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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Daily Herald (Newspaper) - March 14, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta VOLUME XI. LETHBRIDGE. ALBERTA, , THURSDAY, MARCH 14, 1918 NUMBER 79 ) FAR EAST jGerman Newspapers Believe Splitting Up of Russia Into Small States Bad Policy mil BE MANY -THORNS IN GERMANY'S SIDE IN FUTURE Amsterdam, Mar. 13.-Some section* of tho Gormau press are becoming: uneasy over developments in the Far The Frankfurter Zeitung considers that, the breaking up of Russia into a number ot independent states is a bad policy for Germany and urges the greatest, tact and prudence be used in dealing villi the border states so that..they will not "in the future long for a reunion with Russia and bo-come so >many thorns in Germany's Hide." ' The newspaper adds: "Clearly the cm lento policy is to use the 'Japanese alliance to shove Germany out ot .Asiatic markets forever. Germany played'their game by breaking up Russia. Germany has no more hope than over ot: being able to conduct a Far Kastern policy except in conjunction with Great Britain and Russia. That is why a weak Russia will not contribute to Germany's ultimate welfare." The Vossische Zeitung says: "Ger: many too late began to realize that the time might come when the United States and ,lapan will see that War in not always the most profitable way of settling difficulties. Germany's Russian policy haH played the game brilliantly for Great Britain and the United States In the same way Germany has increased Holland's debt of gratitude to Great Britain. It should have been Germany's game to earn Holland's gratitude by guaranteeing her the safe ppssession of her East Indian colonies, but' instead of this she ce-anented the Aii&lo-Japanese alliance and delivered the Dutch colonies from Japanese pressure southward by open-i ing the door io Japanese enterprise in i Itussia, 'Only the, moat limited intelligence tan believe that the breaking up 6f llffssia will be to Germany's advani- MAKING FURTHER ADVANCE, PALESTINE London, March 13.-Attacking over an eleven mile front on the - "i coastal sector in Palestine, East Anglian, South African and ln-^ dtan troops have advanced to u depth of three miles, according to an official statement issued by tha war office tonight. H1NS PERSECUTING* RUMANIA NOW Washington, March 13.-At the mercy of hsr conquerors, Ru- r mania* is being subjected to most drastic persecution, , American Minister Voploks at Jassy, report-tf today to the state department. Notwithstanding that the terms of peace have bersn signed. Ru* mania's boundaries are being altered under the clause providing for rectification of the frontier. CAN'T BRING IT ABOUT WITH TALK '.London, Mar. 13. - Premier Lloyd George, speaking in London today, saftl there had been criticism because the cabinet, ministers had not given sufficient prominence to the idea of a league of nations in their speeches. The Bolshevik! had taught them one lesson-that was that a real league of nations did not come by talking about It. The critics had fogotten something that was essential-that once a war was begun you had to fight for it. RURAL TEACHERS age. * 1 NTRACTF pro-the Montreal, Mar, 1-J.-The plan of relaying rails in order to keep the railways- supplied has been materially modified by the decision of the government on the urgent representation of the railway war board to order 100,-000 tons of rails from the Dominion Iron and Steel company, it was stated at the railway war board yesterday. This supply, with the, '50,000 tons to come from the allotment rolled in the United States for Russia and taken over by the American government will give the Canadian roads all but 50,000 tons of the amount they need to handle the war traffic. RA1EINCREASES WILL BE ALLOWED Winnipeg, Mar. la.-^-In a dispatch tonight the Ottawa correspondent of the Manitoba Free Press says: "Official announcement will be made probably tomorrow that the railway rate increase of lfi.per cent on all passenger and freight traffic in Canada is �to go into effect. It is understood that The final decision was reached by the cabinet this afternoon to* allow the .rate increase as'ordered by the board of railway commissioners last January. "The date on which the rate increase shall go into effect is as yet not definitely stated, but it is likely that the order in council will fix April 1. The late increase, it is understood is granted as a temporary war measure." ROOSEVELT'S SON WOUNDED IN ACTION New York, Mar. 13.-Archibald B. Roosevelt, a son of Colonel The-( odore Roosevelt, has been wounded in action, with the American forces In France. A cablegram was received today at the colonel's office here. Young Roosevelt is^a captain. CAPT. UELL-IRV1NG NOW AIR COMMANDER Loudon, March 13.-Captain A. D. Bell-Irving of the famous Vancouver family, Is gazetted squadron comman-^ this flying corps. Lieutenants L. G. Sherard and AK J. Estlin are gazetted flying officerssaiid Lieut. >V. R.. Humphreys, equipment officer of tUo flying corps. Hope To Secure More Teachers -Country Districts to Pay , City Fees (Special to the Herald) Mar. 14.-A minimum salary of $70 per month for teachers of schools in the rural districts ot the province is one of this principal provisions in the to amend the school ordinance, the school assessment ordinance, andbtKerYXgnoolaetft which was read a second time in the legislature ?:Wterday afternoon on the motion of Hoh. J.-R; Boyle/minister of education. Provision is also made for increasing the efficiency of the consolidated schools which are proving such a success In the province. There are now 45 in operation, the lniitster informed the house, and 100 applications had been received from trustees for permission to take a vote upon the position. Other amendments deal with payment for the education of children / from the rural districts attending schools in towns and cities, and also with a view to having the rural schools kept open during the whole school year. "I think it should be the policy of the government and the legislature." said Mr. Boyle, "to encourage -within reason, the establishment ot consolidated schools." Of course parts of the country are not suitable for them as yet, but a very considerable portion of the province is." South Is Leading Consolidation, he pointed out, seemed to have been taken up most rapidly In the southern parts of the prov-inee,and he attributed that'to the fact that there were a considerable amount of American settlers who. had been used with consolidation at home because America had undoubtedly taken the lead in this matter." The department expected at the end oE the year to be able to record atarge increase in the number ot these schools. ? School Attendance Proceeding, the minister said that in 1917 there were 99,201 pupils in attendance at the schools in the province. There were 5755 in the grades above 8, and 1114 in attendance at the consolidated schools.: _ Keep Them Open A survey had shown that there were less than 800 from rural districts fit high school. Reminding the house of the difficulties there were in keeping some schools open and properly maintained lie said that the legislation proposed would h�lp to the continuous operations ot the schools. He asserted that every sohool should he operated during the whole school year.' The cost of the education of the country children attending schools in towns and cities had often been dlseussed, Mr. Boyle remarked, and It had been decided to solve it in, this way. Rural Districts To Pay t That the district where the peoplw HvedHvourd pay what .was practically 50 per cent of the coat of the education to the town or city that was giving the education. The other 60 per cent would be paid out of the public funds of the province. It was figured out at the rate ot $40 each year. Mr. Boyle said that the grant to the rural schools was being decreased a little while the grant to^the consolidated schools was being increased. There was alao a provision In the proposed amendments, said the minis-tei\ which it was hoped would solve the shortage of teachers by establishing a minimum of .170 a month salary. The minister mentioned that there The minister mentioned that there was a cheap transportation rate for university graduates in the east who . desired to teach in the west during the J summer months. Plan Drastic Regulations Who Food I ILL OWNER ?! Had Been Feeling Unwell Was One of Best-Known Men in S. Alberta Winnipeg, Mar, 14.-The Ottawa correspondent ot the Manitoba Free Press, in a-dispatch datod last night says: "The cabinet council gave approval today to Important new regulations drafted by the Canada food board providing machinery and authority for pro venting and punishing wilful warfte of any food or food products either by individuals or by cold storage or other food handling companies; providing for prompt sale of lood products by wholesalers, retailers or warehouse*, in.csrse.s where hoarding longer would res nil. in deterioration ; giving the loud hoard power to forbid the. use. of any kind of food except at. certain specified limes and power also to prescribe the amount of any kind or kinds of food'that may he sold, consumed or used at any one meal or within any specified time. In the case of violation ot the regu- HUNS ARE NOW INVADING FINLAND F . Petronrad, Mar. 13.-A strong German detachment is reported to have occupied Abo, on the coast of Finland, west of Helsingfors. The Germans immediately began to march into the interior of Finland. 1 I lations in regard to food waste, the. onus for prosecution and on-forcing of penalties is passed on to the municipal authorities, each municipality being made responsible for the enforcement of the regulations within its own municipal limits.*' "A3 a further safeguard against the holding of food for speculative price increases, the hoard is given �power to define the amount of any . kind of food that may be purchased" or held by any one person or company and may sflze all amounts purchased or held in excess of the amounts prescribed. "The penalties provided for violation for any of the provisions of the new regulations are a fine not . exceeding $1,000 and not. less than $100 or imprisonment for a period not exceeding three months or both fine mid imprisonment. Where the prosecution is instituted by the municipality the tine goes to the provincial treasury." mm LITTLE CHANGE I t British and German Military Berlin, March 13.-(Via ton- \ � . i t u" L don)-German troops have enter- | Machines, 1 Uned Up 10 High - ed Ocfisssa. This officiar*announce- - ment was made tonight. Promised to Rumania Berlin, Mar. troops which occupied Odessa were sent hi an agreement with the Rumanian government, today's army headquarters statement announces. Allies Will Take Over Pitch, Await Signal for Clash AIRMEN ARE VERY ACTIVE ON FRONTS; FRENCH SUCCESSES Dutch Ships Bolo's Appeal Is Refused John Taylor, managing director and founder of .the Taylor Milling and Elevator Co., died very suddenly this morning �*bout nine o'clock in his suite at his office at the mills. Mr. Taylor had been ill in bed'for a couple-of days suffering with pleurisy and pneumonia. This morning, 'however, he rose,,and fainted, and before he could be gotten back into bed life was extinct. J-' A Canadian The late Mr, Taylor was one of .the best known business men in Southern Alberto. He was born a , Canadian, coming from Ontario, but when young went to North Dakota where he engaged in the grain business. He came here about 1905 and founded the Taylor Milling Co. in which he was the chief shareholder, building up also* a i line of elevators, which he had disposed of only a few months ago. He was also heavily interested in Delany*s Limited, in which he whs the chief stockholder, and owned a large'farm southeast of the city which he had stocked heavily. Mr. Taylor was a shrewd businessman and always displayed great confidence in Lethbridge and Southern Alberta. Mrs. Taylor^ widow of the deceased^ has been liVing in Portland, Ore,J for the past year with the two youngest boys, Milton and George, wiiile Earl, Lloyd and Vern have been residing with their father here. The late Mr. Taylor was about 40 years of rage. In addition to his own largest erects here, Mr. Taylor always took a great interest in public affairs, especially In those of the Board of Trade, and he was chairman of the transportation section of? that body for several years. In politics ho was a Conservative. Mrs. Taylor has been notified and a J\  W W J m * I* * Paris, Marc.l�,:.12>~(Delayed) - The appeal of ftolo Pasha from the' sentence of,death imposed by courtmartial>fbr>trcason was rejected /today by:: the court of revision which confirmed the original judgment. The same action wfcs taken by the court in the case of Darius Porchere, who was trfed with Bolo Pasha and sentenced to three years' imprisonment. FIVE ARE KILLE Second Raid Over England in Succession in Which Zepps Are Used London, Mar. 14.-fn hist night's air raid one airship crossed the coast and dropped four bombs ou Hartlepool. Six dwelling houses were demolished there and thirty were damaged-. Five persona were killed and injured. Unless Netherlands Agree To Arrangement By March 1& -Will Stand No Delay 4 29 Killetf and 50 Injured in City Alone-Nearly All Women and Children t on her return from Portland funeral arrangements will be announced. SAYS CAP!. I Made No Statement That Can* adian Forces Were Drunk ~ on Xmas Day \ Calgary, Mar. M.-"I have made tl^e statement to the lawyers that if they want me as a witness, I am perfectly willing to go and. at that 1 think 1 might be of some assist^n^ge to Bailey," said Capt. H. E. l*yon, whose name was mentioned' in the trial of Capt. Bailey ot Toronto, who was sentenced to three months' Imprisonment for his statements at-a temperance convention in Toronto, yesterday. ' Captain Lyon Is a well known Blalr-more man and left there in 1916 ^s lieutenant colonel of the 192nd battalion. In order to get to the fighting line in France he took a reduced rank' and saw considerably active serriaje and was in touch witn conditions that pertain to the fighting front. . In the statement made last night he said that he had met Captaui Bailey on shipboard in crossing the Atlantic, homeward hound and there being a number of other Canadtafi offtcers on board, there was much conversation regarding military matters, sucuyas would be discussed by officer^ among themselves. He remembered that Captain, Bailey showed much interest *;.n temperance matters and was present at most of the discussions but failed to understand how he could have'fcot the Impression from the conversation � that took place that the enlisted strength at the front had been intoxicated Christmas day. Paris, March 14- The official statement on Monday "night's raid, says; "The number ot* victims of last Might's bombardment is now known. In Paris 29 were killed and fifty injured; Jn the suburbs five were killed and twenty nine injured. Unfortunately, to these must be added sixty-six Others who were crushed to death by a crowd in a panic, at the entrance to the Metropolitan subway station, where they were seeking , refuge. These last victims of German barbarism a re almost all worn en a n d children. One hospital was damaged' seriously by bombs which killed six and .injured seven. "/'"The points where the bombs fell, ! both* in Paris and in the immediate nelMfiorhood, were not very numer-0us S� a Targe number of enemy mach-ineaLweVe forced to retreat before the a^mery barrage. They dropped prq-Jectfles on suburbs for-a great distance from Paris. "During the raid four German aviators were brought down -within our lines. Two fell in the region of Chateau. Thierry one near Meaux and the other near Soisson^. Three of these were of the Gotha type while the fourth was an ordinary two-seater. One, of the Gotha machines was destroyed by fire and the pilot aud crew-burned to death. "Most of the oilier crews were not injured. "Two policemen were killed and three injured in Mqritlay's air raid. One of the wounded policemen was awarded the Military Medal." Last-night's air raid was the second made in two days over England by Zeppedins which previously1 had not been employed in these attacks for several months. In neither case, however, was an attempt made to reach tb.3 ikmdon district, wher,e German dirigibles met with disaster on previous expeditions. Oh Tuesday night, Hull was bombed. Hartlepool, attacked last night, is a North Sea port of some 6i>,-000 inhabitants in northern Englaud. Mysterious Movement of Troops + in Mukden-President May Resign HAD PLANS TO Pekin, Mar. 11.-The' mysterious' movement of troops by Governor Chang Soulin of Mukden province coupled with the reported desire of President Feng K\\o Chang to resign is causing speculation in(the capital. Governor Chang Soulin recently intercepted a large shipment of arms from Japan intended for the use of the Chinese government. The seizuro was made on the allegation that there was danger of the arms falling into the hands of the hnemy of the known military leaders through evil counsel in the government., Shortly thereafter; Chang Soulin began to move his troops southwards ostensibly to aid the northern leaders against the southern rebels. His troops are now at Lwan Chow, Chan Kwan and Tiensin in Chi Li province, in which Pekin is also situated. President Feng's desire to resign was expressed at a cabinet meeting where he produced a telegram which he proposed to send to the provisional government declaring that the situation was too difficult for tyim to solve, Washington, March 14,-After months of delay and unsuccessful negotiations with the Netherlands, the United States and Great Britain have decided to take over on March 18 for allied use all Dutch ships in allied ports unless The Netherlands government accepts an agreement to that purpose before that time. ; This will bring practically a million tons of shipping to the aid of the allies at a time when they are sorely needed. The Netherlands minister, Augustus Phillips, had an engagement with President Wilson today and it was expected he would present from his government a final ap-' peal that the action be delayed or at least modified. * There are no indications, however, that the allied governments will recede from thrair decision. In fact a final communication is understood to have already been presented at The Hague by the British and * American diplomatic representatives. In addition to being recompensed for the loss of any of the ships the Dutch are to receive literal compensations In export privileges of breadrtuffs which they need badly, German pressure Is expected to deter The Netherlands government from accepting the agreement the allies propose and the taking over of the ships under International law is looked upon as a logical solution and not entirely an unfit one for Holland. Officials and diplomats here have no fears that the taking over of the Dutch ships will force Holland into the war as has been predicted in some quarters. They are certain that Holland will con* tinue her policy of neutrality. The taking over of all the Dutch fleet is the greatest move of its kind since the beginning of the war. he Purchase Price Will Be Approximately $200 a Shart I. HOSPITAL SHH* ESCAPED SUB San Plans wrest Francisco, March 13.- of German government to Canada from England and thrs supposed escape of groups .of German prisoners of war from Russia to their fatherland by way of the United States wVe touched on hera today in the trial of a group of Hindus and others on a charge that they conspired to overthrow British rule In India. V Condon, Mar., 14.-The hospital ship Guilford, Castle was attacked unsuccessfully by a submarine in tor) sic I Channel on March 10, it was announced officially today. CAUCASUS TO MAKE PEACE WITH TURKEY Montreal, Mar. 14.-Arrangements have been completed,for the purchase of the^ Northern Crown Bank by the Royal Bank of Canada. The purchase price will be approximately $200 n share, and will .bo paid part in Royal 13ank of Canada stock, and part in cash. The minister of finance has officially given his consent to the sala, it is announced. The Royal Bank, prior to the. purchase ot the Northern. .Crown Bank, had a paid up eapitaf of $12,ftl 1,700. The paid up capital of the Northern Crown Bank wis $1,0. 4 ? ? BANK CLEARIN38 This week Last year Increase, 6'per cent.  *698,7g6. 667,07* Stockholm, March 14.-The Caucasus government, has communicated with Constantinople asking if Turkey does pot desire to conduct peace negotiations with it in view of the Turkish ooniniander in chief's pro-pe*al thai; the Caucasus armies evacuate the district of Batum, Kars and Ardaha in conformity with the Brest-Lltovakvagreemeut. This agreement !thf Caucasus has already announced U tfhj not recognize, OUawjf. Mar. 14.*~The Imperial Munitions' Board when asked as to the orders for shells from, the United States placed in Canadian factories stated, that no large orders had been received recently. Three months ago orders were received for (i.OOO.OOG uitf 1-iraetre forgings from .steel supplied from the United States and the making of 2,0v0,000 cartridges-. WEATHEK High ..............>...... Low .......... .T. ........ . Forecast-Fair, and mild. t *  * *  * t 35 24 New York, Mar. 14.-A -special dispatch received here from Copenhagen says: f'Germany has officially admitted Its intention to annex Lithuania.'* * O �> 0 �  > ? DESTROYED HUN SEAPLANES * ? cagad five German machines  ^ over the North Sea, destroying O * one seaplane and downing an-  * O British Front in France and Belgium, Mar. 12.--This has been another day of ideal fighting weather but there lias been no change in the situation. The British and German military machines-tuned up to the finest pitch and probaoly as nearly perfect �s k is possible to make them, are still awaiting the signal which will send them crashing against each other. Meanwhile 4ho arti'lerj* pounds away in thunderous duels at varlouH points and myriad airmen are busy bombing, photographing and acting as eyes for the respective armiep. The British airmen have been doing marvellous work recently. The first, ten days of March sk a whojp, have been among the best yet recorded for* the pervice. During that period, in addition to the vast amount of recou-noitering and photographing the in* trepid Britishers destroyed Ii9 German airplanes and brought down forty others out of control, despite the fact that the first two or three days of the month were so stormy that aerial activity was virtually impossible. Against this great total, fifteen British machines are reported, missing. Yesterday another fine record was made but the official figures are not available. There have been many air battles and virtually all occurred behind the German lines, which means that the British airmen have been carrying the aerial work vigorously into the enemy territory. Of the German machines destroyed all but two were sent crashing down back of the German lines. The amount of photography work that has been done is amazing and a large number of the pictures were taken at close quarters. Bombing Raids Bombing raids by British aviators have been almost continuous. One of the most - successful expeditions