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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - March 15, 1913, Lethbridge, Alberta THE T.P.THBBIPGE DAILY HERALP Saturday, March 15,1913 Great Universities and industrial Problems TOASTPD CORM  lOHOCN OfcHAOA; ;i JJ North vSouth East West ' It has come to be a common expres-sipn among careful hqusetoives that (Special Correspondence of the Toronto Globe.) London.-In my last despatch, -wMt-tne from Oxford, I mentioned the arrival Dhere of the Prince of Wales to begin his studies as'an undergraduate of Magdelen College. By a curious coincidence, as I was returning to London, fresh from on environment of R'oyalty, I encountered on the platform of the Great Western Railway station two men who represented the very antithesis of the sort of life of which I had just had a .glimpse. They were air. Ben TlUett; Secretary of the Dockers' Union, and Mr: Jam Sexton, Secretary and organizer of tlhe Liverpool dockers. Surprise at meeting these two labor leaders in   "That sweet city with her dreaming spires," was removed when they explained their errand. They were tihere "gathering up the threads," as they informed me, of the work in connection Witn the new central labor college for worjs-ing men. It will be ojened In Janu ary, and thus in one' corner at least of Oxford the ideals and the intentions of the pious founders of the ancient university of Oxford and other universities will, in a measure, be rSealized. For the ancient universities of Britain were established largely for the benefit of the children of the poorer classes. The report ot the Royal commission of 1S52 declares of the colleges of Oxford-and the remarks re fer to Cambridge as well: "They were designed to supply poor students, so long as they were poor, and so long as they were students, but no longer, with a maintenance 'decent and honest', as it is expressed in the statutes of New College, but of a very frugal character." Designed for the Poor In the large majority of the foundation statutes of the colleges the same purpose is expressed; the persons to be elected scholars are - defined as Vpoor," "poor and . indigent," "poor men living in aJms"; and they were in most cases obliged to swear r that they had not more than a certain amount ot fixed annual income. For instance,,, William of Wykeham, in founding New College in 1386,-it is one of the oldest "of the. colleges in spite of ita-name-states that, in addition to his kinsmen, "poor, indigent clerks are, to be admitted because Christ among His works of mercy hath commanded men fo receive the poor into their houses and mercifully to comfort the indigent" In Queen's College and in New College the fellows were forbidden to keep dogs, on the ground tih&t "to give to dogs the bread of the-children of man Is not fitting for the poor, -especially for those who live on alms." Further, the sums provided for the daily com mons of food, even If, allowance Is made for the changed value of money. Were extremely small, and the rule of plain living was'not only lieldi as a ford as the more democratic of the two universities, and Keble College as one of the most economical, the cost of living for a term of six months may be kept to �100 a term. That Includes the cost of dinner in hall on the four nights a week required by the college regulaUons, but the estimate assumes thht-on tho other three nights of the week a cheaper meal win suffice, and that the meals generally are of a frugal nature". In other words, the poor man's son is debarred from whatever advantages an Oxford Education can confer on him. Not So In Scotland It is otherwise, of course, in Scot laud, where the universities are on a real demooratio basis, where there Is no jresldentlai system, which is  the bane of Oxford and Cambridge, and where, by means ot the CJirnegiet trust, an ambitious, penniless youth can have a university education free. An Interesting Educatlona'l Movement The new Central Labor College of Oxford, to which I referred at the beginning of this letter, represents an interesting educational movement affecting work people. Religion, machine production, tho co-operative movement. Christian socialism, political discontent have all contributed something to the demand for higher education among work people, and have left their mark upon the movement with which' Oxford and other universities are " now confronted. Adult schools,, mechanics' Institutes, workingmen's colleges, and the university extension movement were manifestations, of the same spirit of striving after better things. Ruskin, Frederick Denison Mauricer William Morris-and espeoial'iy William Morris-realized that many enthusiasts forget that the teacher divorced from a tran-dltion of learning is-liable to drop to the level of his-audience, and there-, fore when they, founded the London Workingmen's^ College they insisted that while It should be a college for work people. It should keep .in close touch with the older univeraltles. "The universities," wrote William Morris in 1854, "will, we hope, receive persons coming with certificates from our college as rea,dily : as from any 'other, and will grant our students degrees, provided they go through the necessary examinations." None of the universities, so far as I am aware, has yet come up to Wilfla,m Morris' Ideal; residence, tuition, the- attendance at lectures, dining in hall, are necessary parts of' the co{nfa'e of' education. Another Agency at Work . Another agency, however, has been at work,besides' those I^ have mentioned.' -Some 30 'Ve'ars .ago the Nottingham Trades'^Coilncll lhad much to do with the'inauguration of university extension work, and "out of that association-there sjiyvly grew the opinion that trades societies: should aid the laducatlon of their members^ |The opportunity which was being sougfht Pen - Ansl0 Union Suits D 0 Do Deligtit .0 ' 0 Those Who Wear Them You will feel so comfortably clad in your first Pen-Angle Union Suit- the underwear that fits and does not lose its shape. ^Nor has the wash-tub any terrors fortius knit-to-fit and wajTranted-notrto-^shrink underwear. ^ It represents the best investment in intimate garments your money can find. ^For it retains to the end the quality that tnakes it sell in the first place ... and that is more than you can say of ordinary underwear that has been costing you the same price. ^ You \yill be satisfied with � 74 PENMANS I'T^'S^^l^f.^S^S^ SWEATERS HOSIERY UNDERWEAR i""- - . , ,ra,.tiPo I by: the restloss and striving forces ot theory, but enforced m a P-^a^tice. j ^^^^^^^ ^^^^^^ j^^^ is *'the secret to better baking" . ' > .'-'^ ... Ask Your Gfocei* For Sale by C^O. KJERR & CO. - Lethbridge. " KIFTEEN, KILJ.ED |>i.:,i.v.;:., >,�:� u,..,..:.-:.........:;.KBY ^/^AVALANCHES; i'^jSf;; ;?^(airl^mnla,'March 14;^-^tteen pert ^im^^^eq^^wetkMlleA^y avalaJichea at twol k � -fPlabeB'onrthe northern-side of the' 4:-..f&'S9.^.'8i�l' Glacier yesterday. The aval-fe.-.ipjan^BeSvivere caused by an'abnormal ls-'vM:ahaKtity of snow. 'The bodies of the dead were dug out today, and'seven other persons who -were living on the same farms when the avalanches occurred were rescued alive. The Grey Nuns of Montreal have decided to build a million-dollar hospital in Westmount. Change'Twixt Now and Then There were, of course, students of good positionat the colleges; they did riotf.all belong to the poorer classes; but the Important difference between mediaeval' and modern Oxford is not that in ihe middle ages the great majority of students were"-drawn from the middle classes, but' tihat in- the middle ages the university vwaa'open to all who -desired to leartti irre"�SeetIve ot wealth or poverty. That is ndt so now, but it would take many columns adequately to explain the- causes of the change in the ccHnposition of the colleges and how the-social character of the classes resorting to Oxford-and especiallyttb Cambridge; for Oxford is the mostdemocratic of tihe two universities-came to be so greatly- altered and the poor students to disappear; ^ A Monopoly of .Education It is sufBbient tp say that the same clauses which gave one class a monop-'oly of the'land gavevthe same .class the monopoly ot university education for their children .-ajttd led them to :drive a ring fence around ^the universities, so' that tiheir,'advantages were denied 'to all but the wealthy. In recent' "years, by -means of bursaries, scholarships and foundatldns, promising youths haveljeen'able to "go up" to Oxford or Cambridge; mostly as 'non-cdllegiate students,-: -Even:! then the parents mu'st help, for,'* taking Ox- E>o yoti find the fall and winter Itying? Do you getrtiridown catch cold easily-^Jeel like huddling ,in a warm room inst.^sid'of braving the biting blasts? You dp riot need to. ^ Start now to build up reserve strengith; with; � ; ; : ' MA-DRU-Gd^Tastd^s Preparation of ^VJr OJl -T-a vitalizing compound of pure Cod Liver Oil, Exilraot, with W^^^^ Hypophosphites and Wild Cherry. ^:>>'-y . As, an all-round topic and . i "bullder-up":this preparation has' i?!{fl�w;:-U.any;(equals. It -puts an edge on the appetite i.4;v4:'-Tra|'ds and easily assimilated diiinouriahmentrrtones up the nerves-aWd ei^ecially |??^JB^tengtHeristhe'.-|i^pT -THMPa,; T�i*Di: MASK,oK.-rHAf^ToyorriT. , lUllLLUUW At^MW.,---- Ruskin College was opened at Oxford Two Americans, Mr.. Walter 'Vrooman, an enthusiastic idealist, and Dr. Cbas. Beard, an educational expert, founded the college in Peb'ruary. 1899,- with Mr. Dennis Hird, M.A.; a scholar and app6lnted the counoll which controlled the, institution. Teaching to Possess the World Speaking ot the purpose of Ruskin College, Mr. Vrooman said: "We' shall take all inen who have been merely condemning our social institutions, and we will teach them'.how. instead, to transform these institutions so that instead of talking,;-aainst the virorid, they.will begin methodically and sclen-tlfloally to possess <4ie world." Mr. Vrooman and Dr. ;Beard were called a'way: to America with the financial ruin and death of the former the col-was left to flgt its own ^way. For a time a number ot^private individuals gave monetary aid; but the trade unions gradually became the principal supporters, presenting scholarships to I Its most promising young men and contributing liberally to the college funds. In 12 years , Ruskin . college gave nearly 500 young meh a training in social and economic science, and about 9,000 working men and women have followed courses of study by correspondence under the direction of the college staff. When their course was finished Ruskin College students'returned to their ordinary, trades as miners, weavers, engineers and so'' forth, but they took -with them a mental equipment which enabled them to act with greater intelligence' and effl-,. ciency as leaders ot their, class. The Tlm� of. Crisis All went well until three years ago, when trouble had been brewing for some time came to a ;iiead and a num-' her of students mutinied. The first act of rebellion occurred over an .attempt of the executive to place a check upon the teaching of Mr. Hird by substituting literature and temperance for sociology and logic as subjects of the curriculum. A number of the students who had for some time been in a state of latent rebellion at what tlhey considered the "watering-down" of the curriculum, met and founded the "Piebs" League, which was Intended to advocate a more socialistic course of Instruction, to isolate  Ruskin College completely as. a labor,institution and to put an end to a-desig;^, of which they suspected the.goveffl^s ot the college,-td link it up with the university. It was obvious.that tihe governors of the college coUld not tolerate this sort of schism in'their midst, and so they compelled Mr^., Hird, who was frankly on the side of the Piebs League, to resign his position as principal. This, ot course, did not put an end tp the trouble, for the malcon-'tents resigned In a body, and the Central ' Labor College was established, with temporary premises in I..ondon. Now it has returned to Oxford With a fine new building that has cost �9,000 and will accommodate about 100 students. . Tw^'o Labor Colleges Now '.�'there are now two labor colleges In Oxford, and the difference between them is that, whereas Ruskin College stands for social reform, the Central-Labor College stan'ds for -social revo-luUon. "We shall teach laborism," said Mr. Ben Tillet to me, speaking of tlhe new college; "that is, we shall teach the history ot the country and its constitutional histpi-y from the labor point of view. Ruskin College, by Unking itself on to the university, must Inevitably cease to be a vigorous exponent of working class ideals. Mr. Dennis Hird is to be principal ot the college, -and we are confident that under his guidance it will be thoroughly auoessful, and will produce; Just the kind of labor leaders we want-T-trained speakers and debaters who understand the new forces .that are behind the working class movement today." The new .venture will be watched with interest, for it is undoubtedly a'sign of the times.  Another Sign of the times ' ,. Another is a speech which tie Lord Chancellor (until recently plain Mr.) made on the occasion of his Installa-tlpnas Chancellor of the University in the 'Western city. The LordChancellor toofc;;f(jr his [subject "The' Civic tJni-veraity," which, as all competent 6b-seryers know. Is to play a prominent part in the education of future generation's. It was quite idle. Lord Hal-dane declared,-to say "that Oxford and Cambridge include .the vdempcraoy. "Theoretically,'' he added, A'they do, but.not 0^6 child of the people .out of a thousand has a real -chance of becoming an undergraduate there.'.' should say that Lord Haldane has'un-derestimated the. number of thei children of the people who have any real chance" of going up to Oxford or Cambridge, but that is a detail., "The Lord Chaneelior aOiowbd a true perception of the situation when he went oh to Bay that more accessible universities are required and that these will only successfully compete with Oxford and Gambri-dge in serving the requirements of the state if they keep their level very higih.' Bis Lordship was not thinking of the Central Labor College at Oxford', which is in another category, but his advice applies to it as well as to the'other's. .' J.-F,'W. TO cyRE COUGHS ^ Matbjeu's Syrup . �l Tar aad Cod Uv�r OU not only stops a cough but cures it. Its tonic and restorative .properties enable the system to permanently thr'o-w off a cold.-.^ 35c for large bottle., Sold everywhere. - ], t- MATH^q.' CO.. nop. 8E|SRBk00E8. QOUDRON ifoiedcMorueI IteVATBIEU MATHIEU'S SYRUP -COP :L,i^l^^ : O i i� . WESTERN 123 BANNATYNE AVENUE FROM COAST PERILS SHIPS PLVlNG/COAST OF FRANCE TO HAVE WIRELESS COMPASS FOR FOGS Paris, March 15.-Ships that (eel their way along the coasts o� France in foggy weather, are to have the benefit of a new wireless "compass" which will enable them to ascertain, practically automatically, their correct position, and so steer a spfi', The, %vireless f'compass" . permits the' detection- of the direction Irom which', a -wireless electric signal is sent, and the signal itseli will designate the point of Its origin. Sending stations are to-be established ait lightJiduses and biiheir points oE'vantage along the coasit and two already are in operation on small Islands oil the harbor oi Bripst. Signals'7Irom this, chain ot shore points will bo seni automatiqaliy at regular �] Intervals whenever fog .prevails, and a vessel eqiiipped -with the receiving "compass" will he able to read - "the exact direction ot the place ot origin pt these warnings. On;the receipt of 't\vo suoh- signals a ship will find it possible, by -a simple process ot tri-anguiation, ver'y readily to determine her exact position.  r ; ' � �A great advantage of this system ot. saiety at sea Is thefact/that.thene,w -"compass" is very' ; cbeaip ; furiher-* more, it Is self-pperating. and- does -not require the attention of an .oper-' atof". The noXt step will- be to. instal .two more sending /stations near Havre and others.will he set up in duo course until the 'eni^ie coast i� protected. ' :, /.:v.,' i-u.,. Sufficient  lirri". Knioker-"Do you. treat your wolc as-one of the family?". ; Becker-"Goodness, no; we- treat her like three of the family." ,, OUTC ^1- A MUSCLE-BUILDING FOOD Growing youDjsteri .-work hard;' Thay need food that is nounl�bioi!---food ttiat latiisfiBi t^e huojer'and di^eits easily. Nothing it better for, theiq than Cowaa'sPerieotion .Cocoa. GroBBlil from the fresh Cocoa Beans, it hat alt the fowd'value of pure Coooe. It builds up the musoles and makes, ohildren healthy sod strong. 4 A oup of Cowan's made with half or one-third milk {� a properlyv balanced food--ooe that tlie most delicate BtoiM can digest. And it is so delicious that it tempts^ ' the appetite when ail other (oods;{a!l|.; � 'V YOUR GROCER :::HA3 IT rl: :vii(i^:;::::i^za'- Letsbtiutl(ems6i�e COWAW'S TMK OOWAW OOMPAIfV, WMITBD vbRo'ii'roi'Ofni ' i,.'''-'.''t-7i'.i.Mi';'-M'fts'.'!; 72 ;