Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 20, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta
Tueidcy, March 20, 1973 THE IETH6RIOGE HUAID 5 Western Liberal leadership eyed By Peter TMsbarals, Toronto Star commentator The question of leadership, both national and regional, is discussed constantly among liberals in Western Canada. At the head of the national party there is a Quebec in- tellectual for whom Western Canada has always appeared to be more remote, and perhaps less Interesting than, China. Whether or not this is true, it is the judgment that lias been passed on Pierre Trudeau by western Canadians and it is probably irrevocable. At the regional level, the east- ern ministers in the Trudeau cabinet have failed to develop into influential figures outside their own provinces or, in some cases, outside their own con- stituencies. None of the four western premiers are Liberals. All of the four provincial Liber- al leaders in the west have been elected to head their parties within the past few. years and are still struggling to establish theaiselves in their own prov- inces. But somewhere, somehow, western Liberals will have to find spokesmen who can ex- press and symbolize the re- gional spirit of Western Canada, and who are strong enough to exploit the tensions in the party that they themselves will delib- erately create. This was the question that never failed to come up for dis- cussion as I spent a week talk- ing with ihe western members of the federal cabinet, the four western provincial leaders, sev- eral provincial party presidents BERRY'S MID "What's wrong your father? He ofwoyi acts in an eniireli adult and other important Liberals hi the four western provinces. All our conversations were on a not-for-altribution basis as I tried to perceive the party in Western Canada as it looks from the inside. No mailer what they say in public, western Liberals all be- lieve that the prime minister himself is one of their major problems. All of them seem to have accepted it as an in- superable problem. There, is liltle anger but there is disappointment at his apparent inability to develop a better perception of the West, even after four yenrs as national leader. "When I've talked to him said one provincial leader, "I've had the feeling, occasionally, that I've actually started to get through to him. "His face will light up and you can see Mm reaching for it. But something always seems to get in the way and block 11." The two speeches on western alienation which Trudeau has delivered since the election, in Regina and Winnipeg, have dis- appointed his followers. In fact, the Regina speech last Decem- ber, one of the last written for the prune minister by his cam- paign speechwriter, Ivan Head, a native of Alberta, was gener- ally considered to be better than the one in Winnipeg last month which Uw prime minis- ter put together with some of the new personnel in bis own of- fice. The Liberals leadership prob- lem in Western Canada starts with the i continues through the party hi- erarchy. The strongest western minis- ter, in terms' of his working relationship with the prime minister and his authontv in the cabinet, is Justice Minister Otto Lang. His efficient ap- proach to western agriculural problems, as the minister in charge of the Wheat Board, has earned him considerable re- spect in his home province of Saskatchewan but he has al- most no public following in the oilier western provinces. "Otto knows how to get along with said one Lib- eral, "as long as they're law- yers like himself." It was an excessively harsh judgment but it illustrated a common afsresment ol Lang in the west that he is hard-work- ing and conscientious but lacks tlie flamboyance of Diefenba- ker, Douglas Thatcher and other leaders who have at- tracted personal' t'ollowings on the prairies. Somewhat similar limitations affect Defence Minister James Richardson of Winnipeg. His success in switching some fed- eral purchasing to Western Can- ada has remained beyond his personal influence. During ihe last campaign there were in- stances where rural organizers specifically asked the party not to send them this urbane repre- serftalive of Winnipeg's business aristocracy. But more than any other western minister, Richardson has worked hard in recent years to develop a coherent western philosophy. In the next few months it wUl become in- creasingly apparent that lie is the Wost articulate spokesman for the west within the federal cabinet. Like Lang, Environment Min- isier Jack Davis has established a reputation for intelligence and hard work, but it hasn't spread much beyond his own con- stituency in Vancouver. Davis flies back and forth between Ot- tawa and Vancouver almost ev- ery weekend, usually Hying economy because passengers in first class have a greater ten- dency to talk to him and inter- rupt his working monologues with his tape recorder. "His energy is said a member of the party in his own province, "and unlike a lot of people who go to Ottawa, he hasn't lost touch with British Columbia. But he's a loner, not a real party Urban Affairs Minister Ron Basford has established himself more firmly on the national scene than any of the other western ministers but he has no special following in the Prairie provinces. Members ot his own parly in B.C. consider him to have a traditional approach lo the party. "He wouldn't picture himself this' said one, "bul he's really an old-line party po'iti- cian. He would like IQ be the Jean Marchand ot B.C." Among the provincial Liberal leaders, David Sleuart of Sas- katchewan and I. H. Asper of Manitoba arc Ihe most inter- eating at the moment. At 57 years of age and with almost a decade in the Sas- katchewan legislature behind him, Steuart is a tough, dancer and down-to-earth politician who learned his trade at the right hand of the lale Ross Thatcher. He has H't'e use for political theories which ignore the basic objective of the achievement of power. Al- ready there have been a num- ber of clashes between Steuart and federal ministers who have failed to implement their pro- grams in Saskatchewan in a way that Sleuart considers to be reasonably politic al. "You aren't seriously telling me that the bureaucrats ir your department aren't Steuart was reported lo have asked an astonished federal minister in a recent phone call between Regina and Ottawa. "If most of them aren't left- wingers, then why are they working for the As an authentic, experienced and highly political western party leader, Sleuart is unique in the Liberal Party. He em- bodies all the political qualities that Trudeau and his western minister and advisors are said to lack. Asper of Manitoba is the only Liberal leader in the West who is making an obvious pilch for regional support. His thesis that the West continues to be admin- istered as an economic and cul- tural colony by central Canada has been stated so persistently and aggressively that it has al- ready earned him a few critics ot the highest level of the na- tional party. Whether or not As- per has a chance of emerging eventually as the sought-after Liberal cbarrroion of western terests will depend on his abil- ity to lead his party from its third position in the Manitoba election expected this year. Animal Psychology By Eva Brewsler, free-lance writer Books in brief "To understand Jews" Kf Stuart E. Rosenberg (Paper- jacks, 159 Popularly written, this rapid survey of Jewish history, and the development of the rites de passage, festivals and religious beliefs in the life of the pres- ent-day Jew, makes easy read- ing. It can only be useful In that it clarifies many concepts only dimly understood by many non- Jews, for example, the exact function of a rabbi, and those food and hygiene laws. Further, it indicates many points of re- semblance between Jewish and non Jewish religious praclice, and explains many differences. Yet it remains unsatisfying. Perhaps the author under- took too large a task for a book of this size. Any one of ihe four sections could have been taken as the central theme, with the others being treated in relation to that theme without confusing even the uninformed reader. The hook's best use is, prob- ably, in c r y s t a 11 i z ing some questions for the non-Jew, and in encouraging him to look more deeply into questions it answers only superficially. A. L. "Canadian Wildlife Service. (Information Canada, 171 Slater Street, Ottawa; 90 This is an exciting summary of what the Canadian Wildlife Service, a branch of the de- partment of the environment, did between 1967 and 1971. It is essential to the study of bird and animal life in Canada, and to the dangers that beset the wild creatures. Heavily illus- traled. Many color plates. The director of the service, John S. Tener, says this in the foreword: "Like a man sudden- ly aware that he is no longer young, and certainly not immor- tal, our country is now looking with dismay in'o a mirror held up by the ecologist to see a premalure'y aged face seamed by tha ravages of misuse We know that Ihe tour is lale and that the 1970s will be the critical decade whsn by individuals as well as agen- cies will determine whether a quality environment can be developed and preserved I hope (this report) will be of in- terest to L'.ose who care, as well ns those who may not yet know the pleasures of going C.W.M. COUTTS In our turbulent times few people stop to think of animals as being important in our lives. Why then talk about the psychology of domestic pels? Be- cause, taking a close look at their behav- ioral patterns we get lo know ourselves. A t'ailhful animal can be your shadow and your conscience if you will permil it the role nature intended for it: that of a fel- low creature or a liitle brother, if you like. Peop'e react to maladjusted children wi'h compassion, as a rule, and help wi'.h psych- iatric counselling, special schooling or pro- viding more suitable homes for them. How- ever, if you happen to have a delinquent animal, there is only one kind of adwice; "Rave it destroyed." Because 1 have rais- ed enough problem animals to realize none was born criminal. I have always been determired to see them -'ive. If human mis- fits need counselling it is perhaps not sur- prising that the same applies to o'.her species. Take Heidi's case: Heidi haled jack-bools and when she made a vociferous dash for Ihem from under Ihe dark safety of my office desk, she did not realize she was attacking my British boss. Unharmed, but naturally up- set, he gave me due notice: "You either quit your job and I'll press charges for as- sault or you have thfit vicious dog destroy- ed." Although I needed my job badly, loy- alty to a creature more helpless than I made me face the first choice and in court I defended my animal. The day I first saw her cowering at her master's heels, flinching at every crack oi' his aimlessly swinging riding crop, there developed an immediate affinity between us. One of a litter of highly pedigreed hunt- ing dogs a Springer Spaniel the puppy had been pampered by her master in war- time Germany. Yet walcliing her owner Irain German Shepherds 'for their role in concentration camps, hearing the blood- curdling screams aimed at encouraging these dogs to tear apart limb from limb moving dummies and later live victims, must have done something to the little animal. She developed the life-sav- ing inslincts of a Saint Bernard and a compassion for suffering creatures I have seldom seen in humans and r.ever again in an animal. The war finally over, her master shed his SS uniform, denying fiercely he had ever been involved in training killer dogs for any reason other than his "love for animals." He now turned his attenlion lo teaching young spaniels the art of hunting and retrieving. His methods changed only slightly from those used previously on the shepherd dogs. Instead of human prison- ers he now employed live tethered ducks, and deer. Heidi was the only ono of her litter that proved untrainable. While she did leam to detect tracks and follow a trail, having spotted the game, all the whipping and kicks she received could not persuade her to retrieve it. Instead, she would bite through rope or trap lo release the tethered animal, yapping triumphantly when it few off into the blue horizon or vanished into bush and forest. Her owner let me witness her activities lo justify what he was going to do and, i'or the last lime, kicked her viciously with Ihe spur of Ids boots. "Get my he shouted to his wife. "A bullet is wasted on her but that is all she is fit for." I bought Heidi's life for two cans of meat and 200 American cigarettes and that was the beginning of a mutual friendship be- yond any material value That dog hadn't a mean bone in her body but for a long time to come she remained my timid shadow. She only showed courage at the sight of jack-bools but could not differen- tiate between those of friend or foe. Many pairs of shiny officers' boots had surrepti- tiously changed owners in the black mar- kets of hungry post-war Germany. When she now attacked such bools the men wear- ing them were likely to be Allied personnel. Guiiiians no longer wore jack-boots but how do you teach such sudden changes to a dog? The magistrate duly granted her a re- prieve and awarded Heidi into my cus- tody. She b'ved with us in the country for 14 more years. She never attacked any- body nor was she ever frightened of any- thing again. She guarded our first baby and innumerable animals of every imag- a gin able species my husband broughl home from his veterinary surgery. It is no ex- aggeration to say that she helped to nurse them back to health licking their wounds, almost willing them to live. Love and kind- ness made her the best-adjusted dog we ever had. .Had I not known her past his- tory she would have been shot by her own- er when barely more than a pup or destroy- ed later for her fear of jackboots. That was a long time ago but animals haven't changed nor I am sorry to say, have people. The cases of delinquent ani- mals, all victims of their human environ- ment or upbringing, are too numerous to recount here. Hopefully, space permitting, I can give a few more examples to spread an understanding of animal psychology. Report to readers Doug Walker Come hell or high water The Herald has never missed getting out a paper on a regular publishing day. This is a remarkable record in view of the hazards of strikes, breakdown of ma- chinery, power failures, and other things that have prevented newspapers elsewhere from publishing. There was a Saturday during the great snow storm in the spring of 19S7 when a paper was published but not delivered un- til Monday. Maintaining a publishing rec- ord would be a kind of hollow Ihing with- out the delivery of the paper. Few people give much thought to the importance of the delivery end of a news- paper operation until a storm or some other problem interferes with the re- ceiving of their paper. But nobcdy in the business can long be unaware of that part of the enterprise because it is the distribution department that sets the deadines whose observance determines the holding of subscribers without whom their would be no employment for writers, print- ers, advertising salesmen, office person- nel, etc. It is the aim of the circulation depart- ment to get the newspaper to homes in the city and surrounding area by late afternoon. The period just before and after the even- ing meal seems to be an optimum time for the re-ding of a newspaper. At that lime of day comes a break for most people between the pre-occupa'sions of the workaday world and other activities when it seems natural to catch up with what has been happening. Gc'.ting Ihe pap- er to subscribers at this lime when they want it and expect it becomes imperative. A lot of careful scheduling and planning is required to be able to load trucks with the required number of papers and get them off on their country runs and to var- ious city delivery points. Late press rims can tlirow these light schedules into sad disarray and mnko sr.nny-disnositioncd fel- lows like Bel) Kenlon and Pat Barry a little cross. One of the toughest schedules to maintain is the west nm to the Crowsnest Pass and beyond. For years The Herald has tried to find an expedient way lo provide Gran- brook with paper on the day ol publica- tion. In recent months The Herald has suc- ceeded in doing this by making a rendez- vous with a transport truck at Sparwood which gets the papers to Cranbrook in the early evening. The time is not ideal for Cranbrook subscribers but it does beat getting a day-old paper. When the massive power failure occurr- ed in Southern Alberta a short time ago the meeting of deadlines seemed impos- sible but an heroic job was done in all departments so that most deliveries were almost on time. The electricity was off for about two hours in the very heart of Hie production period. Everything was at a standstill and remained that way in the mechanical departments for another half hour after power was restored until the lead melted in the pots on the linotype ma- chines and type could be set again. To be only an hour late in going to press meant that some very' fast work was dona in var- ious departments. Then the bundlers and truckers did some flying and caught up the rest of the time. Two tracks were dis- patched westward that day, one of them ran non-siop to the Pass and to Sparwood. In order to get papers from the trucks to homes at the right time the recruiting of a corps of reh'ab'e delivery boys is thft final imperative. It is no good having boys wr.o want to play games after school or who are consistently detained at school causing delay and creating irritation lo waiting subscribers. Also in this windy country it is unsatisfactory to have boys who are careless about stowing papers in the security of mail boxes or in doors. Depile rigorous requirements and the dis- appointments sometimes experienced in collecting from scma customers thsre is a steady supply of candidates for Ihe jobs as Ihey become available. In some U.S. cities, I learned from other members of the American Press Institute seminar last September, hooliganism is so rampnnl that it is hard to get delivery boys who will lake Ire risk of being on the streets. Although the truck drivers and papsr boys deserve a lot of credit for doing their job in some disagreeable weather, the un- sung heroes of the delivery system are the people who get the papers ready for dis- patch. On days when there is a third sec- lion these people havo to insert them by hand into mare than 23.MO papers as they arrive from the press room Imagine hav- ing to do that kind of work on a regular basis!