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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 14, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta Thursday, March 14, 1974 THE LETHBRIDQE HERALD 5 False delusion of peace through terror By Norman Cousins, editor of the Saturday The American people have been sickened by the use of terror to accomplish social and political ends. We have no difficulty in recognizing the monstrous irresponsibility and criminality of a group that uses kidnapping as the means to force wealthy families to provide food for the poor.1 Similarly, we are appalled that a man who regarded Richard M. Nixon as the source of social and economic injustice in the United States should have attempted to seize a commercial jetliner in order to crash it into the White House. The idea that such terror could accomplish a useful purpose is repugnant and reprehensible. "But what about governments themselves? The major governments seek to accomplish their purposes through terror. Both the United States and the Soviet Union believe the only way to make their foreign policies successful is to possess the instant means of inflicting a holocaust on their enemies. Each country has access to a switchboard of total annihilation. This switchboard can be activated by a fingertip. Between them, the United States and the Soviet Union possess the power to destroy one another about 300 times over. It has been estimated that each country now has a stockpile of more than megatons of nuclear force. If only half of this power is used, the conditions of life on earth Will be severely jeo- A blanket of deadly radioactivity would settle over the earth. In this sense, the entire human race today is hostage to the balance-of-terror strategies of the nuclear powers. If these strategies should fail, hundreds of millions of people outside both countries would become the victims. What can be done to free the world of the terrible delusion that peace can be achieved through terror? President Nixon has pointed to the SALT talks with the Soviet Union as offering a possibility for bringing the arms race under control. The agreements with the Soviet Union so far, however, have not gotten around to the essentials. The nuclear stockpiles are untouched by SALT. The capacity of each nation to produce devastation on a colossal scale has not been impaired. Nothing has happened at the SALT talks so far that would change the balance-of-terror strategies of both countries. This is not to say that nothing significant has been accomplished in the negotiations between the two countries. The gains that have been scored have been setting limits to certain fields of military development, and in foregoing other lines of development. But SALT has left the nuclear stockpiles intact. It has not reduced the pulverizing power of either nation. It has not done away with the basic instruments behind the policy of terror. Ultimately, the human race will not be free of the terror of instant annihilation until a rule of law is established in the world. In their dealings with one another, nations must be regulated in their own interests as well as the common interest. Book reviews The No. 1 business before all peoples today is the development of a world organization with adequate authority to eliminate terror as the basis for achieving national security or national aims. Those peoples who are now free will find it increasingly difficult to maintain their freedom without a basic structure of law in the world. Those who are not free will find it more difficult to become free because of world anarchy. Those countries that have recently gained their national independence will find it increasingly difficult to maintain that independence without a system of world interdependence. If the human habitat is to be protected at a time of total power, it becomes necessary to replace terror with law whether in the relationship between human beings as individuals or in the relationship between nations. The revolutionary fanatic HAVE YOU WRITTEN A BOOK? A publisher's editorial representative will be in Lethbridge in April. He will be interviewing local authors m a quest for finished manuscripts suitable for book publication by Canton Press, Inc.. well-known New York publishing firm. All subjects will be considered including fiction and non-fiction, poetry, drama, religion, philosophy, etc If you have completed a book-length manuscript (or nearly so) on any subject, and would like a professional appraisal (with- out cost or please write immediately describing your work and stati.-.g which part of the day (a.m. or p.m.) you would prefer for an appointment and kindly mention your phone number You will promptly receive a confirmation for a definite time and place Authors with completed manuscripts unable to appear may send them directly to the representative (address below) for a free reading and evaluation. He will also be glad to hear from those whose literary works are still in progress. Please address. ALAN F. PATER 195 South Beverly Drive Beverly Hills, California 90212 Tel: (213) 271-5558 "Pierre the revolutionary process in Quebec" by Nicholas M. Regush (The Dial Press, 210 pages, distributed by Fitzhenry and Whiteside) I will make no compromise nor concede... I will not buy my liberation, for my freedom is not for sale." There was a time not all too long ago when Vallieres had deep beliefs of what was right and what was wrong wasn't contemplating any compromises concerning his beliefs. Fanatic? Perhaps, but within the fanatic framework there was sincerity and deep desolation concerning the unjust treatment of his fellow Quebecois. Quebec needed'a Vallieres as much as the rest of Canada hated his existence. The neglect of Quebecers by both the federal and provincial governments irritated" many contem- poraries and induced some to rebellious, vicious actions. Vallieres went through pain and trouble, believing he lead the "oppressed" into a better future, only to eventually be absorbed by a system he called' derisively "hour- a 'system he hated profoundly. Most obviously, this bourgoisie decided to welcome another parvenu into its ranks to keep the all important balance of have and have nets to silence a most formidable adversary. Vallieres contention is; that one cannot dissociate personal liberation from collective liberation, that an individual alone doesn't exist nor does a collectivity without individuals. He does not believe that the individual can freet himself if he does not work toward liberation of the collectivity. Vallieres must be credited with trying to find a remedy for the world's ills. He went to work aggressively to cure them stirred a little bit of trouble, made predictions which went mostly down the drain and with them the arrogance he once possessed. What was the influence of Pierre Vallieres? The book doesn't answer that question satisfactorily but it seems that he definitely rocked the boat. Being "under- he fought fanatically and with -dedication to bring about a change of society for himself and others in his condition and those who didn't want to be changed. But, the system bought him, made him one of the privileged. That stabilized the boat somehow, showed good personal judgment on the part of Vallieres but did lasting harm to his image as a revolutionary and undermined his credibility. There was much to admire about Vallieres vigor in trying to rally the masses for, as he saw it, a better world, a human paradise. But then, only imbeciles never change their minds in this far-from- perfect world. Vallieres did (being good or bad must be judged by the beholder) probably realizing, that not everyone can be a shark in the human ocean. While active, he was admired by more people than often imagined. They have lost their advocate and sometimes I wonder whether the Sartre contention, that man is superfluous, sometimes will haunt him. Nicholas M. Regush presents here an excellent although sometimes biased account of Pierre Vallieres and the Quebecois of yesterday and today. It's good reading, interesting and informative. HANS SCHAUFL War promise not kept "The Bormann Bro- therhood" by William Stevenson, (Harcourt Brace Jovanovich, Inc., 327 While the flames of World War II still raged, Roosevelt, Churchill and Stalin issued a warning to the Nazi leaders: Those responsible for the torture and murder of millions of innocent and defenceless civilians were 'CO-OP' ale xmtinues to March 23 74 Imagination meets I Co-op interior paints. I Beauty happens. I CO-OP SUPER LATEX FLAT FINISH Easily cleaned, easily applied. Scrubbable" vinyl latex paint brushes or rolls on smoothly, dries quickly. Equipment cleans with soap and water. Choose from white and a wide selection of custom mixed colors, and give your livingroom and bedrooms a fresh new look. White or light tones. GALLON QUART S2.57 I 797 DEEP OR ULTRA DEEP TONES PERFECT FOR ACCENTS. QUART GALLON CO-OP SUPER LATEX ENAMELS Choose from two enamel finishes, featuring the same convenience and colors as flat finish Super Latex Eggshell: a beautifully subdued sheen Satin Enamel: a semi-gloss finish Your choice GALLON 9.97 QUART CO-OP VELVA-GLO ENAMELS Prefer an oil base paint? Velva-Glo offers three durable, slam-resistant finishes Eggshell. Satin Enamel, or High Gloss Enamel. Dries in 3-5 hours White or custom mixed colors GALLON 9.97 QUART S2.97 CO-OP SUPER WHITE ENAMEL A fine quaJiJy, high gloss enamel in non-yellowing white Non-Ioxic, safe for children's furniture And it's great for sparkling woodwork, cup- boards. kiJchen or bathrooms GALLON 11.44 QUART S3.33 priato TIM-BER-GLO CLEAR COATING A rugged plastic (urelhane) coating for wooden floors and 'urnilure Ones to a hard fjmsh m 3-5 hours Wooden floors require no poiishmg or waxma 31oss or Satin finish GALLON 9.97 QUART promised that the three allied powers will pursue them to the furthest corners of the earth and deliver them to their judges so that justice may be done." That promise was never kept. In his book, Stevenson outlines the creation and operation of a "Brotherhood" initiated long before the end of the war by the least visible and most powerful of the Nazi war-lords Martin Bormann. The purpose of this backed by virtually unlimited funds, was to protect and hide Nazi war criminals so that they could continue to work toward the concept of world domination and the advancement of their fascist ideology. Many of Hitler's followers not only escaped punishment, but rose to new heights after the war. General Kurt "Panzer" Meyer, a SS commander sentenced to death by a Canadian tribunal for the massacre of Canadian prisoners, was never executed. Instead, after public opinion had cooled, he was given a position within the North Atlantic Treaty Organization. In 1960 Meyer told a meeting of followers that "SS veterans will continue to fight for the things for which our dead have fallen." No one questioned the implied argument that the dead Canadians whose massacre had caused Meyer's death sentence had fallen for the wrong cause. William Stevenson's book is an excellent addition to the many recently published books on Hitler's Germany, and makes interesting reading for anyone wishing to understand how Nazi ideology survived World War II and continues to influence the world today. KEITH REYNOLDS Books in brief "The Dogs Bark: Public People and Private Places" by Truman Capote (Random House, SW.25, 419 Anyone concerned about devoting time to substantive themes would be well advised to avoid this collection of essays, profiles, travel pieces and observations. There isn't much that is meaningful or memorable in the book. The thing that justifies the time it takes to read through the 419 pages especially the 190 pages devoted to the visit of the American cast of Porgy and Bess to Leningrad in 1955- 56 is the magnificent style of the writing of Truman Capote. DOUG WALKER Hidden meanings A moment of love spent with a child is a moment that will last a lifetime. Photo and text by David Bly Herald reporter A southern Alberta farmyard By Marie Sorgard, local writer Iron Springs Have you ever taken the time to tind out what goes on in your yard? Our yard is a typical farm yard, with houses and granaries and garages, surrounded by a grove of trees which provide a windbreak. Because it has trees and granaries it is a haven for birds seeking food or protection from hawks and hunters. In nesting time sunrise brings forth a symphony of song, as many species of birds each proclaim their own territory. In June the strawberry patch becomes home base for the robins, and in early August the pheasants start sampling the corn to see if it is ready. Meanwhile the hummingbirds and bees are busy extracting nectar from the flowers. Through the years we have had some rather unusual visitations, or at least visitations with unusual results. One summer a family of woodpeckers chose the verandah pillars as the target for an extensive drilling program. The next year they returned, bringing reinforcements with them, and by the end of the summer the pillars were as full of holes as a piece of Swiss cheese. Late last fall there was an invasion of hawks. One morning I counted 54 in the north trees: I don't know how many there were in the six rows of trees that make up the west windbreak. They stayed about a week, with one or two of them constantly keeping an eye on two Siamese cats from their perch high in a tree. In winter a yard provides a sheltered environment for birds and small animals. This morning when I looked out the kitchen window three coyotes were watching our yard from a vantage spot in a field across the road. Meanwhile five ringnecked pheasants were searching for seeds in the perennial flower bed. A rabbit, starting to change color, came along, sensed the presence of the coyotes, and disappeared under the spreading branches of the big evergreen in the corner. The coyotes moved on. probably in search of mice, and the pheasants took wing and flew into the windbreak on the west. From the north window in the pantry the view was somewhat different. A mated pair of Hungarian partridges and a birch tree abloom with birds confirmed the fact that spring is just around the corner. On learning languages By Johanna C. Vander Beek, local writer In an earlier article (December 13, 1973) I pointed out that the study of a foreign language has intrinsic value. By drawing an analogy with other subjects I argued that the FL study opens up new fields of knowledge and therefore it forms part of a general education. However, in contrast with other subjects, the FL study is a unique experience. Why this is so will be the subject of today's article. In the first place, the study of a FL is different in that the FL student can never really prove to anyone, except his teacher, that he has learned something in the sense that a Grade 1 child can prove that he has learned to read a few new words by pointing them out in the newspaper or a book. Secondly, in no other subject does a beginning student feel as much frustration as he does in the FL subject where, after a couple of lessons he cannot say much more than "My name is and "how are To be sure, he may feel helpless in his ability to grasp a math problem but never to the extent that it leaves him speechless. Thirdly, although he knows that the language he is studying is spoken by millions of people, it is difficult for a student living in the Lethbridge area to be fully aware of it. As a result the FL may unconsciously be perceived as a pseudo-language. It is good for questions and answers based on the textbook, but it has nothing to do with performing business transactions or expressing one's own thoughts A few years ago an unforgettable incident happened which succinctly illustrated the preceding problem A girl had just arrived from France became a teacher's aide at the LCI In that capacity she would help with asking questions and drill the students on dialogues. In addition: she would talk about her culture and the way of life of her people. And yet. when one day she and 1 became engaged m a private conversation which had nothing to do with the lesson at hand, the students were utterly amazed. And one student epitomized the ongoing situation by saying: "Hey. you can actually talk with French." (Note the word with, Fourthly, whereas in other subjects the student is required to question textbook material in order to draw his own conclusions, the FL student is totally dependent on his teacher's structuring the questions. In this respect the FL teacher is the most authoritarian teacher of the whole school. He is the only teacher who is always right since he knows ail the answers. The students don't. Fifthly, taking into account the rate of forgetting, no other subject meets with as much criticism, as does the FL subject. That chemical formulas or mathematical equations can no longer be recalled after years of disuse is generally taken for granted. But that the same occurs with the FL is regarded as indecorous. Consequently, the danger exists that the FL study is denigrated to a waste of time. Finally, the FL student has to come to grips with himself vis-a-vis the FL study. Two conlradictory types of feeling seem to wrestle within him: the one an impatience with the actual rate of the learning process, a progress which is considered to be much too slow; the other a fear lo be considered different by his friends if he undertakes the FL study These unique aspects of the FL study are by no means conclusive. Neither are they stated brre in order to create a FL martyr who can now sit back and feel sorry for himself They arc merely dramatized to induce appreciation for what the FL student encounters and it is hoped that he, as his friend who Jakes music lessons, receives encouragement from time to time. In the final analysis however, the benefits derived from a FL study measure up to the fortitude required H is exactly the fad that, although the language he is studying may be to JJie student, it is nevertheless a tool which, somewhere, is used for all other schooi subjects. ;