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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 20, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta WtdiMMday, March 20, 1974 THE LETHBRIDQE HERALD Four Guineas Reward. WHEREAS two NEGROE MKN, named BON POSTER; about 30 Years of Age, float and well made; nearly Five Feet Six Inches high, tainejin one Poor, and limps much in his And SJLAS a thin nude Ncgroc about Eighteen Years of Age, a fauntering Walk, and a fullca BOTH RAN AWAY a few fine-. Ti.ia is to give Notice, that any Perfon appre- hending thi in; and bringing them to the command- ing ftnginect's Office in Halifax; (hall have FOUR GUINEAS Reward, or Two Guineas for one-of them, to be paid by the Subscriber. RICHARDSON. ADVERTISEMENTS IN THE NOVA SCOTIA GAZETTE AND WEEKLY CHRONICLE SEPT. 5, 1780 AND JUNE 1791 Canada's racial track record hardly perfect, says city prof. RUN (AWAY, FROM iltr R-iKfi-riHcr l.fl. N.-fo named NERO, about old, ft fret irn Inchri high, Speech, nut ve-y Blick, of the Mulatto Breed, had on run Dark brown Cost, Humfpon brotmo and white Twilled Trow. fen; s'fo, awiy with him B'mkrt and a Woolen Whoever will lake up Negro and rc.u'p hint 10 ihr Sutifcriber, (hell have 1 wo Reward, and reafjo able CID. PALMER, AND, iSth 1791. Canada a racist country? That would likely be the initial reaction of most Canadians when confronted with some of the darker and largely unwritten pages of Canada's history. University of Lethbridge education professor Colin Thomson says Canadians have scant reason to be either proud or smug about their record in the areas of discrimination and prejudice. In fact, he suggests "Malice in Blunderland" as a title for his documented research on prevailing racial prejudices during Canada's formative years. "Historically, racial prejudice in Canada has been a subtle and pernicious says Dr. Thomson. "It is more what has not happened than what has which reflects our past attitudes so unfavorably." After extensive examination of early Canadian maga- zines, archives, journals, newspapers, novels and textbooks, he has concluded there was strong anti-Black sentiment in many areas of Canada. In a paper he recently presented to the annual conference of the Canadian Association of African Studies in Halifax, Dr. Thomson discussed Canadians' treatment of Blacks from 1860 to 1920. His presentation, 'The Ultimate Canadian and the Black', left little room to doubt that earlier "establishment" Canadians were paternalistic, insulting and prejudiced in their attitudes towards Black citizens who were in turn excluded, re- jected and denied. Blacks were not considered a real part of the emerging Canadian wrote Dr. Thomson in his paper. "Blacks were alien in every sense of the word, they threatened to tinge the blood of the 'ultimate' Canadian the Black tiles (were) at the bottom of the then-emerging Canadian Mosaic... Sambo and Jim Crow were alive and well in earlier Canada." "It is he continued "that earlier Canadians and their institutions created racism, maintained it, and largely condoned it. White society ingrained in many Blacks deep feelings of inferiority, complemented often by equally pronounced feelings of inadequacy. Generations of poverty left little reason for hope in Black communities." "Although the late 1960's and early 1970's have witnessed much change, and although Black pride and white awareness have increased, much is left to be undone and he concluded in his paper. "Meanwhile, Blacks can take small comfort in the realization that their history provides insight into the values of the wider Canadian society." And that insight is not at all flattering. "At the turn of this century, many politicians and academics believed in the 'white man's says Dr. Thomson. "The Negro was seen as a caricature, a stereotype, someone incapable of responsibility, not to be trusted, childish. All the fine dreams for Canada's future did not include the non-whites." Thomson says any examination of housing, education, employment and human relations leaves no doubt that Black Canadians have received second-class treatment. "Canadians who referred to male Indians as 'bucks' and females as 'squaws' could hardly be expected to consider Blacks their social writes Dr. Thomson. Articles and books'describing Blacks were insulting and pejorative, he adds. In 1859 "The Victoria Colonist" reported Blacks en- joyed fervid heat because of their "hide thicker than a hippopotamus." A Toronto publication, "the carried frequent articles discussing Blacks in the United States and Canada. The prevailing view was that Canadians were much more decent to their Black residents than were Americans north of the Mason-Dixon Line. The view was erroneous, but widely held. Dr. Thomson found that even such respected national magazines as "Maclean's" flaunted many purple passages of racist prose. For example, in 1900 an author named H. S. DeLesser wrote in "The Canadian" that "the negro has no strict regard for truth" and said Blacks had no initiative but were good imitators. In a 1911 "Maclean's" article, Britton Cook divided Canadians into two groups: "whites and while referring to a Nova Scotian Black settlement as a breeding ground for vice and crime. Not one novelist of the time depicted Black characters in a favorable light. "Canadian Blacks received sporadic, second-rate, badly financed 'separate but equal' says Dr. Thomson. Blacks were described, even in polite society, as "black heathens, niggers, pickininnies, jigaboos, dingos and sooties." The "overestimated" underground railway became a reason for Canadian smugness and 'holier than thou' attitudes toward the American 'race problems', says Dr. Thomson, but in fact Canadians after 1830 displayed hostility to the increasing number of Black immigrants. "Something many Canadians don't adds Dr. Thomson, "is that a reverse underground railroad existed in the 1780's, a period when slaves in Canada escaped to the United States." Dr. Thomson can produce many examples of advertisements for slave sales and return of runaway slaves, culled from early Canadian newspapers. Later Canadians thought themselves superior to the Americans because they had "no nigger question, no lynch laws." The truth, says Dr. Thomson, is that slavery existed in eastern Canada to an extent that would appall most Canadians today. Some Canadian textbooks wrongly boasted that the 'unhallowed institution' never took root in our soil, although most text books simply failed to include reference to Blacks: they were an 'invisible', forgotten quantity. Slavery existed during the French regime in Canada and continued after the British conquest. Discrimination was not limited to Canadians in Ontario and Nova Scotia where there were older well- established Black settlements. In early 1911, residents of Edmonton petitioned Prime Minister Wilfred Laurier to demand the government stop black migration to Canada. Nearly Oklahoma Blacks arrived in this province between 1908 and 1911 where they met with considerable hostility. In the early 1920's, in the same way many Canadians attempted to disassociate themselves from Blacks, an Edmonton city commissioner unsuccessfully attempted to ban Blacks from the city's parks and swimming pools. By the end of the First World War, Blacks were 'free' to serve 'their King' in segregated army units. "How many Canadians have heard of William asks Dr. Thomson. In 1904, Hall, a winner of the Victoria Cross at the 1857 Relief of Lucknow, was buried in an unmarked Nova Scotian grave. A Halifax newspaper credited the hero as being a brave "pickirunny." TOMORROW UNBELIEVABLE! SHELDONS DOES IT AGAIN1 SHELDON'S 12-HOUR TOMORROW 9A.M. TO 9 P.M. ONE DAY ONLY THURSDAY. MARCH ZTstl SALE 9 A.M. TO 9 P, Here's another tremendous opportunity for the budget minded mothers of Lethbridge and Southern Alberta __________to clothe the family at fanastic Savings Don't miss this great Savings event! LOOK WHAT 0WILL BUY COMPLETE STOCK OF Kiddiis- Running Shws Pair................... Kiddiis'Sanuls. Pair................... MM'S dps Each...... LldilS' Md GirlS Sling Back, all leather LOOK WHAT CflOWILL UU BUY COMPLETE STOCK OF LsmtfUMriifShMS. Pair. LMMS' Md Gills' Pair. ffflMfNT INI mil. MM'S GMirdiMWirk Ibis. Each....................... Girls' OMmJMnts Canadian made, each MM'S VMS. Each................ Shor Pair Don't mist the biggest 1 day sale in Lethbridge's history. Unbeatable values! Get here somehow and get here fast! Open 9 a.m. to 9 p.m. Thurs, March 21st Only! LOOK WHAT .-SLa? LOOK WHAT SQOO WILL U BUY WILL I BUY Kiddtes' SMft Shirts Md T-Shirts. short fbutiMlMlt. Sizes 3 to 6x. 1 Kiddtes' RiiiBMls. I COMPLETE STOCK OF i JEANS AND SLACKS Boys' and Girls', Sizes 8 to 18 Kiddies' Sizes 3 to 6x IftdidiRi brud MM Wnnilir nd TM GH Piir Lidtes'BMiiziShMS. leather. Pair.......................... MM'S SpWl SUrtS. long or abort aleeve, penna prata, Each................................... Girls'ill InthtT SIMS Canadian made, pair Ltdw'tailBHU. Pair............... Md ftore Puts M low art rMMrs. Pur... LMws'TMKiy RMMTS 5-10. pair UMJ Stem (Mite ncfc T-Shirls Canadb" made by rMWIWtl Onss Wutofi Straw Hits and Each................... Ins'Md Girls' NflMSMVPMft. Kiddies-acrylic lined and quilted nylon 3x6. pair.............. OOK WHAT 00 WILL BUY COMPLETE STOCK OF Wrangler and Tap Quo. to (Pair.................................... IMS'Md GfflS'JMM. by Wrangler. Colors: Dark Blue. Dark Brown. Dark Green. 7-14. pair IMS' Md lirts' atMrted Caauel NgM Jachate. Each MM'S PITM Press D 9 in vHPJw Oy Ctaira LMMT Shits. TM KM Man Start and tong sleeves fMtnlltnMMS. Kiddtes'. SMMMTS', Md HTJ Md Shis' krMd AnieMhar, LMM'.GMsMQMlM' SwirtmttCoMsXC0cfi HfMMiv flMPBV Wl Vfl byBata.Pak IMS' Ml GMsUMRm Stocks ALL SALES ARE REFUNDS OR EXCHANGES SHELDONS OPPOSITE GALT GARDENS ON 3rd AVE. S. 516 3rd AVE, S. NEXT DOOR TO BANK OF MONTREAL Made in Canada, pair........ Girts' MM TIMS' tody SMrts MdTMS M SOTS Ml RMMS MBOPMM COMPLETE STOCK OF MM'sPolyMttrCrtfOiidDoiMi Kitt Shirts Long aleeved, each MM'S. Buys'. SwMters, Each................................ RllMTBOOlS. Men's and Boys' Red sole, pair MM'S WMtera Shirts Each.............................-... LiiiM'All Lwttir "Baity of Dili" NITSIS Him iKIMIS Madam Canada by Beta, pair......... Girls' MdTMU'JMH Slits. Each................................ dfNtete stick if MM'S Md Lidtes' Dress liys'Md Girls' Cupr Pair t Girls' Pair -3 14% iz. _ 3 nMH HMd KMHTM NMMI SMttersterts. Canadian by Each Made in by Beta. irJPJ DreSS OXhrdS. Pair A MM S WMeT MMS. Slip-on or lace style, lug sole, fleece lined, pair EacH LOOK WHAT '00 WILL BUY COMPLETE STOCK OF flare tn Canada. rMtS Made in Canada, pair MCK Each LOOK WHAT 00 WILL BUY COMPLETE STOCK OF LMlM' ill Girls' WiiterJttMs. Each Biys'. Girls'MdKiddtes' Wiiter Jackott each MM'S All-Lwrttr Awta Wort BOfllS. Pair MM'S GMMI film ill latter white sm tarn BMtSMdOxterds for and camping, Pair -9 Bus' Md Girls' Mtenntf Cawhiy IMIS. Canadian mada by Beta, Pair 9 MM'S AH-Lsttttr Dress Md CUM! LMters Md Pair 9 Wmi M tar tha entire tarnHy, PoryaMar fibram, Pair _ _M A MMS Ml MfS pHlMni M MMT Iws'illlMMrOrassShMS Canadian mada by Bata. Pair MM'S WMI JKShMs Each 9 9 LOOK WHAT 00 WILL BUY COMPLETE STOCK OF GOLDEN GLOVE aBlaathai GOLDEN GLOVE HI TOP WOHK AND CAMPINO BOOTS. Pair LADIES- SKI JACKETS MOTS WeSTEUM WIMTEP. JACKETS NDW C4CVI MOMTHEMN ESKIMO PAHKAS. and LOOK WHAT WILL BUY COMPLETE STOCK OF AU MOOWE SHOES T UnvO B MEITS ALL WOOL WESTEHNOMESS SPOUT JACKETS. LADIEr WIWTCT ONESS COATS Sal A V ;