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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Daily Herald (Newspaper) - March 15, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 9 i f 4 jii p - VOLUME XL LETHBRIDGE.'' ALBERTA. -4 FWDAY, MARCH ID, 1918 JAPANESE INTERVENTION NUMBER 80 LONGER DELAYED Foreign Minister Balfour Tells of Problems Facing Them v in Having Japan Step In JAPAN IS ENTIRELY UNSELFISH IN HER OFFER TO INTERVENE ? ?  > v PROTEST REMOVAL OF LAND OFFICE. Medicine Hat, Alta., March J4.-The Retail Merchants Association tills morning wired the federal government itfotest-ing against the transfer of. the land office to Lethbridge. They arguod that It meant a great Iobh of time to the farmer who would lose a week besides causing the two witnesses to lose their time on account of having to travel the extra 125 miles. * * * ,4 * * > o * * * * * ? N TO ASK Judge Carpenter Will Admi ister the New Act to Raise the Patriotic Tax OPPOSITION WOULD London, Miu\ 15.-Debute on the tpiestion of Japanese intervention in iSlhuria In the house of commons yesterday brought from Foreign Secru-lary Balfour the declaration that Gisr-anan penetration into RuFRia must he comhatted, TIio allied point of view was that they should help Kuasia in protecting herself gainst Germany. Although 'he did not think that Germany would send an army to >Jlarti-.vostok, ho said ho had absolute faith in Japan's loyajty in carrying out any decision reached by tho allies. Discussing the situation in Russia, Mr. Balfour said: "Jf Russia had not been at war, it would have taken many years to complete the heiieticicnt course of the revolution. When autocracy fell almost without a blow, Russia immediately ifill into cbaon. It In untrue to say ihat the same thing happened' in the French revolution for there the effect was not the disintegration but ihe integration of France. Precisely the. opposite happened In Russia. The revolution came and all, the old divisions between religion and regions became marked and permanent. The Problem �"it must, inevitably take time before we will aee the end of that process and to know clearly how much ol old Rusaia,, if any, ought to ceaae.io form a part of "new Rusaia and'how how Russia will be constituted. It is a very difficult process in Uipe of peace �,nd prosperity, but how cafn you carry it tm in-time of war with the remorse- r _ loss, persevering and quite imtjcrupu-lous enemy at the gate? ' ;-".Tfcat is.to* real difficulty hv UetVlV ing wJtfi the problems raised in fhis debate. Mr. Lee Smith's Bpeech lar a strong attack on Hi-hat he conceives as the government's policy "with regard to Japan and Siberia. Tt is entirely oblivious of the facts I have Just brought before the house and is based on a profound misunderstanding of what any human being had ever thought, contrived or desired with regard to allied 'Intervention, Japanese or other iu Kussla^aff-airs." No Selfish Interest * F 11. B. Lees Smith, a Liberal, in Questioning Mr. Balfour as to the British attitude, had declared fchat if Japan entered Russian territory and occupied it fit the mandate of the allies, it followed with almost, absolute certainty that tiiis territory would not bo. returned. "1 cannot let this debate end," said Mr. Balfour in conclusion, "without repudiating to the full Mr. tLeos Smith's suggestion that Japan would be moved by the selfish and dishonorable motives in any course which may be discussed in Japan, either among hor statesmen or with the allies. V. POL AFFAIRS Edmonton, March 15.-E. f. Ewing proposes to give notice of motion >n the legislature today government to in-Investigation into conditions in the police force. The motton wiU set forth that e members of the force themselves arc In a state of dissatisfaction and that the public is dissatisfied with conditions In the force. calling on the stitute a full the disturbed new provincial Sheep Men Meet At one o'clock In St. AujfUs'tln's hall, the annual meeting of the sheep men will be opened today. This evening at 8 an address will be given by Jas. McCaig, of the provincial government on "Breeding and Management of Sheep." HAVE ASSESSMENT. BOARD APPOINTED (Special to llio Herald) Edmonton, March 14.-The selection of A. A. Carpenter, member of the public utilities commission of Alberta, as tiie commissioner to determine tho rate of taxation that shall be paid in the rural parts of the province under the suplcmentary revenue act, was announced during the consideration of the measure in committee of the whole house at the sitting of the legislature - Thursday afternoon . The information was given by. the Hon. C. R. Mitchell, who stated that Commissioner Carpenter would act without additional salary, and that he had been engaged in similar work for the department of municipal affairs in connection with appeals, under" the wild land tax. The Rate RUMANIANS EVACUATE London, Matv. 15.-An official statement from the'Austrian war office received hero says: "The last narrow stretch of Austro-Ilungarlan territory occupied by the Rimrnnians lias been evacuated. The eastern boundary of the monarchy after two and a-half years of the heaviest war burdens, again is completely free. "Italian positions on Mont pogubio were blown up yesterday with devastating effect over a considerable area. Our detachments occupied the ruins*" BRITISH FRONT London, Mar. 15.-Our raiding part-J Sob entered the. enemy's linos last night west of Vllllers-Guisian and brought back a few prisoners, says today's official communication. Hostile raids in the neighborhood of Passchendnele and Poeicapelle were repulsed. Our own and the enemy's artillery showed some activity during the night southwest and west of Cambrai. south of Armen-ticres and in the Ma.^iges and Menin 1 road sectors. BELGIAN FRONT London,- Afar. 14.-Increased raiding and artillery activity In the Ypres sector and on^ue. front north of Ar-mentieres is reported In the official statement from the war office tonight. Australian troops carried out successful raid* south of Ypres and captured a number of 'jp&Boyiery-. Near Arnien-tiers Portuguese troops drove back an enemy attack? ^ AERIAL FIGHTING � London, Mcr. 1-5.-There was severe aerial fighting.on tho western front Wednesday between large groups of British and German machines and British airmen a^counteM for 2-1 of the enemy. The official sratement on aviation reads: . x:. "Aerial fighting was most severe, encounters occurring between large formations. >rtheteen hostile machines were shot-down and five others ADOPT I BUT Russ. Soviets Accept Peace Petrograd, Mar. 14.-The All^uaslan congress of Soviets meeting at Moscow today, by a vote of 4B3 to 30, decided to ratify -the peace treaty with'the central powers. M. Ryazonov, a prominent Bolsheviki and representative of all the professional unions resigned from the Bolshevikl party after the vote. One year ago today Emperor Nicholas abdicated and yesterday the A11-v Russian congress of Soviets by an overwhelming vote agreed to German peace terms. German rnilitari3m takes from the present Russia government thousands of square miles of land and millions of Inhabitants contained in the former imperial territories of Finland, Poland, Courland, Lithuania, Esthon-la, Livonia and the Ukraine in Europe and Batoum, Kara and Erivan. The Russian army must demobilize, the Russian fleet Is Interned and favorable trade agreements 'are to be given Germany and her allies. - The act provides that in every urban unit, there shall be levied and col- ^......_ ________________.........___ looted by the assessor of tax at the ! driven out of control, rive of ours are rate of one mill in each dollar of missing. the assessed value of all, rateable laud "Seven hundred -bombs were dropped and in every rural unit a' tax at the on cne; y billets, ammunition dumps rate of flour cents on .ea-eh acre of rate-1 and railway sidings at Courttrai and [ able land but the commissioner shall i Denafn. have power to reduce this rate but Within Year of Czar's Abdication Russia Yields to Germany-Great Hun Triumph ALL MORE REASON NOW FOR JAPAN TO GO TO SIBERIA London, March 15.-A Tteuter dis-j patch filed yesterday at Petrograd ! says that the Bolshevikl majority at I the Moscow conference decided by a jvote of 454 to 30 to support the peace-treaty. CHANGES IN TARIFF RECONCILIATION WITH POLAND \1 The action of the All-Russian Con-* gress of Soviets in accepting the German peace clears the way for announcement of allied intentions as regards Japan's intervention in SI- v berirt and gives Germany vast opportunities for political and economic penetration of the former Russian empire. The decision of the congreat; is the culmination of the peace steps begun by the Bolshev.iki government; last December. The first peace conference was abortive, Germany on February 16 rejecting the declarations of Foreign Minister Trotzky and resuming hostilities against Russia. The Germans then made peace with the Ukraine and prepared to aid the government, there iu putting down the Bolshevikl. On > February 18, the German advance into Itussia was renewed and the Dvina I river crossed at Dvinsk. ^ -Meeting with little opposition, the German advance on Petrograd started and the Bolshevikl government decid-| ed to accept Germany's peace termH, | Foreign Minister Trotzky refused ta 1 go to Brest-Litovsk and Premier Len-ine sent Zinovieff. a close follower of Ins. The pacifist policy of Premier Len-' ine brought a break m^Tfte Bblahevfki ranks and Trotaky resigned several days, ago. " This cievago apparently had no effect on .Lenine's mastery of'the con* gress of Soviets, v  By the peace terms Russia must give up Poland, Courland, Livonia, Esthonia and the Ukraine. In Asia Minor the Russians are compelled to retire from Armenia and to cede'-to the Turks the Russian \ districts of Bantoum, Kars and Erivan. Russia must renounce ail ciaim� t#BB|> Berlin, Mar. 15.-Strong French detachments gained p. footing yesterday west of the N'auroy Road'on the German crown prince's front (Champagne district) says today's *.rmy headquarters announcement. 4 ? NO BLAME TO ANYONE Toronto, Maroli . 15.-The coroner's jury inquiring Into the death of Gunner A. Meals, whose death from pneumonia was attributed by his parents to carelessness on the part of the military authorities in removing him from his home, returned a verdict at the morgue last night to the effect that he died from natural causey, no blame attached to any.one. Tho jury recommended ifullr er co-operation between civil and military doctors. ' not below two cents per acre according to the circumstances of the rural unit in regard to. development of agricultural or otherwise. ' Land held under gfazing lease or permit from the Dominion government shall pay one cent per acre, 'James weir, Canton, thought the commissioner should.be appointed by-' the legislature. There would then be, no suspicion of party or any other influence. Mr. Mitchell thought that Coramis-. sioner Carpenter was; a man thatj would, give satisfaction to both sides, and Hon. J.R. Boyle remarked that the fact that a man was appointed by the house, would not free him from/suspicion, and that Commissioner Carpenters' position, hud been fixed by the legislature for a term**of yeass, aud in that respect he occupied a position as secure almost as a judge. He was a mau, .said the Minister, who was qualified for the position both by temperament and experience. Mr. Weir repeated that if the appointee was responsible to the house the questions of influence would be entirely removed. A. P. Ewing said, that he did not' want to reflect elthpr on the honor! or capacity of Mr. Carpenter, but he. | considered it would be more satisfactory if there were an appellate tribunal. Premier Stewart said that under the circumstances untfer which the tax was being ImpoBefl the government did not consider itself warranted In going to the expense of creating an assessment commission. If the tax resulted in creating more revenue than was anticipated, the government could not dissipate it. He did n-oi think the members suggested \h& government had the idea that it would have to spend all the money. Cries of "No, no," came from the opposition, and cross benches in an answer to this, and Mr. Weir said that there was no suspicion of anything of the kind. But what they wanted to get wasV an equitable distribution of the tax.. GebrgeSJoadley asked for a definite statement if the tax was only for this year? ' Must Keep it Up ; 1Vlr. Mitchell replied/that there was �no possibility of the contribution to the patriotic fund ceasing. If the tax wore to be continued it would require a more delicate system, of taxation than was provided in the act to secure an equitable, assessment. A goofl) deal of discussion turned upon.the poin^whether the tax would j bt) heavier,on the rural parts of the province than the cities and while Fred Davis, Gleichen, thought it would he a burden on the country districts James Ramsey, East Edmonton, considered that the cities would be pajr-ing their fair share. Mr. Weir expressed the view that the rural districts would have to bear most of the lax, and S. J.'Tobin, Leduo regarded one mill on the dollar as too low for the urban units. Premier Stewart reminded the house that the governmont was not putting forward tho bill as tho last thing in equality of taxation. * When the time came f�r a tax to be levied for provincial purposes permanently there wotrtd have td^be a levy on an assessment basis. FRENCH FRONT Paris, Mar. \4,-Thv French war office tonight Issued Hie , following statement: The en63^.\Alrtlllery activity in Ohampagn&iii the region of the Monta; in the Vpages, east of St. Die and in the region;" of VHartmannswpitartcopf .^as Iefls violent; V'-During the day^lhitec- Germans airplanes were destroyed b^our pilots. , ITALIAN FRONT * Rome, Mar. 14.-Raiding operations on the front between.....the Stelvio ami the.Piave n\'e reported in the war statement today wh'ich reads: "Yesterday enmnjr bivouacs on Ihe northern slopes of Col Delia Berexta were peached by . our fire. , -Hostile raiding parties were-repulsed east of Monte Cristolia, south-of the Stelvio, In the Tonale region and. east of .Lake Gat (la. In the Astico, Valley there were patrol encounters, the enemy being driven back. Near Fener, French reconnaissance parties caused losses to an enemy advanced ,post. Ottawa, >Iar. 14.-About thirty-five of the leading manufacturers of eastern Canada and as far west as Wlnni-' peg: formed a deputation which waited on^he government today. A particular point-raised by the delegation was that of opposition to farm tractors being placed on the free list unless at the same time raw materials used in the manufacture of tractors in Canada wero. admitted duty free. The manu-'fttc'tHr^fR also asked that in case of any further suggested changes in tho tariff, Industries affected should fir At be consulted. - ? *> ? > > : > �> ^ ,9 COMPOSER DEAD _ y. -- Petrograd, March '34.-The death of the noted composer Ce3ar Cui, has occurred here. * ' �� / MET A HORRIBLE DEATH AT EXSHAW Calgary, Mar. 15.-Literally suffocated beneath tone of clinkers which were being ground up In a machine at the plant of the Canada Cement company at Exshaw, west of Calgary, Giovanni ttuiato, an Italian faborer, mat a. horrible death on Monday of this week, according to news that has just reached the city. Rate Increase is Allowed 0 C.P.R. Profits to be Taxed � r ELECTION OF CHARLTON IS CONFIRMED Toronto, Mar. 15:-William'A. Charlton i3 confirmed as mem- ~'foer.fcof parliament for Norfolk riding. Justices fasten *md MidMleton, whose duty it is to try election petitions in 'Ontar- ; ie under, the Dominion controverted elections act. this morn- , ing "dismissed it out qt this court." v ? 0 vO ? * ? * *