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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - March 15, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta 2 - THE IfTHBRIDOt HERALD - Monday, March IS, 1971 Calley conviction urged in My Lai slaying case FORT BENNING, Ga. (AP) - The prosecution urges upon the jury today the conviction of Lieut. William Calley in the slaying of South Vietnamese civilians at My Lai. The start of summations by Capt. Aubrey Daniel comes on the third anniversary of the day that Galley received his instructions for the next day's fateful assault on the hamlet. The 27-year-old lieutenant is charged with the premeditated murder of not lets than 102 "Oriental human beings." But the trial judge ruled Sunday Calley can be convicted of murder if the jury finds he kilted even a single one of these. "I am Instructing," Col. Reld Kennedy told opposing lawyers Sunday, "that if the jury is not satisfied 70 were killed at one time, or SO as the case may be, they may bring in a finding that a lesser number were killed." The penalty for premeditated murder is life in prison or death. The jury of six officers also could return the lesser verdicts of guilty of unpremeditated murder, which has a maximum sentence of life imprisonment, or voluntary manslaughter with a maximum of 10 years. The jury could also find Calley innocent of any or all of the four specifications: that he killed 30 at a trail intersection in the village, 70 at a ditch east of the village and caused the death of a child and a single male dressed monk-like in white. Capt. Daniel will recount the testimony of nearly 100 witnesses over the trial's four-month span. Defence lawyer George Latimer said his summation will take two to four hours. Daniel has the option of following Latimer with a closing summary. Viet Cong forces launch big attack RAM NGHI, Vietnam (AP) -North Vietnamese troops launched heavy artillery and tank attacks against a South Vietnamese base in Laos today and threw up a wall of anti-aircraft fire against U.S. helicopters supporting the base, field officers said. The North Vietnamese also struck at South Vietnam's northwest corner, shelling the big Khe Sanh combat base near the Laotian border for three hours. An official U.S. spokesman Plan protest j at nuclear testing site VANCOUVER (CP) - Directors of the don't make a wave committee here Sunday announced they have chartered a boat for a protest voyage next fall to the United States nuclear testing site at Amchitka Island in the Aleutians. Jim Bohlen, spokesman for the committee and chairman of the British Columbia Sierra Club, said an 80 - foot halibut packer has been chartered with part of a $17,000 fund raised after the initial 1.2 megaton test at Amchitka in 1969. He said the purpose of the trip is to publicize the dangers of pollution and earthquakes and to measure suspected environmental damage from the 1969 blast. Mr. Bohlen said that during the last test all shipping was � ordered to stay outside a 300-mile radius of the test site. This year's detonation is to be in the 3.5 - megaton range, but the committee plans to disregard the shipping limitation in an effort to force the Atomic Energy Commission to cancel the test and one of five megatons to follow. said about 150 rounds of rocket and mortar fire slammed into the base causing "light" American casualties and some materiel damage. It was the heaviest attack since Khe Sanh base came under a 77-day siege in 1968 when it was manned by U.&V marines. Now, scores of American helicopters supporting the South Vietnamese drive into Laos operate out of the Khe Sanh. Day-long ground fighting was reported 3% miles southwest of Fire Base Lolo, the headquarters of the South Vietnamese 1st Infantry Division's 1st Regiment. The base is about nine miles southeast of Sepone. One U.S. helicopter was shot down and several others were hit. But sources said American bombers knocked out five medium North Vietnamese tanks six miles north of Lolo after the tanks opened fire on the base with 85-millimetre cannon. Lolo is east of winding Highway 914, one of the main arteries of the Ho Chi Minh trail, and is the main operations base for South Vietnamese troops sweeping the westernmost section of the highway. Officers said Lolo was hit with about 300 rounds of artillery, rockets and mortars Sunday night and today. Initial reports said three South Vietnamese were killed and six wounded, but at least a score more wounded were unloaded from helicopters at Ham Nghi, a forward base on the border. Some supply helicopters were unable to land because of heavy anti-aircraft and mortar fire. The jury of one colonel, four majors and one captain will receive a long list of instructions from the judge Tuesday or Wednesday, then begin deliberations. Research decline forecast TORONTO (CP) - The chairman of the Science Council of Canada says research and development have not grown in Canada for two years and may be headed into a steep decline in 1971. Dr. O. M. Solandt, interviewed at a meeting of the 3ft- member council In Toronto said the decline of spending for research in Canadian industry will be at the top of the agenda for the next meeting May 13-14. Dr. Solandt said growth of research in Canada "stopped probably about two years ago." "Since men in absolute terms it has shown a pretty stationary rate, perhaps an actual decline in expenditure. With the advance in prices, of course, that would mean a real decline in efforts." He said only preliminary figures are available for this year, but "we expect that when the final figures are in, 1971 may show a steep decline." Total expenditures by business, including government support, on both capital and current budgets, was stalled at a level of about 1400 million. FAST EFFICIENT SERVICE! OPTICAL PRESCRIPTION CO. Moir committee switches dates EDMONTON (CP) - The Moir committee studying non-Canadian influence on Alberta education Monday announced a change in dates for its Edmonton hearings. The committee . originally had been scheduled to meet in Edmonton Monday but now will sit beginning Tuesday, March 23. The Edmonton sessions will continue to Friday, March 26. Last week the seven-man committee, headed by Edmonton lawyer Arnold Moir, held meetings in Calgary and Leth-bridge. The committee was appointed by the provincial government to collect information and views on the amount of non-Canadian influence on education. mZID> * J I I  P�CK THE ENEMY-Actress Jane Fonda wean a sign reading "enemy" and shouts 'power to the people" during a takeoff en U.S. Army identification procedures of the enemy in a skit at Fayetteville, N.C., Sunday night. It was the last of'three anti-war performances near Fort Bragg military base. Other performers are, from left, Donald Sutherland, Peter Boyle* and Gary Goodrow, right. Big crowds attend Anti-war show FAYETTEVILLE, N.C. (AP) - A show aimed at countering military - sponsored entertainments opened in a jammed coffee house near a huge army base, with actress Jane Fonda and other entertainers spoofing the war and President Nixon. It was standing room only at the anti-war show's first performance Saturday and there were sellouts at $2.50 a person for both Sunday performances in the 400-seat Haymarket Square Coffeehouse, a downtown meeting place for soldiers from nearby Fort Bragg. Presented in four 30-minute acts, the show ended with the singing of the Star Spangled Banner by Miss Fonda, folk-singer Barbara Dane and actors Donald Sutherland, Peter Boyle and Gary Goodrow, who was substituting for Elliott Gould. Boyle and Sutherland drew loud cheers from the audience, mainly of young people and soldiers, with a spoof football broadcast "from the Mekong Delta." The Viet Cong and the U.S. Army 101st Airborne Division were the teams. Top black political leader permitted to leave Africa JOHANNESBURG (AP) -Robert M. Sobukwe, a leading black political leader, has been granted permission to leave South Africa permanently-but he isn't being allowed to leave the city where he lives. Interior Minister Theo Gerd-ner approved an application by the 45-year-old teacher to leave for the United States, it was announced last week. However Justice Minister Petrus C. Pelser says Sobukwe still is confined to the Kimber-ly city limits. r Every Tuesday Evening Is FAMILY NIGHT at the town chef! FEATURING: SPECIAL STEAK DINNER Soup du jour, tossed salad, dinner roll or toast (plain or garlic), fried onions, baked potato, asparagus tips, coffee, tea or small milk. AND . . . A Grilled Top Sirloin Steak  4-oi.-2.15  6 01-2.50  B-ei.-2.tS  12 Qi-3.60  16-�i.4.20  24-01,5.75    the town chef DOWNSTAIRS-PROFESSIONAL BLDG. "Quality Dining at Reasonable Prices" Sobiikwe's position Sunday was that he can't leave the country because he can't reach an international airport or seaport from which he could go overseas. If he tries, he risks a year in prison for breaking an order. Sobukwe once headed the banned Pan African Congress. In 1960 he led the party in a campaign against the passes that all blacks must carry and ROBERT SOBUKWE . . . confined to city produce on demand by authorities. The pass usually specifies where the black may live and work as well as identify him. JAILED THREE YEARS Sobukwe was jailed for three years for incitement. When his term was nearing an end, Parliament enacted a special law enablinig the government to hold him as long as it liked. The so-called "Sobukwe clause" was used to detain him for three more years. Smallwood joins hunt for seals ST. JOHN'S, Nfld. (OP)-"I want to associate myself publicly with our great and traditional seal hunt," Premier Joseph Smallwood said today as he left St. John's to join the 1,961-ton Chesley A. Crosbie about 40 miles off the Labrador coast. Mr. Smallwod was to fly to Cartwright, then take a helicop-er to a point off the entrance to Hamilton Inlet where the ship's 80-man crew under Capt. Clarence Dyke was reported taking seals. The premier said he would spend the night aboard the ship and return to St. John's Tuesday. The seal hunt had been subjected to "atrocious slander from people who don't know what they're^ talking about" in recent years, Mr. Smallwood said in an interview. He referred to charges by Brian Davies of the International Fund for Animal Welfare at Fredericton that the annual hunt in the Gulf of St. Lawrence and on the front of the Labrador coast was cruel. "We don't practise cruelty- every Newfoundlander knows these charges are not just and fair." It ended with Sutherland observing, "And President Nixon would certainly have liked to have been here today to throw out the first grenade." Sutherland was born in Saint John, N.B., and raised in Bridgewater, N.S. Six-day ceasefire sought PHNOM PENH (AP) - An association of correspondents covering the Indochina war called here for a six-day ceasefire during the Cambodian New Year in April to permit the repatriation of journalists and civilians missing in Cambodia. . The Committee for Safety of Correspondents in Cambodia addressed its appeal primarily to the Cambodian government, Prince Norodom Sihanouk's Cambodian government-in-exile In Peking, North Vietnam, the Viet Cong's provisional revolutionary government in South Vietnam, Communist China and the United Stafrw. The appeal expressed the hope that the ceasefire, would have "the humanitarian result of all journalists and other unarmed civilians being able to travel freely throughout Cambodia and to return to their home or to the area of then-choice." Seventeen correspondents disappeared during the opening phase of the operation in Cambodia last year and have been presumed captured by Communist forces. Dockyard crews return to jobs HALIFAX (CP) - Federal dockyard workers returned to their jobs at 3 a.m. today, ending a week-long strike against the federal treasury board. The Halifax workers voted 992-330 against accepting the board's wage offer, but a strong vote in favor by dockyard workers at Esquimau, B.C., resulted in approval by 51 per cent of those who voted. The new contract will give Halifax workers a 37-cent hourly wage increase the first year and a similar increase the second year. The West Coast workers will receive pay hikes of 47 cents in each of the two years. Other benefits in the offer include retroactive pay for the first six months of the contract and vacation guarantees. U.S. plans to test missiles Brandt's party retains majority BERLIN (AP) - Chancellor Willy Brandt's Social Democrats barely retained their absolute majority Sunday in West Berlin's municipal election that Brandt called a "yes-or-no" test of his policy for better relations with Eastern Europe. The Social Democrats WASHINGTON (AP) - The United States is planning to test multi-warhead intercontinental missiles on some uninhabited South Pacific islands, officials said Sunday. Testing and monitoring installations are to be set up on Canton, Enderberry and neighboring islands, roughly 2,000 miles south-southwest of Hawaii and 4,000 miles from the U.S. mainland. The official said the testing faculties are important for updating 1,000 Minuteman missiles and increasing the number of triple-warhead Minuteman Ills to 550 from 50. The Russians also are known to be working on multi-warhead and other ICBM improvements Since the United States and Britain jointly own the islands, the U.S. will pay Britain a 10-year rent of $250,000. Bureaucracy is Indians big problem CALGARY (CP) - The biggest obstacle facing Indians in Canada is "bureaucracy" in the department of Indian Affairs, says Marie Small Face Marule. "It still exists - that bureaucracy keeps churning out policies and making decisions for the Indian people without consulting us or letting us participate in planning our future." However, Mrs. Marule, with the National Indian Brotherhood in Ottawa, says the struggle to win recognition of aboriginal rights is a strong unifying force among native people across the country. "Until this issue is resolved to our satisfaction - and mean satisfaction, not compromise - we cannot negotiate with the government any longer." Mrs. Marule, born on the Blood.Indian Reserve in southern Alberta recently returned from four years work in Zambia -./here she was a volunteer for Canadian University Service overseas. She said there Is one "crucial" difference between Canadian Indians and the people in undeveloped African countries. "This is something we can never hope to do. Our aspiration now is merely to gain control of our own communities." dropped eight city parliament seats, ending up with 50.4 per cent of the vote and 73 seats in the 138-member parliament. Brandt's parry has held an absolute majority in West Berlin since 1958. Brandt was mayor of West Berlin for 10 years and campaigned in the city several times. The totals were: -Social Democrats 50.4 per cent of the vote and 73 seats, down 6.5 per cent end eight seats from the 1967 election. -Christian Democrats 38.2 per cent and 54 seats, up 5.3 per cent and seven seats. -Free Democrats, Brandt's coalition partners, 8.5 per cent and 11 seats, up 1.4 per cent and two seats. COMMUNISTS SHUT OUT The small Communist party, calling itelf the Socialist Unity party of West Berlin, again was shut out of the city governing body. Its 2.3 per cent of the vote was less than the five per cent required to seat a party in parliament. Heinrich Lummer, a Christian Democratic leader, said the election was a victory for his party because voters had ex-pressed dissatisfaction with Brandt's eastern policy. This was the seventh election in the divided city's western half since 1948. The Social Democrats have won all of them. PPCLI unit leaves for Cyprus duty EDMONTON (CP) -r- An advance unit of 40 members of the Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry left during the weekend for United Nations duty on Cyprus. Five hundred other soldiers of the Calgary - based first battalion are scheduled to fly to Cyrpus March 22. Property tax in Manitoba to be eased WINNIPEG (CP) - Premier Ed Schreyer says his government will lift a substantial part of the tax load from property owners without increasing provincial taxes in 1971. Mr. Schreyer made the announcement at an NDP nominating meeting at which Jim Walding, a 33-year-old optician, was chosen to contest the April 5 provincial byelection in the Greater Winnipeg riding of St. Vital. Rescuers melt ice around trapped girl CHAMONIX, France (AP) -Rescuers melted the glacier ice around a trapped 22-year-old girl alpinist with hot water, but she died in hospital Sunday night of exposure and severe frostbite. Claire, Frecaut of Grenoble was climbing with two friends and fell through the snow into the crevice. One of the men lowered himself down to comfort her, while the other went to Chamonix for help. A helicopter brought tanks of hot water and a jet hose to the glacier, and the rescuers melted enough of the ice to get her out. Doctors said they thought she would recover, but she had been in the ice for five hours. During the night she lapsed into a coma and died. GENERAL FARM SUPPLIES PRESENTS THE * ' ' 4| ABOVE ^aj- ZERO AT Weather and road report 12:00 NOON SUNRISE TUESDAY 6:43 SUNSET 6:38 H LPre Lethbridge ... .. 45 30 f  Pincher Creek .. e 40 29 , t Waterton...... i 37 28 Medicine Hat ... , t 41 26   Edmonton......  28 4  � Grande Prairie . �  36 17 * * 35 25   41 29 Cranbrook ......  39 23 Victoria .......   49 35 .05 Penticton...... 46 34 Prince George .. 39 33 Vancouver ......  48 40 .21 Saskatoon...... 30 20 a 30 24 Winnipeg ... ... 35 20 .32 40 31 41 29   40 33   St. John's...... 33 20   38 30 Charlottetown .... 39 27 .. Fredericton...... 44 30 .. New York........ 52 38 .. Miami.......... 79 72 .. Los Angeles......61 47 .. Las Vegas ... .... 60 38 .. Rome........... 37 52 .. Paris........... 40 48 .. London......... 37 54 .. Berlin.......... 35 54 Amsterdam ... ... 39 46 .. Madrid ... ... ... 39 55 .. Stockholm....... 34 41 .. Tokyo.......... 35 50 .. FORECAST: Lethbridge - Medicine Hat-Calgary - Today and Tuesday: Mostly sunny. Winds W25 and' gusty near the mountains. Lows 15-20. Highs 35-40. Columbia, Kootenay - To-dau: Mainly cloudy with a few showers of wet snow, clearing late this afternoon. Winds occasionally S15. Tuesday: Mostly sunny. Highs both days 35-40. Lows tonight in lower 20s. Wins nomination INNISFAIL, Alta. (CP) -Cliff Doan, reeve of the county of Red Deer, was nominated here to contest the new riding of Innisfail for the progressive conservative party in the next provincial election. He became the party's 64th election candidate during a nomination meeting attended by more than 150 persons. Gaullist candidates gain in elections PARIS (AP) - Gaullists and leftists made gains in the first round of France's municipal elections Sunday at the expense of the small centrist and rightist parties. Runoffs will be held next Sunday in those districts where no slate got a majority. The three main pro-government parties increased their percentage in 11 of 14 districts in Paris, and leftist alliance lost ground. But in the provinces, leftist tickets maintained or strengthened their positions. Returns from 117 of the 193 towns of more than 30,000 population showed the Gaullists and the leftists neck and neck. The government parties got 42.5 per cent of the vote, compared with 36 per cent in the 1965 municipal elections, while the leftist alliances captured 41 per cent compared with 35.8 per cent in 1965. These were the first elections since Charles de Gaulle's death last November, but lack of interest and light rain cut into the voter turnout. It was down to 66 per cent of the regisered voters, compared with 78 per cent in 1965. In Paris, 52 per cent voted; there were 65 per cent in 1965. The elections are to choose about 500,000 municipal councillors in France and the overseas dependencies. Andre Vivien, secretary of state for equipment and housing, who lost to a Communist in Fontenay sous Bois, was the only one of 35 government ministers running for local pobs defeated outright. Of the others, 18 won in the first round. HAVE YOU THOUGHT ABOUT YOUR "RAIN" REQUIREMENTS Mechanical Move Equipment? Quick Detachable Wheel Type? Quick Take-down Type? Rigid Type? Tubing? Wheels? Couplers? Sprinklers? Risers? Come In and talk it over with our sales Personnel "Cale" Harris "Dick" Orsten "Bert" Erickson GENERAL FARM SUPPLIES Courts Highway Phone 327-3165 Lethbridge, Alta. P.O. Box 1202 OFFICIAL AS AT 9:00 A.M. TODAY COURTESV OF A MA All highways in the Lethbridge area are bare and dry except for Highway No. 3 west where there is a section of packed snow near Crows Nest Lake. Highway No, 1, Trans-Canada, Calgary to Banff is bare and in good winter driving condition. Banff to Golden is in good driving condition with a few slippery sections. Golden to Revelstoke received from 1 to 4 inches of new snow and has been plowed and sanded. Banff-Jasper, and Banff-Radium highways are in good driving condition. Creston to Salmo received 7 inches new snow, and has been plowed and sanded. Motorists are advised to v:a!ch for black ic f-V*i rcc'-. t:\d m?n c"* e- tcr.t Vaclav. PORTS OV ENTRY (Opening and Closing Times): Coutts 24 hours: Carway 9 a.m. to 6 p.m. MST. Del Bonita 9 a.m. to 6 p.m.; Rooseville, B.C. 9 a.m. to 6 p.m.; Kingsgate, B."., 24 hours; Porthill-Rykerts 8 a.m. to midnight. Chief Mountain ciosed. Wildhorse, 8 a.m. to S p.m, ;