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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 14, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD Wednesday, March 14, 1973 Russians quit Middle East gambling Early Childhood Services Albertans first heard of the gov- ernment's plan for an early child- hood educational program when the 1973-74 budget was tabled, and a new item with that label appeared. At the time, little more was revealed than that there would be such a pro- gram, available equally to rural and urban dwellers, with particular em- phasis on parental and community involvement and special recognition for the needs of handicapped or dis- advantaged children. In a later announcement, Educa- tion Minister Louis D. Hyndman at- tached the title Early Childhood Ser- vices (ECS) to the program, and of- fered some details. Evidently, ECS is to be a major elaboration of the existing Head Start idea (such a pro- gram io now offered in Lethbridge) with funding arrangements more in line with departmental budgeting practices. This is a most welcome develop- ment. It has long been known that a great number of children who get off to a bad start in school, for whatever reason, experience serious diffi- culty throughout their educational lives, and constitute an inordinate proportion of the system's failures and drop outs. It has been demon- strated beyond any reasonable argu- ment that properly conceived and managed programs for pre-school children, that identify and deal with even a fraction of their problems, can be a means of avoiding incalcul- able waste of lives, to say nothing of the extent to which such preventive measures help to relieve strains on educational resources and budgets. One mildly disturbing note in the more recent announcement is t h e method of funding, which is to be a per-pupil grant basis, with prede- termined amounts and scales that vary with the type of problem and institution involved. Such an arrange- ment might be supportable, and even offer some modest advantages, if administered with enlightment sim-. ilar to that which engendered the pro- gram. But experience in every juris- diction that takes the formula ap- proach to educational financing in- dicates a high risk of the hind of bureaucratic rigidity that results in bookkeeping concepts overshadowing the objectives of the program. But even if the recently named dir- ector of ECS, Dr. H. I. Hastings, finds he must exercise unusual vigil- ance to keep formula financing in its place, it will be well worth while. Such a program is worth almost any effort it requires. In an era in which there seems to be no way to keep educational costs from rising, every attempt must be made to ensure that money is> well spent. There can be no better investment for the edu- cational dollar than in programs like Early Childhood Services. Endangering society Those in Canada who want tougher treatment for criminals will be en- couraged by the stand recently taken by U.S. President Richard Nixon. Even at the risk of offending the anti-American coterie, they will like- ly point to Mr. Nixon's position as a good example to follow north of the border. The legislation which the president has promised may contain elements which are much needed in his country and which in some instances might be valuable for this country too. A judgment on that will have to await the appearance of the specific legis- lation. Meanwhile it must be said that the tone in which the president cast his announcement of new approaches on the treatment of criminals is disquieting. If reflects little compre- hension of the nature of reformers or their objectives. Reformers are frequently less emo- tional in their approach to the ser- ious problem of crime than those who talk tough. Compassion toward crim- inals is not necessarily the primary motivation for advocating a softer approach; concern for society may be the dominant factor. The weight of research suggests that in the long run society is more endangered by the harsh rather than the humane stance. Most prison systems until recently have had the unenviable reputation of being schools of crime. After their periods of incarceration individuals are re- leased into society frequently more angry and alienated than ever and thus a greater menace to society. It is to be hoped that legislators in Canada will resist all pressures to abandon the search for effective rehabilitative programs. Most new programs have not 'been in effect long enough to ba properly evaluated; they certainly cannot be fairly judg- ed to be invalid on the strength of a few instances of spectacular failure. ANDY RUSSELL A quest for trout WATERTON LAKES PARK Years ago there was a beaver dam that was a favorite fishing spot, for it was not only located in a beautiful place at the foot of a mountain, but was also the home of some fine rainbow trout. It was a very special place known to very few people and I en- joyed fishing there although my intrusion did not hurt the fish populatio.n very much. It was difficult to fish with gin clear water requiring caution and finesse in presenting a fly. Also the trout were large enough to break fine tackle. It took a very light leader to fool these fish, which gave them a distinct advantage. I probably learned more about fly fish- Ing in that pond than any other place ever encountered over a wide stretch of North America, for these fish were shy and very choosy. Ordinary s'.ore bought flics were no anH I fashioned my own io match the feed of the pond using feathers, fur and tinsel tied in various combinations on tiny books. Most of the time dry Hies were used, those that float on the surface, and nothing could be more thrilling than to see one of those big come streaking up to take such an artificial fly with a sometimes audible slurp and a great swirl. Somettaies I would be lucky, but even then aiy catch was never anything near the legal limit of fifteen fish, for I never kept any more than three trout at any one time from that place. This was enough. I recall a trio that weighed an even ten pounds in total coming to creel. Most of the time I lost far more than I managed to bring to net. There was one particular trout in that place, a big hook-jawed old male, (hat made a fool of me more often than I can count. He lived in a beaver run under an overhanging bank and had his PhD in sur- vival. If I used a leader heavy enough bo give me even a fair chance, he would turn down my fly with utter disdain If the leader was fine enough to go unseen, be just broke it for there was no way 1 could keep him away from various snags or weeds growing on the bottom. The feud went on for most of, two susnmers with me the consistent loser. Then I got an idea. Maybe if I present him with something really unusual he would overlook a leader heavy enough for me to have a fair chance of holding him. The old cannibal likely went for bigger game than bugs on occasion, and with this in mind I fashioned a little mouse using deer hair.artfully preened and clip- ped, complete with ears and a wiggly elas- tic tail. On an evening when conditions were right I approached the big trout's lair. Tying the deer hair mouse on the tapered tippet of a nine foot leader, I eased into the water about forty feet from his hole where there was plenty oE room for a backcast. Compared to a conventional dry fly, this mouse was about like comparing a feather duster to a ladybug, but the power of my rod allowed me to shoot it at a spot just beyond the deep channel. There the mouse came down with a tiny splat and I left it lay for a while without the slightest movement. Then I moved it, swimming it out across the channel. About half way across, (he big trout rushed it, creating a bow wave like a broaching torpedo. He turned just short of it, swamped it with a swing of his tail and then came back to engulf it. I set the hook and the place exploded as the fish came out in a plunging Jeap. He tail-walked half way across the pond, dove and bored for some weeds, but this time my little rod managed to turn him. Three feet into the air he lanced in a shower spray and then ran away again. It was wild and it was wonderful. Time and again I thought I was about to loose him, but lha leader held and "finally he began to tire. In due course he rolled onto his back and I drew him over the net. Ife was a battle scarred old warrior with a piece of his tail missing, an undershot jaw and a bluish heated over scar on his back where a mink or a heron may have grabbed him and lost its hold. I killed him with a quick blow of my knife handle and then wished I hadn't, for this place would never be quite the same again. By Joseph Kraft, syndicated commentator Violent events have dominat- ed recent news from the Middle East. But the execution of American diplomats by Pales- tinian guerrillas and the shoot- ing down of the Libyan passen- ger jet by Israeli planes afford a poor gauge of underlying re- alities in the area. The long-term evolution in the Middle East continues to move away from trouble and upheav- al. Provided the present inci- dents can be managed, It is even thinkable that some pro- gress can be made in easing tho worst points of tension. The truly significant long- term development in the Mid- dle East was reflected in Presi- dent Nixon's discussion with Is- icali Prime Minister Gold a Meir at the While House re- cently. Mr. Nixon did most of tho talking, and he talked main- ly about Soviet American re- lations. Rightly so. For the central fact in the Middle East now is that the Russians have come to regard the business they can transact with the United States more important than the un- certain gains they might make by exploiting Arab dislike of Israel. As a result, the Russians have gambling reck- lessly in the Middle East. In the spring of last year, they tWXMTON "When did you first discover that you had a Guerrilla trial, risk for Numeiry By Colin T.egum, London Observer commentator KHARTOUM Two major problems face the Sudan gov- ernment now that it has decid- ed to put the eight Black Sep- tember guerrillas on open trial Letter to the editor for the murder of three West- ern diplomats rather than try them by court martial. The first is how to stage a trial that will he accepted as fair by all Question unanswered The subject of abortion is serious and important. Last Sunday the Knights of Colum- bus sponsored a number of anti abortion presentations at the Yates. The chairman of the session I attended began the affair in a Jighthearted, even jocular, manner. He cracked a few fun- nies and then drew our atten- tion to the horrible nature of the'slides and commentary we were about to wiUicss. He then adopted the mien of a barker in a carnival side- show. There was a nine min- ute film, he told us, which would follow the tape and slides. He said he had original- ly decided to spare us the dis- comfort of watching the film, but now that we were all as- sembled he had had a change of heart and would not gen- erously show us the film, that we might sec, with cur very eyes, an abortion actually be- ing performed The entire presentation was designed to shock and nause- ate the viewers. To a large ex- tent it succesded. But I question whether the shock was felt over abortion, or whether the shock was mere- ly to the sensibilities, especial- ly the visual Part of the film which evoked gasps from the viewers showed the indelicate way In which the surgeon probed the cervix of the patient's uterus in an effort to dilate the cervix in order lo facilitate evacuation the foe- tus. And when the first blood was exuded from the cervix and into the suction device many muffled gasps of outrage could be heard. But what must he pointed out is that to those who are squea- mish in the first place, a film showing surgery of any kind would result in much the same reaction The antiabortion presentation may have confirmed in many people that abortion is definite- ly aesthetically repugnant, that it is not pleasant to watch. But the crucial question of whether abortion is morally right or not was left far from answered. And employing sen- sationalism to play on people's emotions and sensibilities is definitely not the way to find that answer. Persons concerned about ab- ortion, regardless of their posi- tion pro or con, should at very least be responsible in their campaigns. The session I attended Sun- day evening was not charac- terized by responsibility. GREGORY L. HALES Lethbridge. CanPac adheres to rules I would liko lo take issue with statements which have re- cently appeared in The Herald which, by implication or other- wise, involve CanPac Minerals Limited. These statements to which I refer, have either been made by Mr. Andy Russell, or attributed to him by Herald staff writers. It has been implied that Can- Pac Minerals was responsible for creating mud and silt con- ditions in the Oldman River at Lethbridge during the summer of 1972 and that we had "every bulldozer in the country up there working." In actual fact, at that time, we had two bull- dozers on the property near the headwaters of the Oldman Riv- er, These machines were en- gaged in a surface reclamation project which included the planting of grass and fer- tilizing. This work was car- ried out under the guidance aiul supervision of the department of lands and forests. Reference is continually be- ing made to secret development plans for Ihe property on the Oldman, and linking these in some instances to the paving o! the Kananaskis Highway south of Seebe, and in others to a proposed road or railway connection to the Fording Coal Limited operation near Elk- ford. We, at CanPac Minerals, can unequivocally state that there are not now, nor have there ever been, any secret de- velopment plans. Likewise, there is no truth whatsoever in regard to the other allegations. After having expended con- siderable exploration money on this coal deposit, we naturally hope that it will be developed. Market conditions, however, do not warrant development at this time. We at CanPac share Mr. Rus- sell's concern for the environ- ment and respect his right to express his views. However, in view of the inferences of some of the published statements re- lating to CanPac Minerals, we are also very much concerned that your readers might be mis- led. CanPac Minerals Limited has always conscientiously adhered to the strict rules set out by the government with respect to coal exploration work and in- deed in many cases, has ex- ceeded the requirements. R. D. LIVINGSTONE, CanPac Minerals Limited Lethbridge. international standards; the second is how to avoid giving the impression that President Gaafar Numeiry's regime is changing its policy of support for the Palestinian cause by trying the Septembrists. It is certain that the Arab Socialist Lawyers' Association will assemble a distinguished team of Arab barristers to de- fend the Septembrists. Not only can they be relied upon to turn the Khartoum trial into a show trial for the cause of Palestine liberation but they will use their skills to challenge the right of the court to try the accused on a capital charge. Since the execution of the Belgian and two Americans took place inside the Saudi Arabian embassy, which by in- ternational !sw is Saudi terri- tory, tile Sudanese courts can- not technically try the Septem- brists for. the actual killing. There is, so far as Sudanese lawyers have been able to dis- cover, no precedent for this kind of case in international law. However, the Sudanese can assemble evidence to show that many of Uie acts leading up to the killings were carried out on Sudanese territory, for ex- ample the bringing in of illegal weapons and the planning of the action from a headquar- ters in Khartoum. All this evidence will be col- lected in a pre-trial investiga- tion by a legal committee head- ed by a judge the prosecutor- general. One of the facts on which they will have to pro- nounce are the terms of sur- render of the Septembrists. Ac- cording to some reports being circulated by a leading Arab news agency the Septembrists gave themselves up on condi- tion that their "dignity and ssfoly" would be guaranteed. What seems clear is that while a promise was made that they would "he treated with" the offer of safety applied only to an undertaking that they would not be shot at if they emerged from, the embassy with their hostages alive. The Sudan -government is also understood to have col- lected a considerable amount of evidence from the local Pales- tine Liberation office showing that Al Fatah, the largest guerrilla group, was involved in the plot as an organization. The direct link between Al Fatah and Black September is politi- cally a very sensitive issue which raises difficult problems if a direct confrontation with Fatah is to he avoided during the trial itself. No less sensitive is the ques- tion of presenting material which might link the Libyans with the Septembrist attack. President Numeiry has no wish lo embroil himself or his coun- try in a conflict with Libya or other militant Arab States and organizations. On the other hand, Sudanese leaders feel deeply that their country has been treated with contempt by the Septembrists and their sun- porters in using Khartoum as the stage for their operation. By delaying the trial until the legal investigation commit- tee has completed its report, General Numeiry has gained time to allow some of the emo- tions to die down before ho puts the Septembrists on trial. It will also give him the oppor- tunity to put the record straight about his government's role in giving direct and consistent support to Al Fatah, including regular financial payments and diplomatic recognition. He will he able to show that, far from the Sudan government being a prosecutor of Palestinian com- mandos, it is they who have put the Sudanese in a difficult position because of their conspi- ratorial policies in Uie Sudan. It is doubtful whether the militant Arab leaders will be convinced even by the mass of factual evidence which Num- eiry is expected to produce to counter-act any campaign to link him with the Arab "reac- tionaries" and the Ameri- cans. But it will make it harder for Numeiry's enemies to un- dermine the fairness of the Khartoum trial when the true extent of Sudanese support for the Palestinian cause is dis- closed: Sudanese opinion seems to ba solidly behind Numeiry in his determination to bring the Septembrists to justice. In fact the, police have had to stop anti-Septembrist public demon- strations in the streets of Khar- toum. The Sudan prides itself on its record of rule by law. It was for this reason that sections of Sudanese public opinion criti' cized the speed with which the leaders of the 1971 Communist coup were tried by military courts. Numeiry could have opted to try the Septembrists by the same military laws as he used against the Commun- he li3S chosen the slower and more cumbersome methods of trial under normal judicial proced- ures. In taking his stand Numeiry has exposed himself and his evolutionary regime to great risks but. the risks would un- doubtedly have been even greater had he ignored the strong current of Sudanese op- inion against the murder ot diplomats in their capital by supporters of a movement for which the Sudan government and Numeiry personally had done so much. drew a hard line against send- ing the most advanced offen- sive weapons to Cairo. They ac- cepted with good grace the ex- pulsion of Soviet technicians and soldiers which followed in the slimmer of last year. Since then they have been cool to Egyptian pleas for more sup- port, The Egyptians have perforce changed their behavior as a consequence. President Sadat has recently toned down refer- ences to Israel in discussions with various groups of his coun- trymen. He arrested who staged violent demonstrations for another go at Israel. He subsequently purged from their jobs left-wing intellectuals who backed the striking students. Most important of all, Presi- dent Sadat has been beating the bushes for a diplomatic exit from confrontation with Israel. He himself made 4 significant visit to Marshal Tito in Decem- ber. The fruit of that visit was a letter sent by Tito to the major world leaders, including President Nixon and Soviet Party Secretary Leonid Brezh- nev, asking their good offices for moves to ease tension in the Middle East. Subsequently, President Sadat sent his chief foreign policy adviser, Hafez Ismail, to. Moscow and Washington. Mr. Ismail is a true hard-liner. When I saw him in Cairo a couple of months ago, be even seemed skeptical of President Sadat's own proposal about an interim settlement reopening the Suez Canal as a step to- ward larger agreement. Mr. Ismail's visit to Washing- ton, the first by an important Egyptian since Ihe six-day war of 1967, had to be in the nature of an ice-breaker. But the end result of that visit is not yet. The Egyptians are expected to present further views to Washington about possible terms for an interim settle- ment. There could well he some flexibility In the Egyp- tian position particularly as regards strategic points which the Israelis feel they can never return to Arab military hands. The developments in Russia and Egypt have not swayed ev- erybody in Israel. Isreali mili- tary men find the present fron- tiers much "more defensible than the pre-1967 borders, and they are very chary of any step to- ward withdrawal. Prime Min- ister Gold a Meir follows the military line. But within the ruling Labor party there has emerged an undoubted group of doves, headed by Finance Minister Pinhas Sapir. The doves be- lieve that the ideals of Uie Jew- ish state, and of Zionism itself, are compromised by the exten- sion of Israeli rule over a grow- ing Arab population. They sense than an opportunity for settle- ment has developed with' the Russian departure from Egypt. While they do not hold supreme power now, they, are apt to gain it after Uie general election due in Israel this fall. In these conditions, a certain turbulence is almost inevitable. The Palestinian commandos, sensing the drift, have to do their utmost to prevent any set- tlement that would leave .the Jssue of a Palestinian state un- resolved. The Israeli military, under challenge from the doves, hold especially firm against admitting the bad judgment which apparently led to the shooting down of the Libyan airliner. But tragic and dangerous as they may be, these incidents do not plot the main course of events in the Middle East. On the contrary, the political situ- ation in Egypt and Israel is not unfavorable, and the present phase is one of exploration. 'Crazy Capers' So people find your irritating, The Lethbridge Herald _____ 7th St. S., lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD no. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher! Published 1905-1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Man Registration No. 0013 CafI8dla" the Canadian Dally Newspaper Association and Audi! Bureau of circulation! CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS a ADAMS, Genersl Manaser DON PIU-1NS WILLIAM HAY s.intr Associate Editor ROY f. M LES DOUGLAS K. WALKER MwrlUlno. Manager editorial Pago Editor HERALD SERVES IKE SCUTii" ;