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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 17, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta Saturday, March 17, 1773 THE LETH8RIDGE HERALD 31 Old Indian edict still tears people apart By RAM SURESII NEW DELHI (Reulor) Although the princely rulers of India have been reduced lo commoners, an edict issued by one of them half a cen- tury ago is tearing a state apart and may have serious repercussions throughout the country. About 300 persons ore un- officially believed to have been killed in four montlis of a violent, two sided separa- tist agitation for the parti- tion of the south Indian state of Andhra Pradesh. Officials estimate that CO have died, mostly when police opened fire on violent mobs. Nearly 200 million rupees million) worth of rail- way and other property has been damaged or burned by agitators. The slate capital and sev- eral other places in Andhra Pradesh are virtually in a stale of siege and the trans- port system has been reduced to a 'shambles. The trouble arose from an order issued by the fabulous- ly rich Nizam of Hyderabad reserving government jobs in the state for his subjects. While bis former subjects and their descendants want the policy to be continued, the Antlliras who joined the old Hyderabad slate in 1956 say it makes them second-class citizens. EDICT REMAINED The Nizam lost his power at independence in 1947, but his edict, known as the Tnulki native Rules, was not revok- ed. In 1950, when the nine dis- tricts of the Nizam's Hyder- abad state were joined with the Andhra areas to form Andbra Pradesh state, the leaders of the two regions agreed that the arid, back- ward Telengana area would get a fair share of govern- ment jobs and funds. But mounting tion with the operation of the agreement led to a violent separatist agitation in Telen- gana 1969 in which more than 100 people were killed. A solution seemed to have been found when a Telengana leader was made chief min- ister of the state and a Tel- engana regional commillee was sel up to look afler the inlerests of the landlocked area. But fresh, and more seri- ous, trouble broke out last year when the Supreme Court of India ruled that the Mulki Rules werf still valid as they had i.ot been formally abolished. ANDHKAS OBJECTED The. Andhras demanded an immediate break with Telen- -gana saying that the contin- uation of the would deny them jobs in the state capital of Hyderabad. In late November, Prime Minister Indira Gandhi pre- sented legislation winch modi- fied the Mulki Rules and put a strict lime limit on their operation. But the Andliras were not satisfied. In January the stale was clamped under direct central government rule amid growing violence. Dcspile their mutual bitter- ness, Ihe Andhras and the Te- lenganiles have joined in Ihe fight for separation. Now the two separatist flags fly to- gether all over the state. Many people here fear that the trouble will get worse this summer, especially in view of the serious water and power shortage caused by the droughts of the last two years. Peasants and workers in factories shut down by power cuts .arc jobless and restless. Mrs. Gandhi's gqvernment has ruled out talks with the separatists because of the at- mosphere of violence. Mrs. Gandhi sees the issue as cru- cial because partition of An- dhra Pradesh might lead to simi'ar demands in many other states. Cube root Sampson, a giraffo at the Chessington, England, zoo has [earned to look in the Keepers pockei for a treat. The cube root of this bit of neck stretching is Ihe sugar in the trouper pocfcet. Picking pockets may come next. TO VISIT AUSTRALIA BELGRADE (AP) Dzcmal Bijcdic, premier of Yugoslavia, will pay an official visit lo Aus- tralia this month, it was an- nounced in Belgrade Sunday. The Australian stop, from March 20-22, wil corns (luring a trip that also will include visits to India, Sri Lanka, Malaysia, FOR THE MONEY! TOTAL PRIZES! TICKET WINS ccc Best official time nightly Every night July 5 thru July 13 PLUS WARM-UP PRIZES DRAWS MAY JUNE 1 First Warm-up Winner in each draw 7 Warm-up runners-up in each draw FREE TRIPS TO THE STAMPEDE OR MAIL IN COUPON HOW To: 1973 Calgary SUrrtjusde Chuckwafjort Sweepstake, Box 2900, T2P 2KB i BUY THE 3-TICRET SPECIAL SEE V011 AT THE CALGARY STAMPEDE, JULY ;