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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 15, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 4-1HE U1HBRIDGE HERMD Wednesday, Mnrch 15, 1972 Maurice Flexible federalism Quebec seems to have woti ;i point belatedly, that Ottawa t o u n (1 objectionable last June at Hie lime of the Victoria constitutional confer- ence. Hie demand for increased con- trol of social security has been rec- ognized in Hie prime minister's offer to allow Quebec the power to ctiange, within Hrniis, the amounts of family allowance payments to residents of the province. In yielding to Quebec, Ottawa lias signalled a flexible approach to fed- eralism that other provinces wilt surely exploit. Quebec is not the only province thai has been restive about the power of the central government. Recently Alberta Minister of. Inter Governmental Affairs Don Getty spoke of the "paralyzing federal pres- ence" and wanted Ottawa to keep out of areas of provincial jurisdiction. No doubt Alberta will now be bolder about pressing its claims with Ottawa. There is speculation that the con- cession to Quebec on the matter of the administration o f family al- lowance payments is merely an elec- tion ploy. Whether this is a matter that concerns the average voter enough to make a significant differ- ence in Hie re election prospects o[ the Trudeau government may be doubted. It is programs, not their administration, (hat are usually of- fered as bait lu voters. But more sub- tle factors seem to be operative in swinging votes today so the specula- tion could be valid. Much more important than t h e bearing the offer may have on the forthcoming election is the impact it can have on future constitutional con- ferences. The big question now is how flexible is the 'flexible feder- alism' about which the prime mini- ster speaks. Thai is the thing that has to be hammered out. but at least there seems lo be a reason for the representatives of the provincial and federal governments to get together to do some more exploring. An invitation is extended The tempo of plans for Hie RCMP centennial is picking up. Nationally, celebrations will begin during 1973, 100 years after the force was first constituted. Locally, festivities involv- ing various programs will be spread over 1974, the year the NWMP ar- rived at what is now Fort Macleod. Premier Peter Lougheed an- nounced recently the intention of the Alberta government to invite the Queen and members of the Royal family to join in the centenary, either 1973 or 1974 whichever is convenient. The Queen, symbolic head of the Mounties, not only is extremely knowledgeable of Canadian history, but it has to be said she is one of trie t.ggest tourist attractions Canada has, apart from the RCMP itself. If her reply is in the positive, it will speed planning committees in both Lethbridge and Forl Macleod into scheduling all sorts of events to pro- mote this auspicious occasion. Just one cautionary nole. Let those in charge of the proceedings resist the temptation to offer the Duke of Edinburgh a stetson. His reaction to this traditional emblem of the west, was not, on his last trip to Calgary, met with much enthusiasm; indi- cating he had quite enough of them already. With this in mind it behooves planners to search for originality in all facets of this memorable occasion so that everyone, including the royal visitors, goes home with a pleasant, lingering memory of southern Alber- ta. It's Paris, not Ottawa That Yao Kuang, the new Chinese ambassador to Canada is not listed in Who's Who in Communist China, the standard reference of top person- alities in Peking, may suggest two things: the lessening importance of the Ottawa embassy after China's admission to the United Nations and Mr. Nixon's visit to Peking; and China's shortage, following the purge during the Cultural Revolu- tion, of top notch diplomats. The latter is made more probable by the fact that the People's Republic has diplomatic relations with more coun- tries than it ever had. The announcement that Paris, in- stead of Ottawa, has been selected the site for continuing contacts be- tween the U.S. and Chinese govern- ments further attests to the observa- tion that while Peking started its dip- lomatic offensive with Canada, its ul- timate goal was Washington. Al- though Huang Chen, the Chinese am- bassador in Paris, is one of China's best diplomats and negotiators, an ideal man for this delicate post, the world cannot help guessing why Paris, also the site for the Vietnam talks, should be chosen. Hanoi al- ready expressed doubts after Mr. Nixon's visit, and neither the joint communique nor the choice of Paris could likely dispel these doubts. ANDY RUSSELL Can animals think? "DEOPLE sometimes refer to animals as "poor dumb beasts" dumb mean- ing stupid rather than voiceless. Some also believe that animals depend largely on in- stinct for doing the many things lhat are part of their lives. Thus, instinct has often been a very overworked word, a kind of blanket term used to cover things we fail to understand. Actually, it can only be used correctly in reference to some basic habits, such as migration, and even in this case animals can and do change their routes to avoid a danger or disturbance encoun- tered. If such a condition persists tho route may stay permanently changed. Cer- tainly all living things make certain moves instinctively, including man. but this clots not necessarily detract from intelligence. Most wild things react quickly and very often successfully to unusual conditions en- countered. Such reasoning is the hall mark of real intelligence. I was sitting one evening on a hilltop watching a big bull elk bedded down on a mountain slope about 400 yards away. It was the evening feeding time, and the bull got up to stretch before walking out on a bunch grass and snow blanketed bench to feed. There the majestic animal pawed with front feet to uncover the grass be- neath a foot of loose snow, 'fhen a big coyote showed up out of a patch of scrub above to stand gazing down at the e5k for a few moments before trotting down to join the bull. The elk paid not the slight- est attention to the coyote not even when the little grey wolf came up within feet of bis nose. This kind of inattention was ap- parently what the coyofe wanted, for he then went holdly around by the elk's flank to watch the pawing with great interest. The elk's hooves were undoubtedly stir- ring up mice, for several times till it got too dark to see, I saw him dive almost under the bull's belly to get ono. It was a very revealing example of ho'.v a smart little animal had found a lo make use of a much bigger one as a sort of un- suspecting mouse digger Auditor-general has unenviable task QTTAWA Tha latest row over the auditor-general lias bccti referred In the pub- lie accounts committee. a wel- come development once again dial Hie govern- wenl's second oi1 third thuughts are often an impruvemail over its first. There is no great mystery to he uncovered. The act str.tes that the report of the auditor general shall be iaicl before the House of Commons the min- ister on or before the :ili-l day One time in Alaska missed filming a bull caribou being killed by a big lone grey wolf by only a matter of minutes. When we catne on the scene, the carcass was lying bloody and torn in the shallow water of a creek in the middle of a gravel bar. Per- haps the wolf had seen us coming, for when we arrived it was nowhere in sight. Thfin another unwelcome visitor a small grizzly, probably three-years-old, obviously completely mesmerized by the smell of fresh caribou meal. This animal was fallowing his nose upwind towards this delicious deadfall, when the wind told something else that brought his nose around to three o'clock. We saw a pair of wide-set ears lift over the willows on top of the bank beyond, and the bear kept right on going, It was the wolf. Grizzlies habitually hi-jack wolf kills, but this one apparently had some painful memories to remind thai wolves sometimes resenl such free-booting. When the bear had gone, the wolf came back to his kill and quickly filled up. It must have bothered him to know that a belly full of meal was short chance for his effort, for we watched him trot out, across the tundra to a spot half a mile away. There he dug a hole, regurgitated the meat and covered it. He repeated this process several times over a period of two hours until he had made several such caches over a wide area of the adjoining country, Adolph Murie, the famous Alaskan biol- ogist, also witnessed Ibis interesting epi- sode, and said he hart never seen a male wolle cache meat in this manner away from the den. Was this 3 measure n! instinct? Not very likely, for it was obviously something done on the spur of the moment to avoid loosing most of a kill to the much larger grizzly. Wolves will sometimes atlacl: a grizzly, nipping its heels to drive it off, but this one was alone and no match for the bear. No douht this old wolf, like the young griz- zly, had some previous experience to help him mako up his mind. of December or, if Parliament is tiot then sitting, "within the firsl fifteen days next there- after that Parliament is sit- ting The minister, not having received the report, has not complied. Dut the reason for non-receipt is to be found in another section of the act. This requires the auditor-general to call attention to "every case" (other than those which he con- siders of insufficient signifi- cance) in which he finds that there bavo been transgressions under any of six sub- paragraphs. Mr. Henderson, a notably zealous officer, ar- gues thai with the amount of work provided for him by Hie government and I h e slaff available lo him, it is simply not possible lo meet the time requirements. It is not a new complaint, al- though the details have varied a bit from year to year. Mr. Henderson wants more and better staff and has never been happy about Hie record of the public service commission in recruiting for him. Despite increases, he never has what he is supposed lo have and last year saw 22 of his auditors drawn away by government departments, most of them of- fering larger salaries. In the result his reporl has, for a number of years, been lale ami in one year he had to bring it mil in Iwo volumes. There is occasional criticism of Mr. Henderson because he is "Everybody wants to know what on earth's you up." Letters to the editor Support needed for rehabilitation house Women eighteen years of age and over destitute, hungry, homeless, cold, right here in Lethbridge? Victims of thai dread social dlsca.se ALCO- HOLISM? It is easy lo look at another city with this problem, but in one's own mind, we say "It just can't happen The Rosalta House Ccmmit- tee has been trying to set up a residence for these women during their rehabilitation ther- apy which this type of place of- fers. For all the work and time and planning thai this commit- tee has done for well over n year, it have not been able to penetrate the awareness of the citizens of this city to this dis- aster of human life. A budget for a venture such as this has been compiled at the lowest figure possible to carry out the services this kind of residence calls for, There is a provincial budget for such residences as Rosalia House which we are .striving to ac- quire, but one of the stipula- tions is that 25 per cent of if must be forthcoming from ilie community of Lethbridge and area. To date we have received around from various un- derstanding citizens and organ- izations for which we are most grateful. This 25 per cent does not mean lhat it must be all rash although that would be most acceptable but this amount could be made up of furnish- ings, appliances, gard en tools, stove, laundry equipment, utili- ties, rent, telephone, mainten- ance, labor, etc. which would soon come to the 25 per cent asked by the provincial govern- ment. The important thing is, that the citizens of Lethbridge become aware of this human tragedy in this city, and be willing lo give material and moral support to it, so that any negative attitude towards it wi! 1 not be able to cause its collapse. One can of cour.se, disagree with the fact that 25 per cent of the funds needed should be raised by the community in- volved, since the communities where (he different institutions for incarceration are situated, do not have to contribute 25 per cent of the operation of the costs of the gaols Com- munities where the jails are situated, as a matter-of-facl, are favorably by the presence of these institutions, since they provide jobs for Ihcir citizens and business for the local businessmen when the supplies are purchased. The presence of Rosalia House would provide the favor- Services appreciated Recently the Lfithbrirlgc Pen Wee Kings hockey enl.s and coycltos (ravelled )o I would like to thank the peo- ple of who attended my concert in the Yale's Mem- orial Centre on Frirlay, March 3rd, for the worm reception they gave me. I was ralher disappointed though, to find the old man concert grand gone from the Centre. Not only was il a really fine inMnimenl wil.b many yeai.s c( life slill remain- ing, II also liar! a wonderful tradition in Hint il bad been used by many of the world's greatest artists in their tours of Western Canada, including such renowned names as Rach- maninoff, Ttuhin.slcin, Iteifelz, Brailowsky and many olbcrs. Again nw sincere thanks. JABLOINSKI. Rlairmore to take part in the Pec ffcc hockey tournament. We were warmly treated by the folks in the Pass, and had a wonderful time. We would like to thank tliem sincerely. However, we wish to express a special vote of thanks to tho person who accompanied I he group as a member of the St. John Ambulance Associa- tion. He very quietly and mod- estly attended Hie various cuts, bruises and other problems en- countered by most of the learns playing in tho tournament. His presence was very reassuring, tfis services were rendered on a gralis and volunteer basis, as are all the services of the St. John Ambulance Association. This wonderful organization always has a representative at the local games, and certainly deserves Ibc gratitude of the citizens of tathhricigc. GRATEFUL PAIiENTS. able factors to a veiy small de- gree since it will be small as institutions go. The committee rather likes to think of this as a home for women who have a problem and have no place to go for food, shelter, clothing, and understanding. By express- ing themselves about their dif- ficulties, by being free of wor- ries about their daily existence, through counselling the resi- dents of Rosalia House will corne to understand the cause of their problems (if they did not understand this and can begin on the road to rehabilitation. The residents of a rehabilita- tion house have a far better chance of becoming useful, em- ployable and respected citizens than the inmates of a gaol. Vic- tims of alcohol and drugs should, if possible, be kept out of gaols, and be helped too over- come their problems. Paying for the operation of a rehabili- tation house is far less than paying for the operation of a jail. It makes more sense lo spend tax money for the sal- ary of a counsellor than the salary of a gaol guard. This is no aspersion on the status of a guard, which society cannot do without but a rehabili- tated person is a social asset and upgrades any community in which he or she lives. Some people have been incar- cerated many, many, many times from youlh to old age, all because of the disease call- ed Alcoholism, during which time under the influence, they commit petty crimes, disturb the peace, pilfer, steal, etc. Be- sides the money spent lo keep these people in gaol, plus the salaries of court personnel and police, who are busy enough al- ready plus the energy ex- panded all this equals money spent on these cases. Chances lhat (he inmates will be rehab- ilitated by spending some time in gaol, arc very slim indeed. Rehabilitation bouses have a far bctfcr record. Women from soufhern Al- berta sentenced In jail, have tn be escorted to Fort Saskatche- wan gaol by a matron whose wages and return ticket and a single fare for (he women, have to be paid. All in all, well over each time this occurs. When the woman is released from gaol, she will receive a bus ticket to go to southern Al- heila and will get oaa dollar for each month spent in gaol. A woman who spent only 15 days in gaol will receive no money. What a woman will do upon her arrival in southern Al- berta late in the day, having no relatives or friends with whom she can stay, I leave to the reader's imagination! What would you do? But failing rules and regula- tions which would make the way of financing a rehabilita- lion house, such as Rosalta House, equal to the way of fi- nancing a gaol, we will have lo raise the 25 per cent of our yearly budget in the communi- ties concerned. Our yearly bud- get for the first year of opera- tion is calculated on just below This wrould provide for a maximum of 15 women in the house. In other words, it is now up lo the citizens lo decide if they want to sentence southern Al- berta women to jail for abuse of alcohol or drugs, or have the road open to those who are sincere in their desire lo change their way of life for the better, thereby becoming useful and rc.specled citizens. MRS. MIES WAGENAAR, Chairman, Rosalia Flou.se Committee. Lethbridge. also engaged in the audit of the accounts of certain interna- tional organizations. But the act says lhat he is lo do this "whenever the governor in council or the treasury board directs." Why it so directs is not clear, but possibly has something to do with our Inter- national prestige. No auditor-general worth his sail is likely lo be popular with Ottawa officialdom. The usual result of his labor is that va- rious civil servants find them- selves under the critical scru- tiny of the public accounts commitlee. This may account for the view which many of them appear to entertain that the only good auditor-gen- eral is a dead auditor-general. Resentment also finds ex- pression in the rather com- mon protest that Mr. Hender- son is merely one bureaucrat among many, hut with loftier pretensions. There may have been an echo of this in Mr. Trudeau's comment "Well, Mr. Speaker, every minister in this government would like to have more slaff." The point is, how- ever, that Mr. Henderson is not in the position of a minis- ter or departmental head. As ail officer of Parliament (one of very he has been given very special responsibilities in relation lo all government ac- tivities. ff relations between the gov- ernment and the auditor-gen- eral are more sour today than ever in the past, a partial ex- planation may be found in the latest government book. .This shows that in 1952-63 (when the Diefenoaker government was beginning to rue [he day of Mr. Henderson's appoinlment) the main estimales totalled million. For the coming year an even more rueful govern- ment has published main esti- mates amounting to million. In other words, far more people today are engaged in spending far more money on far more programs than was the case a decade ago. It is Mr. Henderson's responsibility not merely to check on theft and fraud, but to ensure that in all these transactions no ap- propriation w a s exceeded or applied to a purpose or in a manner not authorized by Par- liament. Apart from the sheer in- crease in the size of govern- ment, there has been a notable change in the philosophy of government. Since problems today are often of baffling complexity, governments arc more and more inclined to see virtue in flexibility. In the minds of officials, the most im- portant thing is to gel things done. A proposed short-cut may be at the expense of the manner authorized or involve a certain strain on the law. The results, it is doubtless as- sumed, win and should count more than belated criticisms. Mr. Henderson is barred by statute from taking this view. His opinion is not al- ways obtained. Parliament (in practice its committee) will have the final judgment. But, if he considers a practice doubtful and fails to call atten- tion to it, he will not merely be ignoring the act; he will be depriving the commillce of any opportunity to study [he case and reach a verdict. The situation is not pri- marily of Mr. Henderson's making. It was made for him by the vast expansion of gov- ernment and the change in out- look which has occurred. It will not pass when he retires, in due course, unless the govern- ment finds an amenable per- son, a sort of fame pussy cat, as a replacement. While the tcmplation. when (he time comes, is bound to be strong, such an appointment would be no credit to any government and much to the disadvantage of the taxpaying public. (Herald Ottawa Bureau) Looking backward Through Tlic llcralil Forty dollars a month ami board is the standard wage for help decided upon by UFA locals. Cardslon is coming into some valuable publicity on its unique "community medi- cal" scheme. Each family pays twenty-five dollars per annum. 1042 Total subscriptions of the CPR employees to the second victory loan drive amounted to with '120 subscribers. ft v.' a s Education Night last night at the Uth- bridge Collegiate Institute and more than 2.000 of (he city's school children and Ilieir par- ents turned out lo have a look at or lake part in the evening- long program. A total of 27! pints of blood were received yester- day in the first day of the spring Red Cross Blood Donor clinic, which seeks to achieve a total of 900 pints. The LctWnridge Herald 50-1 ?th St. S., Lelhbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905-J9M, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second C'asi Mafl Reglslrafion Mo. 0012 Mem her of The Canadian and Ine Canadian Daily Newspaper Publishers.' Association and the Audit Bureau cf Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Edilor Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manner DOM PILLING WILL I AW HAY f A3 nag ing Edilor Associate Editor ROY F '.AILES DOUGLAS K WALKFR Advertising Manager tdilcridl Page Ed if or "THE HERAID SERVES THE SOUTH" ;