Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 16, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta
2 THE CHINOOK The LelHbtidge HctolH, Thurtclay, March It, >972_ Farm and ranch notes African graduate business By Ric Swihoit The Canadian livestock and meat industry could just be the ideal example of consumers and produ- cers, working through Ihe processor, living and work- ing to the mutual benefit of each other. In 1971 meat output totalled a record billion pounds. This was a one billion pound or 51 per cent increase from the production in 1961. During this period, the Canadian population increased only }9 per cent. The meat output per capita rose to 160 pounds from 135 pounds in the 10-year period. 11. K. Leckie, general manager of the Meat Packers Council of Canada, told the 52nd annual council meeting that Canadians had continued to buy meat at reasonable and competitive prices in the face of increased supply. In real terms, choice steers at Lcthbridge went up about per hundredweight during the 10-year period. There was a further increase in 1971. This general price increase occurred within the total livestock industry except for hogs during 1971, when prices fell to about 18 cents per hundredweight due to natural economic forces wilhin the market. 'Hie present price is about 29 cenls and experts expect the trend to continue. The .Supreme Court of Canada has upheld a Manitoba Appeal Court decision disallowing interpro- vincial movement of agricultural raw materials. The decision clearly re-affirms the dominant role of the federal government in the realm of interpro- vincial trade. This means that provincial marketing legislation can only validly regulate products produced within that provincial boundary. The provincial legis- lation can't interfere with inlerprovincial transactions which are part of a continuous product flow across provincial boundaries. This decision should quiet a lot of noisy types who seem intent on having their own way. What ihe courts likely had in mind was to force all agencies and groups to bide by Ihe enabling legislation, Bill C-176 and go about interprovindul trade on a ra- tional and organized basis. What a relief to have something happen without a headache for someone at every turn. The Canadian Egg Producers Council, represent- ing egg producers in all 10 provinces, has asked government for financial assistance. It would be used to reduce laying flocks to correct Ihe disastrous over- supply on the market. The council is asking for an incentive payment of per bird slaughtered up to April 30. It is also seeking public commitment by govern- ment for provincial quotas which will include all production whether through regulated or unregulated .shippers. Calendar of farm events March 22-25 T.cthbridge Agrnmn Seed Fair and Annual short Courses, Machinery and Equipment Exhibits, Food Products Displays. Program as follows: March 22 Lcthbridge Warhlc Fly Control, Proposed Beef Grading System, Honey, Potatoes and Uape- secd Programs W-rffi S2 Calgary Agricultural Free Market vs. Supply Management (University of Calgary pro-regis- tration required) March 23 Lcthbridge Capital Gains Tax and the Farmer, and Estate Planning March 24 T.elhbriclge Sheltcrbcll. Design, Tree Culture, Pests and Diseases, Tree Pruning March M I-o'hbridge Ladies Program Home De- sipns "Himion Considerations hi House Design" C. F. Henlley, M.Sc., Iowa State and Uni- versity of Alberta March 27-M Duchess Upholstery Workshop Marcli 27-TO Patricia Upholstery Workshop March 29 Edmonton Annual Meeting Alberta Com- mercial Egg Producers March 28 Edmonton Alberta Egg and Fowl Marketing Board Annual Mechng March 29 Red Deer Alberta Turkey Marketing Hoard Annual Meeting March 30 I.clhbridge Southern Alberta Poultry Council Meeting D. Agnew-Ocst Speaker helps Canadian farmers When Dr. Man F r ey man started work for the Canada department of agriculture in 19CG as a research scientist, this country's gain was the Re- public of South Africa's loss. A crop physiologist special- izing in field corn cultural practices and varieties at the Lcthbridge Research Station since Dr. Freyman re- ceived his B.Sc. in agriculture from the University of Pretoria in South Africa. Initially, bis work involved timber range productivity through the Kamloops Re- search Station, following com- pletion of his doctorate from, the University of British Col- umbia. From this work, be published data on fertilizer and chemical use, and land renovations using herbicides to lull grass. He Dr. Freyman examines resulis Rapeseed eyed as new irrigated crop S. BUBETZ. Agronomist Traditionally, rapesccd has been grown on dryland but re- cently has been looked on with favor by farmers and proces- sors as an irrigated crop. Ex- periments in 1071 showed that pounds of seed per acre can be obtained under irriga- tion. This is more than double the average dryland yield. The ex peri merits were con- ducted by the Canada Depart- ment of A gri cul t LI re Rese arch Station, Lethbridge, at two lo- cations. Five rates of nitrogen fertilizer and two of phosphorus acre using a grass seed attach- ment on a grain drill. Two vari- eties, Echo and Span, were used. Irrigat ion was practised fo maintain the soil water in Uic tipper half of the available range. Yields from both varieties were the same. At one location the best yicM response was to 100 poimds of nitre gen and 44 pounds of phosphorus per acre. At the other local Jon 50 pounds of nitrogen per acre gave the highest yield, and there was no response fo Ttic soil analyses at the two loca- tions differed; farm- ers should nave their fields Earn pled and I est ed lo guide them in their fertilizer pro- gram. The oil content of the seed ranged from 38 to 4.1 per cent and generally decreasod as nitrogen fertilizer increased. The large yield, incrccfic from nitrogen fertiliser more than compensated for the decrease in oil content. Although we encountered pome difficulty in seeding at UK; f i vc-pour.d i "ale, the grass seed attachment worked rea- sonably well. Stands were very thick and it may be that the seeding rate should be even fewer. The heavy crop resulted in bulky swaths that were dif- ficult to combine. Farmers should therefore ad Hist the size of their swaths to the capacity of their combines. Experiments with seeding ra tes and fertilizers will con- in 1972. found that the production of limber could be increased by establishing legumes in place of grass cover. Haiscd on a corn producing farm in South Africa, Dr. Frcy- man seems to have found a fav- orable position in research work. At Lcthbridge, he has been actively working on a full range of corn research includ- ing hybrid testing, dates and depths of planting for various regions, planting patterns and plant populations combined with fertilizer requirements for a variety of conditions. Specific points discovered by I )r. V icy man tli at form pa rt of a guide to corn production in Alberta include: should be pre- pared to surround the seed with compact, moist warm soil. should be done as ea rly as poss ible, prc ferably before May 7. seed should be two inches deep but can be seeded four inches deep to reach mois- ture necessary for germination. plant populating are needed for various mois- titre conditions. Various row spacings and seed spacings have been spelled out. Working closely with the plant industry division of the Alberta department of agricul- ture and the Alberta Corn Com- mittee, Dr. Freyman's work is being applied to the southern corn acreage. With these techniques, fiejd corn, used for groin and .silage (feed for on dryland and irrigated farms, is eNper- icncing increased production. With added success m grow- ing field corn, are also increased numbers of acres grown by an increasing num- ber of producers. He has done co operative work with Dr. J. J. Sexsmith, a weed control expert, to add In productivity through the use of herbicides. Married with two children. Dr. Frcyman is active in the Lethbridge Figure Skating Club and the Alpine Club of Canada, lie is also a member of many agridiRurally oriented organi- zntions. Canadian hog prces expected Lo slioiv increase The federal government will pay hog producers up to per producer to offset low prices in 1971, Agriculture Min- ister II. A. (Bud) Olson has an- nounced. The payment will be per bog for all hogs indexing 100 or higher up to a maximum of 200 hogs per farmer. "It is estimated that under this formula, more than 90 per cent of the hog proudcers in Canada will receive per hog for every hog they marketed that had a carcass quality of 100 or Mr. Olson said. Prices were driven down in North America when produc- tion soared to record-breaking levels. Production increased by hogs last year, 83 per cent of the increase coming from the United States produc- tion and 17 per cent from Can- ada. Beginning late last year production started to return to more normal levels, and eco- nomists forecast that produc- tion will be down by seven per cent in the United States and by six per cent in Canada by mid year. STKKNGTIIENTOG Prices have strengthen- ing across North America in response to the return to lower production levels. The deficiency payment will bo made to farmers by the Agricultural S t a b i li z a t ion Board. The Board supports hog prices at 80 per cent of Ihe 10- year average, The national weighted price in 1971 was por hundred- weight; the support price (80 per cent of the 10-year aver- age is per hundred weight. That leaves a deficiency of 47 cents per hundredweight to he paid by Ihe Agricultural Sta- bilization Board. ''The payment of per hog indexing JOO or more means hog farmers will receive more money from the federal gov- ernment ihnn would under strict application of the formu- Mr. Olson said.