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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 17, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE IVTHBR1DGE HERAID Saturday, Madch 17, 1973 Heart change towards Indians needed By Carl Rowan, syndicated commentator No selling job, please Speaking to a community relations seminar the other day, the president the University of Alberta pointed- ly declined to endorse the of a massive public relations campaign to enhance the popularity of Alberta's universities and thus bring the stu- dents flocking to their doors, just like the gocrd old days in the 1960s. Even for those accustomed to Dr. Max Wyman's unfailing common- sense, it is reassuring that one more So what's wrong with that. Every- body else does it, why not universi- ties? The answer to that is simple, too: if it doesn't work, it's a waste of public money, and if it does, it is immoral. (There's a bit of hypocrisy, too, in continually decrying the de- pravity and crassness of business, while adopting one of its more dub- ious ploys to save financial skins.) As it happens, it won't work, which WASHINGTON Wounded Knee, S.D., is a name draped in shame. For Wounded Knee was the scene of one of many mas- sacres of Indians as Euro- peans advanced westward in their takeover of this country. Wounded Knee is also a run- ning sore, the symptom of a lingering social sickness. A sickness that will afflict us a hundred years from now be- cause no one much gives a damn what happens to Ameri- can Indians. Let me make it clear that I write this while the' armed con- frontation at Wounded Knee re- mains a standoff. By the time you read it, a lot more hearts may have been buried at Wounded Knee because the "law and order" cult in Wash- ington will at some point have to assert its authority. And you can be sure that if that cutt will kill white stu- may be a suicidal gambit. He ness men display dents it Kent State, it will kill Vnows "the establishment" can brutal! zations and dehumanize Indians in South Dakota. Un- less, that Is, the church groups and the few members of Con- gress who really care can ar- range a satisfactory comprom- ise. Yet, the deeper tragedy of Wounded Knee is that there is no "satisfactory" compromise. Every Indian toting a gun at Wounded Knee knows that it knows "the establishment" can pour in firepower which will make the old Seventh Cavalry ot earlier Wounded Knee in- famy look like a popgun par- ade. There Is no way the Indians can win in a Shootout, yet they dig in deeper, angriiy commit- ted to battle. And that can only be a manifestation of human exasperation, of the reckless- university president has not succumb- js a thing for Lethbridge and MVP11 VimS. T.. r-itnVi rtitvurtoirtVt ed to the "recruiting drive" virus. Because it is a virus, and already it has started a near-epidemic. All across the country colleges and uni- versities are pouring supposedly scarce resources into advertising campaigns, recruiting drives, visita- tions, wmings and dinings, any and Calgary. In any such campaign for students, the University of Alberta has so many advantages it couldn't help winning hands down. It has the big names, the championship teams, the massive plant, all the stuff of which advertising campaigns are made, together with the widest (by all promotional schemes they think far) range of faculties and programs, may lure a few more students to their campuses. Small institutions cite their cozy intimacy, promise small classes and individual attention, speak glowingly of friendliness and concern for the individual. Large ones triumphantly parade their resources, the wide choice of programs they can offer, their wondrous facilities for study and recreation. New institutions chat- ter brightly of innovation, experi- mental programs, relevance being "with while the old ones chant sonorously of tradition, stabi- lity and recognition. And the reason for all this Madi- son Avenue guff? Exactly the same as that which prompts the TV com- mercials about soaps that wash whit- er and pickles that crunch more crisp- ly to increase sales. Selling more education to more students bigger budgets, and bigger budgets mean more and better faci- lities, more and better jobs, and all the usual advantages of a more at- fluent operation. Weekend Meditation and a budget in which it could "find" ten dollars lor this purpose for every one either Calgary or Lethbridge could hope to raise. With Edmonton enjoying such a wide competitive edge, the only way in which the other institutions could gain in dollars, that is would be if the campaign resulted in such a large general increase in the stu- dent population that all enrolments went up. Surely this would raise a serious moral question. Of all decisions young people must make, few can be of greater or more enduring importance than whether or not to continue their education, and if so at which institution. Such a decision should be based on informa- tion, the most accurate obtainable, Hie kind now freely available in the calendars and other brochures the universities already publish. It should not be based on a selling job, no matter how badly the institutions think they need the money. Is the ivorld really learning'! Some years ago Frank Laubachwrote n ootimistic, confident prediction that -.-.Housed en optimistic, confident predi "The World Is Learning Compassion." He surveyed the various projects of the Unit- ed Nations, the winning battles against yaws, trachoma, and other plagues, the work of the Council of Churches, the for- eign aid given by more prosperous coun- tries to under-developed nations, and hun- dreds of individual efforts especially through foundation funds. Who could doubt that the world was learning compassion? Undoubtedly the benefits of UNICEF, the World Health Organization, the Red Cross, the scores of other charities have alleviat- ed suffering beyond capacity to measure. Frank Laubach's own efforts as "Apostle of Literacy" to teach one and a half bil- lion illiterates to read and write make him one of the roost amazing men of this cen- tury. Yet it would be hard to prove that the world is learning compassion. The fact that people are in better health or can read and write does not prove that they are more compassionate. A well educated Immigrant from West Germany remarked, "Hitler was a great man." Nicole Bern- heim tells how an army patrol in Belfast came on three young boys learning how to build nail bombs. Their Instructor was 14 years old. The prisons of Greece are filled with Uie best teams and most ad- mirable characters of that country. The America who left behind over a million maimed or orphaned children In Vietnam is not illiterate. The hideous cruelty to the American ambassador and two other offi- cials in the Sudan is common occurrence. The massacre of the southern Sudanese by the north was indescribably hideous. Have ities committed every day have calloused the human mind. A sort of defence mech- anism has been built up to make crime and cruelty acceptable. There is no worker in an office or fac- tory who does not have many opportun- ities daily to observe vicious streaks of cruelty of workers-employers relations. For that matter cruelty in church life is its most astonishing parados. So an Irishman remarked, "I don't hate anybody; I'm an atheist." The joke is unfair since you will find more kindness in a church than any- where else on earth, but you will also find streaks of inhumanity and brutality. Bernard Shaw used to pour scorn on the church for her lack of loving kindness, but Shaw was a frighteniligly brutal man, as in his treatment of Helen Keller. He was far more than impolite; he was down- right vicious. There is a heartlessness In the modern world which penetrates all life, even that of the church. Why do people take so much trouble to inflict pain? Why is there not only a lack of love, but a deliberate de- sire to hurt? It is the most baffling fact of human nature. One should watch one- self since the streak appears In everyone this diabolical delight In inflicting pain. It is the more insidious since one can per- suade himself he is serving the cause of Justice, doing God service. No man serves God by hurting another human being. PRAYER: Make me a little kinder, 0 God; the wounds of most men are raw and red. F. S. M. Why hide truth about Olympics! By Jean Pellerin, In Montreal La Presse The fight over the Olympic Games has given way, in the last few weeks, to a game of hide-and-seek which serves to mislead rather than clarify public opin- ion. The games will suffer a def- icit, Prime Minister Trudeau believes. The games won't go beyond million, says Raymond Garneau, Quebec's finance min- ister. Both of them are wrong, replies Montreal Mayor Jean Drapeau. "The Olym- pics can no more have a defidt than a man can bear a child." Mr. Trudeau wants to pass a? the have the honor of organizing the Olym- pics. Montreal only offered the setting for the games; it acts In Canada's name. The possibility of a deficit is presented as frightful and scandalous Before yelling, tie deficit of the same games in Mexico, Japan and West Ger- many should be known. AU the games have known deficits. They bring more prestige than revenues. We should have thought about it before if we considered the cost of the prestige too high. Now, It's too late. The games will take place Canada "If they dont like it here, why don't they go back to where they came Government timid to tackle Goliath? By Maurice Western, Herald Ottawa commentator one who won't grant "any special federal will reap advantages or disadvantages but contribution" to the Olympic Games in it may have to pay the piper. Montreal. The prime minister contributes to mak- ing the games look like a Montreal and Quebec enterprise. However, it concerns an international sports demonstration. The g-mes are the guest of a country through a city of that country, and not the guest of a city through a country. Montreal needed Ottawa's permission to It is so much in the nature of things that the whole country pays for the games, and in reality that is what will happen in- directly through the special Olympic coins. By a subtle and able game, the federal government will find itself supplying sub- sidies It had promised not to supply and that's the it should be. Why then try to bids the truth? OTTAWA The government, through Ronald Basford, has announced three new programs for increasing the housing hap- piness of Canadians by further subsidies of unknown amounts and by an improvement of our social mix. This exhilarating news has been greeted by Opposition spokesmen with murmurs of welcome undistinguished by any positive suggestions of notable novelty. "On the very day of Mr. Bas- ford's announcement, Statistics Canada issued a very detailed report entitled Gross National Product, Annual Review 1972. This contained information directly relevant to the minis- ter's basic problem and of a na- ture to depress the spirits persons with an Interest in home ownership. Heferring to the advance of residential construction prices, Statistics Canada observed that "the main impetus behind the surge was due to higher material costs. The 14.9 per cent Increase in lumber prices boosted residential material prices to the highest level of the decade." What caused this remarkable surge? By an interesting chance there was a third announcement on that day in Washington, throwing additional light on thp problem. The National Associ- ation of Home Builders is or- ganizing a "lumber crisis con- ference" to meet in that city on March 22. According to its pres- ident, the cost of building an average home has increased by in six months because of rising prices for wood products. Manifestly, the price, of hous- ing reflects much more than lumber costs. Attention is com- monly directed to the high price of serviced lard; this is of such' obvious importance that the government is anxious to pro- mote the cooperative develop- ment of land banks. There has been considerable publicity lately about the plan for a satel- lite city not far from Ottawa on land said by some engineers to be semi-swamp. But while such schemes may be of long-term benefit if suitable tracts can be assembled, they would not ap- pear to offer much promise of immediate relief. An extremely important fac- tor is the cost of money. Again, it would not seem that the gov- ernment, with its present finan- cial policies, is in a position to do anything in accordance with its modern, knee-jerk philosophy, it re- sponds by adding a new subsidy to all the others which eager taxpayers are called upon to provide. The point about lumber is that past government policy points to a possible course of action which would 'affect the price of home construction. The 14.9 per cent increase and the Washington announce- ment are parts of the same pat- tern. In this lumber-rich coun- try there is an artificial lumber scarcity which has sent prices soaring into Hie stratosphere. The supplies that might relieve the scarcity are being drawn out of the country, primarily because of American demand. Look back in time to April 1, 1969 when Jean-Luc Pepin was minister of industry, trade and commerce. On that day, Mr. Pepin advised the Commons that the Government was much' concerned about the copper sit- uation. Numbers of citizens then could still afford housing but there was a looming danger that they would be unable to af- ford the plumbing. Mr. Pepin said: "Current con- ditions in the industry are such that there is a danger the con- tinuing higher overseas price would attract away from Can- ada some of the normal and reasonable supplies of copper required by our copper con- suming industries." -He warned that the government, in such a situation, would withdraw or withhold export permits for re- finery shapes, acting under au- Letters Discourtesy scored The International Food Fair in CoaJdale was once again a tremendous success but I am concerned at the rudeness of many in the audience who were not respectful enough to be quiet during the opening ad- dress or the Baker Brass Band performance. The annual. Carol Festival and the Food Fair are the two events In Coaldale affording the residents (of all denomina- tions and ethnic groups) an op- portunity to co operate and participate. I have become in- creasingly concerned at the audience's lack of attentive- ness as the programs are pre- sented. The organizers and the chair- man are not to blame unless they can be faulted for possibly failing to urge the people to be cjuiet and listen. Neither can all the noise be attributed to the children. Adults seem to be the big offenders. Can't we, as parents and adults, set an example and be more at> tcnlive? It was a problem again this year, as in previous years. Many in the audience refused to sit and listen. Most of the people stood at attention dur- ing the national anthem but as I he band continued to perform the audience's din seemed to compete. It was appalling and certainly disheartening for the musicians. Those attending even lacked the courtesy to wait to pur- chase their food items until after the official opening re- marks. People sitting in the front row couldn't henr the speaker's remarks because of the noise. If this annual impoliteness was corrected such public func- tions would be much more en- joyable for all who attend. MRS. MARY TYMBURSKI Coaldale. Wasted tears Regarding the full-page ad- vertisement on page 36 of the March 10 Herald: Jacquie Lund may love being with her chil- dren in the classroom, but she apparently loves money even more. She and her colleagues might "expand their world" by learning that there are mis- sionaries who work understaff- ed and often without any pay. Every time I look at Mrs. Lund's tears and picture those wicked school trustees trying to steal her children, I get an uncontrollable urge to laugh! D. EGAN Bow Island. thority of the Export and Inv port Permits Act. It is of interest that the minis- ter drew support on that occa- sion from spokesmen for all the Opposition parties. It is of even' more direct interest that he is- sued a warning to the lumber industry on the same day. "Given the importance of our domestic requirements for hous- ing and other purposes and our long standing export con- nections, I look to the industry to safeguard the requirements of traditional customers, both domestic and foreign, and resist any tendency to neglect the Ca- nadian market in favor of spec- ulative short term export de- mand." On December 5, 1969, Mr. Pe- pin clamped export controls on nickel, justifying the action on similar grounds. But the government showed no such vigilance last year while lumber prices were ad- vancing at the fantastic rate of 14.9 per cent; this despite the fact that housing has moved even farther beyond the reach' of persons seeking homes. Statistics Canada reports that most metals snowed some price deceleration last year. It is pleasant to encounter this cheerful note. With such a trend people may be to afford plumbing. What will they do with this asset when they can- not afford houses in which to in- stall it? No one can accuse the gov- ernment of consistence in such matters. It was plainly not pre- pared in 1972 (and there is no evidence that it is yet pre- pared) to take the action in re- spect to lumber that it did take in respect to two important in 1969. Evidently It lived in less awe of the copper and nickel industries than it does now of the great lumber firms and their high-flying la- bor unions. If such suspicions are unjust, what is the ex- planation? It might be of con- siderable interest to an impor- tant group of Canadian would- be consumers. tlons become too burdensome to tolerate. As a newsman, I have spent weeks among the Sioux. I have heard white Americans point to Indian bellies, bloated or tume- fied by horrible diets, and ex- claim: "You see, they can't be hungry." I have seen mothers shiver on the dirt floors of tarpaper shacks on the Standing Rock reservation in North Dakota, massaging their babies to try to keep them warm. I have talked to hundreds of whites on the periphery of In- dian reservations who produce a litany of sterotypes: "Indi- ans are lazy, Indians are dirty, Indians are drunkards" a litany so painfully similar to what I heard about "niggers" during my young days in Uie Deep South. I have walked enough dusty reservation roads to know that for all the ugly discriminations against, and oppressions of, black people, or Puerto Ricans, or Mexican Americans, it is the American Indian who is most neglected, most brutalized, most degraded. And the pity is that those mil- lions of Americans who do care somewhat for justice give a thought to these Indians only when an angry protest erupts at the Bureau of Indian Af- fairs here, or when a crisis is at hand at some place like Wounded Knee. The shame is that Indians must resort to force and law-breaking just to get the country to consider their grievances. We have "burled" the Ameri- can Indian alive in the back- woods of American life. And because he is out of sight, he is out of our minds. It would be untrue In the physical sense to say that we have given ourselves peace of mint! by keeping Indians in rural concentration camps. Be- cause the Indian is now free to leave any reservation. But the prison shackles are in his mind. All but a few have been denied the education and training which would enable them to cope in the highly tech- nological society at large. And however good the training of a few, isolation has made the American mainstream a strange, hostile world that some are loath to enter. Many Indians truly put prior- ity on retaining their Indian heritage and culture, so as- similation is not their goal. Others are tied to their bleak, largely barren reserves by dreamy notions that someday, somehow the white man's gov- ernment is going to hand over the billions of dollars they say the white man owes them for their land. They want to be around to claim their share. So it is not just rage that dis- tinguishes those Indian mili- tants at Wounded Knee. It ia also confusion, hopelessness, despair, these being the most plentiful commodities among A meric an minorities these days. What I am saying, then, Is that there is no way this gov- ernment is going to satisfy the myriad age-old grievances of the American Indian movement in general or the Wounded Knee insurgents in particular. Only a genuine transformation of heart and spirit by the mass of Americans can produce that. And no such transformation is in the cards. So we Americans snail prob- ably go on living with Wound- ed Knee's shame of 1890 along with whatever disgraces 1973 can add. 'Crazy Capers' Be fair! I did warn you of the possible side ef- fects, The Lethbridge Herald (04 7th St. S., Lettibridge, Alberta LETHERIDGE HERALD HO. LTD., Proprietors and Published 1906-1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Ucond Clan Man Registration No. ml} Member of Tha Canadian Press and Ihe Canadian Oally Newspaper Publishers' Association and Tha Audit Bureau of circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager DON CILI.IN5 WILLIAM HAV Managing Editor Associate Editor ROY F MILES DOUGLAS, K WALKER MmrtMlne. Nmmr editorial pact Editor THE HERMD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;