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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 18, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta 8 LETHBRIDQE HERALD Monday, March 18, 1974 Lawrence Lamb M.D. Dear Dr. Lamb Would you kindly inform us of the procedure and ramifications of the "bypass" of an artery from the abdomen down the leg? My husband has been told that he is suffering from atherosclerosis and is in the process of getting an appointment with a specialist in this field. He suffers tremendous pain in his back, buttocks, groin and down his rieht lee. Dear Reader In selected patients this is one of the more successful operations. It is a wonderful example of some of the great advances' that have occurred in medicine in the past 20 years. I do not know what is the cause of your husband's pain. Many other things other than disease of the arteries can cause pain of that nature. Assuming your statement is correct and that he needs the operation, such a procedure can be of tremendous help. Particularly as a person gets older there is often an accumulation of fatty- cholesterol material in the walls of arteries. This is the same process that occurs in the heart and causes heart attacks. If enough accumulates, it can block the opening in the artery. When an artery in the abdomen or upper thigh is affected, as it narrows, the circulation becomes so poor it affects the function of the part of the body depending on that artery for blood. Often such a person may have trouble walking because of pain. When the area blocked is limited to one area of the' artery stem, the surgeon can make a detour or bypass around the obstruction. He uses tubes made of synthetic material and sews in one open end above the obstruction and the other_open end below the> obstruction. In this way the blood can flow through the detour around the obstruction. The tubes used for the bypass can be adapted to the size needed. The synthetic tubes undergo changes and cells grow inside the tube so that the lining is eventually just like an ordinary artery. The operation itself is simple. Not everyone who has obstructed aiienes, however, is a candidate for the procedure. The fatty deposits may accumulate the entire length of an artery, say in the region of the thigh all the way down to the smallest arteries in the foot. When this happens, it is a dead-end street. There are no nice open arteries below the obstruction to attach that open end of the synthetic tube to. So the area of involvement must be limited to an area that can be bypassed by the graft. The surgery itself is fairly simple with modern devices. There are usually excellent results. Recovery is rapid, and the stay in the hospital in uncomplicated cases is usually short. In deciding who can have such surgery, the doctor will need to examine the circulation in the area to see if the disease does affect the heart, commonly he will want to be sure the patient's heart is strong enough to tolerate the surgery. Send your questions to Dr. Lamb, in care of this newspaper, P.O. Box 1551, Radio City Station, New York, N.Y. 10019. For a copy of Dr. Lamb's booklet on cholesterol, send 50 cents to the same address and ask for "Cholesterol" booklet. Goren on Bridge BY CHARLES H. GOREN our club stopper. Q. South, vulnerable, you hold: 482 vAJ9S7 054 The bidding has proceeded: South West North East Pass 14 1 NT Pass What action do you take? hearts. At no trump, this hand is worth 8 points: at hearts. 10 points. The hand is slightly unbalanced, and an effort should be made to reach a heart fame. Partner's no tramp over- call In the direct seat shows the equivalent of a no trump open- ing bid. and should be rebid three no tramp you should re- spect his decision. Q. vulnerable as South you hold: 495 08762 4AJ9832 The bidding has proceeded: North East South 14 2 What action do you take? It is tempting to dou- ble two clubs, and if you could be sure that that would be the final contract we would endorse the action However, chances are great that someone will run. Sup- pose West rescues two ciubs doubled to two hearts and your partner doubles. What would vnu do now? Q. vulnerable, you have 30 on score, and as South you hold: 4A987432 OAQ 492 The bidding has proceeded: South West North East 1 4 Dble. Rdble. 2 O 2 4 Pass 3 V Pass 7 What do you bid now? the fact that you have a seven-card suit, we suggest a pass. Partner's redouble does not necessarily show spade sup- port. His three heart bid. tho, can only be made with a good suit. When >ou failed to pass two diamonds round to your part- ner and instead rebid your spades, >ou suggested that you had a distributional opening with a long suit. Nevertheless, part- ner chose to bid hearts, and we would get out now. Q. vulnerable. 25 South you hold: 4K76 for haste A bid of two hearts will serve the pur- pose, for a new salt in this situation is forcing for one round. It is your Intention to support spades or. toe next round Your horoscope lyJeaneDuon TUESDAY, MARCH 19 Your birthday today: You're off and floating free on your own natural resources (more of them than you had realized) this coming year. Strive to assert and maintain this trend toward independence while it is still relatively simple to organize. Relationships are apt to drift along pleasantly enough, no great stress indicated. Today's natives zrc a bit slow to speak up, tend to be very sharp observers, good students. ARIES (March 21 Apeil Get clear of the job as soon as circumstances permit and catch up on outside interests, perhaps an excursion with old friends to unusual places. TAURUS (April 20 May Leaving the schemes of friends aside, it is a rather good day for both investigating and investing. Home and social life bring extra benefits. GEMINI (May 21 June Be up and on the move early, the news is too good to miss. Temptation is to get careless and neglect worthwhile people who wait for your attention. CANCER (June 21 July Money acts as a magnet for ideas; you have a chance to use yours to improve your economic status. Nearby personal contacts are very helpful. LEO (July 23 Aug. The more authority or influence people carry, the less likely they are to co-operate. Marriage and partnership negotiations, rearrangements thrive. VIRGO (Aug. 23-Sept. A fine day in all respects except that you aren't likely to relax enough to let yourself enjoy it. Perhaps the problem is that you really have no problem. LIBRA (Sept. "23 Oct. Creative experiments work better than expected, but watch out that you break no rules. Those people who enforce regulations are prepared to be harsh. SCORPIO (Oct. 23 Nov. Financial affairs are a bit difficult. Home life should include some definite expression of your feelings, a search for agreement on a touchy subject. SAGITTARIUS (Nov. 22 Dec. Get as much done on routine matters as possible rather than give in to an appetite for the bizarre. Favors are hard to find, all have strings attached. CAPRICORN (Dec. 22 Jan. Financial improvement follows diligence, plus a definite claim for the earned reward. New responsibilities are almost certainly coming your way. AQUARIUS (Jan. 20 Feb. Personal ambitions are advanced, romance springs alive. Special favors are neither to be promised nor sought, because of the extra obligations they generate. PISCES (Feb. 19 March Today you succeed in coping with waves made by other peoples' problems. Singly, however, "important or powerful individuals are beyond your reach or unco- operative. 1974, The Chicago Tribune Ask Andy FROZEN WATER Andy sends a complete 20- volume set of the Merit Students Encyclopedia to Kevin Horcher, age 12, of Harrington, Illinois, for his question: Why does frozen water expand? Frozen water, of course, is ice and as we know, a cup of liquid water forms slightly more than a cup of frozen ice. The reason for this lies down below the range of human vision, in the miniature realm of minuscule molecules. It seems that water molecules come in odd shapes. When they lock together to form solid ice there are mini- spaces in the latticework. Zil- lions of these spaces cause the frozen water to expand. Water, as we know, is a compound of the elements hydrogen and oxygen. Every water molecule is a package of one atom of oxygen and two atoms of hydrogen arranged just so. Usually these identical water molecules cling together in pairs. Their behavior depends largely on energy which comes from heat. At normal earth temperatures, groups of water molecules have enough energy to string together and slither around like follow-the- leader. In this liquid state, it is possible for the slithering molecules to crowd quite closely together. However, as a substance loses its heat energy, its molecules slow down and tend to crowd closer together. As more particles of matter are packed into a smaller space, the cooling substance contracts and becomes denser. This happens also to cooling water right up until its temperature drops to 4 degrees C. Other cooling liquids continue to contract and become more dense until they freeze to the solid state. But water refuses to obey this general rule. At 4 C. degrees it contracts no more. At this point the cool, slow-moving molecules are beginning to arrange themselves in a solid structure. And the particular shape of this icy structure depends on the shape of the individual, identical water molecules. It is possible to build a solid wall from cube shaped bricks. The sides of the bricks are all alike and the structure can fit together with no spaces between. But suppose, for example, each brick had a smallish' bump on this side and perhaps a smallish bump on that side. When you tried to fit them together, there would be assorted spaces throughout the solid structure. If you could build such a solid wall, certainly it would take up more space than one built from neat cube-shaped bricks. This is a greatly enlarged example of what happens when liquid water freezes and expands to form solid ice. When the cooling molecules move slowly enough, they begin to settle themselves in an intricate lattice design. But because the water molecule has an odd shape, the particles of matter cannot be fitted tightly together, like the cube-shaped bricks in that solid wall. Ice is a delicate latticework of water molecules riddled with miniature spaces. There are more spaces in the frozen solid than there were in the liquid water. Hence, the ice expands. aakod by child- of HoraM meters ahouM be malted to Andy, P.O. Box. 765, Huntington Boach, California 92648. (Copyright Chronieto PuMteMng Co. 1973) .r-1'M AFRAID THATU. BE ALUTHATS NECESSARY. BUT THERE INKUNGRJ WHEN THE RAIN FAIJLSOJTHE WAV BEND ID 71MEGROONO- BurrrDoes NOT KNOCK ME. FUAT-- Fun with figures ByJ. A. H. HUNTER The three children leaned over the fence looking down at the ducks in the pond. "Let's have our cookies right said Doug. ''I bought five. How many did you two "Mike got four the same as yours, but that's all they had so I didn't get any." replied Betty, handing him 36C. "Let's share them equally, and you split this fairly with Mike." What would be fair? (Answer tomorrow) Friday's answer: One smaller perfect square: 139876, the sovare of 374. C AH'U- RISE. rAGIN DAV-- SIR, LET'S NOT MISS ANfAWE SCHOOL... SCHOOL ISN'T IMPORTANT, MARGIE...I'M WERE WITH 01' FOR THE REST OF W LIFE! HE NEVER MAP EDUCATION, ANP PONE ALL RlSHTi ACTUALLY KE6RETTEP THAT r NEVER WENT TO MEPICAL SCHOOL! SHORT MBS by frank o'neal I KEEP HAVING 1WS WEAM OF MY SlACKSMITH MAKINSA NEW SUIT OF ARMOR FOR My SUT KPDUE MY PUT IT ON, IT BECOMES OBSOLETB! AND MY SLACKSMITM HAS ID STARTALLOVER, SIBE, 1OUK FROM A CCWW.6X.' WAND LOIS dik browne SEE NEVER WHEM ______ HIM LATELY MAYBE HE JUST CAN'T HEAR US HERE, BUGS BUNNY SEE A BfflSMT RUGSY FUTUKE PER j YA... VER COMIN' INTA MONEY... VER COMIN' INTA MONEy... YER COMIN' INTA MONEV... WHAT A TIME PER TH T SET STUCK.' BLONME by chic young TMANK YOU, MR. DITHERS--YOUVESOT A HEART OF GOLD SLDNDIE, GOOD MR. DITHERS IS GOIMS TO GIVE ME THE RAISE OH, THAT ISSOOD MEWS THERE'S JUST ONE LITTLE V CATCH j TO IT WHAT'S THAT I HAVE TO MOW HIS LAWN EVERY THURSDAY t ARCHIE by hob montana WE WERE SHOWING THE PRINCIPAL AN EXPERIMENT IN THE LAB- YES, I SUPPOSE. THE GIRLS IN THERE ARE IN A PANIC AND ONE f HE SAID OF THE FIND WHITE MICE IT GOT 1..ANY WAY WE WHAT GIRLS? HAGAR THE HORRIBLE