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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 19, 1970, Lethbridge, Alberta SUNNY HIGH FORECAST FRIDAY 55 The LetKbttdge Herald VOL. LXIII No. 82 LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, THURSDAY, MARCH 19, 1970 PRICE NOT OVER 10 CENTS TWO SECTIONS 20 PAGES East Germans Cheer Brandt As Talks Get Under Way Leaders Meet Face-To-Face Independent West Study Plan Unfolds CALGARY (Special) Acres Planning and Re- March Ltd. of Toronto is expected lo bring in its pre- liminary outline of the feasibility study on an indepen- dent Western Canada Uiis week. The cost of the survey is expected to run "well Into six according to Brian Stevenson, who Is organization chairman of the Alberta Liberals. Existence of a group well able to pay this price to satisfy its curiosity was revealed Feb. II by for- mer Alberta Tory leader Mill Harradence. Both men say interest in the study "cuts across all party lines." The study is expected to unfold in stages: First, probably agriculture, then oil and natural resources, industrial development and potential, tariff structure and a definitive look at import and export potential. "Our aim at the moment is to cold-bloodedly and realistically assess Western Canada's chances on said Mr. Stevenson. There's a good chance the study will prove an Independent West could stand on its own, they believe. A 1068 survey using 1966-67 figures suggested the West, with 25 per cent of Canada's population, pays 30 per cent of the total personal income tax. The 1968 study hy economic researcher Greg Guth- rie, now with the Japanese embassy in Ottawa, shows the West has half of Canada's agricultural produc- tion, virtually all of the petroleum resources, half of the undeveloped water power, half of the productive forest land, half of the mining production and the lion's share of fishing, rail trackage and roads. CPU chairman N. R. Crump is quoted .as saying en his Calgary visit last month that Canada, west of the Lakehcad, "co-old be a viable economic entity, buying and selling goods on the world market." Those who object that freight rates have always been of the biggest "discriminatory" factors against the West are quickly reminded that freight rates are set in Ottawa. The area to be included In the study would in- clude the three Prairie provinces plus B.C. and the Yukon, possibly the Lakehead and Northwest Terri- tories. Backers of the study include about 50 representa- tives of independent oil companies, mining companies, professional groups, stockbrokers, engineers, real cs- 6tate interests and entrepreneurs, says Mr. Har- raiience. The group grew spontaneously from an in- formal meeting of about JO In the second week of January. Will Face Choice Tentatively, it's being called the New West Founda- tion. If the survey proves the feasibility of an indepen- dent West, the two spokesmen say we'll face a choico of slaying within Confederation or gelling mil. They propose selling up a referendum and letting the peo- ple decide. "We'd sol up two or three-day public conferences In every major population centre to explain the situa- said Mr. Stevenson. 1C a referendum proves the West wants to stay within Confedcralion, they say they'd set up a new parly on (he federal level which, without an Eastern- dominated caucus, could hold the balance of power in Ottawa. If, on Ihc other hand, (hey fee an independent na- tion within the Commonwealth, with its capital in some slill-undcsignated Western city. "Wr. dread this as an end result, but wo won't shrink from said Mr. Harradence. In his view, the move would wipe out provincial governments. Both men stress the desire lo keep this investiga- tion free from any taint of emotionalism. "The emotionalism is said Mr. Stevenson. "Right now a itamogoguc with ability and backing could probably force an independent Western Canada. We recognize this danger and are avoiding it." If the op'Jon was to withdraw from Canada, they say the West "would send a learn of negotiators to establish an independent nation in orderly fashion." Meanwhile, in Lelhbridgc, plans continue lo pro- with the One Prairie Province study May 10-14, under the sponsorship of Tho Lclhbridge Herald ami the University of Lethbridge. EAST 5IEETS German Chancellor Willy Rramlt, left, stands with his East German counterpart. Prime Minister Will! Stoph, en route from railway station in ErJurl, East Germany, Thursday, to the hotel where they began their summit talks. From P.cuters-AP ERFURT (CP) West Ger- man Chancellor Willy Brandt, after a tumultuous welcome by the people of Erfurt, said today relations between East and West Germany should be regu- lated in a special treaty but re- jected the idea of full diplo- matic recognition of the East Berlin government. At the firsl session of the Ger- man summit meeting here, Brandt replied to East German Premier Willi Stoph's opening statement thai a normal situa- tion in the divided counlry de- pended on international rela- tions on the basis of complete equality. "The decisive issue." Stoph said, "is to achieve, in the inter- est of European security, a peaceful coexistence for the people of our states, a change in the relations between the (East) German Democratic Republic and the Federal Republic of Germany." But tiie West German Chan- cellor called the common inter- ests and quarrels between East .and West Germany different from those between other peo- ples and said "they are directed toward the unity of the nation." Their historic meeting began promptly at 10 a.m. (4 a.m. EST) after thousands of Erfurt- ers had cheered Brandt on his arrival from Bonn. Stoph him- self was on hand to greet the chancellor at the railway sta- tion. Thousands of East Germans, shouting "Willy! Willy broke through police barriers to greet the West German chancel- lor. Cabinet Argues Over Handling Of Dispute ERIC KIERANS under fire OTTAWA (CP) Unless there are unexpected develop- ments, furlhec cabinet discus- sion cf the Montreal postal situ- ation will be postponed until the recommendations of mediator Carl Goldenberg are received, informants; said today. Mr. Goldenberg, it is hoped, Attack Rumors Spread MOSCOW (AP) Pravda re- vealed today that Soviet-Chinese border negotiations in Peking have run into serious trouble be- cause of widespread rumors that the Soviet Union plans to attack China. An article in the Communist parly newspaper denied lhat any such strike is planned and warned Peking leaders that China "should not speak to the Soviet Union in the language of weapons." This was the third lime in five weeks lhat the Soviet U'nion has denied that it is preparing to at- tack China. Today's article was the first admission that Chinese exploita- tion of the nimors has affected the talks. Pravda rejected Chinese claims that a "Soviet menace" exists and asked: "Are they trying in Peking to exert pres- sure on the Soviet Union and in- fhicnce the course of the The border talks are aimed at defining disputed regions of Iho Soviet-Chinese fron- tier. A year ago, armed clashes in the area resulted in casual- tics among Soviet .and Chinese troops. Pointblank Question Jobless Total Hits Six-Year Peak Stoph opened discussions with a pointblank question: Was West Germany ready lo his Communist country dit.v malic recognition? Brandt countered by saying only that the East-West German dialogue opened loday should aim at negotiations resulting in binding treaties between Ihe two states. Brandt put forth six principles which would guirie the West German government's policy. They were that both stales rec- ognize: duty to maintain the unity of the German nation; of discrimina- tion, respect for territorial in- tegrity, a commitment to solve all disputes by peaceful means and a respect for each other's border; obli gallon not lo at- tempt forceful changes in each other's social structures; desirability of better technical co-operation; for the existing rights and responsibilities of the four powers (the Soviet Union, the United States, Britain and France) in Germany as a whole sides should support the four-power efforts for an im- provement of the situation in and around Berlin. OTTAWA (CP) Unemploy- ment jumped to last month from in January and amounted t> 6.5 per cenl of Rhodesia Out In Cold Submits 7 Points Pearl Bailey In Hospital PHILADELPHIA (A P) Performances of the musical Hello! Dolly! were cancelled when its star, singer Pearl Bai- ley, was taken to Itospilal Wednesday complaining of chest pains shortly before a per- formance. A hospital spokes- man said there didn't seem lo be any cause for concern. Miss Bailey has Iwcn in hospital sev- eral limes in the last few years for exhaustion. Seen and Heard ABOUT TOWN Summing up, Sioph submitted the following seven points for further discussion: of n o r m a 1 equal relations between East and West Germany on the basis of international law, free from any kind of discrimination, and the renunciation of West Ger- many's claim to represent the interests of all Germans; in each other's foreign relations and the Thousands Flee Before North Push VIENTIANE (AP) The North Vietnamese drove farther south in Laos today and more thousands fled before their ad- vance. Laotian military sources said the North Vietnamese pushed out from the Sam Thong base tlicy captured Wednesday and attacked an outpost five miles north of Long Cheng. The sources also said the North Vietnamese fired four rockets at long Clicng, head- quarters of Gen. Vang Pao and Its guerrilla army of Meo tribesmen which the United Slates finances, equips and trans. The rockets burned sev- eral houses, but no casualties were reported, the informants said. The sources said as many as civilians and soldiers had been evacuated from Ihe Lorg Cheng area hecause of the buildup by the North Vietnam- ese and Iheir Pathet Lao allies. final renunciation of the Hall- stein Doctrine (under which Bonn would break olf diplo- matic relations between West Germany and any state recog- nizing East renunciation of force between East and Wes' Ger- many according lo the United Nations as well as mu- tual recognition of each olher and of the inviolability of each other's existing slate borders; for admission of bo'.h East and West Germany into the United Nations; renunciation of obtain- ing and disseminating nuclear weapons, 'he renunciation of the production, application and stor- ing of biological and chemical weapons, and the reduction of expenditure on armaments by 50 percent; of questions re- lating to the necessary abolition of all remains of the Second World War; paying of all West Ger- many's debts lo East Germany and "fix; settling of all compen- sation obligations by West Ger- many. Tiie noisy welcome took place outside Erfurt's main railway station as Brandt and Sloph walked BO yards to a hotel where their political talks start- ed. Police had lined up steel bar- riers about 150 yards from Ihe government chief's path but the pressure from the huge crowd was so great that the barriers loppled. Unofficial crowd eslimafes ranged from lo The cheering continued when Brandt entered the hotel, and at one point he appeared .at a window and made a hand mo- tion calling for calm. the labor force, the highest in six years. The manpower department, analysing figures compiled by Ihe Dominion Bureau of Statis- tics, said the increase was greater than usual for this time of year. Nearly 40 per cent of the un- employed were withoul jobs for one to three months when lha employment survey was taken. There was little change in February from January figures on the total number of em- ployed up from" But Ihe (otal labor force grew by to PEAK LAST YEAR WAS 6 Unemployment reached 6.1 per cent of Ihe labor force in February and March two years ago, hut then declined. The peak last year was six per cent in February. The orevious high was in ttie first three months of 1964 when unemployment ran to between 6.8 and seven per cent of the labor force. On a seasonally-adjusted basis, unemployment last monlh ran to 4.8 per "cent of the labor force, the same as in December after dipping to 4.5 in January. This is the figure economists look lo and Uiat fro government says might go as high as 5.7 per cent during its anti-inflation drive. The latest employment pic- ture in brief, with estimates in thousands: Feb Jan, Feb. will report lo Prime Minister Trudcau and the cabinet in two or tliree weeks. Tiie cabinet met in its usual Thursday session ted ay but tbe postal situation was not sched- uled for debate. A major subject likely dis- cussed was rising unemploy- ment, now 6.5 per cent of the labor force. The cabinet had a heated ex- change Tuesday before the an- nouncement o'f Mr. Golden- berg's appointment. The argument was mainly be- tween Communications Minister Eric Kierans on one side and Regional Economic Expansion Minister Jean Marchand and Labor Minister Bryce Mackasey on the other. The key issue is seen here 23 prelection of the seniority of the Montreal mail drivers. Mr. Trudeau has said it was a government decision that an at- UNITED NATIONS (Reuters) Rhodesia today faced further isolation from the world com- munity following a UN Security Council order that all relations with the white-minority govern- ment be severed. Sixteen days after the decla- ration of a republic by rebel Rhodesia, the Security Council Wednesday night ended its disa- greemenl by reaching near-una- nimity on a compromise resolu- tion by Finland cutting off al- most all links with the govern- ment in Salisbury. With only Spain abstaining, the 15-naiion body ordered UN members immediately to sever all diplomatic, consular, trade, military and other relations with Salisbury and to interrupt ................1970" 1970 "i960 transportation to and from Rho- desia. But an earlier Afro-Asian re- quest that the ban include postal, radio and telegraphic contacts was not accepted, and Britain and the United Slates also insisted on and received as- surances. The amicable and conciliatory lone of the debate leading lo ac- ceptance of the resolution was in sharp contrast to the tense and dramatic atmosphere pre- vaib'ng at earlier debates. VETOES CAST On Tuesday, Britain and the United Slates cast first veto by the U.S. and only the fourth by Brilain-against an Afro-Asian resolution calling for the condemnation of Britain for r.ot using forte to overthrow the Salisbury government of Prime Minister Ian Smith. The council earlier rejected a milder British draft calling for condemnation and non-rccqgni- lion of Ihc Rhodesian republic. Labor force Employed Unemployed 526 485 473 SIGNS OF Mrs. Rose Coyle of the Golden Acres Lodge, Leth- bridge, saw two robins. Liana Wrate of Ihe city, watching for signs of spring ever since her Grade 1 class started talking about them, finally had success. The lit- tle six-year-old spotted three signs in pr.c day! She saw a rabbit with a brown tail, a robin on a lawn ard a tulip seeking daylight. Six year old Ingrid Van Nieuwenhuizen cf Lethbridge also ?potted a robin, There's a phone call for you, Mr. Kierans.' tempt be made lo clean up the mess surrounding award of mail contracls in Montreal. Mr. Kierans had a full cabinet mandate to take action in one of the nastiest jobs ever handed a cabinet minister. Tbe argument broke out over whether Mr. Kierans had gone about tbe jo'o in the best for instance, intervening person- ally. Informants no resigna- tions were sought by Mr. Tru- deau. Neitter were any resigna- tion threats taken seriously. KIERANS LOSER The Montreal Gazette mean- while says the postmaster-gen- eral was "a clear loser in his cabinet test of strength" and offered his resignation, whim was "left dangling for several hours" until it was rejected by Mr. Trudeau. The setback has placed Mr. Kierans in a difficult p o s i tion as postmaster general, the uewspaper says. It quotes associates of Mr. Kierans as saying they believe he will be shifted lo another portfolio "more suitable to his talents" after a discreet inter- val. PITY employees having a tough lime trying lo con- vince (he public that City Manager Tom Ferguson and Alderman Vcra Ferguson are in no way related .Dr. U. P. Larson "falling'1 (off the stage) for Jess Snow's re- marks at the home and school association's conven- tion. Canada, France At Loggerheads Punch Reporters 1NVERCARGILL, N.Z. (Reu- ters) Angry crowds waiting in the heart of Quccnstown to see the Queen kicked ami punched reporters today as they trial to gtl near tire royal party. N1AMKY, Niger (CP) Dis- agreements liclween Canadian representatives and France re- sulted in delays loday in final approval of a charter creating an agency to promote cultural and technical co-operation among French-speaking coun- tries. The disagreements also in- volved members of (lie 18-man Canadian delegation, which in- cludes delegates from the fed- eral government, Quebec, Mani- toba, Ontario and New Bruns- wick. l-'inal decision on a chsrler for the agency was postponed from today to Friday, A Qucbeq delegate said the conference of 26 French-speaking countries may be r.ear breakup over Ca- nadian federal objections to a plan proposed by France, Gerard Pellelicr, head of the Canadian delegation and secre- tary of state, proposed an amendment lo ths French for- mula on memtership. Mr. Pellelier proposed that non-sovereign governments, such as Quebec or Louisiana in Uic Unite.l Slates, could not be- long lo the agency without the authorization ef the federal gov- ernment concerned. "We wish to avoid an unbal- anced situation between which represents the whole pop- ulation, like Canada, and a gov- ernment like Quebec which only represents a he told reporters. AGAINST FRENCH BID France had proposed earlier that bolh sovereign states and r.cn-sovcreign governments or crgarjzalions lie permitted lo become fully-fledged members of the agency. The Canadian federal repre- sentatives want prior approval by Ihe federal government or constitution before any individ- ual government of federal state is allowed to join tiie inter- national agency. African delegates (o Ihc con- ference have expressed concern over Ihe progress of negotia- tions. Some observers even speculated (hat France might move lo create an agency ex- cluding Canada. It hid been reported Wednes- day that agreement in principle was reached in the legal cc-m- ir.ittcc on a compromise plan put forward by Cair.eroun. It would limit charter signatories (o sovereign slates only, but permit non-sovereign govern- ments to join the agency. Kiol Breaks Out 111 Army Jail MANNHEIM (Reuters) A riot over living conditions broke out Wednesday in the U.S. Army prison in this West Ger- man city Wednesday, leaving 17 soldiers'injured, five of Ihem se- verely, the U.S. command re- ported. Informed sources said the soldiers were protesting lack of medical attention, bad food end generally poor living conditions. May Boy City Hall TORONTO (CP) The On- tario government has been ne- gotiating purchase of Toronto's city hall, Works Minister John Simonetl said Wednesday. He said the government occu- pies about 87 per cent of the building now and it needs all of K. ;