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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - March 18, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta Anthony Westell Continued trouble in Ireland The cold-blooded killing of three off-duty soldiers in Belfast last week for a few days evoked a temporary unanimity of f e e 1 i n g among the spokesmen of both parts of Ireland and both communities in Ulster. That two of the murdered youths were teen-age brothers added impact to the outrage and provoked an all-out manhunt in Ulster to track down the killers. Home Secretary Reginald Maud-ling said the killers belong to a small minority of armed, ruthless men, determined to provoke British security forces into reprisals which would appear aimed against large sections of the population. He said "they hope apparently to inflame relations between the army and the public and to stoke up again sectarian violence in the streets." In part, Mr. Maudling's predictions have become fact. An aura of restlessness pervades throughout Belfast, in spite of the shock of the murders. There were predictions from the hoi-polloi that the killings, the high point in the violence which has washed over Northern Ireland, for the past two years, were only the beginning of more troubles to come. Protestant militants have stepped up their campaign to oust Prime Minister James Chichester - Clark from office and replace him with a member of the right. - wing ruling Unionist party who would deal more severely with Roman Catholic extremists. Whatever the outcome in the next few weeks, it is almost certain that it will be years before Catholics and Protestants in Belfast will ever come to some common terms of communication. At present they are completely divided, not only in schools, and in jobs, but also, to a great degree in neighborhoods. The atmosphere of hostility is ever present, and no one in political office at the present time seems able to come up with a solution acceptable to either side. To be expected Several young people have recently unsuspectingly ingested drugs with unpleasant consequences - they had to be taken to hospital. Deplorable as it is that this should happen, it is not an altogether unexpected thing. The custom of surreptitiously spiking drinks with alcohol has a long and dishonorable history. It has become so endemic, in fact, that the only safety lies in declining drinks or in supplying one's own and guarding them carefully. A game played with one product is almost certain to suggest itself as suitable for another substance. The spooked sugar cube may not seem substantially different to the spiked drink. No doubt the stakes are higher when it comes to a drug other than alcohol so that the alarm experienced as a result of people playing the latest version of an old game is understandable. If a public outcry can impress upon the guilty a realization that their behavior is totally unacceptable it would be a desirable outcome. Disapproval is a potent instrument in controlling behavior. If there had been greater application of it in past instances of spiking drinks with alcohol there might have been less risk of the spread of the game to other drugs. The smirking that too frequently accompanied the alcohol game is apt now to be paying off in unwanted coin. Labor chastened? Labor in Britain should have been chastened by recent developments. It should be apparent that there is a limit to what the economy can stand from the double drain of ever-increasing wages and non?-* productivity through strikes.  Dismissing the Heath government as simply anti - labor because of its insistence that there must be a tempering of demands was easy. Not so easy to ignore have been the collapse of some industries and the blunt statement of Henry Ford III that his company was sick of industrial strife and would not invest further in Britain. There is something almost incredible about the way labor has been willing to price itself out of work-to bring about the bankruptcy of busi- nesses and the end of jobs. Perhaps the process of automating and merging of companies is inevitable but it does seem amazing that labor often seems to invite the acceleration of the process. The refusal of members of one union to follow their leaders in a strike action against the1 Rolls-Royce company for laying off men may be a straw in the wind. It could be an indication that there is a realization that a different approach is required than the automatic reflexes so long - too long - characteristic of unions. Undoubtedly there is need for unions as a bargaining force. That there is need for them to continue to exhibit the same old militancy as in the past is questionable. Reasonable doubt Dismissal of a speeding charge against a judge of the Alberta Supreme Court is almost bound to provoke cynicism. It will be widely believed that favoritism came into play simply because it was a judge who had been charged. Yet another judge is not apt to lightly dismiss a charge even if only because he "would be aware that it would be interpreted as favoritism. More importantly, a judge has to have the confidence of the police offi- cers within his jurisdiction and would therefore not. rule there was reasonable doubt of identity unless he was convinced this was so. .Nevertheless, it seems obvious that confidence in the impartiality of justice would have been enhanced in the public mind had the police charges been made to stick. It might have been unfair not to have given the judge the benefit of the doubt but if anyone can afford to be denied such a benefit it is surely a judge. Bleak educational horizons By Louis Burke "^HEN the new School Act became law in August, 1970, it was hailed by everyone, especially trustees, as the education act designed to serve the seventies. Everyone - except teachers - saw new frontiers on the educational horizon. But nearly one whole year has passed and only a ghastly nightmare straddles the new frontier. It seercs that minds programed in the thirties and now ruling education in this province cannot reach forward to take full advantage of the freedom created by the new act. Many trustees who hailed the act now sit shrivelled in mental shells too small to cope with such magnitude. Not only school trustees, but even some mass media men who belong to the vanguard of change and progress have failed to grasp the situation and adjust. It looks as if education is about to retreat right back into the twenties when this province was quite primitive. Then, education was the pawn of little merchants in small towns, or the fief of farmers in rural districts. Then, teachers lived the serfs of communities, preyed upon for salaries and working conditions. It was a period when forces deliberately worked to strangle an infant educational system. Today, teachers see these ghosts from hell rise again. Let's hope it is only imagination. But the impasse now building up between teachers and trustees leaves lots of room for fear. Most certainly, not all school trustees are backward. No one would be naive enough to blanket the lot of them as stupid. Most of them want to, and are doing, a good job for education, but there are not enough of these good men in key positions. A few, bent on bull-headedness, have worked themselves into vital posts in the trustee structure wherein they block educational progress, citing public opinion as the reason. The public wants the best educational system possible and is prepared to pay for it as it does for every other service it invests in today. Such trustees unload an enormous disservice on the public. Nowhere can this be seen more clearly than in the present state of teachers' contracts, not only in Quebec amd other parts, not only in Calgary, but right here in southern Alberta, in Medicine Hat and Leth-bridge. Teachers have been working for almost one year under trying physical and psychological conditions. It looks as if they will have to soldier on much longer while some trustees dicker with education. Perhaps, these men have notions of shouldering the full responsibility for the deteriorating situation. They may even be happy to submit to accountability when the next election comes around. They may even be happy with the nightmare of their own creation . . . who knows? Indeed, the new School Act wiped out rules and regulations, definitions and divisions in order to establish freedom, efficiency and some real education. Has it, however, created a swampland from the past out of which crawl despair, distrust and hopelessness? Let us hope not. g more women into government {VTTAWA - At a private meeting of the national executive of the Liberal party, before the last general election, the provincial chieftains were reporting on the candidates being adopted in the ridings, and several commented regretfully on the lack of women seeking seats in Parliament. Vice President Pauline Jew-ett, a political scientist and outspoken former MP, listened quietly to the regrets and then suggested that if the men were really so concerned, perhaps the party should set itself the target of finding and adopting 80 women candidates. There was a short and eloquent silence and the meeting moved on to next business. When , the election came around, there was one Liberal woman candidate, Margaret Hideout in New Brunswick and she lost the seat which she originally inherited from her husband. Flora MacDonald, a former organizer and national secretary of the Conservative party and now on leave from Queen's University to run the Committee for an Independent Canada, is one of the best known political activists in Canada. The Royal Commission on the Status of Women engaged her as a consultant of women in public life. Interviewed recently by a leading newspaper, she argued vigorously that women are so far behind men in politics and government that they need special help - something better than equality in the short term - to break /through to the prominent positions in which they can prove their competence and get. men used to their presence. So the newspaper ran her views in the pages reserved for women. That was adding insult to the injury of the fact that the royal commission was unwilling to go along with Miss Mac-Donald in her plea for equality-plus for women who have long bad far less than equality. To talk to women such as Miss Jewett and Miss MacDonald who have had experience in the man's world of politics, to read the sour memoirs of Judy Lamarsh, probably the most successful woman politician in Canadian history, is to understand why they regard with suspicion the talk of a new era for women in Ottawa. The statistics of past experience are too depressing to per? mit much optimism. In 134 federal and provincial elections from 1917 to 1970, 6,845 persons were elected. Just 67 were women. In the IS federal elections since 1921, when women became free to vote, there have been 12,262 candidates. Just 3000 have been women. And many of those were sacrificial lambs put up by the parties to run in ridings where they had no chance: a Liberal woman against John Diefenbaker in Prince Albert in 1965, for example, and a Tory woman against Pierre Trudeau in Mount Royal in 1968. In the past half century, only 18 women have been elected to the Commons. Seven of these took over seats originally won by fathers or husbands. There is only one woman in the present House, Grace Maclnmis, a New Democrat from British Columbia, member of a famous political family and an outstanding member. The story of the Senate is even worse. As late as 1928, the Supreme Court of Canada ruled that women could not qualify under the law as "persons" entitled to sit in the Upper House. The judicial committee of the Privy Council in Britain overturned that curious .verdict, on appeal and said that women were indeed persons able to take a place in the V "Hark! I Think I Hear Voices!" Senate. Even so, successive prime ministers have been reluctant to appoint women - nine out of 236 Senators chosen 1930-70. In the federal civil service, there is not a single woman at deputy minister rank heading one of the great departments of state and there is less than a handful at assistant deputy level. When the politicians - men, of course - set out to try to improve this dismal record, they often encounter discouraging resistance. Prime Minister Lester Pearson was widely criticized for appointing the Commission on the Status of Women, and when Trudeau chose to speak on women's rights at a Liberal dinner in Toronto recently, he anticipated the lack of audience enthusiasm and wrote into his text: "Who of you at this moment are saying to yourselves, women! 'Why doesn't he speak on an important subject'." Many in the fashionable audience were saving just that, the speech was said to be a bore and a disappointment. But there were others who thought that the prime minister, for all his good intentions, was objectionably, patronizing to women. He suggeted that women in public life would be more compassionate than men, more alert to the problems of consumers, less influenced by technology - a man's view of women as the, softer sex concerned with homely problems. Trudeau's actions, however, are preferable to his words. As head of government, he has; - Made it deliberate policy to seek out and appoint more women to public positions, most noticeably last October when he sent two women to the Senate. More such appointments can be expected, and a hunt is on for women qualified to sit as judges in the highest courts. - Told his program planners that measures to improve the status of women must have a high place on the government's schedule of priorities, the all-important list of the things that must be done in the limited time available. - Appointed social scientist Freda Paltiel to the Privy Council offices with a broad mandate to guide the government in implementing the royal commission report and going beyond that to other action required to improve the position of women. As leader of the Liberal party, Trudeau has put his personal authority behind the campaign to persuade constituency organizations to nominate women as candidates. He has also endorsed the appointment of a three-women task force which will survey the opinions and wishes of the Liberal member- ship across the country en women's rights and carry the advice to cabinet. Inside the Liberal organization, there is a special committee to study development of women's participation. The party president, Senator Richard Standbury, said recently that one of the early tasks is to , survey the situatioin in each constituency to discover where to stand for nomination. Liberal policy chairman Al Linden a Toronto law professor adds that it is not just a matter of seeking openings but also of finding qualified women. "You cannot just take a woman away from washing dishes and throw her into Parliament," he says. "You cannot take her from washing diapers and make her head of a commission." There are not many women who have the qualifications and experience to be judges, and some women who are qualified for public life have problems overcoming their own inhibitions. Linden thinks it will take 40 to 50 years in practice to raiss women to equality with men in public life. Trudeau says: "We should be guilty of intellectual dishonesty if we underestimate the weight of tradition or the depth of bias - both conscious and unconscious - which permeates each of us. There can be no expectation that any of us, men or women, can overcome these attitudes in a period of months or even years." While thase may be realistic assessments by past standards of evolution, they are not likely to satisfy today's revolutionary expectations. The demand is for solutions now, rather than for the next generation. The only way to meet this sort of expectation is to force the rate of progress, perhaps by setting reserved quotas for women in the political service. Miss MacDonald and Miss Jewett have both urged the idea that the political parties accept the responsibility of nominating a minimum number of women for seats in Parliament. The New Democratic Party, which has always done rather better than its rivals, in fielding women candidates, is now under pressure to ensure that women fill half the places on its key organizational committees. The royal commission proposed that there should be an informal quota of two women from each province in the Senate. But perhaps the most radical and intriguing idea came from a Creditiste MP, Rene Matte (Champlain), recently: redistribute Parliamentary ridings into 150 constituencies, each to be represented by a man and a woman member. (Toronto Star Syndicate) Tim Traynor U.S. favorable to pipelines across Canada WASHINGTON - Canada n and the United States are now squarely addressing themselves to the possibility of moving Alaskan oil to the mid-U.S. by means of a pipeline down from the Mackenzie Valley and through western Canada. As of this' week, there is a firm official basis for intensive consideration of the long-projected Mackenzie route. In a Dallas, Texas, speech, Indian and Northern Affairs Minister Jean Chretien rounded out a series of Canadian ministerial statements' indicat- Letter to the editor ing Canadian eagerness to have the Mackenzie line considered as an alternative to a pipeline crossing Alaska and linked with a tanker route running along the Pacific coast. In the most straightforward formulation to date, Mr. Chretien said Canada would be prepared to make available a right-of-way for a pipeline for Alaskan north-slope oil. He called attention to special requirements related to environmental protection and Canadian participation, but the underlying assumption through- College and university I feel that the majority of citizens of Lethbridge are uni-. versity oriented. I am sure all are aware that the college exists; but it seems they really don't care if it remains. The name "Lethbridge Community College" implies one major thing; the college is community supported and sponsored. Being an out-of-town student 'Crazy Capers' It's for the bride's father. I felt I could take an unbiased view. Since I have arrived I have noticed support and cooperation on all sides for the university, it's students and concepts. For the college I have noticed very little support. I feel few people understand the college's basic ideas. The people of Lethb ridge 6hould take notice of their community college and work to build up a "new thing," and a "good thing." (Miss) DEIRDRE MOONEY. Lethbridge. So They Say It is humbling to consider how if we cannot control a "simple" problem such as smoking, we can hope to change more severe disorders such as alcoholism and drug abuse. -Dr. Edward Lichtenstein, director of the Psychology Clinic at the University of Oregon, on various methods being tried to help smokers stop smoking. out was that the pipeline was acceptable. "Many essential non-economic questions must be answered prior to the approval of such lines," Mr. Chretien said, "but the question is not whether pipelines will be built but how such lines will be constructed." He was also at some pains to stress that foreign capital, both for northern development and generally, would continue to be welcomed, notwithstanding the debate over economic nationalism. In a press conference recently, U.S. Interior Secretary Rogers Morton took note of the Canadian statements and indi-caetd readiness to take a close ] o o k at the Mackenzie route. As with the Chretien statement, this gave a new firmness to a U.S. position which has been evolving rapidly amid growing resistance to the proposed trans-Alaska pipeline system. Responding to the clamor against the trans-Alaskan system, Mr. Morton had earlier ordered a study of the environmental dangers of the projected tanker movement along the coast, and had indicated he would move cautiously and would look at alternatives in considering a construction permit for the trans-Alaska pipeline. Mr. Morton cited apparent Canadian readiness to provide for a line through Canada and said it would appropriate for U.S. oil companies to take the matter up with the Canadian government. He w a s disposed, he said, to consider the Mackenzie route as an alternative to the Trans-Alaska route in his consideration of the construction permit. (At different points, he raised the possibility that the Mackenzie route would be an outright alternative, and that it would be supplemental to the Trans-Alaska route. This points up a key un- derlying consideration: In the absence of a clear indication of movement on the Mackenzie line, the U.S. might well be moved to push the trans-Alaska route to answer short-term needs.) Mr. Morton lay heavy stress on the growth of U.S. energy demands and pointed to the north as a key element in meeting this. "We would be very negligent if we decided somehow to seal up this source, in light of the energy problems faced by the country." Mr. Morton made clear the generally positive attitude the U.S. had to pipelines across Canada. In addition to inquiries made by the oil companies U.S. officials had raised the possibility of a Mackenzie pipeline with the Canadian government, he said. He also underscored the U.S. need to tap the emerging natural gas reserves of northern Canada. As a factor in consideration of. a pipeline for Alaskan oil through Canada, he pointed to the possibility of utilizing the same route established for the projected natural gas pipeline to the south. Looking backward Through the Herald 1921 - The latest fad among eastern Canadian girls is four-buckle overshoes, but the girls have no use for the clasps. They just pull them over their shoes and let them flap along. 1931 - Work has begun on the new terminial elevator here and some 40 men are now employed, with much of the building material now on hand. 1941 - Canada's important part in the development and operation of new devices, aimed at overcoming the night bomber menace in Britain, was described in guarded terms in the house of commons by Air Minister Powers. 1951 - Three persons have been found dead, nine others are unreported and an 18-month-old child is trapped in a collapsed home in the Trochu district following the two-day blizzard, which has swept the prairies.' 19G1 - Two babies have died and six are believed to be in serious condition after a solution of boracic acid instead of distilled water was put in their feeding formula at a Regina hospital. The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905 -1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Registration No. 00I2 Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Dally Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of Circulation* CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA Managing Editor ROY F. MILES Advertising Manager WILLIAM HAY Associate Editor � DOUGLAS K. WALKER Editorial Page Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;