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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - March 17, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta -Wednttfiay, March �/, IV/ i - inc LEinaniw^ runAlD - A solution to the Berlin problem? IOOK OUT BELOW - No, 15-year-old Patrick Carroll Centre while 14-year-old Heida Kalomar leans back on Isn't jumping over a fallen skier. He's just getting in some her skis and soaks up the sun. end-of-the-season skiing at Toronto's Don Valley Ski Numbing effect of a natural catastrophe Why strikes were banned in Sweden By ROLAND HUNTFORD London Observer Service STOCKHOLM - With the civil servants' strike in apparently permanent deadlock, the Swedish Government has invoked the ultimate weapon and introduced special legislation to enforce a return to work. For six weeks all strikes will be illegal, and Sweden will to all intents and purposes be in a state of emergency. It would be sensational in any Western country; in Sweden, that hallowed shrine of sensible and independent industrial bargaining, it has had the numbing effect of a natural catastrophe. If it is a political measure it is in answer to a political strike. The stoppage that provoked the law was not so much over salaries as about the rights and privileges of university graduates and specialized employees. It was a cry of the middle classes against what they consider persecution, and a protest against burdensome taxation. If it broke out in the State sector it was here that direct confrontation was possible with the enemy: the Social Democratic Government under Olof Palme. The strike, which has been halted by the legislation, has lasted for over six weeks. It involved about 6,000 civil servants including 600 train controllers, paralyzing the railways and seriously handicapping Government business. To be more precise, it was not a strike but a conflict escalated by each side in a game of brinkmanship. The Government had riposted with a lock-out of teachers that closed the schools, and had threatened to lock ou army officers. But the strikers called the Government's bluff over this threat. To bring soldiers into an industrial squabble was clearly unthinkable, and the conflict had to be stopped by other means before the officers were actually locked out. The Government was patently out to crush the two striking Toronto hotel finds secret TORONTO (CP) - When m a j or hotel entertainment rooms are closing because of lack of business and the high cost of performers, the Imperial Room at the Royal York hotel here seems to have found the secret of longevity. Paper bales destroyed EDMONTON (CP) - A fire at Building Products plant on Highway 16, east of the city, destroyed tons of waste - paper bales. The paper bales are recycled waste used in production of shingles and tarpaper. A company spokesman said the main manufacturing area was never in danger and the plant would not lose excessive production although operations were shut down. Four units from the Strath-cona fire department fought the blaze, assisted by a pumper unit from Edmonton's main city hall. 4No raiding' pact signed by unions DETROIT (AP) - A new, "no-raiding" pact between the United Auto Workers and the powerful International Association of Machinists and Aerospace Workers (AFL-CIO) was announced here. The a e r e e-ment prompted speculation that the UAW may be nearing reconciliation with the AFL-CIO. The pact bans efforts by either union to lure members from the other. Asked if the agreement with the IAM, one of the largest unions in the AFL-CIO, meant a future reconciliation, UAW President Leonard Woodcock replied: "A mutual assistance pact like this has to be a big step toward labor unity." He stopped short of total commitment. The IAM represents some 300,000 space workers, while hte UAW speaks' for some 100,000, Under band leader Moxie Whitney, the Imperial Room has moved from straight dance bands' through entertainers such as Nelson Eddy to today's policy of big-name acts. "The management of the hotel have let me try a few new ideas in here and so far things seem to be working out," Mr. Whitney said. "We've paid out a lot of money for acts but have still managed to make some profit. Fifteen thousand is about our top price. If a performer wants more, we let him gamble a bit on a percentage of the cover charge." Mr. Whitney shrewdly signed Nova Scotia singer Anne Murray to a two-year option before she hit the big time with her Snowbird record. She appeared last fall and will be back this year. "I'd like to feature more Canadian acts but there just aren't that many who can draw a good audience. We're having Debbie Lori Kaye from the Tommy Hunter show in May. We've had to wait unitl she turned 21 and she opens ithe day of her birthday." BACK NEXT SEASON Next season Ella Fitzgerald, Peggy Lee and Trini Lopez may also be back for return engagements. And negotiations are going on with Harry Belafonte, Lena Home, Stan Kenton and Sonny and Cher. Mr. Whitney has been offered a job at a big hotel in Hawaii, but he thinks it would mean too great a change in pulling up his roots here, especially leaving his beef farm near Lindsay, Ont., where he has about 60 cattle. Unlike most musicians, he leads a quiet life. He has given up tea, coffee and alcohol for health reasons and is embarked on a program of yoga exercises and health food. He has more plans for the Imperial Room thait he would like to see implemented. He wants to change the large dining room with curtains that could make it more intimate and is thinking of a stand-up, glassed-in bar ait the back of the room. organizations: The Swedish Confederation of Government Employees (SR) and the Swedish Confederation of Professional Workers (SACO). They are a threat to the power of the Swedish Confederation of Trade Unions (LO) with whom the Government is closely allied. STRUCK BACK Both SACO and SR struck because they felt themselves snubbed in the current wage negotiations. They consider that they were offered worse conditions that the unions affiliated to the LO. Moreover, they say that it was made unpleasantly obvious that they were expected to play the part of younger brothers, patiently picking up the crubs after the LO had taken its share. The hardest pill to swallow has been the definition of wages. In the Government view, abundantly expounded in public by Mr. Palme, the Prime Minister, this must be the gross payment before deduction of tax. The prime minister said that it was unjustifiable to count only the money in your pocket: you must also consider social welfare and other public benefits in deciding whether you were well off or not. This is considered unpleasantly dicta' torial and paternalistic by the striking organizations. In their view, it is only the net salary, after deductions, that counts, on t h e principal that a man wants to decide how to spend his own money. The increases offered SR and SACO would have been illusory, since taxes would have eaten them away, in many cases actually reducing salaries. This was felt to be one more attack 6n the already badly - squeezed middle classes, and the two organizations, perhaps somewhat precipitately, went on strike. It emerged during the course of the stoppage that it was meant as a protest against the Social Democratic fiscal policy, which has caused grave discontent amongst the middle classes. And, indeed, it is not impossible that in the long run it may have some effect.  CLASS WELFARE But the Social Democrats and the LO have nourished the impression of class warfare by attacking S'R and SACO as the rich men's organizations, taking the bread out of the mouths of the hard - pressed working man. The fact that many LO members earn more than highly qualified specialists did not vitiate the effectiveness of the argument. There was an interesting illustration of the discontent of the Swedish middle classes in a rise of inquiries for emigration during the strike. The SACO strike bulletin announced that they had so many applications that they were putting out a special publication presenting the best opportunities overseas. Despite their disapproval of SR, SACO and the strike, the LO were the last to approve the legislation. The S w e d ish labor market has functioned for decades independently of Government interference, with the threat of strikes and lockout as the ultimate deterrent. The state of emergency might dam age the system permanently. What is certain is that the civil servants feel betrayed. They were first given the right to strike in 1966, and now they feel that it exists only as long as it is not invoked. In order not to give their members the impression of negotiating under duress, the LO and the private employers are expected to postpone their wage bargaining until after the law expires. Why the Government acted as it did is an open question. But it could not climb down, and the strike could not go on, if only because the closure of the railways would have led to unemployment in an already distressed labor market. Legislation, however distasteful, was the only way out. By LESLIE COLITT London Observer Service BERLIN - After a year of four - Power searching for an arrangement over Berlin, a formula has been found which could lead to success in the near future. It is a deceptively simple recipe, avoiding the tortuous legalities of the Berlin problem that have thwarted the experts for years. Western diplomats say the plan involves concessions in appearance rather than substance by the two sides, Britain, France and the United States and the Soviet Union. The optimism on the Western side has arisen after the keen interest shown by the Russians in a Western draft agreement submitted here last month. It contains a modified position on the crucial question of access to West Berlin over the East German - controlled land routes. The new Western proposal is that the four Powers would commit themselves to a "general set of ground rules" on access. The Soviet Union, in guaranteeing them, would not be placed in the position of having to renege on its 1955 agreement with East Germany, granting it full sovereignty over the former Soviet - occupied zone. Previous Western proposals were unacceptable to Moscow as they made it look as if the four Powers were telling East Germany it had no jurisdiction over the highways and railroads between West Ber 1 i n and West Germany. East German Communist officials agree that the latest Western proposal "goes a long way toward respecting" the principle of East German sovereignty over "transit traffic" between West Germany and West Berlin. The portion of the Western draft paper dealing with access to West Berlin contains the following principles on which the four Powers would agree: 1. Traffic between West Germany and West Berlin m u s t pass unhindered. 2. Travellers must be able to move between West Berlin and West Germany after properly identifying themselves to border officials. 3. Freight shipments are to be sealed by border officials after which they can proceed without further inspection to their destination in West Berlin or West Germany. The agreement woiHd conveniently leave open a number of unresolved questions to be negotiated between East and West Germany. A broad agreement on principles by the four Powers is essential before the green light can be given to the two Germanys to work out the details. At present, for example, East Germany insists it would seal all trucks entering its territory, merely allowing them to leave East Germany without further inspection. A compromise would have to be worked out by both German sides, perhaps by allowing mixed teams of border officials to place their seals on freight shipments. The outlook for an agreement soon on the access question has been enhanced, Western officials believe, by another portion of the Western draft plan, dealing with West Berlin's relations with West Germany. It states that West Berlin has no constituted ties, with West Germany and that the Western allies are prepared to guarantee that West German Government officials and bodies will not carry out official duties in West Berlin. Although the Russians say this is not wholly satisfactory, they agree it has allowed mem to begin hammering out an agreement with the West on the access routes. Deputy minister gets 'LP posl EDMONTON (CP) - Dr. J. Graham Clarkson, deputy minister of health in New Brunswick, has accepted a position with the University of Alberta medical faculty, it was announced here. Dr. C. A. Meilicke, director of the health services division of the university, said Dr. Clarkson will be a professor in the faculty's health services administration program. Before his New Brunswick appointment in 1967, Dr. Clarkson was deputy minister of health in Saskatchewan, a position he assumed after he was instrumental in setting up the Saskatchewan Medical Care Commission, the first such health care program in North America. Serve up the pancakes Pour on the Rogers'! ROGERS' PANCAKE $ SYRUP with the golden " flavor of cane-sugar syrup! And also take home ROGERS' GOLDEN SYRUP in the tin or handy plastic container, a free ROGERS' RECIPE BOOK, write: B.C. Sugar Refining Co; Ltd., Rogers Street, Vancouver, B.C. ASSISTANT MANAGER'S SALE 3 Days Only - Thurs., Fri., and Sat. - March 18th, 19th, 20th icsus ChKlt-C LIMITED QUANTITIES - SHOP EARLY RECORD SALE Choose from many artists Your Choice Dickie Gvet : ! W. 6f \\\of?v. OWENS -rii $ HJS S88M888 Zeller's County Fair* located in the South Lethbridge Shopping Centre on Mayor Magrath Drive Open Doily 9 a.m. to 6 p.m; Wednesday 9 a.m. to 1 p.m; Thursday and Friday 9 a.m. to 9 prn. Telephone 328-8171 ;