Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 19, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta
4 1HE LETHBRIDGE HERAIO Thursday, Marih 19, 1970 Dev Mnrarka Take It Easy, Boys Moscow Disappointed With New Nixon (iurbngc collectors or sanitary maintenance engineers or whatever they call themselves used to be the butt of unkind humor, because of their lowly work. Now as a group they have obtained the respect lliey deserve, Ihe proper appreciation of the very essential social function they perform. iiut take it easy, boys. You're push- ing your case to the point of its being a laughing matter once more. It was announced last week that the chairman of the committee in charge of eacli garbage truck will carry a bundle of lags to attach to cans that are too big or foo small or of the wrong material or containing the wrong kind of garbage, and the rele- vant items will be checked so the householder will know why his can wasn't emptied. This is a garbage-prone society, and in a city like Lethuiidge where the people like to keep their places clean, the garbage dump is a busy place. It would seem in order for the city tu put more attention simply on haul- ing the garbage and litter away, and less on seeing that it meets a long list of standards. And since the city is now charging a healthy fee for garbage removal and is growing fussier and fussier about what it handles, perhaps there is room for private enterprise getting into the business. If an enterprising young trucker contracted with all Ihe residents of a certain street or section of the city to haul all their garbage to the dump, would the city forego its charge to those people? No Further Moscow is Hash- ing with increasing fre- quency signs of alarm over President Nixon's real inten- tions in the world arena. 11 seems that the attitude of cau- tious waiting which the Rus- sians had adopted when Nixon came to power is nearly over and they aye disappointed mill the new Nixon. On a number of issues nliich concern Moscow and Washing- ton the Soviet press has been making sharp attacks on Am- erican, policies though avoiding direct lilts at Nixon. Of major importance in tills context are the negotiations between the I w o countries on strategic arras limitation, the SALT talks. The SALT talks opened in Helsinki last September and are due to resume in Vienna on April 16. Unlil recently I lie Russians were exuding a sunny optimism about (hem. All the signs pointed (o the emergence of an agreement on limiting fu- ture dwlcorr.cnt of deadly missiU'i on 'twill sides. But a few days ago t'ravda, the au- Ihoriiafive party organ, made a violent at lack on tha Ameri- can approach lo the forthcom- ing talks. Soviet irritalion was touched off bv comments made by American Defence Secre- tary Laird. Laird's insistence on'launching a new breed of missile systems and his de- mand to Congress for w i d e- scale deployment of tltc Safe- guard anil-missile system around American cities did not go down ..e'l here. Soviet com- mentators have claimed that by doing EO Ihe Americans have scl aside a tacit under- slandins that further deploy- ment of Hie Safeguard system would bo poslpor.ed till the out- come o! SALT lalks was known. Whatever Ihe actual position, the emphasis on redeployment of the Safeguard system is ta- ken bv the Russians to be a erude a! tempt to pressurize Moscow into an agreement, if this is really the case it can- not but spoil Ihc friendly and constructive atmosphere which has prevailed during the SALT talks far. Hravda has given warning that Ihe SALT talks call for "a serious and honest approach by all sides, an approach free of any intcnlion to achieve ad- vantages by means of negotia- tions, or to use these negotia- tions as a camouflage for launching a new round in the arms race." The writer accus- ed Laird indirectly of talking the language of the late John Foster Dulles, former U.S. Secretary of Slate, who was no favorite of the Russians. Dulles stood for negotiation from a position of strength and for un- inhibited co'.d war. This, in the Soviet eyes, cannot but "give rise to extremely serious doubts as to the sincerity of the intentions of the United Slates In respect of the SALT lalks. If Ihe SALT lalks fail, Mos- cow will have to reconsider a number of international and military issues as well as find ways (or its own advance into the highly expensive field of ever more sophisticated missile systems. This is why the Rus- sians a'.lach so much import- ance to these talks. Tte Soviet Prime Minister Kosygin has himself declared that their out- come depends on goodwill on both sides. The SALT talks, however, are not Ihe only issue on which Ihe Russians arc beginning to doubt Nixon's good faith. The overall impression created here by his long foreign policy state- ment is or.e of a hardening on interr.alional issues all along the line. Moscow Is particularly afraiJ that soon the American military commitment in Laos will reach a ccalc approaching Victnar.i and Washington will find il difficult to exlricate it- the United States withdrew its consulate from lihmlesia it ap- parently was willing to go thus far and no further. In tact the U.S. was so opposed to going any further that it used its veto in the United Nations Security Council for the first time. Vetoed was an Afro-Asian proposal lo isolate Rhodesia and extend sanc- tions to South Africa and Portugal. Apparently the moral courage to withdraw its consulate was all the courage the U.S. could muster. The U.S. has refused to recognize oilier de facto governments on political or moral grounds, of course, but never before has a white non-Communist government come under the ban. Diplomatic isolation is not likely to hasten the end of white minority rule in Rhodesia. Hut refusal lo recog- nize the Smitli regime puts the United Ignorance Ignorance of the law is no excuse. Since tiiis is so it would seem desir- able that some systematic way of af- fording people the means of acquain- tance with the rales he devised. Lcthbridge Police Chief J. II. Car- penter recently pioposed thai the criminal Code "be taught in schools. The McGrath report on penology made just such a recommendation in connection with its discussion of the offender of Indian ancestry. It argued that no man respects what he does not know and under- stand, which explains why Indians are disproportionately in trouble with the law. Others besides Indians could also be disrespectful of the law because of ignorance. There is a good possibil- ity that the average citizens unwit- tingly transgresses the law regularly because of the hit-and-miss manner in which he becomes aware of what stands on the statute books. So many things have been included In the school curriculum in recent States in a position of moral leader- ship. The lefusal lo support the Afro- Asian proposal of extending sanctions lo South Africa and Portugal docs not seriously weaken that leadership position expressed in respect to Rhod- esia. It can be legitimately argued lh.it (here were no changes in the political situation in either of the other nations such as when Rhodesia declared itself a republic. While the U.S. was unwilling to take an action that could not be justified on political grounds it should surely be obvious to both Portugal and South Africa that their racial policies are under the same moral condemnation as those of Rhodesia. This should also be obvious to the Afro-Asian nations so that while their proposal was rejected they .should realize their position is supported. No Excuse jeclion tp adding yet another area of information. But there does seem fo be a good case for instruction in the law in view of its importance in main- taining a stable social order. Chief Carpenter suggested that in lieu of studying the law in school it might be studied at home. This en- visages more dedication than most people seem lo possess, however. The Criminal Code itself is a rather for- midable document of several hundred pages in length that could scarcely be described as absorbing reading material. In addition there are pro- vincial statutes and municipal bylaws that also should lie known and which do not appear to be readily avail- able in compact form. A good start in helping people be familiar with the law which they are expected to know would be for the essential aspects of federal, provin- cial and municipal laws to be printed in summary form in inexpensive handbooks revised annually. But whose responsibility would it be to years thai there might be some oh- prepare the manual? Motivation Is The Key liy Kit ttyon, Counselor, Kale Audi-ens High Schoul, Coaldale JT IS MY feeling that many youngsters so at the university level, fn Alberta, some fresh out of high school are not ready for the "intoxicating" freedom found on university campuses. For the. first lime in their lives many find themselves com- pletely on their own with no parental or other supervision, no one. to tell them (o go to classes, no one to remind Ihem lo do their assignments, lo go to hwl on lime, or to cat properly. Sudden and complete emancipation is something that most are iiniply not geared for emotionally. Many need s year or two of maturing and soul- fcarr-hing lo become better lo cope with Hie rigors of higher education. A year or two of employment or travel would provide them with a sense of direction and maturity needed lo succeed in and profit from a "university education." Too many arc going on lo university for (he wrong reasons. Some, I'm afrnid. go to university believing il to he a rapturous and euphoric experience. It's nothing of the kind, at Ihal part of it that has lo do with Ihc course of studies. I-'or the most part it involves sitting through endless lee- lures ar.d "cranking out" meaningless foot- notes ard "cramming'1 for examinations. Other students nrr attracted more liy the non-academic escapades publicized liy the media than by any serious desire to get an education. Still others are pithed ar.d prodded into academic .self-destruclion by well-meaning status-conscious: p.irr-nl.s. Alter 12 years of incredible academic pressure they soon discover that it's rot all that it was to be. Many must feel let down and disillusioned. No v.ondtr that some of them turn (o protests lo cut Ihcir resentment and frustra- tion. Some of Ire unrest now plaguing cam- puses is, I'm sure, in response lo Icgilimale complaints. Much of however, appears (o lie the result purposeless youth striking out in all directions. The hey lo success in education al all levels is motivation. To the unmnlivatol student, school Ls rr.ertly a place lo put in time, fioof off. drift along or get bounced o-.i'. of. This is at ulialtu-r Icvc] o( education il ir.ay ou-ur, and especially 40 per cent of first-year students fail or.e or more courses. Remember that these arc our most academically-adept students students who have ground Ihcir way through Iho arduous university entrance- program. In some faculties student morality rate is as high as seventy per cent. Too many of these students are failing, or failing lo make the most of themselves. Obviously, factors oihcr than academic ones play a significant role in determining success at the university level. A hiatus between high school and uni- versity would benefit many students in a number of ilifferent ways. After spending some lime al a job, some would discover olher more interesting and attractive alter- natives for which they were belter suited. Some would .see thnl a degree, such as a B.A., has about as much value as licence, plates do lo Ihc running of a car. And, those who eventually decided lo go on lo university would still rlo so. hut only alter (hey were ready for it. I suspect Ihal many .students who failed fo oMain university ad- mission would do quite well in spile of Iliis deficiency. The high success rale of "mature" non-matriculated slu- rienls bears out this observation. Look al Ihe thousands of ex-servicemen who flooded university campuses following the Second World War. Although many had in'.erruplcd Ihcir education by enlisting, they returned lo their studies with fervor and zeal. .Many cf present-day doctors, lirntists. lawyers, engineers, fearhcrs 'oven imitcrsity professors) are producls of this delayed educational experience. The time-out experience was a valuable one in providing Ihr-m with I'r.c motivation to succeed. To Ihc yo-.mgslrr knows where he's going ar.d why, full speed ahead. To the one who doesn't, delaying the decision (one of the mosl important he'll ever make) will do ro harm whatever. Anchor- ing the and his bearings may help him to inciid academic seK-dc-slruc- Lou. "Here's one that qualifies, self from a position which can only bring humiliation in fhe long run. Moscow sees the administra- tion in Wellington pretending llial il is not really involved in Laos and yel appealing to the Russians lo bail il out. Irri- tation with Waslu'ngtcn is all the greater because the Ilus- sians believe it is Washington's own fault that the Laos affair has assumes such large pro- portions. It seems to them that the Americans have learned no lessons from the Vietnam war. Even greater alarm has been caused here by event in Cam- bodia. The American hard is seen behind Ihc anti-Viet- namese and anti Chinese out- burst Ihere. It may not be offi- cial American policy but it is feared Ibat ubiquitous Cen- tral Intelligence Agency may lw trying to enlarge the con- flict in Soulh-East Asia in or- der (o maintain the American military presence there. The Russians want peace ar.d in South-erst Asia be- cause any upheaval there only strengthens the militant appeal of China. But Ihcy are not go- ing lo spend all llleir lime bail- oul Ihe Americans. On the Middle Easl, where no progress in real terms has been made, there arc reports from New York lhat the Am- ericans and Iho Russians are making concessions to each oilier, liul still very pungent al- lacks on Ihe American position are being made by Ihe Soviet Press, led by Pravda. It is dif- ficult to see how Ihe Russians can make any furtlier conces- sion without letting the Arabs down. And since they are not prepared lo forego Ihe in- fluence and prestige they have earned in the Middle East, it follows for Ihe Russians lhat, to begin with, concessions have to come from Israel if there is lo bo any chance lor a peace- ful solution. In Pravda on March 12 a prominent commentator, Vik- tor Mayevsky, complained that the American position in the Middle Easl was being revised the Arabs. All in all the Soviet Press gives the impression that Mos- cow has now given lip hopes of a change in Kixon's pro-Israel policy, hopes which were quite strongly entertained here when Nixon came lo flic While House. The Russians are anxious to continue exploring methods of widening Ihn post-Cold war de- tente. And this is why they are careful not lo attack Nixon di- rectly ard anger him. But ihe signs art- not very propitious lhat Soviet-American relations will register greater accord in the near fulure, (Written for The and The Observer, London) Britain Embarrassed By Passports To Nowhere J O.NTJON' Thousands of J British citizens have been trying lo come "home" only lo find the door boiled by a poli- tically sensitive government. They have been lining up out- side, knocking ever more loud- ly and impatiently. They are the Asians of Easl Africa who have Income the victims of the history of lhat part of the British Empire. As their lite has grown longer, it has placed the government of Prime. Minister Harold Wilson in Ihe unenviable position of having lo reap the harvest of earlier follies. As the cabinet struggled over a period of weeks to resolve their dilemma the plight of Hie Asians became embarrassingly apparent, like so many things these days forced into the head- lines by the militant minority. Letter To The Editor Holders of British passports from East African countries have been denied entry be- cause they have lackai Ihe es- senlial for immigration into this country, the voucher. Con- sequently t h o s f: unqualified have been waiting in detention centres, in cheap European ho- tels or on airlines being shut- tled back and forth between Europe and Africa. There is embarrassment be- cause the government knows thai restrictions imposed in 1968 cannot absolve il of re- sponsibilities lo East African Asians undertaken four or five years earlier. When their adopted countries became independent the British government offered citizenship lo the Asians. Many thousands accepted the invitaiicn in good faith, choosing lo become Brit- ish cilizcns rather than apply- The Message h The Thing .Shame! How could you "C.W.'1 in an Editor's note in your March 12 paper? I'd he prepared to wngcr that thr-rc's nnc willed, dejected in town today. And you wonder why youth is rebelling against iocicly! Sir, you have your own answers. Mis message was impor- tant Ihing il was loud and clear. So whal if he can'l spell or makes grammatical errors it's your bread and butter, maybe not hi.s. Coincidentally I had a call from a firm Icday asking if I had any applications on file. They had heard we have a good reputation (which certainly pleased me) and needed (wo employees and didn't know where lo find I didn'l give it loo much thought at Ihe time but advised them that I would let them know. Wou'd you tjclievc several applicants visited us lod.iy seeking cm- ployim-nl? N'ol having available I mentioned the firm's name lo of Ihem. One thanked me and said she wanl- cd a with a challenge, a fulure, bul the other one told me she liad already been (hero lr.it. nol having any experience His firm would have lo spend loo much lime training her and as a result she didn'l have much hope. Ixl me assure you and any businessmen wire may be inier- estcd thai Ihe inexperienced can become very valuable assels we have and have hud many nf Ihcm Avis. Ihcy try harder. Their only requirement1; arc palicnce, understanding and tactful conslruclivo criticism. II may cosl a lilllc lime and money al Ihe outfel. bul yrnir rewards will be manifold, what with Ilieir laughter, gaicly and exuteanco. Lcl's never forget that they are progeny. And don'l for- get Iho message, all else is secondary. T. I'. CUTIIBKRT. ing for, say, Kenyan or Ugandan citizenship. British responsibility to the was implicit in the of- fers. Many families had been encouraged to leave India in Ihe early years of Ihc century as workers for railway build- ing. Al various times the Col- onial Office saw Easl Africa as a suitable outlet for Indian trade, enterprise and emigra- tion. A society of whites, blacks ar.d Indians naturally develop- ed, wiUi the Indians playing an important role in the Irading life of the colonies. Sir Winston Churchill long ago described Kenya as a world in miniature.