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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - March 17, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta \ Wednesday, March 17,1971 - THIUTHMIDOE HERALD -17 7,000 Chinese, one Canadian wmh on black Africa railway program DAR ES SALAAM (CP) -Seven thousand Chinese-and one Canadian-are currently working on one of black Africa's most important projects, a rail link between the copper fields of Zambia and this port city in Tanzania. Besides opening up development, the railway called Tan-zam is designed to eliminate a major political problem: Zambia s dependence on a railway through white  minority-ruled Rhodesia to get its copper to International markets. The new 1,056-mile Tanzam line, on which construction began last October, is being funded by Communist China through an interest-free loan of more than $400 million. It is by far China's largest foreign aid project anywhere. Other Chinese aid to Tanzania includes construction of a naval base in Dar es Salaam harbor, a $6 million textile mill, military advisers who took. over when Canadian advisers left in 1970, medical personnel and a munitions and small-arms factory. China also is a supplier for some of the southern African guerrilla groups which have their headquarters here. CANADA WELCOMED Canada, apparently welcomed by President Julius Nyerere to counteract in a small way the heavy Chinese influence, has scheduled a total aid program of $8 million this year, with prospects for growth but no hope of matching the Chinese contribution. When External Affairs Minister Mitchell Sharp arrived here recently on his tour of black Africa, he was told by Nyerere and Finance Minister Amir Jamal that Canada's aid is appreciated, especially since Canada does not try to interfere in Tanzanian affairs. One example of Tanzania's confidence-and apparently China's too-is the presence of a Wholesale up OTTAWA (CP) - The general wholesale price index rose to 285.8 in February from 285.0 in January but remained below its 280.1 level of a year earlier, the Dominion Bureau of Statistics reported today. The index, based on pre-war 1935-39 prices equalling 100, measures changes in prices at trade levels below retail. The bureau said animal prod' ucts prices made the largest ad vance last month, rising to an index of 322.2 from 315.6 in Jan uary, but they remained well below the 338.4 mark set in February last year. Non-ferrous metals prices declined to 256.4 from 260.0 in January and were down nearly 12 per cent from 281.1 in February last year. There was virtually no change in the index of raw and partly manufactured goods, at 258.4 in February compared with 258.3 in January. A small advance to 301.3 from 300.0 was recorded for fully and chiefly manufactured goods. Loan-sharking racket linked to slaying* MONTREAL (CP) - The shotgun slaying of a night club operator Monday and four other murders here this year may be linked to a loan-sharking racket, a police spokesman says. Det.-Lieut Marcel Allard of the city's homicide squad said loan-sharking-the lending of money at big rates and the subsequent use of intimidation to collect the delinquent pay-m e n t s - i s "immediately evident" in some of the killings, "while in others there are indications that it is a strong motivation." George Calderwood, 38, operator of the Blue Top Club, was shot early Monday as he walked along a sidewalk. The killers left behind a bank bag containing $200 in cash. Sunday's receipts from the club. Three men were slain last Thursday at the Casa Lorn a Cafe. A fifth killing was that of Michel Couture, 23, whose body was found in January. To carry cross VATICAN CITY (AP) - Pope Paul will carry the symbolic wooden cross again this year, despite his 73 years, in leading Holy Week observances by the world's Roman Catholics. The Vatican announced Tuesday the pontiff would cany the cross a short distance on Good Friday, which marks the crucifixion of Christ on Calvary. senior Canadian official on the Tanzam railway project. He is J. R. Bernard, of Canadian National's Montreal office, who has been working as comptroller of the project for 11 months. ' His presence is not widely advertised by the Canadian Inter- national Development Agency for fear of upsetting the delicate balance of co-operation that China has allowed to exist.. When Tanzania went to the Chiniese with a list of more than 20 countries from which to pick a comptroller, only four were satisfactory to the Chinese. Canada was one, and the Tan-zanians chose Bernard. They have also put out feelers as to whether Canada could provide for or five additional senior staff members for the project, including a chief mechanical engineer, a chief personnel officer and a purchasing agent. The gesture is significant, considering the fact that in 1969 Tanzania and Zambia agreed that no Western personnel were to be involved in the project. On Monday, Sharp signed an agreement in Arusha, Tanzania, for a $14 million interest-free Canadian loan to the three coun- Russia tightens grip on Egypt BEIRUT, Lebanon (AP) - As some diplomats see it, the Soviet Union is quietly getting a grip on Egypt's civil and political apparatus. The Russians are presumed to believe that a settlement of the Arab-Israeli conflict would lessen the importance of their military aid to Egypt and thus diminish the major role they now play in Egyptian affairs. They consequently are building up a political power base in Egypt that anticipates a future era of peace in the Middle East. Western diplomats believe there is evidence that infiltration of the ruling Arab Socialist Union by Communist sympathizers and manipulation of the security agencies are two means by which the Russians Mexico accuses Korea MEXICO CITY (Reuter) -Mexico charged this week that North Korea had trained young Mexicans in terrorism and guerrilla warfare and sent them back to fight for the establishment of a "Marxist-Leninist regime." A statement by Mexican Prosecutor-General Julio Sanchez Vargas also charged that the Soviet Union: had turned a blind eye to the activities of the Mexicans, students at the Moscow Patrice Lumumba Friendship University, and their alleged North Korean mentors. Sanchez Vargas said 19 young persons had been arrested so far in five Mexican cities and automatic rifles, pistols, ammunition, short-wave radios and large quantities of money had been found in their possession. Many had been trained under the sponsorship of the North Korean government, at a military camp near Pyongyang, in sabotage, terrorism, and guerrilla warfare and had returned here to form urban and rural guerrilla units, the prosecutor said. "The object foi which this group was trained by the North Korean military was to impose a Marxist Leninist regime in Mexico to which end they received theoretical training which alternated with instruction in the use of all types of. arms, high - power explosives, urban and rural guerrilla tactics, karate and band-to-hand wrestling," the statement declared. ALL CONFESS The prosecutor said the 19 had confessed to the charges. He said members of the group, which called itself the. Movement of Revolutionary Action, had taken part in an assault on a bank courier here last December. In that assault, $84,000 were stolen. The prosecutor said police were investigating further to establish whether members of the movement had been involved in a whole series of bank robberies which have shaken the capital and Mexican provincial centres over the last few months. The presecutor named the ringleaders of the group, entirely composed of Mexicans, as Fabricio Gomez Souza and Alejandro Lopez Urillo, both of whom had gone to the Moscow university on Soviet government scholarships i n 1963. They arranged for three groups of young Mexicans to travel to Pyongyang through contacts in the North Korean embassies in Moscow and East Berlin in 1968 and 1969, Sanchez Vargas added. All three groups travelled from Mexico to East Germany, where they were given North Korean passports, and then crossed through the Soviet Union by train and by air. The Mexican prosecutor's s t a t e m ent said the groups, which included three women, were trained in "a specialized base some 30 to kilometers (37 to 50 miles from the North Korean capital, and the instructors were leaders and officers of the army of that country." BAY POLLUTED SYDNEY, Australia (Reuter) - Botany Bay, where Captain Cook landed two centuries ago to discover Australia, is bein� seriously polluted by mercury, affecting fish and oysters. plan to maintain their position in Egypt. The East German interior minister, Col. Gen. Friedrich Dickel, signed in January an agreement with Egyptian officials providing for "full co-operation in the fields of police and security affairs." The two countries agreed to exchange technical and other information on security, the Cairo press reported. A new Egyptian police force made its appearance in Cairo early this year after a nine-month training program which included political studies conducted by the East Germans. Known as "security prefects," the new police handle everything from traffic jams to political espionage, according to the. semi-official newspaper Al Ahram. The 750 prefects' roam Cairo day and night in two-man patrols, each equipped with a walkie-talkie radio. AI Ahram reported that among their early successes were the arrest of 15 pickpockets disguised as women and the apprehension of an unidentified foreign diplomat who had photographed a restricted military zone in Alexandria. An East German organization for sports and technical training, which incidentally gives German youth a grounding in Marxism, is providing para-military t r a i n i n g for Egyptian youngsters. In the last six months a strong of East European delegations has passed through Egypt. A mission from the Czech Communist party was headed by the hard-line Central Committee secretary Vasil Bilak. It concluded an agreement of cooperation with the Arab Socialist Union. The Egyptians indicated full support for almost every aspect of Communist foreign policy from Indochina to relations with West Germany. tries involved in East African Community-Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania. The loan is to enable the community, a kind of common market, to buy 35 locomotives for the Tanzam railway. REJECT BY BANK The original feasibility survey for the railway was completed in 1965 by a consulting firm sponsored by Britain and Canada. Its report, suggesting a route for the railway, was turned down by the World Bank as uneconomic. Nyerere took the project to China on a visit and the Chinese committed themselves immediately. The project appeared to be going slowly until Rhodesia unilaterally declared independence from Britain, leaving a white-minority government on Zambia's southern border. Zambia has since gone to great lengths to decrease its dependence on Rhodesia. The Chinese began an arduous railway study by foot beginning in 1968, which they completed in late 1969, and agreed to the loan to build the railway along essen- tially the same line as the Canadian-British survey bad charted. There now are between 7,000 and 7,500 Chinese in Tanzania working on the project. By 1972 there are to be 13,000 Chinese at work with 30,000 Tanzanians and Zambians. The project is scheduled for completion in five years. MPs to raise pay-by 40 per cent VANCOUVER (CP) - The Sun says members of Parliament are likely to vote themselves a salary increase of almost 40 per cent within the new few weeks. The newspaper says in a story from its Ottawa bureau that MPs will probably do away with recommendations of the recent Beaupre commission, which independently studied the question of MPs' salaries, and give themselves a four-per-cent yearly pay raise. This would be retroactive to 1963, the year members last received an increase, the story says. Members currently re- ceive a $12,000 salary and $6,000 as a tax-free expense allow* ance. Because the four-per-cent increase would be on an annually escalating scale, The Sun says, it would actually amount to closer to a 40-per-cent total increase rather than a straight 32-per-cent increase since 1963. This would bring the tax-free allowance to close to $8,400 and the salary to about $16.800-a total of $25,200. The independent commission on salaries, headed by T. N. Beaupre, president of Domtar Ltd., recommended a $25,000 salary for MPs, all of it taxable. Mmacleods ?AVINGmORE WE RESERVE THE RIGHT TO LIMIT QUANTITIES ON ALL ITEMS ASPIRIN 100s 59* ONLY */ # . i Priced low at Macleodi. Relieves pain. ^ BATH TOWEL n OOc 22"x42\ -tin M M FACE CLOTH 19' 12" �12". -iiM � M DRESS SOCKS REG. $1.50 WORK SOCKS -4JJ1 REG. 79c -MM SAVE 19c MISSES' BRIEFS REG. 69c Assorted shades and Whit*. S, M. L. -4577 SAVE 38c PROPANE TORCH TANK $1.95 ^ |J Replacement cylinder bvm approximately for IS hours. -ma Highest quality, chrome plated. V length. -3734 CENTRE VILLAGE MALL - PHONE 327-4240 Open Daily 9 a.m. to 6 p.m.; Wed. 9 a.m. to 1 p.m.; Thurs. and Fri. 9 a.m. to 9 p.m. I WIN A TRIP FOR TWO TO TORONTO VIA AIR CANADA ' Draw to be made April 3rd, 1971 NAME .. ADDRESS ;