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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - March 13, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta Most to become Canadian citizens Half U of L faculty born outside Canada By JIM WILSON Herald Education Writer According to a Herald survey, more than half of the University of Lethbridge faculty was born outside of Canada, but about 57 per cent are now Canadian citizens and about three-quarters of the rest plan to become citizens. The survey was carried out through a questionnaire sent to every faculty and administration member at the university. Of 181 forms sent out, 110 were filled out, for a 60 per cent return. Because the 40 per cent who did not respond are a significant unknown quantity, the percentages shown are not necessarily indicative of the actual breakdown of U of L faculty citizenship. However, the figures compare favorably with a similar set of statistics compiled by university officials from payroll and other records available. The two sets of data agree within two per cent. Canadians: By bath: 46 per cent; by citizenship: 57 per cent; Grade 1 to 12 education: 45 per cent; post-secondary (university or college) education: 40 per cent. Americans: By birth: 31 per cent; by citizenship: 32 per cent; American Grade 1 to 12 education: 31 per cent; post - secondary education: 43 per cent; Americans intending to become Canadian citizens: 54 per cent; undecided: 20 per cent. Other countries: By birth: 23 per cent; by citizenship: 11 per cent; Grade 1 to 12 education: 24 per cent; post - secondary education: 17 per cent; intending to become Canadian citizens: 92 per cent. In addition, figures drawn from both the questionnaire replies and the university calendar show that 30 per cent of U of L faculty received their final doctorates or masters' degrees from Canadian institutions; 54 per cent received them from American universities; and 13 per cent from other countries' universities. Three per cent of U of L faculty do not yet have masters' degrees. (Of total faculty, 52 per cent hold PhDs and 47 per cent bold MAs). Thirteen per cent of the fac-. olty hold Canadian PhD's, 301 per cent hold American PhD's and nine per cent hold PhD's from other countries. Seventeen per cent of the faculty hold Canadian masters' as their highest de-; 24 per cent hold American MAs and four per cent hold MAs from other countries. From the questionnaire, 33 per cent of respondents (44 per cent of Canadians and 17 per cent of foreign) thought student outlook could be affected by the citizenship of the faculty in their own departments. About 54 per cent of the re-. spondents (67 per cent of Canadians and 36 per cent of foreign) thought student outlook would be affected by the citizenship of faculty in other departments. In both cases, however, about a quarter of the listed responses said they thought the effect on students would be beneficial - they said it would be good for the students to be exposed to social and political thoughts of people from other countries. Only 15 per cent of the respondents (21 per cent of Canadians and eight per cent foreign) said they knew of Canadian PhD-hoIders who were unable to find jobs in Canadian universities. About a third of them said many factors in addition to the number of foreign faculty, were involved in these people's difficulties in finding jobs. About 35 per cent of respondents (24 per cent of Canadians and 62 per cent foreign) thought Canadian topics were covered well-enough in Canadian universities. Twenty - five per cent said Canadian texts were used1 often enough, but most said there were few Canadian textbooks available. One of the most telling criticisms levelled by university faculty was that there is an almost total lack of Canadian textbooks. Some 85 per cent said Canadian texts were unavailable in their subject areas, and 15 per cent said most of those which are available are of poor quality. About 97 per cent of respondents gave one or both answers. Forty - three per cent of respondents (51 per cent of Canadians and 32 per cent foreign) thought the Moir committee to investigate foreign influence in Alberta post-secondary education was justified. Some 93 per cent of those responses, however, said they approved "if the study is conducted and the results are used with propriety." Some added Mb major value would be "to clear the air." i About 46 per cent of respondents (49 per cent of Canadians and 43 per cent of foreign) expressed some personal! fears of the potential outcome of the study; and 60 per cent (59 per cent Canadian and 60 per cent foreign) said they thought others feared the study's outcome. Interestingly, 22 per cent of Canadian respondents said they did not believe any of their foreign colleagues at the IT of | L had any fears about the. study; 43 per cent of the foreign faculty said they DID have some personal fears. Of the foreign respondents, 1 54 per cent of Americans and 67 per cent of those from other countries said they left their country of birth primarily for political reasons. 148 answer questionaire Free comment given on foreign influence Perhaps the most valuable results of a Herald questionnaire survey investigating foreign influence at the University Lethbridge and Lethbridge Community College were the free comments of the 148 respondents. A selection of comments: "Great achievements in art are to be found in Rome, Florence, Basel, Paris, London, Toronto, Amsterdam, Stockholm New York, Montreal, Tokyo, Munich, Vancouver, San Francisco, Moscow, Winnipeg, Is tanbul - sticking to just Al berta would be stupid." "One fears the emergence of a narrowly - conceived nation alism if this is taken to its extreme." "Is a Canadian texbook one published in Canada, written by a Canadian who has never been out of Canada? There are lots of Canadian authors among books available from American publishers - we just have a rotten publishing industry in Canada." "I fear the Moir committee study because it is the type of thing which whips up some of the worst features of human nature - narrowmindedness and ill-informed bigotry." "I'm here because the political climate in the U.S. is unacceptable to me, while the climate in Canada is refreshing and encourages me to stay." "What's Albertan about English Literature?" "What's Albertan about mathematics?" "What's Albertan about auto-motives?" "If the Moir committee's report is used intelligently, it will point to some problems Canadians must seriously consider-but only if it is used intelligently. There is nothing automatically wrong with a teacher from another country." "No nation has the knowledge market cornered," "To hire a second-rate Canadian over a first-rate foreigner is questionable; to hire a second-rate foreigner over a first-rate Canadian is seldom done but would be equally questionable." "In general the Americans I know here are more outspoken in their anti � Americanism (and their pro  Canadianism) than are the Canadians." "The chief reason for lack of academic jobs in Canada and in the United States is the current state of over - abundance Student-job organization is formed Gilbert Paterson Elementary-Junior High School has organized the "Paterson odd-job task force," designed to provide students with part-time after-school jobs. Cliff Cook, Paterson counsellor, said the students will take almost any odd job, including fence painting, spring cleaning, lawn work, babysitting, Saturday afternoon babysitting, dog walking and everything Lethbridge residents can think of. There would be no set fee for any of the services, although some charge would be made: "A little bit of spending money is what the students want," Mr. Cook said. The service was started briefly last year, but had little chance to get organized. This year, Mr. Cook said, he hopes jobs will start now and continue throughout the summer. He said he canvassed the school's students and received more than 300 replies. Paterson is one of the city's most - active community -schools, and is actively seeking new ways to bring city residents into the school and put its students in contact with people. Everyone with odd job! for the task force can contact either Mr. Cook or Sharon Gibb at Paterson, by telephoning 327-4234. of PhDs on the market." "All of the Americans I know on this campus would prefer to be thought of as Canadian immigrants." "I wish those detractors of foreign professors would recog- nize that it takes five years to become a Canadian citizen - give us a chance." "My only regret is that I didn't come here two years earlier so that when The Herald or the Moir committee asked me about my citizenship I'd he able to say 'Canadian.'" .... "Is a naturalized Canadian pure enough for the super-nationalists among us?" "If a university employed only Alberta citizens for fac- Majority of LCC teachers trained inside Canada About three-quarters of Lethbridge Community College faculty members received their post - high school training in Canada, according to a Herald survey. The survey was carried out through a questionnaire sent to every faculty and administration member at the college. Of 86 forms sent out, 38, or 44 per cent, were returned. Due to the somewhat low return, few indications of general birthplace, citizenship or other factors could be gleaned. However, of those who replied 22 per cent thought citizenship of the teacher could affect students in their own departments and 39 per cent thought citizen; ship was important in other departments. A third of the first group and a fifth of the second thought the affect would be positive, pointing out that it was important to make students "citizens of the world," as well as citizens of Canada. Only three respondents (eight per cent) said foreign college faculty were taking jobs away from Canadian faculty members, and it can probably be assumed that the three were all the LCC faculty concerned in this way. About three - quarters of the LCC respondents said they Canada shown as ethnic (mixing pot9 Share burdens COALDALE (HNS) - Rev. Marinus Van Beveren of the Canadian Reformed Church here spoke at the recent annual general meeting of shareholders of the Coaldale Community Hospital Association Ltd. "Bear ye one another's bur-. T^..-�* dens," was the theme of Rev. ] siderable effort Van Beveren's address. Canada has historically lacked a spirit of blind nationalism while still retaining a national pride in being whatever a Canadian is; Canada has been referred to as the "mixing pot" of ethnic groups because it does' not force people to "melt" into the common denominator. Answers to a Herald survey on University of Lethbridge and Lethbridge Community College reactions to the appointment of a provincial committee to assess the amount of foreign influence in post-secondary education reflect this Canadian-style definition of nationalism. Among the comments made by faculty from the two institutions: "Have we reached the apex of knowledge and teaching skill in Canada? Or might we learn something from foreigners?" Students are entitled to the best and most highly - qualified teachers, regardless of nationality." "Witchhunting has not previously been a Canadian sport." "Please wait until I'm a citizen and can head the committee. I came here because of politics, and I would not like to see Canada follow in the footsteps of Uncle Sam with Mc-Carthyistic paranoia - Uncle may be a rich relative, but he sure tracks his mud across the face of the world "I want to cover my sins with the Maple Leaf." "I am a Canadian and proud of the fact. I feel there has been too much American influence in our post - secondary education, but a policy of anti-Americanism, which could develop in the public mind because of this study, is not going to solve this problem.' "I think we should concern ourselves about weeding out the incompetent professors we have, be they American, Canadian or anything else. Their influence is a disaster - foreign influence is pale beside it." "Put an 'A' on my forehead with your big branding iron - I studied in the U.S. for five years before I could find competent teachers in Canada. Does that make me American?" "Let's not get too negative about the study-perhaps' more Canadian communication of job openings to other Canadians would get us a bigger percentage of Canadian faculty. Why do so many Canadians leave Canada and leave their jobs to foreigners?" "If the study's results are not used with care, don't ask who wins - just write that the universities' and colleges lose." "No matter how well-qualified the individual, he should not be hired unless he has a good command of the English language." "Unless equal employment opportunities are ensured for Canadians who make the con-to earn ad- moralization and discontent will result" "What is an American? What is a Canadian? Until we can really tell the difference (if there is a difference) then we should make less fuss over nothing." "Canada is in search of a national identity. It cannot succeed if it continues to let people from other countries do its teaching." "This nationalism thing we've suddenly found has been the curse of mankind and the cause of war throughout human history. Why do we want it?" thought Canadian topics were sufficiently - well studied in the college, but many pointed out that in their subject areas (particularly vocational) methods are methods, "be they Canadian, American or even Russian," as one said. A third said Canadian textbooks saw sufficient use, but 82 per cent said there were not really enough Canadian texts available, 29 per cent criticized the quality of those which are available and about seven per cent said many Canadian texts are too expensive. A third also said the Moir committee to study foreign influence in Alberta post - secondary education was justified, and most added they expected it would allay fears of a foreign takeover of Canadian education. However, 13 per cent said they had personal fears of the outcome and 29 per cent said they thought others had fears of the outcome of the committee's report. Interestingly, it would appear that more LCC students are planning to go to the United States after they graduate from the college, than there are foreign faculty members at the college. As many as a quarter of LCC's potential graduates are considering transfer to U.S. col-;es and universities to continue their educations, since Alberta colleges are restricted to two-year programs and so far, Alberta universities will not accept college students for transfer. ulty it would really only be a provincial school - a university requires universality." "It is something of a compliment mat so many well-qualified teachers from other countries WANT to become part of Canada and its education system." "As Canadian universities develop more graduate schools, Canadian graduates will start taking the place of many of the foreign imports. Until then, we're just going to need help." "If we neglect the fact that civilization is a human heritage, not simply a national heritage, we'll end up with genuine Canadian stupidity - 100 per cent Canadian." "U we're so concerned, then perhaps before we open our fourth university or our sixth community college (both of which reflect the Edmonton bias here), we should make certain there are enough 100 per cent red  blooded Canadians- available to take the jobs opening up." "You don't have to belong to a specific ethnic group - a term rarely heard outside Canada and the U.S. - to appreciate English literature." "The members of the Moir committee are lucky - they came to Canada a little earlier than me, that is all." "As I am not satisfied with (he available textbooks, I have started work on writing my own." "In the question of Canadian PhD-holders finding jobs unavailable for them, you assume a level of competence is automatically passed out with a PhD. One hires people, not degrees - and competent people rarely have trouble finding jobs." "Nationality has nothing to do with good teaching." "Students should not be pressed into a Canadian point of view alone." "God help us if we become so narrow and opinionated as to fear a person's views and suspect him just because be was born outside our perfect country." "The next best thing to Cana-dian textbooks is American textbooks - we look like superior Americans anyhow." foHmfoy, MarA If, 1971 - TMI UTHMIDOI HERALD - 17 MO III til V What importance has citizenship? What makes a good administrator? A good teacher? Citizenship really has little to do with it, University of Lethbridge and Lethbridge Community College faculty members say. While they expressed some reservations in a Herald survey concerning citizenship of faculty members of political science, sociology and related departments, (hey said in others the individual's academic qualifications were of prime importance. One U of L respondent said, "All other things being equal, buy Canadian," and many others echoed his sentiments. Only three of 148 replies to the 267 questionnaires sent to the two institutions said that citizenship should be considered first. One other said the faculty should be about 80 per cent Canadian, and one other said it should be mostly "Canadian or future Canadian." A number of respondents sug-gested Canadian institutions should follow another American example, and limit granting of tenure to Canadian citizens. Many American universities and colleges will employ faculty holding foreign citizenship for an unlimited time, but will not grant tenure (which guarantees permanent employment) until they acquire U.S. citizen* ship. Asked to define the Important qualities in faculty and administrative personnel, most respondents used terms such as merit, competence, training, academic excellence, desire, general ability, communiation skills, wisdom, reputation, per* formance records, capability, compatibility. Those who expressed concern about citizenship being of SOME consideration in specialized departments also observed the possibility of classroom comparisons outweighed many of the disadvantages. One respondent pointed out that some of the best-known experts on Canadian history and Canadian political studies are Americans, teaching is American universities. Generally, both Canadian and foreign teachers in the sociology _ political science and his-tory departments expressed concern about care being taken in employment of faculty for their departments. They added that a mixture of birthplaces and citizenship was also necessary in those departments, to enable students to acquire a wide international perspective* Consumer subsidy urged to check inflation spiral By HERB JOHNSON Herald Staff Writer Eric Butler, national director of the Australian League of Rights, says the only way to break the current inflationary spiral is to introduce a form of consumer subsidy. Mr. Butler, in Lethbridge as part of a cross-country speaking tour under the auspices of the Canadian League of Rights, said if the federal government would subsidize certain basic consumer items the price would be lowered to the point where the average wage-earner could satisfy his needs. This, he said, was what the workers wanted but the only way they could achieve increased buying power under the present system was to go for higher wages, which simply resulted in eventual higher costs and another wage hike request from the workers. The only way to break the" spiral and achieve some degree of stability, he said, was to in. traduce a subsidy to bring prio es down. Mr. Butler said this would have to be preceded by government aid in handling debts. Speaking primarily of the plight of western farmers, he suggested the government should restructure existing debts into longer term loans - at least 25 years. At the same time the interest rate should be lowered to around two per cent, be said. Farmers had been particularly hard hit by inflation, he said, because there was no one to whom they could pass on increased costs. Their only recourse was to try to make ends meet by increasing production, with the result that there was an over* supply of produce, he said. International Harvester Sales & Service In Lethbridge ANNOUNCES ITS FABULOUS SPRING 1971 **** am us***' 1-FARMALL R/C 1 -INTERNATIONAL I-INTERNATIONAL 1-FARMALL R/C 1-FARMALL R/C I-INTERNATIONAL 1-INTERNATIONAL I -INTERNATIONAL 1 -INTERNATIONAL 1-FARMALL R/C 1-FARMALL R/C 1-FARMALL R/C 12 IN STOCK AND THESE COMPLETELY EQUIPPED UNITS WILL BE SOLD ON A ONE TIME ONLY BASIS AT FABULOUS DISCOUNTS! SORRY, FACTORY ORDERS ARE NOT ELIGIBLE. Gas Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel Diesel hydrostatic Gear Gear Gear Gear hydrostatic Gear P.T.O.-H.P, 3,526.75 6,916.25 6,281.00 9,215.25 12,172.50 12,664.25 12,664.25 12,664.25 12,664.25 12,861.00 13,875.50 15,342.75 NOW'S-THE-TIME PRICE 2,690.00 5,390.00 4,890.00 6,990.00 10,590.00 9,190.00 9,190.00 9,190.00 9,190.00 10,490.00 11,090.00 12,790.00 EVERY FARMER KNOWS INTERNATIONAL HARVESTER TRACTORS ARE FAMED THE WORLD OVER FOR ECONOMY, DURABILITY AND PERFORMANCE. IF YOU'VE ALWAYS WANTED THE BEST- NOW'S THE TIME! 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