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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - March 16, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta EDITORIALS Liberals gear for June By peter Desbarats, Torento Star commentator BERRTS WORLD Punning parity Everybody wants parity, not just rural teachers with city teachers. Women want parity with men; young people with older people; tradesmen with their counterparts in the U.S. or wherever the highest wage is being paid; those lower on the pay scale with anyone who is higher. Even politicians are singing that tune. Two bills are now before the Quebec legislature that will bring, when passed, the salaries of ministers and members close to parity with those paid in Ottawa. Members are also to be protected against rising prices by annual three per cent increments to their salaries and allowances. It would be unseemly to ask how ,a have-not province, receiving substantial amounts of aid from the federal treasury, can afford to pay its legislators on this scale. Questions of whether the circumstances of the province or the comparable work load of the legislators warrants the financial outlay - in the outlook of the day - are irrelevant. The point seems to be that if some get a certain level of remuneration all should get it. If Quebec legislators reach parity with those in Ottawa it will not be long before those in other provinces will follow suit-indeed, some have already made their moves. Legislators deserve to be well paid. That principle is now almost unques- tioned. But it is debatable whether the notion of parity deserves "*he same kind of acceptance. Surely the demands placed on an MLA are not equal to those on an MP. And, just possibly, salaries ought to be set in some relation to the general level of income in that province not in comparison to Ottawa or the most afflu* ent province. Does parity not have any qualifications attached to it? If a legislator in Quebec is equal to a legislator in Ottawa, is a legislator in Prince Edward Island equal also to one at the federal level? For that matter, is a legislator in Toronto or Lethbridge equal to provincial and federal legislators? Where does the pursuit of parity begin and end? It might be argued- in fact the Communist system enshrines the idea - that the proper pursuit of parity is the equalization of all pay. But that is not a very palatable view for many now prating about parity; at the very least it would mean an onward scaling for them in order to give parity to the poor. Parity may not be the god of worship after all. It is certain that pursuing parity in Canada is almost like baying at the moon. The objective is never achieved. All that is accomplished is the fueling of the fires of inflation. Governments should not be in the forefront of such iniquitous influence. More for less Urban sprawl is gobbling up rich agricultural land leaving governments wrestling with ways of controlling it. The land freeze proposed by the B.C. government in an effort to control developers' gluttony has erupted in a province - wide controversy and spiralling land prices. Land control is overdue, especially in the heavily populated Fraser Valley where planners have long urged that subdivisions be confined to the hilly, less productive regions leaving the rich delta basin solely for agricultural purposes. As progress intrudes food-producing land diminishes. Even the individual plot gardeners are threatened as high - rise developers buy up ad-Joining property robbing them of necessary sunlight. Pensioners, reluctant to move in the face of progress and dependent on their vegetable gardens to stretch their pensions find their gardens less productive since the encroachment of the high-rise. The answer to producing greater crops on less land may be found in hydroponic gardening - the art of growing plants, without soil, in wa- ter impregnated with chemicals. The experiment with tomatoes in Eastern Canada is producing a per - acre yield four times that of the normal farm. The plants grow out of stones laid in lines running the full length of the quonset hydroponicum. Temperature is a constant 82 degrees with humidity at 60 per cent. The water containing all the necessary growth nutrients is fed underneath the gravel leaving a nutrient deposit on the stones which also serve as root supports. This deposit is picked up by the plant root when feeding is stopped. An electronic toothbrush shakes the pollen down around the stigma pollinating the plants. Yield from 1,260 tomato plants is 30,000 pounds bi - annually - equal to 105 tons per acre. A single crop grown outdoors averages about 25 tons per acre. What is even better is the superior taste to any domestic or imported tomato. There is no fear of insecticides or pesticides because hydroponicums are germ - free, the gravel is sterilized and workers are required to wear rubber gloves. ERIC NICOL Pennies from heaven Poor old Yanks. You have to feel sorry for them. Stuck with their form of federal government. Only two parties. The Elephant and the Jackass. No pink Flamingo delicately balanced on one leg - the balance of power. How the Americans would envy us, if they knew about our minority government! Since last October when Mr. Trudeau squeaked back into office, on sufferance in a particulate ^parliament, goodies have rained down upon the Canadian voter in a veritable deluge of federal boon. Boosted pensions, reduced income tax, stiffened immigration laws, continued family allowance, even official recognition of western Canada - these are but a few of the treats falling from the pockets of a government hanging on to power by its toenails. Compare this blissful circumstance with the divided power io Washington. Must President Nixon start his day by climbing down the chimney as Father Christmas, to appease a Democrat Congress? No, mum. Because of the clumsy mechanism of executive and legislative power, the president can't be ejected from the works before his four years are up, unless he is actually caught lifting floor samples from the U.S. Mint. Vastly more-bountiful is minority government, also known as "yeuch." A majority government grabs back all the sweets the people have been given by the minority government, hands us the broom and dustpan and tells us to clean up the mess behind the playroom door. One lesson the Canadian voter has learned, in the past few months, is: The hell with that. Speaking on behalf of the average Canadian, this foreigner goes on record as not caring if Canada never has a majority government again. Indeed it will be a glum day, a frostier Friday, when a single party is returned to the Commons with enough seats to be able to sit on our yum-yum. This can be avoided if all of us follow one simple rule in the election which will follow the ousting of the present Liberal government Namely: Vote exactly as you did the last time. Don't change horses in mid-stream unless you really enjoy taking a bath with a horse. The three parties will try to trick us into voting differently, by running new candidates, by changing the electoral boundaries, by putting whiskers on Bob Stanfield - all kinds of gimmicks to gull us into electing enough members to.constitute a majority government. DO NOT BE FOOLED. The laugh you lose may be your own. At the same time we should set up an electors' research group to study means of perpetuating minority government regardless of the number of MPs elected by each party. Leaving to chance is simply not good enough. Four heads are bettor than one, even though one of them does belong to Real Caouette. Minority government. The glory of the Canadian democratic process. Eat your heart out, Uncle Sam, Since they wrested power from the Diefenbaker government a decade ago, and particularly since they chose Pierre Trudeau as leader in 1968, Liberals have been singularly unsuccessful in dealing with a growing spirit of discontent in western Canada. This feeling was so strong by last October that it almost cancelled out the Trudeau govern-ment's success since 1970 in reducing tensions between Quebec and the rest of the nation. As the situation in Quebec unproved from Ottawa's point of view, western Canadians aeemed to feel further removed from a meaningful role in federal affairs except as critics whose ballots filled the opposition benches in the House of Commons. After last October's election, the imbalance in Liberal support was so glaring that the party was ready to do almost anything to redress it. So the Liberals have decided to gamble on a process that appears to be the political equivalent of power generation by controlled nuclear fission. Like the forces released by atomic division, the regional forces which continually threaten to blow Canada apart can also be sources of immense political power. If they can be controlled and combined, they can be generators of national pride and development. Used in another way, they can provide the power to maintain small political groupings on the national scene for considerable periods of time. In the West, this has been demonstrated by Social Credit and, to a lesser extent, the New Democratic Party. Now the Liberals, impelled by necessity, have decided to see whether it is possible to utilize the discontent in western Canada to power their return to a majority in Ottawa. The "reactor" for this experiment will be the regional conference that the party will hold in Vancouver from June 22 to 24. If the process works, the conference will produce the beginning of the new national policy that the prime minister already has described as its main objective. These western liberal policies will then fonn (ha background of Trudeau's own approach to the four western premiers at the July conference on western economic opportunities la Vancouver. That is the scenario If everything goes without a hitch. But the potential for trouble is enormous. The number and sequence of the inter-reactions in this process are as complex as those in an atomic' pile, and far less predictable. There is, to begin with, the difficult business of integrating distinctive British Columbia concerns and a conference dominated by Prairie delegates. This isn't a new problem but it could become more apparent in the Vancouver settling of this year's conference. / There will probably be a sharp increase in the competition for influence and prominence at the convention between the four cabinet ministers from the West and the four provincial party leaders. This will be even more apparent if As per of Manitoba still has a provincial election ahead of him when the conference meets in June. Trudeau's meeting with the four leaders in Regina last December has not only given them a greater sense of coherence, as a group capable of voicing western Canadian interests within the party, but an increased awareness of their role in relation to the national party which could cause friction with federal ministers. Even if the conference goes smoothly, its success will ultimately depend on the response that it evokes from the prime minister. A conference that moves too far ahead of Trudeau in stating western requirements will defeat its own purpose. Its resolutions could then be used against the prime minister by the Conservative and NDP premiers at the July meeting. The potential for. trouble at the June conference is so evident that the decision to hold it is a revealing indication of just how desperate the Liberals are about Western Canada. The organizers already are taking steps to reduce some of the risks. It has already been decided that the number of delegates will be limited to sev-eral hundred. The participation of non-voting observers and alternate delegates will be strictly controlled. At the first meeting of the five-member organizing committee in Regina last Sunday, there was discussion of a draft of objectives which would limit the conference to resolutions specifically related to western Canada; and primarily to economic questions. There would be room in the conference for general discussion of the future of western Canada but the resolutions of the conference would have a specific focus. The importance that Ottawa attaches to the conference is indicated by the appointment of Gordon Gibson as organizing chairman. Gibson's western credentials are impeccable but a good part of his political education was gained as one of the original members of the prime minister's office after 1968. Gibson left the PMO to contest Vancouver against one of the Conservatives' ablest candidates, John Fraser. Apart from a weekly newspaper column in Vancouver, he is now devoting all his time to organizing the Vancouver conference - the first time that a western liberal conference has been assisted by this kind of talent on a full-time basis. The importance that Trudeau already has given the Vancouver conference, in public speeches and private talks with various party officials, has generated excitement among western Liberals. But there is also a great deal of barely concealed skepticism. Western liberal conferences have been churning out resolutions every two years since 1966 without much noticeable affect on Ottawa, according to some party members. A long time Liberal in Alberta recalled asking one of the western ministers recently about the fate of resolutions passed in previous conferences. "When I have a policy I want to push, I look through the resolutions to see if I can find one that fits," he said. "If I can't, they go back into the bottom drawer." Secret plot against Arabs By Colin Legnm, London Observer commentator KHARTOUM - Sudanese investigations into the Black September killings of a Belgian and two American diplomats have produced surprising evidence of a clandestine revolutionary Islamic ^ movement, which extends from Tripoli in Libya to the Middle East and the Horn of Africa. The extensive ramification of this network of spying and subversion has produced a major crisis for Arab leaders who are either too embarrassed or too disturbed by the revelations to make public pronouncements in reply to the open challenge and secret diplomatic notes addressed to them by the Sudan's young military leader, President Gaafar Numeiry. Extensive documentary evidence shows that the clandestine movement has its headquarters in Tripoli but whether it is actively directed by Libya's President Muammar Qad-hafi remains unclear. He has so far refused to be drawn either privately or publicly by President Numeriry's public request to him to extradite Faw- BERRY'S WORLD az Yassin, the head of the Palestine liberation office in Khartoum, who fled to Tripoli a few hours before the storming of the Saudi Arabian embassy which led to the killing of the three diplomats. For some inexplicable reason he left behind him his diary and extensive documents showing not only that he personally directed the Black September operation but was also at the centre of a subversive organization which had among its aims: 1. The overthrow of Num-edry's government in favor of an Islamic socialist regime which'would unite the Sudan with Libya and Egypt in the embryonic Federation of Arab Republics. (An immediate consequence of such a regime would be to destroy the fragile one-year-old agreement that brought peace between the Muslim north and the non-Muslim south of die Sudan after 17 years of civil war.) 2. Active support from Libya through the Sudan' for the Eritrean Liberation Movement (ELF), which is partly Muslim � O Cliff} or MA, he. led, to challenge and overthrow the Emperor of Ethiopia and his Christian-dominated government. (ELF operates on the Sudan frontier with the Ethiopian province of Eritrea but has suffered recently through internal divisions and because of the difficulty of getting substantial arms supplies to its rebels). 3. To undermine Arab governments, including Egypt, which are ready to cooperate with the United States to achieve a negotiated settlement in the Middle East crisis. The discovery that Al Fatah, the main Palestinian guerrilla organization - which enjoyed diplomatic status in the Sudan - was the centre of this clandestine organization, which was only partly engaged in the Palestinian struggle against Israel but more immediately involved in subversion in Arab and African countries regarded as "reactionary", has precipitated a major crisis within Fatah and in its relations with the Arab governments which support it. President Numeiry, who has always been an ardent supporter of Fatah and the Palestinian cause, had hoped to get a clear dissociation by the Fatah leader, Yasser Arafat, from the operations of his Khartoum office. Instead of this, Arafat has chosen to insult him by sending a message to President Anwar Sadat of Egypt asking for his support against the "feverish and surprising campaign by the Sudanese president "for what he describes as "a new and serious American plot to liquidate the Palestine revolution." In the eyes of Khartoum this message establishes the clear Fatah link with Black September as well as with clandestine subversive activities against Arab end African States. The Egyptians are clearly deeply embarrassed by this open conflict between Fatah and Iibya on one side and the Sudan, Saudi Arabia and Jordan on the other. Sadat has so far sent no reply to Numeiry'* private messages soliciting support for his action in closing down the local Fatah office and punishing the guilty. But the Cairo newspaper Gomhouria has published an editorial criticizing the Black September operation in Khartoum. This is regarded here at an indtcetion af Sadat's position.  MllyNIAj "l know some peopfs say fAt 'energy crfsiV was trumpti* up by tnt federal government, but ftonest/y. doctor, Letter Interested only in issues I regret that my article of March 1st evoked such a discourteous and hostile response from Peter Hunt. It is a pity that he made no attempt to attack my arguments but instead indulged in personal abuse. I consider the majority of his comments to be unfair, irrelevant, erroneous and reprehensible. " He totally ignores the fact that I stressed that belief in evolution was hot incompatible with theism, and that there need be no dichotomy. I happened to agree with a few of the points in his article of Feb. 8, particularly where he urged a more comprehensive approach to the study of man in general. My main contention was that the. study of the soul and man's spiritual nature did not belong in a study of evolution where, anti  evolutionists and Peter Hunt were trying to put it. He says in his letter of March 8 that the soul is the business of philosophy and theology, not of the physical sciences. I concur absolutely since that is precisely the point of view I was expressing. I cannot see how he missed it. I deliberately avoided comment on Ms remarks about everything evolving from matter, since I am no philosopher or theologian. However, since he complains about my omission I shall proceed. Everything material that exists is obviously composed of matter. New man's body and brain are matter so could be said to have evolved from matter. Biologists consider Out intellect evolved (otherwise we should all still be living in trees or caves). This is where biological evolutionists stop and properly so, since the soul is a philosophical and non-sci-ratific expression. Whether the 'psche' or 'essence of man* evolved (or whether there is an evolutive God) la surely a question for theological evolutionists auch as supporters of Teilhard de Chardin, and their opponents, and is not a question for pure scientists. It is a complex and intricate theological issue on which scientist* are not qualified to make judgments. I think Peter Hunt is confusing theological evolutionism with biological evolutionism. My personal opinion, and that is all that it is because my knowledge of theology is limited, is that the soul is somehow dependent upon matter, or a function of it, at least in this earthly life, since without the brain we should not even be capable of thinking about such things. This is not the same thing as saying that the soul is matter or synonymous with it Our difficulty seems to lie in semantics or how we choose to look at things. Man is indeed an animal, the most highly developed primate that exists, but no one is trying to say that this is all that he is. A scientific analysis of man's brain would reveal its physio-chemical structure and its physiological workings but would reveal nothing about ideas or other abstract concepts. We could not say that a song was merely the rush of sound waves ever the vocal chords without expressing the nature of that song any more than a description of a painting as splashes of chemical pigment would express the essence of a work of art. We have a scientific expression, which is objective, then we have to superimpose a philosophic or artistic expression, before we have a full picture ... I have said all that I have to say and shall not write again on this topic whatever the provocation. I am interested solely in the issues involved, and not in verbal personal combat, particularly the vindictive variety practised by Peter Hunt and think that the readers of this' newspaper are entitled to something better. PAMELA J. GODDARD Pincher Creek. Gross inconsistency Because the mass media constantly bombards people with the 'easy life* philosophy in order to sell everything from hamburgers to toothpaste, modern man has been brainwashed into thinking that any pain or inconvenience is evil and must be eradicated. There are even those who would try to convince society that abortion ts other than the elfish act of an individual who cannot stand to be inconvenienced. One has only to listen to tiie pro-abortionist's comments on the barbaric nature of capital punishment to. understand their decaying minds. Many abortionists would save the life of a convicted murderer, a habitual thief, a heroin pusher or a criminal who has already harmed society while in the next breath would demand the right to kill a completely innocent child on the justification that the child Isn't born yet and is causing inconvenience. If abortion can be justified as a humane way to take the life of an unborn child, one should note that there are humane ways of killing two year olds, ten year olds, the aged and in-firmed. Jews, Mormons, etc. if they inconvenience us too much. Even a fetus can learn to love. It is a pity that many who have grown to be adults have not so learned. Lethbridge. G.S. The Lethbridge Herald KM 1th at 8., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD TO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher* Published MM -1864, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN ------Clw Mil attrition No. Mil __. _--- "--�--� 1.11 WMOT fjv, H|, pwMMMn' Allocution ond Mo Audit Bureau of Circulation* THOMAS H, ADAMS, Control Mintgor �^ "l-UNO, WILLIAM HAV tSS'SfJ?,".? _ Aiwilait Editor avfttntma Mononr uitortai f>teo isatr THf HERALD SERVES THI SOUTH* ;