Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 19, 1921, Lethbridge, Alberta
PAGE THE USTHBRIDGE DAILY SATURDAY, MARCH lft. 1WI OF INTEREST TO THE FARMER Egg Laying Contest Results Opporhnity Won't Kick b the Experimental Farm Poultry Expert Breeds Up Flock of 200-egg Layers llesulls of First Year's Work Highly Ilird La.VB 265 Eggs laid under 151) BUSK. The highest re conj bird lahl egup. j under-dc'velopniont, tbe bave or Jtcrm I end varying in color from scarcely noticeable brown to charcoal black, and In these bacteria are found in great In caues the gertn end ot the grain ap- pears as if it had hern charred. If these diseases fihow a steady iprou'l year, they will hare to be. considered as of oijual importance with the riisU, and smuts, but if THE BACTERIAL DISEASES OF WHEAT In the full ol' U'13. trail nwliiis hcsuii ut ttxpr-rimentiil Kami here with isr, iiirri'd Hock puHats, under i.h? direction ot Mr. frossfioirt, poul- try oxnert. Thoy began lo lay the luidrllu Oiaoln-r. I'or the your fol- j (Kiperimcntal Farm Note) lowing tiio day tlu-y Mii-tcd to lny 19 The moet common diseases of ot these birds luve recoi-ds ut L'OO wheat, such at runt, eraut scab, etc., "BBS :md over. 71 varied from 150- Ure a I caused by Mnicroscopic plants r.RKs, 17 died and 45 that made Hilled "fungi." but tho much smaller JKWI- records were cuilwl out in .lime. are also responsible for lallenotl and sold for eaiiiis purposes. disejisefi of wheat known as "The From a apeciul of "15 selected Black Clmlf'.am! "'Hie Bu-sal Glume from the above, tlie results given, be- low were obtained. Ti'.ry were hnlch- f.A in March and Apiil and were the first to Number of pjrss laid. 11.ICO; aver- ago 'i 03 eggs per bird per year! The average wholdfale price per dozen for the year. per dozen. These eggs were graded to color and size and packed in cartons and sold to hos- pitals, private customers and retail iiicrchnnt.s. Value of cgga laid Cost of feed Average coat of fo.-d bird -1.03 Profit over cost nf fppd 37S.ltG Profit per bird 6.89 Three died during the y Eggs laid by this pon d'.irini; four winter months we.ro 3.S8S ued at ?_'77.al (retail price.! Cost of Profit over co.st of feed Average exx production per bird, eggs 70 Profit per bird, averaged ___ It will be remembered that the win- ter was extremely cold and long, the very opposite of the winter have lust passed through. These birds were housed in pens shanty roof, cotton and fronts; curtains in front of rocwts put down ou very Feeds given; crushed oats, grit, shell aud charcoal fed in hoppers, be- fore them all [ho tifno. Mar.h Kiven ;U noon, equal parts, bran, shorts, corn meal. Green bono thoir prevalence is to some tlie Tal- Itot." These diHcasos, ami the chanre- lers of the bactoria causing tin-in, have been definitely known for about five The former is doing cou- damage in the middle west- ern Slates and has not yet been reported in Canada, but we feel justified in describing it here so that farmers may be on the lookout for j 0( postage, its appearance. Tbe latter has teen found in both Alberta aud Saskatche- wan and although we cauuot yet Hate tbe ertent of its damage, tile we examined have been bad- ly affected. "The Black Chaff" disease causes yellow or translucent stripes on the leaves, water-soaked or black stripes on the stems, and more or less sunken dark stripes or spote on the glumes. In moist weather bacteria often ooze to the surface of spots as tiny beads or drops which dry yel- lowish. The kernels in a diseased head are not infrequently very shrivel- led and they carry the bacteria on their surface as a thin film or in in condition peculiar to the sea- son In which they have appeared, fur example In warm springs and sum- mers of heavy rains and ilowE, then we may reasonably expect the dis- eases lo he loss prevalent iu years when 'these conditions do not prevail, and the presence of thev disease need not be viewed with much alarm. At! present, however, nothing definite j stated In this connection be-1 cause of our lack of knowledge, as to U> prevalence in Canada, and insuffi- cient experiments on its control. j The division of Botany is conduct- ing some, experiments this season on the control of the Basal Glume Hot, and we shall be very glad to Inspect any material which any farmer may suspect of having either of the dis- eases described above. Parcels weigh- ing up to 11' ounces addressed to the Dominion Botanist. Central IGiperi- mental Farm, Ottawa, can be sent Conducted br Dominion Kxperlmenla! Station, l.othbridgo, Ally. (Canadian Record of Performance This content Htarted November and for weekti. J-'ach IMSII in the uouU'St couUluB ten birds aim they arc numbered from 1 to IV. The following lable gives tho production for the individual birds for tho week, under columns numbering 1 to 10. Column "YV" given the total weoUlv production, and column tho total number of eggs for tlio pen T" date. The difference between the weekly total and the records of the in-li- vldual hcus is the rnsiiil of eggs laid ou floor. ttnckf. Comb llluide Island Reds: It.C I Comb llhode Island Itcda; Wyandottes; H.C.Anc. Comb Anconas; Comb Aneonas: Ijtced WyauduKe Hens; Comb White Leghorns; Orpingtons. Leading PeJis; b Broody; ,m Moulting; d Dead; s SicU. n r, i r, t ;i r> D S 5 5 4 8 7 4 4 I -I 4 (i 4 4 -I TJ a 2 .1 o 5 r> r> 0 4 3 fi 0 T. L. DRAYTON. Plant Pathologist. 4. .j jj, THE USE OF MANURE ON THE PRAIRIE FARM Pen. Owner and Address. llreed 1 2 4 li J. W. Kortlicolt, BeddiiiKton lilt (I 4 B 0 0 2. W. A. Fraser. 'Moiiicine Hal 3 4 5 0 :i 5 r, 3. Cole-man fc Sou. Lcthhridge Hit t 4 I I 3 3 I 4. G. P. R. Demonstration Farm. Strathiaoro lilt n. Mrs. W. Dow, Vole-ran Bll 6. F. Edwards. Bit. 7. Uros.. Lethbridge BH 5. II. V. Craingi-r. Chlgary .........SCH1K 5 (I 5 9. (I. .loues. Letlibrldi'.c ............KCnjIt I .1 n 10. Patrick Lee. loyalist WW 5 3 2 a 5 0 i 11. C. P. R. PeiiKHUstraUoii Farm. Stratlmioif! ..................SCRIRO 154-2 12. Sunalta P. Yards, Caig-jry RCA It 4 13. 1', C. Graham. LethbrUlge SCA 6465 4 14. Ales. Massoil, Lethbridge SCA r, 4 5 3 15. ,1. Heintz. Lelhbridgc SCA 0 4 5 3 5 1C. F. Kndertou. Lethbritlse SCA 3 5 C 5 3 17. E. H..YOU11R Sons. DC Willton. SC WL -I 5 4 5 5 JS. J. and N. Curr. Lethbridgo.......SC WL 33541 19. V. Krickcou. Dunmore ...........SL, WH 5542 20. K. P. Carlyle, Letbbridge BO 351405532 5 SI. fcxperimeuUl Station, Lethbridgo. HU 5 3 0 5 4 C C 4 4 6 9 19 T. 40 327 I when it at your door. You have rot to be listening and ready for the call. With money in the Bank, you can take advantage of the whisper of opportunity and be readjr when ready money is needed. Start a Savings Account NOW. MCRCHANTS BANK Head Office Montreal. OF CANADA Eitablitlnd LETHBWIDCF. BRANCH. CALGARY STOCK YARDS BRANCH. i 0 H 7 5 41) r, r, r, i o i 5 4 a 5 5 5 1 2 3 4 r, 0311 0 5 230 21'l 126 430 830 (Experimental Farms Note.) lo the early days of farming en the prairie, manure was looked upon as ka encumbrance tu be Kot rid ot with the least possible amount of cfl'ort. It was sometimes oven found Totals___ SS3 SS57 Kernarks: Experimental Station pens are entered for flec-ord of Per-] fonnance and will not compete for any prizes that may lie oftored. I LiKbt breeds suffering v.-ith frosted combs, due to sudden change in j ther, being 37 below zero, during the week. No. 5 Bird, in pea Xo. 4, is the j first in contest to exceed over 100 esss. C. A. CROSSF1ELD, Manager ol Contest. H. .Superintendent. address all correspondence to the Superintendent, Experi- mental Station, Lethhridye. Alia. checked up by the feed scales, milk scales, and Rttbcock test ______ method, eighteen cows in this eiperi- that its application to the lioil j ment that had completed their sixth ready very fertile, caused excessive j lactation period gave an average even though she consumed extra feed I tho seed hi a solution of copper sill i phiita followed by dipping for a mo- ment in milk of lime and drying. They also try to use seed which has been obtained from uninfected fields, and j avoid manuring wheat or other grain fields wita material from animals feed-averaging- 3 02..per bird. Scratch which have been ted diseased straw, srain, equal parts corn and wheat in I The "Basal Glume Rot" disease af- vcry cold weather. Corn fed sparingly fectn leaves, heads aad grain. On the in warm weather. Green feed con- heads, the glumes show a dull browu- sisteil of sprouted oats, alfalfa, leaves ish black area at tbelr base, occasimi- aiitl mangels. ally extending over the whole glume. Twenty-seven birds laid 200 eggs Tho grain enclosed by such diseased and over ami there wore only ten that 1 glumes shows varying degrees of great numbers to corroded cavities. In the States which have tills disease they are combatting it by careful straw growth ami did more harm I yearly production of pounds of screening of the seed grain to remove i than good. These days arc tor past j milk testing 3.S6G tier cent fat and as many of the shrivelled (Trains as jn an older parts of t'.ie prairiu yielding pounds of huitpr, at a possible, combined with treating of provinces. There are few in-1 feed cost of The average profit of and a profit over feed of shows that the latter cow did not respond as economically to feed consumed as did tho former, for SMALL BANK ACCOUNTS Manj' people put off opening a Savings Bank Account until they feel they have a large enough mm to rtiake it worth while. This is why thty. never learn the habit of thrift. Open an account with us by depositing and add weekly or monthly until you can increase the amount of your periodical deposit. WE WELCOME SMALL ACCOUNTS THE CANADIAN BANK OF COMMERCE PAID-UP CAPITAL RESERVE FUND LETHBRIDGE W. Eeikie, Manajer. Transforming the Prairie Into Prosperous Farms The manner in towns and prosperous farming communities nro still springing up ou the prairies ol Western Canada, is shown in tho fol- lowing account ot" the development of Putriciii and tlie surrounding country, told iiy one who lias partici- pated in this growth. "Patricia, now a thriving town, eighteen months was little more than .a mime. Thousands of cattle roamed Uiis prairie district, their at- tendant cowboys were thft only hu- man inhabitants and ;i grain elevator and one shack the olnly buildings vis- ible. 19t9. saw the beginnings the change when tho Canadian Pacific lluihvay decided to open up the dis- trict. Cor settlement. First came the ditch camps and water ways were cnmmoGfod by means of which the whole this vast area was to be ir- rigated. "These wcru followed structure camps and drops, service sates, etc., for the control ot" irriga- tion water appeared us Hr by magic and the silence of the prairie was broken by the cheery Bound of the hammers and chisels, mingled with Ihe singing and laughter of men. The Canadian Pacific Railway meanwhile had been advertising aud recommend- ing Uw -various sections, of land in the district and" the autumn of 1919 aaw the arrival of the Patricia pioneers. "Mouses sprang up in all directions, and the farmers with their tractors were soon busy preparing the soil for the next year's crop, "The Canadian Pacific Railway had promised an adequate water supply for half the Patricia block by 1920, and to ensure this it was necessary i Be for the structure work to continue! th deed where tho use of manure on the soil will not bring very profitable returns in increased yields, and some districts, through drifting soils and j the average dairy cow of the Domin- waning fertilily, are finding that its ion and may be considered as high use is urgently needed in system j enough to keep the out of the. of fanning which, .will meet present j boarder class but. not h'gli enough to conditions. t return much profit. Let us see how to the value of and had .4 per cent fat in her favor, she made 83 cents less profit. Moral: Fix a standard of quantity, quality, and economy in inilk produc- tion for your cows to so by. Buy ft duction of milk is higher than that of milk scale (which may also be used over feed was or for the eighteen. The above average pro- Fresh or Rotted Manure It has been thoroughly proven in humid or semi-humid climates that the most economical use of manure is made hy applying it as directiy as possible to tlie land in its fresh con- dition. Loss from heating, evapora- tion, leaching and decompositions of an entirely different character met with. The spread of weeds and the difficulty of getting weed seeds in (be soil to germinate at tin- i-ij-ht time, the dryness of the soil the difficulty of incorporating niric'n raw straw into the soil without dry-Ins it out too much, change the question greatly. There are also to be con- sidered the facts that manure does not deteriorate as rapidly iu this clim- ate as in a wet one, and that fertility- Dot as yet .as pressing a problem as moisture or weeds. Therefore, the conclusion has reached that for average prairie conditions it pays to rot the manure before application rather than to apply it fresh. Actual eiperimenis have shown that rotted manure bas given more satisfactory results in increased yields. Bank Service for Farmers Banking service for farmers is the first step in the process of putting a fsrin on a business basis. And that step is necessary for the best success in the operation of a farm. The Bank -of Nova Scotia for eighty-nine years has been doing business of thous- ands of Canadian farmers. Courtesy and profept service rharlc all _ ths Bank's transactions with its customers. Call and discuu your problems the nearest branch manager. THE BANK OF NOVA SCOTIA B. M. Macleod Maniger Lrthbridyt through the winter of 1910, and aome feet of lumber was instilled. The work is still going ou and tbe whole district will have a good water supply by Juue, 19JI. "The completed ditches now con tain somewhere iji .the neighborhood of ouo million feet of; lumber, with yardjs of excavation. 150 Farm Houses I "There are about one hundred to [one 4mndred and fifty houses built ou j various farms, and another one bun- dred and fifty families are expected this coming spring. The majority of the settlers are from the Western Slates of America, practical irriga- j tion fanners; far-seeing men, who re- alize the wonderful possibilities oT j tliis new untried, district, "The land itself is admirably adapt- ed for irrigation purposes, the soil be- ing a. sandy loam. Most 'of the sec- tions of this block of. thirty thousand acres have been already sold. "Patricia town is well' situated on tlie Bassano-Kmpress line, about thirty miles east of the former town, with a fairly good train service and a daily cast and west train has been j promised thin spring. "The Canadian National Railway iO'ade from Hanna to Swift Current at present under construction, alsp runs through the district, aud the depot site is three miles east of I the Canadian Pacific Hallway depot. 'Patricia boasts 'already of three l.-imber yards, two grocery and one hardware store, two garagew, one I bank, pool room, hotel, restaurant I and school with a real live lioard of Trade to look after the interests of the community. t "A baseball club was formed last" summer, the members of which gave a good account of tuernatlvei, and even hotter results are hoped for this coming season. An agricultural so- ciety has just been formed with un enthusiastic membership of well over a hundred, and if possible the Pat- ricians hope to hold the first of their Crops To Be Manured Where com is srowu there is no crop that, is bettor suited to uso man- ure profitably, wheat following corn seems to benefit fully as much from manure applied for the corn as though it was applied directly lo th. wheat. Grasses aud clover crops are benefitted by the top dressing of manure. Wheat and oats are also able to 'make good uso of manure. Barley is more inclined to lodge wheu fertilized. Methods of Application Experiments conducted at Brandon have proven that for tile conditions prevailing bore the spread ins ot mini- summer or full and pki-.v- This one in late ing it in is the best method, gave distinctly better results than spring plowing in, discing in. top dressing after seeding, or any other method tried. It would be a mistake, however, to suppose that those re- sults have general application. Prob- ably in drier districts different meth- ods would be better. For very ilry districts the method of applying dur- ing the summerfallow year and plow- ing in, is probably the best. Where moisture b; very scarce the applica- tion of manure at any other time would probably have loo drying an immediate effect. Applied on the land that is being summerfallowed. It is incorporated into the soil during tho summer and helps to bold moisture This method is not satisfactory at under similar conditions as it makes the land too rich aud causes 'odging In good years. W. C. McKILLICAN'. Superintendent, Brandon, Man. selection would have affected above mentioned j An examination of the records j shows that S of IS cows gave less than 0000 pounds of milk, aud of ihepo two gave lesf tiuni 4000 pounds and one less than pounds. Taking JiOOQ pounds as a fair standard of artjjmilk per cent of the group would bave had to be culled out. The ten remainim; cows gave an- average yearly- of U27C.S pounds of milk testing 3.0'iper cent fat and yielding an average of pounds of butter. The cost of feed averaged The average profit over feed was 134.IS or for Ihe ten. That is the ten good cows gave within as much profit the eighteen. In other words, if the eight poor cows had been culled out J417.74 worth of feed would have been j saved. This, together with tho profits realized from tho ten good cows, is or more profit than was realized from the full group of eighteen cows. Who would feed eighteen cows if ho. could get greater profit from feeding ten? The efficacy of the Babcock teat was also brought out very strongly by this experiment. For example, of two cows, one gave- pounds or milk testing 2.9 per cent fat, yielding I -07.75 pounds butter at a feed cost of 158.57 and a profit over feed of 59, while the other gave 3075 pounds of milk testing 1.5 per cent fat, yield- ing rounds of butter at. a feed cost of and u profit over feed of From a butter production standpoint these cows were practical- ly of equal vaiuo but if milk were the product sold the former' would be much more profitable than the latter. The poorest cow in the eighteen gave -113 pounds of milk testing on an av erage per rent fat. yielding 72.07 pounds of butter at a feed cost of S5..05, proving a loss of Such a cow might easily be retained in the herd were not these tests applied. A careful study of tho individuals in a herd to ascertain which makes profitable use of I lie feed consumed Is often warftinted. For instance, one cow gave pounds of milk testing 3.3 per fat. yielding 310.5li pounds of butter at a feed cost of aud profit' over feed of Another cow produced 7590 pounds of' milk testing 3.7 per cent fat. yielding 330.38 pounds of butter at a feed cost as a feed scale) and a Babcock Lester; weed out the star boarders; fit them for the butcher; feed the real produc- ers the extra feed; then watch the profits grow. Geo. Animal Husbandman. MEMBERSHIP NOW POSSIBLE ST. 1'AUU Mar. associations may now obtain member-1 ship In the Minneapolis chamber of i commerce, the Duluth board of trade j and tho South St. Paul livestock ex- chantre, under the measure signed to- day by Governor Preus. The governor also signed the bill prohibiting deal- ing in grain futures except legitimate hedging which becomes effective August 1, next. BRUCE'S REGAL SEE SOME Of OUR NOVELTIES FOR 1821 NEW BURHAJIK'S Brtetk.e.diMl, mwthoL wlldxt, vntat- and best of all Fniit bnsbt ctiinaAn, thick, heavy. smoolfi, firm, a heavr and continuous hearrr, best keeper and shipper: unlike raort viriMUt Ui4 tlun peds freely inn fleeh. I'ktrioO Mtia FostpiJt. NEW AI.3INO white hi color, no aera whttavtr. wry smoolh fruit, a BOM cropper, and mctiaua PkU tt ceeds 30c. 4 for 21.00. EARLIEST OF AU. hot vtn arlr. vfcite ipine trpk. fmic ani- fonu. tapericig slithtly and abiupuy at both color apod deep arteD. ami m MccHentslupwr. Plrt. 2 Postpaid. BRUCE-S GOLDEN JUSTTOC SWECT CORN. It Is unnttllled in flavor, sweetn... and tenuemess, and ot table a rich creamy yellow It is a mecliu.il early, a food cropper, and hardier chM matt varietiea. Pkt. 10c-, Ib. 20c Vt Ib. 35c., 1 Ib. OJc. PoKpaid. FOR THE ASKING-Our viluable illastntK! eitaloviue. of Secdi, Planci, Bulbs. Iniecticicto. Sprayers. Mowen. Honerr, Seed DiiUs, Garden Implementa. Incubators, Brooaerc. PouUry ajid Supplies, etc. Write for it today. JOHN A. BRUCE Sud Merckanti .inc. Spnu CTE.POU GO, LIMITED HAMILTON, ONTARIO THE VALUE OF CULLING AND SELECTING THE DAIRY HERD (Kvporimelital FarniB Note) For the past eight yeans an expri- inullt on the grading up of a dairy herd from the common slodt of the district by the use of pure broil sires from high producing dams has been carried on at the Experimental Kanns Nappnn, x. s. All fnmuldfi, good annual fairs In the fall. -There will be about twenty-five _. thousand acres under cultivation Ihis and pocir alike, have been retained year in this a won- the herd not because it in the usual derail record, even in this province policy followed by the Experimental of rapid growth. It Is the general for pnrposca oniiiinn of those who have seen the A record has bean kept of all feed development or Patricia that'this will consumed and all milk produced has become ono -of the prem- been weighed and tested for its butter ier mixed fanning districts of Al- fat commit. Thirty-nine have com- .oloted one or exit lactation Sank Account Farmer's fanner's wife will find a bank account for household and personal expenses a help and a can be made by chfqne through Hie inp.il, making 3, trip to ton n unnecessary. Enclose your cheque your Bop! Bank of BRANCH E. E. MACKAY, Manasor Total Resources to A YEAR FOR LIFE A CAHAMAM CflVERNUBff ANNUITY HHMMS IT better life investment available better oecurity obtaiaoble be seised or levied upon for any caH be recced if tet, stoice or affected by trMte deprewuw from Dominion Income Tu medical examination required Anyone ovpr the age of 5 years resident or domiciled in may purchase. Any two persons msy purchjwe jointly. T Employers may purchase for their far their for their rainisten. Apply to your postniaitzr; or write, postage free, to S. T. Baftajo, Super- intundcnt of Annuities Ottawa, for ncm booklet ud otbv inluJ t-. e last birthday. Business Executives DUSINESS Executives who tsfublish a close 'relationehip with thin Bank find that number or distinct advantages accrue. TO help our clients solve their business problems we not only willine at all times to furnish sound advice from a banking standpoint, but when necessary ejtend such accommodation tl at cndant conditions demand, in keeping with sound business principles. We inrile EieciinYM la form a conr.ection this Bank THE STANDARD BANK OF CANADA 1OTAL ASSIilS UVlill NJNti V MILLIONS Lethbridtfe Branch: C. H. Si. John, Manager. Lethbridge North End T. K. I.or.kv.-ond, Manager. NewDaylonUranch: H. M. Goldby, Manager. Stirling Branch: ci. J. Enerdie, Manager. Coolhurst Branch L. G.Thomas, Manager. Coaldale Branch: T. L. Halpin, Manaftr. Burdett Branch: C. T. McKinnon, Manager. BRITISH CANADIAN TRUST COT HEAD OFFICE, CONYBEARE BLOCK LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA AUTHORIZED TO ACT AS EXECUTOR, ADMINISTRATOR, ASSIGNEE, GUARDIAN, TRUSTEE GENERAL FINANCIAL AGENTS AUTHORIZED TRUSTEE UNDER BANK- RUPTCY ACT FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE may be required for the pl-otection of your assets or the maintenance of your family. This Company named as Executor under your Will is in a position to afford such assistance in the event of your death, CORRESPONDENCE INVITED TRUSTS and GUARANTEE Company, Limited 220 AVE. W., CALGARY ALBERTA. LETHBRICKSE OFFICE, BANK OF COMMERCE BUILDING. J. W. McNicol. Inspector.