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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 21, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta Solurdoy, March 21, 1970 THE IETHBRIDGE HERALD 5 Margaret Luckhurst 1 -George McKillop Flashback-The Builders Of The South Focus on the University By J. W. FISHBOURNE "BYE had to make our own fun in the olden George McKillop, pioneer Lelhbridge resident recalled wistfully al an interview, "Inspector West of the Mountics and his boys and all of us from the YMCA used to meet in Gait Park to play ball or cricket. We'd organize our own track meets aud la- crosse competitions and from time lo time we'd Rather every- body together, little kids, big kids, with some adults too, and have a big paper chase that took us all over lown. Of course the population was only about 1.200 then and everyone knew everyone else. Now Lelhbridge is gelling big for some of us old folks I guess.'' One of Lethbridge's cilizens, Mr. McKillop was born in the city 73 years ago, Ihe son of Ihe first resident Presbyteri- an minister. The family had moved to Ihe lown from Ad- maslon. Ontario in 1866 when Lethbridge was a struggling little frontier town. "I think Ihe first Presbyterian church cost about and was situated on the site of the present Wool- worth Store, Mr. McKillop said. "It was filled with benches, and there was no organ, but I lie congregation ot about 25 was very eager ar.d enthusiastic. Al- tlwUEli it was before I was born, I well my mother talking about the family's first years here. She was an ener- getic woman, my mother, and you may be sure that before long she had organized bake sales with other ladies in Ihe district and in no time had an organ purchased and paint nought for the church. My father was very interested in the development of the com- munity and served for vears on the first school board in Leth- bridge. I sometimes wonder now my family managed. There were eight of us. Dad had a pretty small stipend, but he had lots of faith. I guess that's what pulled us through marry a tight ccor.omic spot. II was a lime loo, when tlic ctu'cf interest of the toun centred around the illicit liquor and the departure of Iho Mac- leod stage. At times I think my father found some of the rough transients pretty hard to under- stand. "Apart from a tew shop own- ers, the residents were mostly mine workers. There were a couple of other churches and a few. schools. The one thing that attracted the young bovs how- ever YMCA. We seem- ed to spend a lot of time there. "On the whole, life was pretty good, but I suppose people today would say it was rough and hard. Of course we didn't have the comforts we appreciate to- day, but we got along all right. Before the irrigation system was introduced, waler was precious and I can remember when a water wagon came around de- livering barrels of water for 25 50 cents each, mere were H-tne worsi uung mat could If a cnua mows wnere 10 piace preserve items wnicn we wouia (trm J M. 7 indoor rinks, but we did a happen to a child was to be sent his values, he'll get along all like to have to show future tUSt UOH t UllUCTSlllttli t of skating on rinks we flood- back lo his roDm for disobedi- light in life. If he doesn't, he'll generations what life was like J in Alberts a couple of geneia- IN' HIS adaress lo the International Coi- tions ago. -1 lege and University Conference this "1 like to think that I have weet) Dr. jjax Wyman is quoted as having had a hand in building Ihe said Canadian community. It s a fine city and if I have con- tributed" in. a small way, I am. and 50 cents each. There were no lot of skating on cd ourselves. In summer if we wanted a swim, we simply went down to the was fresh and clean then." Mr. McKiltop said lhat one of his first jobs was a paper boy wilh The Daily Herald. "I made big he smiled, "about a week and I didn't have to collect either. Of course our routes were long, but it was pretty good work. 1 previously worked for The Lethbridge News, wrapping singles. A boy could find lots of chores around town in those days." After graduation from high school Mr. McKillop went to work in the YMCA. It was here his enthusiasm for boys' work and sports was developed. Dur- ing Hie First World War he was a physical education instructor ar.d served in England with the 2rd Tank Battalion. On his rclurn lo Lethbridge he joined the school system as cadet and phvsical education inslruclor. When the Second World War broke out he again joined the forces ar.d in was promot- ed lo the rank of cantain. He holds Ihe General Service Medal, Ihe Jubilee Medal for King George V (1935) and Ihe Efficiency Decoralion He has also been named a member of the Order ol Ihe British Empire. "1 worked for Ihe public school system for 41 years and loved every minute of Mr. McKillop recalled, "we didn't have a physical education in- structor for girls, so I had both hoys and girls for many years. I taught girls folk dancing and drills, and from time to time all my classes would unite and we'd put on a show in the old skating rink. There were limes when over kids were in- volved. It was a pretty good show, even If I do say so my- self. When we were kids we used to play nobbies do you know what lhal game Is-no? Well, il's a kind of home grown lacrosse. You play il with a slick v.ilb a bit of a curve on Iho end. Two pieces of rubber are connected with a lillle piece of siring, and the object of Ihe game is to snare Ihe string with the stick and swing the nobbies through opposing goals. When electricity came they'd get caught up in wires and then (be cops would be after us! I triel to introduce the game to my classes afUr the war, but it didn't go over. I don't knosy why." Mr. McKillop ar.d kids just seem to go together. For more than twenty years he was super- intendent of the Sunday School at Southminsler and for twenty- five sears' had the army cadet corps woilc in the schools. "I love Mr. McKillop said reflectively, "but I was a pretty strict disciplinarian. How- ever the kids it-the worst thing that could If a child knows where to place preserve items which we would cnce. 1 guess 1 got the message across. "I'm not sure about children today. 1 think a lot cf them are wonderful kids, but on tins whole, sociely doesn't put enough emphasis on personal fall prey to influences which can destroy him." At present Mr. McKillop's main interest is the Gall muse- um. "A lot of things of pioneer interest have already been he said regretfully, "but we're discipline, or a sense of values, working hard to get people to proud." sities "feels misunderstood by the public." Recently 1 received a professional develop- ment bulletin from the Alberta Teachers Association, in which there is a notifica- tion that "The University of Alberta and the University of Calgary have announced the discontinuance of conlinuing profession- al education courses for teachers during the summer, effective 1970." Looking through a few university calen- dars, I find that the professional education of teachers is usually listed first in Faculty of Education statements of purpose. In the province of Alberta, this should go almost without saying, as the statutory require- ments for teacher certification can only be fulfilled through university training; this has been the case for many years, ever since the old schools were discon- tinued. I am not directly involved in teacher training, but over the years I have had quite a lot of formal and informal contact with school teachers. I have a couple of them in the family, and they have friends and acquaintances. Also, before I came here I was mixed up with a number of academic programs, among them ore or two specially designed for teachers. And of course there was some involvement here with the business of continuing education, summer sessions, evening courses, and so forth. Out of these sorts of contacts, I have heard literally hundreds of teachers on the subject of their interests in furthering for- mal education and professional competence. If there is one thing that these several contacts convinced me of, it is that most teachers regard the universities as indispen- sible to their professional advancement. It is at the universities lhal Ihey qualify for certification as teachers. It is from the universities that they take Ihe courses lo complete their degree programs. It is to the universities that they come in their hundreds for summer session courses. II is through the universities that hundreds more attend evening credit classes in small towns scattered all over the province. Undoubtedly there are some teachers who George mcKillop -Photo by Waller Xerber Book Melancholy: Pervading Note The Swift Years: The Rob- ert Oppenhcimer Story ny Peter Michelmore (Dodd, Mead and Company, upon him. As Ihe "father of Ihe atomic age" it was inevitable that he should have received a lot of attention in the post-war years. Perhaps it was even in- ing an official was the recipient of an award from the President of the United States which was a kind of ges- ture of regret that the judg Travellers Need Railways PVEN' those who disliked the evitable that he should have re- ment against him had ever man and doubled his loy- ceived the un- been made, ally could not deny that Robert brilliant and heaped From The National Observer (U.S.) rpIE Association of Ameri- can Railroads is worried shout its popularity. Why else would it hire a former astro- naut to act as ils spokesman In The railroad industry has reason to worry. While Ihe na- tion's freight trains are indis- pensable carriers of the na- tion's goods, UK industry has become ever further removed from the public consciousness. The reason is simple: By dis- couraging people from riding trains (Ihe discouragement is powerfully administered through terrible service in anti- rjuatcd equipment) railroad men have alienated millions of people. It is a kind of antipathy that las carried over from Ihe rat- tle and stop frustrations on commuter lines lo the entire business of moving humans and cargo by train. II has often been noted that the blame for the deterioration of American passenger trains must be spread widely. The fed- eral government, which subsi- dizes airlines by building and maintaining airports and helps keep the merchant fleet afloat by subsidizing shipbuilding and some operaling costs, has neg- lected to give the railroads a similar Christmas stocking. On the contrary', taxes at every level have made rail- roading a hard business. Be- yond that, the extravagant de- mands of unions have cut deep- But railroading in this coun- try has in modern times ap- peared to be an industry with relatively little imagination. Aside from a few innovations, such as piggy-backing, in haul- ing freight, the rail companies have been content to milk their valuable routes and almost completely surrender Ibcir pas- senger business as a hopeless- ly uneconomic nuisance. Who, they seemed to be saying, wanls lo bother with people, when it is so much easier to ly into the rail's budgets al- stuff a slatted car with hogs? though one may fairly wonder The induslrv, nevertheless, why rail executives have given in lo organized labor so meek- ly over the years. The one big break the train people received occurred when the nation was younger. In Ihe 19th Century, Ihe railroads were given, free and with prac- ficclly no strings, vast tracts of land on which to build their roadbeds. Tycoons quickly made immense fortunes. Tomorrow's Paper I'roiu 'the Winnipeg Free Press ]lfANY people believe thai the day is not far distant wlicii newspapers will enter readers' homes Ihrough pri- valcly owned telex machines. Tlie subscriber will set his cod- ed key, go lo sleep, ar.d wake up the nest morning to lind his day's news waiting (or him at the machine. Telex, together with all the na- fional briefings." But, the professor asks, whal happens if the quarterly's im- pulses come on an overloaded line? What priority will tho magazine be given? He charit- ably recognizes that hard news may slill be getting some prior- But what complications will ity and adds: "Of bourse, "when this bring? Writing in the Brit- the SOBs (Self Operaling ish journal, Political Quarterly, Professor Bernard Crick ____ pre- dicts that magazines as well as newspapers will reach Ihe read- er this way, and, tongue-in- cheek, writes: "Subscribers will already know that on April I. 19SO, Vol- ume 51, No. 5 (of Political Quarterly) will not have to lie fetched from the nearest of Ihe 70 splendid new Regional En- clave Self-Service Post offices, but will appear piomptly on their (able from the month ot their personalized Domestic Back Log Selectors) come generally into play, we can only modcslly hope that many will pick out our codes ahead of tho previous week's print-out of the Sunday pop-papers In other words, notes the U.K. Press Gazelle, commenting on the professor's predictions, the decisive bailie for giveaways may not be with readers who don't want to buy a paper-; it may be wilh those who don't want even lo go out to the door- slep when they can press a but- ton in the living room. owes something tf a personal nature lo the public. It owes the public the opportunity to ride clean, comfortable, fast trains along famous scenic routes. Those scenic routes, after all, were donated to the rail companies free of charge by a public that expected lo benefit from them in a person- al way. Now il appears that the bnsl train left in America, Ihe Cali- fornia Zephyr, is being gradu- ally dismantled. Perhaps not for long will travelers be able to enjoy the admirable scen- ery c( the Colorado Rockies aral the California river canyons from behind a large window on a speeding train. All of us can understand lliat no carrier can afford for long the great financial losses piled up by many passenger Irains. What is less understandable is the inability or disinterest of the rail companies to place the case before the American peo- ple. The railroad companies have many legitimate complaints about unions, (axes, and stulti- fying Federal regulations. But none of the problems these things represent arc immune to change. What is disappointing and in- excusable is the stance of the railroads liiemsclvcs. They have appealed lo surrender without a whimper their rolo as carriers of people, and it would be interesting lo hear Waliy Schirra say something about that. warranted attention of the security investigators also. When one reflects on the fact that scarcely anyone in the United States be he presi- dent, prelate or playboy es- caped suspicion of at leasl giv- ing comfort lo the Communists during Ihe hysteria of Ihe im- mediale posl war years, it does not seem quite so incred- ible lhal Dr. 0 ppenheimer came to be classed as a sccur- ily risk. Nevertheless it is ironic to the liighest degree that the man than anyor.e responsible for the secret and successful develop m e n t of the atomic bomb should have been Ihe re- cipient of such shabby treat- ment. Biographer Peter Michelmore does not overlook the fact that Dr. Oppcnh e i m c r was indis- creet and even devious but he quite clearly thinks it was a melancholy development that an implication of disloyally should have been allowed lo set- tle over the brilliant scientist. Dr. Oppcnh cimer was oblivious to social concerns for a long time and when he came lo an awakening he was nat discrim- inating in the causes he sup- ported. But, then, what "snfc'1 organizations were concerned about social issues in the pre- war years lo offer concerned people opportunities lo make discreet choices? Tte devious- ness with which Dr. Oppenhei- mer dealt with a friend's sug- gestion to disclose the nature of the secret project points up the melancholy fact that hu- man beings are flawed crea- tures. It proved impossible lo keep the brilliance of Dr. Oppcnhei- mcr from shining for long. He was soon back in Ihe public eye and in great demand as a pub- Sickness and the age of 62 in an end to'his luminosity. Nothing can disperse the melancholy re- alization that every life is des- Ifced for death. The major question of our time is whether anything can divert mankind from Ihe headlong plunge to- ward doomsday when all lifa will be eliminated. It was this question that came to exercise the mind of Dr. Oppcnheimer and brought him into political conflict. He knew belter than anyone else the ominous portents of the atomic age. His proposals for trying lo head off a disastrous arms race in nuclear weap- onry may not have been Ihe soundest but he seemed to have tho best inlercsls of his coun- try and of mankind at heart. That other men seemed only lo care about the military super- iority of the U.S. is melancholy enough bill lhal they should have wanted to get at this oul- spoken scientist makes the gloom sellle even more thick- ly. Our fate is in such hands! The emphasis on the melan- choly note is that of the bio- grapher. II makes nn interest- ing theme running through Iho whole narrative. At OM point be even used the expression "voluptuous melancholy" which left me somewhat nonplussed by the unusual conjunction the Iwo words. Mr. Michelmore, who is one of Australia's foremost foreign correspondents, lias written a very readable biography of a length that is not DOUG WALKER. Owlishness Owl by William Service (Knopf, 93p, S3.00, rtislrihiitcd by Random House) lie speaker. Eventually in 1903 ten years after suffer- you want lo know about rtu-ls'' Thrt IriwirvM- a nt.1 So They Say The air is in no way harmful (o (he public health. in this audience will live longer in the dirty air of Cleveland than Iheir parents did in Ihe clean air of the country. Scymorc, president of the Ohio Manufacturers' As- sociation, urging the Ohio Air Pollution Control Board, {luring public hearings in Cleveland, to recommend less stringent air pollution stan- dards, attend these courses primarily for Ihe cred- it they will obtain toward salary incre- ments, but in my experience most are in- terested in improving their professional competence. In any case, Ihe rules of Ihe game say lhal to or professionally they must take university credit courses. But Ihere is another very important di- mension to what teachers expect from uni- versities. This is the non credit offerings, which might be a course, a seminar, a work- shop or several other things, but which usually have no affect on the leacber's sal- ary. On the contrary, in most cases it is something a teacher pays for himself, with the only return being an improvement in his professional competence. Perhaps, by a series of rather slrangs coincidences, tbc teachers I have met may have all been odd-balls, but I rather doubl it. If they are a reasonable sampling of the profession, I would lay pretty fair odds that there is as interest in non credit courses, on the part of the teaching profession, as there is in courses offered for degree credit, or that are re- lated to salary increments. I cannot count the number of times I have heard teachers ask for courses or workshops or al least some kind of instruction that relates to their day-to-day activity in the classroom. Not esoteric theory, no mailer how ad- vanced and impressive; ralher, down lo earth, practical sluff. I completely agree with faculty members who claim thai the "practical stuff" should not be part of uni- versity credit courses. I do no', agree, how- ever, that it is no part of a university's business. Universities are Ihe sole agency for the professional preparation of teach- ers, and righlly so. Moreover, Ihcy assert their competence to guide the process ol professional teacher development, a pro- cess that presumably docs not stop wilh the issuance o! a certificate of competence. The Alberta Teachers Association, at a re- cent conference, recognized "the persisting need for continuing education of and particularly stressed the vital role of non-ciTxh't courses. It should not really astound anyone, then, if Ihe announcement referred to above is "misunderstood." The Voice Of One -By DR. FRANK S. MORLEY The Church And The Public Conscience night the Bermuda Theatre Guild presented "You Know I Can't Hear You When The Water's Running." It re- called the sniggering of small dirty boys. Art should not be condemned because it expresses ugliness. Art in any form is lo be condemned because it is trivial, because it exploils sensuality in order to sell and loses integrity, because it makes some- thing other than truth its objective. Always ft should he remembered that the word "vulgar" derives from "vulgaritas" mean- ing mass or multitude. On the stage and in literature there is t deliberate reversion to filth and porno- graphy. Easy divorce and separation have made a mockery of family responsibilities and marriage vows. Music has been dis- carded for jungle jazz ar.d cacophony. Poli- tical institutions bought with blood, sweat, and tears have been so derided and brought lo contempt that to be a politician is a reproach. Blasphemy and pornography are as acceptable as adultery. Children liave lost all manners and rudeness Is praised. Western civilization is on the verge or the Bbyss. Can the church pre- vent its destruction? The Christian Church brought a r.ew set of values into the world. It created a clearly discernible separation between the pagan and the Christian civilizations. It gave to mankind certain values regarding human life. It created new attitudes to truth, goodness, and rr.ercy. Love of God snd neighbor became dominant virtues. Sunday was given to workers as a day of rest. It opposed all that degrades human life. Human life was sacred and Ihe indivi- dual supremely valuable so lhal he must be treated fairly. "A man's a man for a' thai" and entitled to equal justice before the law and equal educational and economic oppor- tunity. Economic and political motives mingled wilh altruistic, but the dominant motive behind the abolition of slavery, child labor laws, voting rights, legal jus- tice, and public education, indeed all the institutions, and concepts of a free society, was the Christian faith. Not that these virtues and values are not found as shooting stars in olher civili- zations, but only Chrislianily eslablised them as norms. Certain rules of conduct became habitual. Christian faith carried by the Christian Church has permeated soci- ety with the leaven of loving-kindness. Man has been recovered from the engulfing, all-powerful state and the tyranny of has been challenged as well as in the nineteenth century and today from the tyranny of industrial oligarchs. Now the Church appears to be sunk In a bog of irrevelance. Can il stimulate ar.d guide social action and desliny? At (he present its voice is frighteningly Ineffec- tual. Indeed its greatest fear seems to be that it may be out-of-dale, so it courts vulgarity in popularity. II musl beware lest it answer Dean Inge's definition: "Churches, after all, are secular institu- tions in which Ihe half-educated cater for the hall-converted." Will Ihe church tremble with fear over Ihe charge by John M. Allegro, lecturer in Old Teslamenl al Manchester College, that many of the stories in the Bible were inspired by "the Sacred Whsl wiU the church do about medical morals involved in heart transplants? Whal gui- dance can the church give about contra- ception or planned parenthood, sterilization or rejection of parenthood and artificial in- semination or victory over denied parent- hood? Has the church some clear word lo speak on euthanasia or the right to die and medical diagnosis or the right to know if one is dying? For that matter, who speaks for the church? Or are mini- sters supposed to be propliets or merely court chaplains? What word has Ihe church on violence? If a church were told, "Sell what thou hast and give to tits poor and thou shall have treasure In heaven, and come, follow just what reply would it make? But then what is the church making of the slalemenl that anyone seek- ing lo save his life shall lose it and those who lose it for the sake of Christ shall save it? The church will not cslablish a reputation as a guidepost if it be found (o be merely a wealbcrvanc. Nor does a church become militant and triumphant if the closest it gets (o battle is singing "On- ward, Christian Soldiers. owls? The keeper of a pel owl shares his observations and musings aboul his owl in an almost impressionistic style in which incomplete sentences abound. No doubt the author enjoyed Iris little enterprise of Irving lo share his owl wilh others. But it comes oul neither a serious treatise nor an entertaining nar- rative. Al tho end of the book ono discovers that Ihe owl is dead, Long before that point is reach- ed cr.c discovers llw book is a dud. D. K. W. Progress Report By Doug Walker THE grapevine I liave learned in a screw Ito'.e ar.d used a bigger screw. tiial at least orse person in Ihe com- munity has been wondering liow "lhal fel- low at The Herald" is getting along wilh the building of his fence. I am pleased to make this little progress report. My confidence in carpentry has been wonderfully bolstered in the past couple of monllis. The kiUhcn cupbcard door that Itad been sagging has been closing properly for several weeks since I inserted a wood plug Up until new I have mcdeslly refrained from boasting of this achievement for neigh- bor Hugh's sake. It's a big step from repairing a cupboard door lo building a fence, of course, but now the possibility of tackling the job dccsn't seem quite so as previously. How- ever, considerate chap that I am, I believe, il wouldn't be right lo cut off the view of neighbor Louis' masterpiece yet, so I am postponing the project a lilllo longer, ;