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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Daily Herald (Newspaper) - March 13, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta VOLUME Xr. LETHBRIDGE. ALBERTA. WEDNESDADY, MARCH 13, 1918 NUMBER 78 LEGISLATORS OPPOSE DH TAXATION TO RAISE THE On the War Fronts Cross-Benchers and Opposition Say Patriotic Tax Bill" Will Be a Surprise BURDENS OF WAR MUST BE BORNE, SAY GOVT. SPEAKERS (Special to Tlieflforalil) Kdnioiiton, March 12.-A long debate marked the entry of the supplementary revenue' bill into committee! of (.ho whole house at the sitting of the legislature Tuesday afternoon, and although it looked as if the discussion would result in the committed being divided, the expected did not happen, and progress was reported. The pivot of the discussion was the Question of n direct tax for general revenue purposes, the contention oL| .-the critics from both the regular opposition benches, and tlio cross benches beliiK that, wlillu it would be in order to impose a direct lax for patriotic purposes it was more or less a deception to impose a direct tax for the patriotic fund, any part of which would be used for other than that object. % On the part of the government it was pointed out thatv instead of the people" be:'ug deceived as to the object of the legislation, they were being''told without even the least attempt, at camouflage tftat the bill was being brought in to supplement the revenue that the major part of the sum would go towards paying off the liability created by the patriotic-fund, and that the balance would go into thn general revenue of the province. Whether there would be a balunce - this year, over the $801),000, it, was admitted no definite (statement could he made. The tax might yield the Sl,200,000 it should yield If all collections were made. Bnt the premier was not sanguine it would yield the full amount required. If it did, they �would be satisfied.  JameK  W*in* -iVantoii; ~ said-Miax- tiro peaple wevo under the impression this �was tp. be 'a patriotic tax; and were �willing, to accept -it as emergencyjigv islatioh, there was certainly a .misconception if it was to l>o a direct'tax lor general revenue purposes. Mr. Mitchell believed the public mind of. the country had reached the ,';tage when the people were willing to pay additional taxation for the running of the government. There was no doubt in the world that, the^were welcoming taxes of tho kind for patriotic purposes, and he would go further and say that the" people were disposed to bear the burdens that the war was indirectly placing upon the province. Mr. Weir wanted to know what war lmrdens the revenues of the province were bearing, arid disputed the statement that the people were in a receptive mood towards direct taxation for general revenue purposes. Mr. Mitchell replied that flie expenditure of all departments had increased and- that there would be Ia,rge additions to salaries. George Hoadley said they were sym-' pathetic towards the provincial treasurer in Ids efforts to get increased revenue, but not towards the methods he was trying to get it. He did not believe the people were ready for increased taxation... He suggested that ? * * *  lions at various points along tho Italian front, are reported in tho, official, statement, issued by the war office to' night. The text reads: - "yesterday our artillery showed in creased activity against. Die * o * � � � CONTRACTS TO CULTIVATE . Ottawa, Mar. 12.-It is understood that, the government in connection with plan;; being matured to provide for increased production for the. seimoii of 11119 and subsequent years lua had placed before it a suggestion that contractors who employ large forces of men should be given contracts to cultivate large areas of laud for fixed periods. London Paper Says Japan's ^**oo�oo� Own Interests Demand Her Immediate Interference ENEMY'S INFLUENCE  MUST NOT BE ALLOWED TO TRIUMPH IN EAST London, Mar. 1.1.-Concerning doubts expressed in . some nuarter.i on the enemy | subject, of Japanese intervention in rear lines on/the Tomeza plateau and |'Siberia, the Daily Telegraph says that at'A�iago. nosttle battery positions on tho left bank of the Viavc were engaged with good effect. In the Astico 'valley and east of the Brentft titers* was Three of Them Dropped Bombs OiTHull-Raid Was of Little Effect * Japan is a liritish ally of twelve years standing and during all that time she has. apart from the services rendered to (he allied cause, in ths 'course of lively enemy artillery fire. The usuaLj the war, shown herself an honorable j CUT DOWN GRAIN activity of our reconnaissance parties' and trustworthy associate. The paper STEAMER ON ROCKS, TAKING OFF PEOPLE ' New York, March, 13.-The Bay State Line steamsh.p Georgia, which, left Providence, R. I., last night with more than 200 persons on board, went on the rocks in Hell Gate channel, East River, early today. The steamer, according to police reports, lost her rudder by striking one of the rocks. A" heavy fog prevailed. Police reserves with life saving equipment ar� assisting in landing the passengers at Astoria. STRENGTHEN AERIAL DEFENCES U. S. COAST and an exchange of rifle fire at some places was reported. "Five enemy airplanes were shot down, one by our own airmen, three by British aviators and the other by( French anti-aircraft batteries. Our airships last night renewed their bombardment of enemy aviation grounds." London. Mar. 12.-Hostile airships attacked the Yorkshire coast tonight, according to an official statement. Tho raid is still in progress. / Three Zepptlin% Jxmdon, Mar. 1.-Three Zeppelins took part in last night's air raid on ; our posts was raided by a strong party BRITISH OFFICIAL London, .Mar. 13.-"A party of the enemy which approached our line during the night hi the neighborhood of Lavacquerie was driven off by our fire," the war office reports. "We carried out a successful raid north of Lens and brought back prisoners. South of Armentieres one *f England. One of them dropped four bombs on Hull. t Th(j other airships flew about aim- of thc_ enemy, after a heavy bombardment. A few of our men are missing. 'The enemy's artillery was active lossly over the country districts, drop- yesterday evening southwest of Cam ping bombs and then proceeded bapfc iirai, opposite Loos and during the to sea. One womat^ died of shock in ( night, in the Messlnes sector and near consequence ot the' raid. i Passchendaele." , The Germans have suffered such j > heavy losses in Zeppelins that they have employed them only at i�ifrequent\ intervals' In.' the last year for raids on England, substituting airplanes. The last previous Zeppelin raid on Englarfd was on October 19; 1917, when thirty-four persons were killed and 5'J wounded.- -On.'.returning the Zeppelin fleet was put to rout by the French, five ot the dirigibles - being brought SHIFTfSPONSIBILHY Destroyer Takes Crew Prisoners , -Patrol Boat Also Successful Off Ireland continues: i "The overwhelming strong interest of Japan* in this part ot the world is, of course, apparent from a glance at the map. Japan is'.a highly organized trading nation and Is directly interested in tlie maintenance of peace and order in the lands where her economic relations are close and supremely important to her welfare. That was fully recognlred by Great Britain in the treaty of 190".. "Whatever the Siberian republic may turn out to be v/hen we know anything of it, we may at least, be sure that Germany reckons on dominating it as she reckons dominating all other fragments .of. the shattered Russian empire, derniany is at this moment pursuing a plan of world conquest to whicli particular and unmistakable character is being-given to the developments of the Avar in Europe. "If the triumph of our enemies' influence is to be guarded against in the region" where Japanese and other allied interests are especially strong, the sooner the business 'is undertaken, the better! Them iafno sense or jastice Un permUting/ctoftre and helplessness in Russia to be (iiraeil to the advantage of the enemy If it can be prevented. If such'action as was taken In |,JIanchuria should ultimately, b.8* the j means of re-eStabliihusg-irTiational authority of' constitution*! character in Russia and if it should supply a rallying point for the forces of sanity and order, then a priceless benefit would be. conferred upon the Russian people. Food Controller and Cost pi Living Commissioner Are Passing The Buck � Now _-* Ottawa, Mar. 12.-Chairman Thomson of the foodxiontrol board, received a telegram this morning from the civic authorities of Winnipeg, asking him for an Investigation of the charge that the William Davies company at its Winnipeg plant had thrown into the the submarine attempted to use their garbage 8,500 pounds of chicken which gun on the destroyer. After two or Londpn, February 23.-(By mall).- The British destroyer Ariel recently overpowered and destroyed a German submarine and captured eight of the crew. The Ariel was on patrol duty when she received a report of a submarine in northern waters. Sighting the periscope of the submarine at a. distance of nearly a mile the Ariel made for tho enemy craft, firing as she approached. The gunners made good practice and the perls-cope of the submarine was struck fairly. Going at full speed, the" Ariel attempted to ram the German sub and passed right over her. The submarine was damaged and came to the surface. Faced with destruction the crew of FOR BREWERY NOW London, March 13.-Criticisms jof the continued use of grain for brewing and malting was made in the house-of commons today by ths Right Hon. Leifchild Jones and others." John Clynes, parliamentary secretary of the food control board in reply, said that having regard, among other considerations, for the food situation and opinion in America, the government while maintaining a supply of beer for heavy manual workers. Intended to reduce immediately the tonnage to be used for brewing material, Only Those of Superior Rank Were Allowed to Have Cabin Berths Toronto, Mar. 11. - The military court of inquiry to investigate conditions under which invalided soldiers had become unfit for use in Its cold storage. Mr. Thomson immediately advised them that his office was. noPthe pro- three shots~from the bow of the destroyer, however, the crew of the submarine began to appear on deck with their hands above their heads* in tok- the title of the bill- should be changed . the labor department. per one to atte^tl to such applications en ot surrender. Several boats were and referred the Winnipeg people td! lowered and eight men of the sub- an! that'll should be explalne- that it was to raise money for the Patriotic Fund. Mrs. McKinney Critioixes Mrs. McKinney, Claresholm, said thai the expectation of the people, in regard to the raising qjE the money for the Patriotic Fund was not what had ' come about in the bill before the boiiBe. What was proposed, she said, was that they should adopt unheralded 1he principle "of direct taxation. In this sense the bill would be a surprise to the people. However, she was uot prepared to say they would unqualifiedly criticise. Dr. Stanley- held that, a direct tax .should not be introduced in this way, and contended that the people were not prepared for it: Hon, J. R. Boyle, said that no reference had been made to the fact that if the revenue to be derived from this tax were not sufficient tits money would have to be taken out of general revenue. . Hon. A, Q, MacKay. calling the attention of the house to the fact that the member for East Edmonton, and himself had proposed a resolution declaring that tlio question of the patriotic fund was a matter for the Dominion government, only hoped- the W. F. O'Connor, cost ot living commissioner of the labov department, on the other hand, claims thgt he can do nothing more about the matter than any citizen apart from establishing whether or not the report of,this food wastage was correct. From what Mr. O'Connor says about the matter,.it seems that he considers it one for the fojid controller to deal with. marine crew were rescued. The other members of the crew, thirteen in number were drowned. Near Jrllacksod Bay on the western coast of Irelaftd, an armed , patrol steamer was-victorious in a fight with a German submarine in British coastal waters. HOLD BULGARIAN Hamilton, Out., March 13.- The police aro holding George Marcoff, a Bulgarian as a material witness in the case of the murder of a fellow countryman whose headless body was found on the hillside^near here, CONNECT BALTIC - � AND BLACK SEA' Copenhagen, Mar. 12.-The commercial agreement between Ger. many and Russia will contain plans for the construction of a ca-inal which would form the connecting link of a waterway between the Baltic and the Black Sea. Americans Force Huns to Abandon Some Defences (Continued on Page 6) STEAMER SENDS A CALL FOR HELP At A'nlautlc Port, March 13.--The steamer Kershaw of the Merchants and Miners Line, with more than 100 passengers aboard, Bent out a call for help today aud reported that she was aground �tf the southern New England coast. Tugs were sent to her assistance. The coast guards are rigging ii]) a breeches buoy in order to take the passengers off. The vessel went ashore during a heavy fog. With the American Army In  France, Mar. 12.-The sector occupied by American troops east of Luneville, which was designated formerly as merely balng for training has developed suddenly as one of the most active on the Front, from the standpoint of artillery firing. American artillerymen are hurling thousands of shells against the positions, making it virtually Impossible for, the enemy-to oc-' cupy thenv Investigation shows that they have bsen virtually abandoned. . , 1 Great Activity With the'American Army in France, Mnr. 12.-There was greater artillery activity by the Americans on the Tuul- ,-. ,, . , ... . i are transported home to Canada began The quesHc* at present is one of jjts sjtti yeste>dav afternoon. Lieut, egal- and necessary protection pf|Jonn Qillijmey ,va8 the {irst wltness threatened national interests. In a sit-lhear(, and ,, evWence hail not boell llatl�l,7lth0U� Palflel,a.nd; in ?:ulct? i concluded when the court adjourned, the ordinary formula of international action arc maaningless, the principal care'of allied statesmanship as a whole will be% while allowing itself to be guided by the logic of events as they arise to divert whatever is done of any color or aggressive or annexationist intentions." Property Damage Exclusive . " 'Govt, is Estimated at $15,000,000 of Halifax, Mar. 12.-T. H. Rogers, K.C., chairman of the Halifax relief commission, tonight gave the Canadian Press a,statement as to the government's action on the commission's preliminary report, submitted to the government. The statement shows the total material loss froth the disaster, exclusive of government and shipping pro-' perty to be estimated at $15,000,000. The report also estimates the loss of life at 2,000. The proceedigs are being conducted in private, and Lieut. Quinney's evidence was not made public. It is understood, however, that during the course of the1 hearing he took occasion to make it clear that he does not, place the blarao for conditions upoji military headquarters .in Ottawa, as embarkation and conducting staffs in charge of returning men are under control ot Argyll House, Canadjan headquarters in London, which is under the jurisdiction of the overseas ministry of militia. In this connection Lieut. Quinncy said that he had been told by a conducting officer on one of tho transports that or.de.rs Tiad been received from Ottawa not to allow cabin berths to any invalided soldier below the rank of warrant officer. Lieut. Quin-ney had said at the time that he did not believe this statement, and his opinion had Bince been confirmed by Mayor Church/of Toronto, who had shown him correspondence with General Blggar, formerly director-general of supply and transport, in which Gen. Blggar had established the �fact that he hi i taken the matter up with Ar-gyle House in an effort to have the system remodied, but without effect. ARREST MAXIMALIST MEMBERS OF THE RADA Washington, March 13.-Active preparations for strengthening the aerial defenses of the Atlantic seaboard were begun todEy by the war department with the appointment today of an army board to select sites along the Atlantic seaboard for aero squadrons and balloon companies. Major Norman W. Peck of the signal corps, was named to head the board. FREIGHT INCREASE ~7-- Council Agriculture Opposed- Favors Nationalization - Wants Minimum Price Wheat Fixed Kegiha, Bask., Mar. 12.--After being in session here for two days, the Canadian council of agriculture brought its sessions to a close tonight with the passage of three import ant. resolutions. The first called on the union government of Canada to at once fix the price, for tho 1018 wheat crop, and also a minimum price for the 101!) wheat, crop. The second called on the government to at once remqve the duty from all necessary farm implements. I .The third was an emphatic protest at| tho proposed freight rate increase and j an expression of opinion that the only solution of Canada's-railway problem at the present time is nationalization-and government control. The new officers elected were: H. W. Wood, president U.F.A., president'; Rod Mackenzie, Winnipeg, vice-president ami .secretary pro tem V. .Wright of the M.G.G.A.: � G. H. Chipman, edi-tor.of Grain Growers' Guide, and J. A, .Alaharg, 51.P., executive. Why Not Destroy Whole of London, They Ask, As Reprisal for Taking Merchantmen. NEWTON BAKER SAYS AIR RAIDS ACCOMPLISH LITTLE MILITARY GAIN Amsterdam, Feb. 23.-(By mailt. -The 'destruction of four hundred � English towns by German airplanes is demanded by the Berlin Tages Zeitung as a reprisal for the action of the allies in confiscating four hundred German merchant ships. In 'a long article, the paper says: "If we are in a position to destroy the whole of London, it would be more humane to do so than to allow one more German to bleed to death on the battlefield. To hesitate or to surrender pur-selves to feelings of pity, would be unpardonable. "More than 'our hundred merchant ships have been stolen from us by England. Our answer should be that for every German ship at least one English town should be reduced to ruins by our airmen. Far better were it for us that England, France and the United States should call us barbarians than that they should bestow on us their pity when we are beaten. Softness and sentimentality sro stupid in war time." Air Raids Accomplish Nothing Paris, Mar. 13. - Secretary Baker made the following statement in regard to tlie air raid on Paris on Monday night:' "it was my first, experience of tho actualities of war and a revelation of. the methods inaugurated by an enemy who wages the same war against women and children as against soldiers. � "It his objects are to damage property, the results art trifling when compared with his efforts. If his objects are to weaken the people's morale, tho reply is given by the superb conduct, ol tho. people of Paris. "Moreover, aerial raids on towns,' which are a- counterpart of the pitiless submarine war and the attacks against American rights, are the very explanation of the reason why America entered the war. We are sending our soldiers to Europe to fight until the world is delivered from these horrors." Ottawa, Mar. 13.-It was officially announced today'that the two Ontario vacancies-in the senate have been filled by the appointment of John ' Webster, former member for Brockville, and Rob-� ert A. Mulholland, for five years mayor of Port Hope and one of the ' leading business men of that town. The official memorandum states that Mr. Mulholland has been active in all patriotic endeavors and thafr his appointment will not only please the citizens among whom he lives, but will prove a valuable addition to the senate. But Rumania Finally Decided To Espouse Cause of the Allies London, March 13.-According to diplomatic, documents, Austria and Germany, as early as Augn'st'31, 1914, sector today than at any time since' demanded that Rumania should de-they took positions there. American clnro war on Russia, guaranteeing her shells have obliterated at least five against attack by Bulgaria and,offer-groups of gas projectors .which had ing her Bessarabia and the Timok been set up by the enemy in prepara- Valley. lion for an attack. Fires back of the i Learning of this Sergius Sazouoff German lines also were caused and a; (then Russian foreign minister), sug-uumber of explosions were heard. The geste"d that Rumania should observe London, March 13.-Ukrainian and Saxon troops have arrested the members of tho Maximalist. Rada at-Kiev, according to a Central Press dispatch from Zurich. Postpone Meeting Moscow. March lit.-Tho AU-Rus-' sian. congress of Soviets which was called to ratify the peace treaty with Germany, has postponed its opening meeting until'Thursday. Mui^'li 14. E nnmou padi Dmiiosi uhui NET WITH U. S. SETTLED Complete Reciprocity With Regard to Use of Ports In Both Countries Now London, Mar. 18.-Reports of 'changes in the cabinet are being discussed at length in the press. Some newspapers state that Henry E. Duke, chief secretary for Ireland, has retired and 'will be appointed to a judicial position and that James MacPhersou, parliamentary secretary, to the war officte will go to Ireland in his place. The Liverpool Post says that among the persons Involved'In the change it is asserted which is approaching, is Foreign Secretary HaU'our who "lias shown u tendency of late to take a rather too diplomatic view of interna" tlonal problems." American troops on ^the Toul.sector again raided the German positions, penetrating to the second line. No. prisoners were-captured out a number of the enemy were killed by shell and rifle fire. Along the Cheniln Des Dames theJ crew -of a German raider which -fell' at Clamecy Monday night, was/nado prisoner by American soldiers. 'The ^Germans later were turned over to the ljrench, a benevolent neutrality and in return offered those portions of Austro-Ger-mnn territory with Rumanian "'populations which she could occupy when she thought lit. Finally in-.pecember, 1914, the Rumanian Premier Bratiano, decided to intervene actively in conjunction with tho entente, he wag'obliged to defer military. action owing, to the unpreparedness and I he difficulties attending a campaign. MAY LEASE H!S LAND Ottawa^ Mar. 13.-On the recommendation of Hon. Arthur Meigh-en, miuister of interior, a new homestead regulatipn has been adopted providing that in the case of an entrant for a homestead being absent on military service and unable to cultivate the land, he may lease it to other parties. The new regulation which has been passed with a view to increasing agricultural production, will appiy to entrants engaged in the. navy as well as the army and also to homesteaders engaged in any work deemed by the minister to be of national importance. The leasing of unpatented homesteads In cases where the entrant has died or is insane is also authorized. ROOSEVELT'S SON WOUNDED IN ACTION New York, Mar. 13.-Archibald B. Roosevelt, a son of Colonel Theodore Roosevelt, has been wounded in pction. with the American forces in France. A cablegram was received today at the colonel's office here. Young Roosevelt is a captain. TWO MORE ASSISTANT SECRETARIES OF WAR Washington, Mar. 1?..-A house blfl creating two additional assistant secretaries of war was passed today by the senate. �-. ,*, ; VICTORY LOAN CANVASSERS * � .;. * * 4 .> .> ' Ottawa, Mar. 13.-The important announcement was made here today by Hon. C. C. Ballantyne, minister of marine and the naval service that an arrangement, which settles the long standing fisheries questions between the United States and Cwaada lias been reached. It will remain in force ac least during the war. The new agreement, which, is regarded as another evidence of how the two countries are striving to break down all barriers that stand in tho way of greater production, provides for complete reciprocity of port privileges for the fishing craft of tho two coun-. tries. This will not only enable an important increase in the amount ot fish produced to he made by the two countries', but will do away with the irritating delays to vessels of either country in the ports of tho other. While for some years past fish have listen admitted into tho United States tree of duty, Canadian fishermen have been unable to take full advantage of this as Canadian fishing vessels were not permitted to go directly from tho fishing grounds to United States ports, nor*to clear from such4 porta back to the high seas, but. had to go back to a port in Canada. For years lobster boats have been coming over to Canada and fishing outside territorial waters during close time and also inside such waters, thus minimizing the good effects 'of Canada's protective measures1 and causing annoyance to the local fishermen. On tho recommendation of the joint commission legislation already lias been introduced into tlie United States congress, prohibiting the importation into that country of lobsters taken off Canada's const during the close time, thus doing away with another source of, trouble. � Berlin, Mar. 13.-German and Austro-Hungarian troops are now before Odessa, the war offics announces. - 4 711 65 05 6?6?3979 ;