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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - March 18, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta SUNNY High forecptf Friday 40. The tethbttdae Herald VOL. LXIV - No. 82 LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, THURSDAY, MARCH 18, 1971 PRICE NOT OVER 10 CENTS TWO SECTIONS-26 PAGES U.S. air from disaster By GEORGE ESPER SAIGON (AP) - Only the biggest U.S. air shield of the Indochina war has saved the South Vietnamese army from disaster in Laos. Even that protection failed at times. Saigon's troops have been forced out of half a dozen bases and suffered heavy losses at three of them. They have been incapable of opening Route 9, the main east-west artery across the Ho Chi Minn, trail, and have had to depend on U.S. helicopters for vitually all movement. High-ranking South Vietnamese officers in the field say their airborne division was supposed to take the key transportation hub of Sepone, 25 miles from the border, early in the drive that began Feb. 8. The North Vietnamese cut Highway 9, and Saigon's men didn't announce capture of Sepone until March 6. Then an armada of U.S. helicopters had to leapfrog them in. They stayed about a week, then pulled out. North Vietnamese and pro-Communist Pathet Lao officials said Saigon never captured Sepone. "Every time the South Vietnamese pull out of somewhere, the North Vietnamese move back in," said one U.S. field officer. At best, the drive into Sepone temporarily disrupted North Vietnamese traffic along that part of the Ho Chi Minh trail and destroyed large war stockpiles. And U.S. bombers did most of the damage. The South Vietnamese have been used mainly as bomb damage assessment troops, moving into areas that have been hit by air strikes and mopping them tip. South Vietnamese commanders have come to rely so heavily on U.S. air support that they complained they weren't getting enough. U.S. fighter - bombers were flying strikes at the rate of one every five minutes, and on some days U.S. helicopters flew more than 2,000 missions. Some strategists feel that U.S. planners are placing too much emphasis on air support for the South Vietnamese. The Laotian operation has proved the vulnerability of helicopters when they are up against hundreds of long-range, and in some cases radar-controlled antiaircraft guns. As many as 200 U.S. helicopters have been reported shot down and destroyed or shot down but recovered, or damaged in the air but able to fly back to base. U.S. and South Vietnamese officials claim the operation has accomplished its objectives of cutting the Ho CM Minh trail and destroying large quantities of supplies: "' ' Communiques claim nearly 10,000 North Vietnamese troops have been killed. The South Vietnamese contend this is an accurate figure based on actual count of bodies; U.S. officers in the field say much of it is estimate and often guess work. Already, U.S. intelligence officers say, the North Vietnamese are rebuilding parts of the Ho Chi Minh tradl that the South Vietnamese ground troops and the U.S. bombers smashed, including Sepone. Kennedy choice of VS. youth NEW YORK (AP) - The top social. concerns troubling American youths are the war in Vietnam, environmental pollution, drug abuse and racial injustice, says a survey released by Seventeen magazine. The poll said young people's choice for president in 1972 would be Senator Edward M. Kennedy, (Dem.-Mass.), followed by President Nixon and former Senator Eugene J. McCarthy, (Dem.-Wis.). Interviews with 2,000 boys and girls aged 14 to 22 reported that most describe themselves as "happy" and "active," and consider personal freedom to be the country's top asset. But three out of four believe there is really something basically wrong with American society. Almost all said the government was not spending enough to curb pollution; most blame the government for lack of funds to help combat poverty, urban problems and educational needs. More than half feel "somewhat hopeful" about the nation's future. Nearly eight out of 10 interviewed do not agree that "violence may be the only way to achieve needed changes in society." On other issues, the high school and college-age youth opted for more liberal abortion laws, stricter gun control legislation, lowering the voting age to 18 and establishing an aU-volunteer army. New type bank eards may soon replace money NEW YORK (AP) - Money as we now know it may soon be a thing of the past, says a banking association. Dollar bills, paper cheques, and change will be replaced in the future by computerized bank cards, says the Foundation for Full Service Banks. The group represents about 7,000 commercial banks across the country. The bank card, the association says, will be used for handling all monetary matters: getting petty cash from money machines, buying merchandise, paying bills and making income-tax returns. "In the new era, not only will all your bills be paid by computer, but your salary, taxes, and deductions, will be transmitted by computer," the association says. Already, the foundation notes, arrangements can be made with some banks for automatically paying monthly utility bills, mortgages, rent, insurance, properly taxes and other recurring bills. In future, these transactions will become even more sophisticated. South Vietnam troops retreat From AP-REUTER SAIGON (CP) - Heavy North Vietnamese attacks drove South Vietnamese troops in Laos back toward their own border today with soaring losses. At least 110 Saigon troops were reported killed Thursday and 205 wounded. The South Vietnamese aban- - Photo by Terry Bland UNEXPECTED VISITORS - Total damages are estimated at $3,100 as a result of the attempt of a car driven by Victor Trcka, 1603 15th Ave. S., to find its own unique way into the home of Chris Danggas at 1113 Scenic Drive Wednesday evening. About $2,500 of the damage was done to the house. The car had been travelling east along Scenic Drive when it went out of control, broke off two roadside posts, jumped the concrete median, crossed the service road and broke into the living room of the house. Trcka is in satisfactory condition at St. Michael's General Hospital. Russia, China exchange charges in arms race MOSCOW-(AP) - The Soviet, Union; breaking �vlong silence" in its ideological warfare with China, accused Peking Wednesday of playing a "dangerous game" by trying to improve relations with the United States. In an almost simultaneous attack, Peking charged that Kremlin leaders are stepping up the arms race to "oppress the broad masses at home and maintain their colonial rule abroad." The sharply-worded attacks ^epaed nearly two years of rela-5fWe %rbal peace and confirmed the belief that sighs of better relations between the two Communist powers are superficial. Using a new book on Chinese foreign policy as a forum, the Kremlin maintained that the Chinese have "reached an understanding" with Washington to stay out of the Vietnam war as long as American ground forces stay out of North Vietnam." It accused Peking of obstruct' Israel rejects Rogers' proposal JERUSALEM (AP) - Premier Golda Meir has rejected the proposal of U.S. State Secretary William Rogers calling for international guarantees instead of the territorial expansion Israel demands to secure her borders. Smallwood still backs seal hunt ST. JOHN'S, Nfld. (CP) - Premier Joseph Smallwood promised to "keep the fight going" to combat propaganda against the annual seal hunt, as he returned Wednesday from a two-day visit to the 1,961-ton Chesley A. Crosbie off the Labrador coast. Mr. Smallwood said he would ask Nova Scotians to support his stand in favor of the hunt. He said in an interview the ship's 80 crew members were "very resentful of the slanderous suggestions they practice cruelty or ever did practice cruelty." Mr. Smallwood said he would ask Prime Minister Pierre Tru-deau to repeal federal regulations which say only the 30-inch clubs may be used. Clubs used to kill seals were "the wrong weapons" the premier said. "We cannot trust Rogers's offer, even if it is proposed in good faith," Mrs. Meir told a meeting of her Labor party's central committee Wednesday night. Defence Minister Moshe Dayan said he did not doubt the U .S. government "sincerely wants to assure Israel's security." But he said he could not accept Rogers's belief that "geography is unimportant." Rogers in a Washington news conference Tuesday said the impasse in negotiations under UN mediator Gunnar Jarring results from Egypt's insistence on Israeli withdrawal from all territory captured in 1967 and Israel's determination to hold positions it considers vital to its security. Rogers suggested that Israel's borders be guaranteed by a UN force stationed at such strategic points as Sharm el Sheikh, the Egyptian peninsula controlling the route to Israel's southern port of Elath. "Why should we serve as a guinea pig?" Mrs. Meir asked. "Why should we be the only country in the world that is a protectorate in a framework peopled by Russians, Americans, Yugoslavs and Indians?" ing Soviet aid to North Vietnam and helping to create favorable conditions for the United States to widen the war in Southeast Asia. Peking's "tendency to im� prove relations with American imperialism, while sharpening relations with the Socialist Community, are the two sides of this dangerous game the Maoists are playing in the world arena," said the 192-page paperback book published by the Soviet Academy of Sciences. Peking's attack described the Kremlin leaders as "the worst enemies of the people-wolves in sheep's clothing," and was sharply critical of the Soviet-bloc invasion of Czechoslovakia in 1968. The criticism was contained in an editorial commemorating the anniversary of the 1871 Paris insurrection. Text of the 15,000-word article was broadcast by Peking radio and monitored in Tokyo. It called on world Communist parties and the "revolutionary people" to keep on criticizing Soviet revisionism. Quint dies LOS ANGELES (AP) - The second of five children born 10 weeks prematurely to Pearl Kaplan, 25, and her husband Paul, 28, died Wednesday at Valley Presbyterian Hospital. The three surviving infants, all girls, were listed in "guarded" condition. Each weighs VA to two pounds, Seen end heard About town    "DUSY alderman C a m m Barnes coming in late and then discovering he was at the wrong meeting . . . Francis Weasel Fat getting in the swing of St. Patrick's Day by answering the phone with "Mrs. O'Weasel Fat calling" . . . Nell Macintosh returning from Australia to find crocuses and snowdrops . in bloom in the back yard. doned another base in Laos, Landing Zone Brown, the sixth given up since the campaign began Feb. 8. Saigon also pulled two battalions and a regimental command post back to South Vietnam. North Vietnamese gunners continued to pound the troops still in Laos with mortars and artillery. Unemployment total up again OTTAWA (CP) - Unemployment rose again last month, to 675,000 from 668,000 at mid-January, but there were signs of improvement in the underlying employment situation. The Dominion Bureau of Statistics and the manpower department, reporting on a survey for the week ended Feb. 20, said there was "a very slight and somewhat smaller-than-usual increase in the number of persons unemployed." The 7,000 increase from mid-January compared with a 40,000 increase in the same period last year. While the new total of jobless represented 8.1 per cent of the labor force-up from eight per cent in January-the statisticians calculated that if it were not for the severity of the winter, unemployment in February would have been 6.2 per cent, unchanged from January. This seasonally-adjusted rate, showing the underlying trend, was 6.9 per cent last September and 4.8 per cent in February, 1970. The employment picture in brief, with estimates in thousands: Fc*. Jan. Feb. 1971 1971 1970 Labor force 8,352 8,336 8,031 Employed 7,677 7,668 7,505 Unemployed 675 668 526 MORE HAVE JOBS While there were 7,000 more jobless, there were 9,000 more with jobs. There was higher employment in the construction industry, where usually there is a drop in employment between January and February. There were also bigger gains than usual in employment in public administration, finance, insurance anc' real estate. Lower employment was provided by the trade and agriculture industries. Strikes cripple Britain LONDON (AP) - A widespread protest against the government's anti-strike legislation crippted British industry today, blacked out newspapers and threatened disruption of public transport. Leaders of the one-day stoppage, the second major mass walkout this month, claimed more than two million men were out, either on strike or laid off for the day from closed plants. Estimates of production losses ran into millions of pounds. Hundreds of engineering plants, among them the British Leyland and General Motors automotive giants, closed at midnight Wednesday night. Shipyards and docks were idle, too. The strike was called by Britain's largest union, the 1,-400,000 - member Amalgamated Engineering Workers, in a campaign against the government's Industrial Relations Bill. Britain's second union, the Transport and General Work, ers, with more than one million membersnip, told members to decide individually whether to join the strike or not. The Industrial Relations Bill, due for enactment by summer, was launched as an attempt to inject discipline into Britain's ,, tangled labor relations, There was little change in the unemployment figures for February when divided among the main age and sex groups. However, the jobless problem was indicated by the change from a year earlier. The number of unemployed young people rose by 74,000, the number of unemployed men over 24 rose by 54,000. and the number of unemployed women over 24 rose by 22,000. Regionally, unemployment rose in the Atlantic provinces last month to 11 per cent of the labor force, the same as it was a year ago. It was 10.2 per cent in January this year. Rates declined in Western Canada. The prairie rate declined to 5.8 per cent last month from 6.4 in January but remained above the 5.3-per-cent rate of February, 1970. In British Columbia, the rate dropped last month to 8.7 per cent from 9.4 in January, but it, too, remained higher than 6.7 per cent in February last year. �fas 'Taxation Department? I'm having difficulty with my return!' "We are still in Laos but concentrated near the Vietnamese border now," said Lt.-Col. Do Viet, a military spokesman in Saigon. "We are moving out to let the U.S. bombers attack North Vietnamese troops massing in the area." Another spokesman, Lt.-Col. Tran Van An, insisted that all was going according to Saigon's plans. "We now have a new plan of operation," he said. "We are operating in another area and another direction. That's what we meant when we said tactical movements are being conducted.' "The South Vietnamese troops have accomplished almost all of their objectives in the operation," he added. He said the westernmost units of South Vietnamese troops now in Laos are 15% miles from the border and the southernmost are 12.4 miles southeast of Sepone. FIGHTING RACES Hard fighting raged between Fire Base Lolo, abandoned Tuesday, and Landing Zone Brown. An said a battalion had remained in the vicinity of Lolo to cover the withdrawing troops, and field reports said it was overrun early today. An said 50 men of the battalion were killed, 80 were wounded and a number are missing. He claimed 567 North Vietnamese troops were killed in the fight, most of them by U.S. planes and helicopter gun-ships'. Another indication of serious reverses suffered by the South Vietnamese came in an an* 'nouncement today that 773 government troops were killed in fighting iri Indochina last week, compared with 650 the week be-. fore^ix Mn\ are missing and l,9a\�s#ouncV: in Laos, Cam-bodf^Ssa "Sbuih Vietnam. The government said 4,000 North Vietnamese and Viet Cong were killed. CLAIM FORCE SMASHED The Pathet Lao news agency said pro-Communist Pathet Lao forces wiped out the 1st Regiment of Saigon's 1st Infantry Division at Firebase Lolo. This included three infantry and one artillery battalions and the regimental headquarters, the agency said. More than 100 South Vietnamese were captured and about 1,000 were killed or wounded. Anti-aircraft fire brought down 28 U.S. aircraft, the Pathet Lao agency said. Three Lethbridge residents on appeal assistance board Lethbridge minister Rev. Brian Jones, city businessman Leonard Saunders and Mrs. Maxine Vogt have been named as full-time members of a five-member public assis-, tance appeal committee for the Lethbridge region, it was announced this morning by Ray Speaker, minister of social development. Mr. Speaker told The Herald one resident from each of Vauxhall and Taber would also be appointed to the committee, which is to hear appeals into � public assistance abuses. Lethbridge businessman Ed Bastedo was also named as an alternate member. The committee, one of 30 such appeal boards across the province, will deal with appeals from assistance recipients who feel their applications have not been fairly dealt with, and with non-recipients who are dissatisfied with assistance given to others. [Australia to stand by South Vietnam CANBERRA (Reuter) -Prime Minister William Mc-Mahon told Parliament today Australia will "stand by South Vietnam to the maximum of our capacity." McMahon was replying to an Opposition Labor member who said the greatest barrier to freedom and liberty in Vietnam is the present Saigon government "which the Australian government is helping to uphold by force.'' The committee will take up Its work immediately, its first job being to review public as-sistance regulations, Mr. Speaker said. The minister indicated the appeal board would give "a lot of people who complain about abuses something to do about them. "But I think less than 2 per cent of assistance funds are used incorrectly. Most of non-recipients' dissatisfaction is the result of hearsay and rumor." Mr. Speaker also indicated Lethbridge citizens would know Proposed oil pipeline no problem - Strom EDMONTON (CP) - Alberta does not anticipate any difficulty in marketing its oil after a pipeline is built from Alaska into the United States, Premier Harry Strom said in the legislature Wednesday. In fact, he told Don Getty (PC - Strathcona West), indications are that increasing demand will bring about further development of the Athabasca Oil Sands in the northeast portion of the province. Mr. Strom told Bill Yurko (PC - Strathcona East) Alberta is not directly involved in studies on the feasibility of building a pipeline along the Mackenzie River valley, but is keeping up to date with information on the possible ecological and economic effects of such a pipeline. "within a month" if the city is slated for its third senior citizens' home. The recent provincial budget set aside money for six such homes, but their sites have yet to be recommended to and accepted by the cabinet. Lethbridge has for seven years attempted to obtain another home. The current ones, Green Acres and Golden Acres Lodges, are filled to capacity. Many senior citizens r e q u e s ting admittance have had to be turned away or sent to homes outside the city. Mr. Speaker, in Lethbridge Wednesday night to attend a Social Credit Lethbridge West nomination meeting, also told The Herald he expected a provincial election "some time this summer. War hero questioned about plot ROME (AP) - The Fascist war hero who led the 1942 raid on Alexandria harbor was called today for questioning in the investigation of an alleged right-wing plot. The summons to Prince Junio Valerio Borghese, 64, made no mention of charges against him. The wealthy ultra-rightist nobleman heads a nationwide organization called the National Front. Most Italian newspapers today called him the central figure in the investigation of right-wing organizations. ;