeau's announcement recently as a triple victory he noted In at a major point in the agreement was tliat Ottawa bad finally agreed to consider family allowances as separate from other areas of social wel- fare jurisdiction. The premier also said the family allowance accord indicated that the fed- eral government is willing tn npply the same "decentralized approch" to federalism in solving c.'-her contentious points in Quebec-Ottawa relations. Thirdly, ha said the federal agreement had accepted al- most all of his proposals on the distribution of family allowance money. In addition to reducing some of the tension that is said to have marked recent cabinet meetings here, Mr. Trudeau's concession has removed a ma- jor stumbling block to agree- ment on the Victoria constitu- tional charter vetoed by Que- bec last summer. The priority that Mr. Bour- assa attaches to working out a new constitutional arrangement was never clearer Uian last September when he moderated the position ho had taken at Victoria, where bo demanded complete jurisdiction over all social welfare. Instead, Mr. Bourassa said that he was mil- ing to negotiate each area, of social jursidiction separately, starling with a deal that lets Quebec divide up family-allo- wance money, with Ottawa con- tinuing to mail the cheques. After having promised in hli 1970 election campaign that he would work for a replacement of the British North America Acl, Mr. Bourassa had been put In a very difficult position hy becoming the man who scut- tled any immediate, possibility of adopting a new constitution. However, if he had accepted the constitutional amending formula contained In tho Vic- toria charter, he would have been giving up an important bargaining tool in trying to gain control over family-allowance money and other concessions contained in his "triple vic- tory." Some government officials are saying here that the road back to Victoria is no longer blocked. However, they are un- certain whether Mr. Trudeau might seek another constitu- tional conference in this federal election year. (Herald Qnchcc Bnrrau) Looking backward Through The Herald 1912 About last night Ihe Medicine Hat Elevator, by McNcilly Bros., at Grassy Lake, burned. Damago is estimated at the farmers of Iron Springs, Turin, and Picture Butle, in convention here, re- quest the Dominion government lo enforce the CPU to complete t h c Suffiekl to Kipp railway proposed according to their charter, 1932 up the floor with an attack that had Cal- gary Kals Kils beaten at every turn, I-ethbridge Jokers, junior pro v in cial basketball cham- pions, piled up a 32 point lead when they won their first gams of a two-game total-point se- ries. large Leyland 30-pas- senger bus will start rolling through the city streets next Thursday. The machines, pow- ered by a dicsel engine is Ilio sixlli of the city's fleet. of the fed- eral government to proceed with the construction of the proposed building in the civic centre area here to house the Royal Canadian Mounted To. h'ce and customs department were reflected when estimates for Ihe next fiscal year were tabled in the House of Com mons at Ottawa yesterday. Die Lcthbridge Herald 501 ?th vSt, S., Lclhbridgc, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905-19SJ, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second qaw Wall Aemhior of The Canadian Press and ti'o i Putiflshc-rs' the CLEO W. Ftillrr H- ADAMS, Gtnt DON PILL ING "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" Friir-r ITR Crt.itfr ;