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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Daily Herald (Newspaper) - March 21, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta VOLUME XI. LETIM3IUDGI-;. ALBERTA, Tl M'ltSDAY, MABCH 21, IMS NUMBER 85 British Win Naval Fight-^-Huns Start Offensive on West Front : : :� : * o * �> HUNS CAPTURE TOWN > Berlin. .Mfir. 21.-Kherson, in > the Ukraine (Hi; miles north- > nasi, of Odessa, near 1 lio mouth of the Dnieper) has been cap- port announces. ? �: : ;> > c > �> ? o > : u * : CIVIC EMPLOYEES ? ? FORM A UNION ? > a- .> ? Victoria, B. C, March 20.- ? > The civic employees of Victoria > ? have entered the ranks of or- > ? ganized labor. At a meeting > ? held tonight, it was unanimous- > ? ly decided to make application ? gress for a chapter and to be- > ? toria Trades and Labor Conn- > ? oil. 200 employees will be af- ? fected. DETAILSJ-OSSES Admiralty Makes Statement Concerning Losses by Submarines in the Past Year. NOW EFFECTIVELY . N DEALING WITH THE SUBS., IS STATED Washington. March 21. --Secret figures of the British admiralty on submarine losses and world ships building were made public here today by tiie British embassy. They show dial, from both enemy n.eliop and marine risk on January 1, IMS, allied and neutral shipping had lost since the war began 11,837,572 gross tons whde shipyards outside of the centra! powers were turning out. (i,110(1,275 tons. These figures, long withheld, are now made public, an admiralty announcement says, because today they will not. stimulate the enemy and because they will impress upon the people the necessity of united action in making good tiie losses by subniarnos. Willi them goes an appeal to the British builders to speed up jiheir efforts by hfinging more men and women to work on the taslt and warning that the accent falling' off in British production must not continue. In spile of the tremendous total of losses they do not approach the claims of tho Germans and with 2,580.001) of j enemy shi|>s added to the output of ! the war period, the. neUloss to world shipping exclusive of that of Germany and her allies is only 2.(1:12.297. "The results of the past year have shown the ability of our seamen to | get up on U'Yms with the submarine l menace and gradually to get in the up-I per hand," says the [statement." j in announcing in the house of com-I mons yesterday that hereafter figures ! on losses and building would be made | public at intervals, Sir Eric Geddes, first lord of the admiralty, indicated that it will be unwise to publish the totals for  the war. However, these totals now are given to the public simultaneously in this country and in Great Britain. Admiralty Statement Following, is the admiralty memorandum: "Memorandum has been issued by the British admiralty showing in gross tons the fosses to the world shipping by enemy action, the mercantile shipbuilding output and the enemy vessels captured and brought into service. "Hitherto the board of admiralty have been averse from any publication other than that contained in the weekly return of losses, although it has frequently been pressed upon them that the whole tonnage facts should he made public. So long as such publication would encourage the enemy and would stimulate his energies in a dangerous direction, they have not been alile to c^ucur in the proposal.. "In the figures published today there is nothing,to stimulate the' enemy and the admiralty recognizes that the policy of silence, necessary as they believe it to havo been from a naval point of view, has had this serious defect, that it fails sufficiently to impress upon the people of this country HONS INCREASE THE DEMANDS ON RUMANIA Moscow. March 21.-Germany has increased her demand upon Rumania and now asks that Rumania surrender to the central powers all of her war munitions as well as those left in Rumania by allied troopc. All of the entente ministers remain in Jassy. ^but will leave there if Rumania surrenders the war munitions to Germany. (Continued on Pagk"6) Million More For Aid of Livestock in Alberta Now (Special to tho Herald) Falmontc*. Alta... March 20.--Another million dollars for the encouragement of the livestock industry of Alberta, loaned by (he Merchants Bank at fi per cent under the terms of "The Cow Bill." Such was tho announcement Hon. Duncan Marshall, Minister of Agriculture, was able, to make to the legislature at. the sitting on Wednesday afternoon. It. was greeted with cheers from the Liberal sid^o of the house. There was silence on (he opposition benches. During tho first year of tho operation of the measure more than $500,-.000 was loaned by the Merchants Bank to the farmers the minister informed the house, and he added that Ihe fact that the bank was this year lending double tho amount showed how those directing this,financial concern were alive to the importance of the livestock industry and the part it, would play in, tho progress of Alberta. Regarding the rate of interest. Mr. Marshall mentioned that the other day the government of Ontario had float-eu n large loan, and that the lowest rate it could get was 6.31. During the past yeai^ the minister explained, arrangements had been made with the Merchants Bank for tho loan of half a million dollars. The government anticipated Hint that would be about, the amount of money required last year. They had go! the money frojn the bank, and he was very pleased to be able to inform the house thcy^had paid out $.70:1,070, jill of which had been invested in female cattle in the province. Importance Of It "I regard this as one. of the most important tilings that was done last year," said the Minister. "Very stringent steps are being taken by the governments of all countries for the preservation, and Improvement of livestock at. this time, and f just want here to pay a compliment to tho livestock branch of the Dominion department of agriculture for the work they have done in the improvement of livestock iu Western Canada by the lu-troduetiOM of pure bred bulls. The work they have done is going to help the improvement of the livestock of the province'a very great deal." "I. just wish we had Ihe power to put scrub bulls out of existence," continued the minister. In England they have taken stringent .measures, but the British agricultural papers are urging the board of agriculture to take more stringent measures still because they claim the demand will bo extensive for cattle at (he close of the war, and that, the demand for good cattle will be greater than ever. Great Britain's agricultural wealth, (it is urged, will be determined not only by tile ESTIMATE REVENUE E PROVINCE PLACED AT TEN MILLIONS Estimated Expenditures Include $200,000 For a Tubercular Sanitarium (Special hi 11..- Hr.ra.un Edmonton, Mar. 21.-Tho statement of estimated revenue and expenditure of Alberta forsthe year I ills laid upon tiie table of Die legislature Wednesday; afternoon by the lion. C. II. Mitch- Germans Open Bombardment Along A Wide Front in France; Decisive oment Has Come Says the Kaiser London, Mar. 21-The Germans shortly before dawn Germans Opened Their Offen-this morning began a heavy bombardment over a wide sec- sive on a Wide Front at Dawn tion of the British front! it is announced officially. -Artillery Heavy But No In- , __j fantry Attack As Yet, Heavy Attacks Along Entire Front ell."provincial treasurer, gives the esti mated revenue on iucoura account at $8,051,410.2-1 and tlx- estimated revenue on capital account including balance brought forward J.;.770,042.tin, total $Itl,831,3;>2.S4. The estimated expenditure on income account i/- given at. $S,2r.2.82fi.8fi, and an capital account $2,"07,100, making a total of $ii'..".".(i,;i2C.W!, showing an estimated balance on Dec. HI on capital and income ae o'clock this morning and was still continuing at the latest report. At the. same hour the Germans began a display of artillery activity in the Messines sector. At -1 o'clock they began a bombardment with gas shells along ihe Fleur-ArmcnUeres see-tor. It may be merely coincidence that a German prisoner stated recently that an enemy offensive was to begin Mar. 20 or 21. Numerous other details have been given. At any rate, no infantry action has been reported at. the time of filing tills dispatch. For several days it lias been indicated that tiie Germans have completed their plans and are ready to begin operations, if this be. within the scope of their program. The sky was heavily overcast (bis morning. Observation from airplanes was extremely difficult. Austrian Art illery Vienna, Mar. 21.- (British admiralty wireless).-Auslro-Hungarian artillery has taken part, in the fight against the British and French on the western front, it is alleged in today's war office statement. Bombardment Near Rheims Paris, Mar. 21.-There has been an intense and sustained bombardment of the sectors north and southeast of Rheims as well as on the Champagne front, the war office announces today. German Claim Berlin. Mar. 21.-Bavarian troops overran the first enemy line .southwest of Ornes, oivthe Verdun front yesterday and advanced fls far as the BrulP ravine, capturing 24o men, army headquarters announced today. CITIES 10 GET PART No Option of Fine Now on Second Offense Bootlegging -Fines Increased v (Ppi-.-ial to the Ilerali!> Kdmonton. .Mar. 21.-One of the principal provisions in the act to amend the liquor act is that providing for the payment to the cities of Kdmonton, Calvary, I.etlibridgc and Medicine Hat of difie-third of the fines collected in each municipality on account of liquor prosecutions. The fine for what is known as "bootlegging" is increased to not less than $100 and not more than $200 and-costs for a first conviction with three months' imprisonment In default. For a second or any subsequent offence it is imprisonment of not. less than three months, and mil more than six months. For every offence under the act for which h specific penalty has not been provided fines ranging from $10 to $100 and costs for first conviction and from $loii to $:ioo and costs on second conviction are li.xed. For a third or any subsequent offence the punishment is imprisonment of not less than three and not more 'than six mouths. E Winnipeg, March 21. - The board of grain supervisors for Canada will be in session on Tuesday morning, April 2nd, to consider prices and policy for' the new crop year. All parties desiring to state their views will be afforded an opportunity to do so.- iCoimjiVEu on Paqk 6). : : : : > * * * ? : * o * * '> This week ...........$730,510 > > l^arit y�ar ............ (172,1)25 ? * Increase, per cent. > * * ALBERTA THROUGH WESTERN GATEWAY ( to ihe Herald) Femie, March 20.-An eastbound freight on the C. P. H. pulled into the yards here last night with eleven car loads of settlers effects aboard, bound for points in Alberta, north and east of Calgary. There, were no cattle, but nearly every car had from two to six horses on board. There were nine different parlies, coming mostly from Idaho, but there were two cars of effects from San Francisco, the owners having .been contractors iu the Golden Gate City, but are goyig to try ranch farming in the Bassano district. Railway officials state that this is but a vanguard of what may bo expected during the next month or two. These settlers stated to a Herald representative that they would have brought some cattle if the ITnited States" authorities would permit the export of cattle. The men in charge were all men -of families and stated that their families would follow as soon as they had reached their destination and made arrangements for housing them in comfort. E3 London, Mar. 21.-The British liEve made andther advance in Palestine, capturing three towns, it is announced officially. A counter-attack by the Turks was repulsed. .;. .; .;. .> > > PRESIDENT SIGNS BILL ? Washington, Mar. 21.-President Wilson today signed the bill bringing the railroads under the government operation and control until twenty-one months after the end of the T Finance is Now the Most Serious Problem the Govt. Has To Face Winnipeg, Mar. ^1.-Tho Free Press Bulletin's Ottawa correspondent says: "Canada will have lo raise nearly a billion dollars during the coming year. Finance is probably the most serious problem which faces the government. It is stated on wliat. would appear to be good authority that Sir Thomas White's resignation is in the'lianas of the prime minister. Sir Thomas, it; is sttitod, i*, a nervous and physical wreck in Pasadena, Calif., the victim of an over-application to work. "The budget will be delivered by Hon. A. K. Macl.ean." A GERMAN JOKE Paris, March 20.-During the recent German aerial attack on Paris one of the enenty aviators dropped a bomb which struck and damaged tho embassy building of one of central powers. Two days later caretaken of the building requested the neutral powers representing the enemy country to presold a bill to the French government for the damage done to the building. France is asked to pay $900 for destruction by the enemy of his own property. Two Hun Destroyers Sunk London, Mar. 21.-Two enemy destroyers and two enemy torpedo boats have been sunk by a force of five British and French destroyers, the admiralty announces. One British destroyer was damaged. The engagement occurred off Dunkirk this morning. The British casualties were slight. There were no Frerith casualties. London. March 21.-"We are at thft decisive moment, of tiie war and ono of the greatest, moments in German history,'' said Fmperor William iu a. | telegram to ,tho Uheinisi li Provincial Council, according to a Central JS'ews dispatch from Amsterdam. ' The artillery action on the western frhnt could be distinctly heard at Dover and other towns on the. east coast; of Kngland. The doors and windows in the houses at. Dover, for instance, were continuously shaken by the heavy concussions. The firing which was the hcaviesi; that has been heard in this district from such a distance, began at three, o'clock this morning and lasted at brief . intervals" until 7 a.m. From Vendeuil north to the Puvor Scarpo is a distance of nearly fifty miles and the beginning by the German artillery of a heavy bombardment along this wide front may mean that the preparation for the much-advertised German'offensive in the west lias' begun. Preparatory work wan about due. to begin today, if the advance announcements were to be taken at their face value, judging from the news of a day or two ago that a party of neutral correspondents had been invited by the German high command to start for the west front on Wednesday, "to witness the offeui-sive." It is, of course, impossible to say whether the present burst of artillery fire on this front means it is along; the line indicated or somewhere within its limits, that the heavy German blow, if one indeetT is coming, is. struck^ There" is the consideration that .(lie bombardment in this particular area may be a teint, to cover a stroke in an altogether* different sector. The most natural conclusion, however, is that, the drive is to be made at. some point in the area now under fire. This area embraces most of the territory, outside of Flanders, over which the British havo been fighting, sometimes alone and sometimes in conjunc- . tion with the French, for the last two years. It: takes in, for instance, the entire field of the battle of the Somrne fought in the fall of 1910, and a great part. ol the urea evacuated by the Germans the following spring. Within these limits is the battlefield of Cambrai. Virtually all the territory fought over in the great battle of Arras, during the spring of 1917. also lies in the area under bombard-ment. The statement follows: "A heavy bombardment was opened by (he enemy shortly before dawn ilii.i . morning against our whole front from the neigh borhood of Vendeuil, .soutli . of St. Quentin to the river Scarpe. " "A successful raid was carried out by us last night in the neighborhood of St. Quentin. Thirteen prisoners'and three machine guns were brought back by our troops. "Prisoners also were taken by us in patrol encounters southeast of Messines and in another successful raid carried out by us south of Hoult-holst forest. "A raid undertaken by the enemy in the neighborhood of Armentiers was repulsed." Huns Driven Back Paris, Mar. 20.-A strong attack waa made today by the Germans against French positions in the Woevre. The war office announces that after spirited fighting the ' enemy was driven back. The statement follows: "There was intermittent artillery fighting between the Allelic and tho Aisne and in the Champagne. The artillery struggle proved rather violent on the right bank of the Meuse (Verdun front) and in the forest of Paroy. In the Woevre, in the region of Brule-Wood, the Germans today made a strong attack on our positions. After a spirited engagement our troops ejected enemy detachments which had succeeded in gaining a footing in some o( bur advanced positions. "According to fuller information which is hand tne attack of tho enemy made in the region of Souain early this morning was carried out by two battalions of shock troops which suffered heavy losseavand met with 9 complete check. "Bad weather yesterday interfered with aerial operations. Information at hand shows that the six German airplanes and one captive balloon reported as having been damaged on the preceding day, in reality were destroyed by our pilots." The announcement follows: Vice Admiral Doeur reports that an action occurred off Dunkirk between four and five o'clock this morning. Two British and three French destroyers were engaged with a force of German destroyers whtyHi had previously, bombarded Dunkirk for teu minutes. Two enemy, destroyers and two enemy -torpedo boats arc l*elieved to have been sunk. Survivors have been picked up from two enemy torpedo boats. "No allied vessels were sunk. One British destroyer was damaged but reached lyirbor. Tho British casualties were slight. There were uo French casualties." ... APPROVE P. G. E. SETTLEMENT Victoria, B.C., Mar. 20.-T.he leglsla-ture today approved the settlement arrived at between the government and the Pacific Great Eastern railway company whereby the railroad is taken over by the province. A bill to raHf>t the settlement will shortly be Introduced. 7779 ;