Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - March 12, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta
20 - THI UTHBRIDOI HERALD - Friday, March 12. 1971 LETHBRIDGE RESEARCH STATION New research programs DR. J. E. ANDREWS Director The research programs of the Canada Agriculture Research Station at Lethbridge are constantly under review to ensure that they relate closely to current and future needs of the agricultural industry. New programs have been established that concern farm surpluses, market prospects, new crops, livestock enterprises, and pollution by agricultural chemicals and waste products. Crops that have market potential are being introduced and tested for adaptability to this region. Those that show promise will be subjected to further research to develop appropriate cultural practices and to identify and control insects and diseases that are potential problems. Breeding programs w i 11 be started to develop improved varieties. Significant progress made recently has enabled us to grow field corn as an economic crop in this area. Pollution affects everyone. Agricultural chemicals and wastes have been under close scrutiny as pollutants. But farmers must control pests and fertilize crops to maintain yields. Three programs recently established at the Station concern the control of certain types of pollution related to agriculture. One is designed to develop new techniques for management of pesticides and their residues in soils, plants, and domestic animals to minimize contamination of the environment. A second will assess the contribution, if any, of inorganic fertilizers and nutrient elements to the nutrient content of lakes and streams. The program will determine the maximum permissible levels of plant nutrients in soil and water. A third will develop new techniques for the management of animal and crop wastes to permit disposal of these materials without polluting the environment. Their disposal by biological processes and recyling in biological systems will be stressed. In animal science a new crossbreeding program is underway to assess various breeds of beef cattle recently introduced to Canada. The program, because of its size, will be carried, on in co-operation with research stations at Brandon and Lacombe. It will assess newly introduced breeds and crossbreds under rigorous range conditions as well as the more protected environment of the farm. Crossbreds from various crosses among the breeds will be compared in the feed lot for rates of gain. This information together with carcass quality analysis will determine the most suitable crossbreds for efficient production of quality beef in Canada. Economics play an Important role in many research programs. An economist has been appointed to the staff recently and others will follow. They will carry out research in economics related to the programs at the Station. They will assess the advantage of new practices and techniques, to identify costly phases of present a g r i c u 1 tural enterprises that could be improved by research, as w e 11 as identifying the most economic management systems for agricultural enterprises. Good use is made of constructive suggestions by farmers, farm organizations, agribusiness, and agrologists in developing new research programs to serve agriculture better. Suggestions are welcomed at all times. 4-H club news MILK RIVER The Milk River 4-H Beef Club held its monthly meeting March 4, at the Erie Rivers High School-Diane Stringam called the meeting to order. Doug Schmitt led the members with the pledge and the roll call was a make of car. The public speaking eliminations will be at the next meeting and any interested members are to have their talks prepared. The members are planning to go to Lethbridge on March 31 to watch the Hereford judging at the spring bull sale. Talks were given by Vincent EUert and Ross McCoy. After the meeting there was a 4-H beef club quiz sent out by the department of youth. We wish to thank everyone who patronized our annual pancake supper and extend appreciation to all those who helped with the work. RAY BROWNLEE-reporter DEL BONITA The regular monthly meeting of the Del Bonita Sew and Sew 4-H Club was held March 6. We did not have enough members for a meeting so we only discussed having a speaker sometime soon to talk on Stretch and Sewing. We dispersed into groups after taking attendance and worked on project books. The last half hour of our time was spent on recreation. Pat Bowen-reporter NIMBLE NEEDLES There was a sewing bee held Feb. 20. The girls started sewing at 10 a.m. and broke for dinner at noon, sewing three more hours in the afternoon. There were two speeches given, by Cindy Ully, Fantasy Land, and The Story of Flying by Rita Kana. Sherry Black-reporter PARK LAKE The March meeting of the Park Lake 4-H club was called to order by Cyril Hubbard, president. Dale Ham led the pledge. The roll call was showmanship tools. J. M. Nicol will take over the duties of leader Tom Nicol in a temporary capacity. The next meeting will feature a debate on Should Farmers' Wives do Outside Work, and a quiz. Dale Ham-reporter 20TH ANNUAL Lethbridge Spring Bull Sale THURS. AND FRI., APRIL 1 and 2 Exhibition Pavilion Lethbridge, Alberta 3000f,he RIGHT BULLS f,om TOP BREEDERS in the RIGHT FIT . . . working condition at the RIGHT PRICE ... fit your pocket book 211 HEREFORD - 89 ABERDEEN ANGUS CLaui Tim*a Hereford Show, Wed., Mor. 31 at 7 p.m. 9I10W I Ime Aberdeen Angu� Fri., Apr. 2 at 9:30 a.m. CmIa Tiima Hereford* tell Thurs., Apr. 1 at 9:30 a.m. Sale I Ime Aberdeen Angu* sell Fri., Apr. 2 at 1 p.m. AUCTIONEERS KEN HURLBURT JOE PERUCH Lie. 274 Lie. 285 Fort Maeleod, Alberta Lethbridge, Alberta HOT DINNER SERVED 11 A.M. TO 1 P.M. PAVILION ROTUNDA SALE SPONSORED BY Southern Alberta Cattle Breeders' Association SALE CONDUCTED BY Lethbridge & District Exhibition For catalogues write, The Secretary, Box 477, Lethbridge, Alberta LNID STRUCTURE NEARS COMPLETION - A 600-foot, $60,000 extension to the Kehoe lake outlet channel at Kehoe Lake, 15 miles north of Lethbridge, is expected to rid the district of silt and erosion previously experienced in the channel. In addition to the earfhern channel ex- tension, the district is installing a floating breakline consisting of piles and a log boom held together by one eighth inch cable, which will divert wave action away from the channel. The channel joins into the Turin Branch headgates. Alberta in favor of CI 76 but some changes needed Although the Alberta government agrees in principle with Bill C-176, it would like to see some changes made in the legislation. Bill C-176 is the act, proposed by the government of Canada, to establish a national farm products marketing council and to authorize the establishment of national marketing agencies for farm products. H. A. Ruste, Alberta's minister of agriculture, says that in view of his province's experience in agricultural products marketing legislation, and the concern expressed by a number of provincial boards, commissions and farm organizations, the Alberta government has suggested the following changes to Bill C-176: That producer representation on the National Farm Products Marketing Council be provided for in the bill. That beef cattle be exempt from provisions of the act. That problems of an in-traprovincial nature be left for provincial organizations to resolve. That the national council and agencies take into account traditional markets as long as they are compatible with the principle of promoting an efficient and competitive agricultural industry. That artificial trade barriers wUl not be allowed to restrict Alberta's development in supplying the growing food needs of Canada and the world. Alberta has the biggest agricultural growth potential of any province in Canada. That provision for an appeal by provincial marketing agencies respecting an order of the Governor-in-Council be provided for in the bill. The proposed legislation gives the Governor-in-Council the authority to establish agencies which could; exercise some or all of the federal government's powers over marketing, control one or more specific farm products, and operate within a region or within all of Canada. This authority allows for the creation of national marketing agencies with marketing schemes tailored to the requirements and peculiarities of particular commodities. Whether or not a marketing agency would be established in relation to the foregoing would depend upon the producers, Mr. Ruste says. It would be up to producer organizations and-or the marketing boards in the provinces to draft a plan for controlling the product in inter-provincial trade. The plan would spell out how the agency would work, the type of producer representation it would have, whether or not a vote would be required and other pertinent details for the Na- tional Farm Products Council to consider. If the council was satisfied that the plan would achieve its objectives on behalf of the producers, it would recommend that the plan be implemented. Then the Governor - in Council would approve the plan and appoint the agency as specified in the plan to carry out the functions involved. The National Farm Products Marketing Council would have considerable responsibility for the review of marketing plans, and the supervision of marketing agencies established under the act. Agencies established under Agri-business calendar Mrch 15 - 19 - Lethbridge - Southern Breeders A. I. school March 16 - Vulcan - Farmstead electrification school (wiring, materials, motors and methods) March 16 - 17 - Pincher Creek - Rural leadership and public speaking short course (registrations close March 15) March 16 -18 - Lethbridge - Southern Alberta Swine Show and Sale March 16, 23, 30 - Cardston - Forage Management series (starting with systems, hay vs silage, alfalfa and substitutes) March 18 - Cardston - Fish farming meeting March 19 - Lethbridge - Alberta Wheat Pool delegates meeting, Otto Lang and H. A. Olson speaking March119 - 21 - Lethbridge - A.I.C. sponsored science fair training school March 22 - 23 - Lethbridge - Annual meeting and short course - Alberta Branch Canadian Seed Growers Association March 21 - 25 - Lethbridge - Annual seed fair and machinery show March 25 - Lethbridge - Grain marketing short course March 27 - Lethbridge - The Beef industry in the *70's seminar March 25 - Coaldale - St. Mary River Irrigation District annual meeting March 26 - Bow Island - St. Mary River Irrigation District annual meeting March 29 - Picture Butte - Lethbridge Northern Irrigation District annual meeting March 31 - Brooks - Eastern Irrigation District annual meeting March 31 - Taiber - Taber Irrigation District annual meeting March 31 - April 2 - Lethbridge - Spring bull show and sale Sprinklers boost Production! Are you in the livestock or dairy business? Or have you suitable land - and a market - for alfalfa or other forage crops? Do you have access to surplus water? To ensure greater productivity, use sprinkler irrigation! Sprinkler irrigated pastures can provide increased beef production on the same acreage. It can double your yield of alfalfa. It conserves water and soil. Sprinkler irrigation can provide moisture where other methods cannot For further information, mail this coupon - Our Agricultural Sales Repro sentative will be pleased to assist you. (D CALGARY POWER 1 would like further information on Sprinkler Irrigation. NAME ADDRESS------------------------------PHONE To: Calgary Power Ltd., p.0. Box 1900, Calgary 2. CPI/1-71 this legislation could vary from one with very limited powers to achieve a minimum amount of co-ordination, or promotion, to one which carried out more comprehensive marketing functions including selling, pricing, assembling, packing, transporting and storing. Marketing agencies estab-ed under the federal legislation could be empowered to receive a delegation of powers from provinces so that the agency would be in a position to exercise provincial, as well as federal, authority over the marketing of a farm product or products. The federal government, in general, has jurisdiction over mterprovinoial and export movement of farm products, while the provincial government has jurisdiction over the marketing of farm products within a province. It is not anticipated that the Governor - in - Council would establish a national marketing agency unless the plan had already been approved by the proucers concerned and by the provinces involved, says Mr. Ruste. He reports that the Alberta government's basic philosophy on marketing is that the control and marketing of farm products should be left as much as is practical in the hands of those most directly affected - the farmers of Can ada. The whys and hows of Growing sunflower MELVYN H. JOHNSTON, P. Ag. Associate District Agriculturist Sunflower on dryland will be used primarily to extend the crop rotation one year. The seedbed then will be stubble although sunflowers do very well on summerfallow. A firm even seedbed is desirable so one tillage before seeding is adequate. Seed treatment to protect against seedling diseases is desirable for early planting. Where wireworms are a threat treat the seed for protection. Seed early, preferably the first three weeks of May. Kras-nodarets is an early maturing variety best suited to southern Alberta. Solid seeding (seven inch rows) has increased production in Research Station tests. For solid seeding use about six pounds per acre. Traditionally sunflowers have been grown in 36 inch to 42 inch rows using four to five pounds of seed per acre. This is a very acceptable method if row crop equipment is available. Planting equipment can be a sugar beet planter with special plates (row crop) or a regular grain press drill (solid seeding). One to two inches is the best depth for seeding but it is essential to plant to the moisture. Four inches is the maximum planting depth. Sunflowers require 68 pounds of nitrogen and 24 pounds of phosphorous to produce 1200 pounds per acre. Since some of these nutrients are available in the soil about half of the requirements should be added with fertilizer. Weed control can be achieved with one pound of the preplant herbicide Treflan. Immediate incorporation is essential. Harrowing the young sunflowers can provide a fairly effective weed control. Solid Lethbridge riding and roping annual meet The annual meeting of the Southern Alberta Riding and Roping club was held recently in Lethbridge. Business at the meeting included: election of officers as follows: Ed Sparks, Taber president, Ted Bramtner; Wren-tham, vice - president, Pat Sparks, Taber, secretary, directors; Gordon Hall, Taber, Duke Helgerson and Dale Morten-son, Raymond, Donna Brant-ner, Wrentham, Joan Hughson, Writing On Stone, Cliff Williams, Raymond and Maureen Paterson, Taber, publicity director. Business of the last year included: shortening the barrier from 15 to 12 feet, team roping rules and a point system was set and' gold card members were allowed to rope in the amateur section if they choose. The deadline for entering the circuit this year is April 15. seeded sunflowers provide effective weed competition. Harvesting takes place after a killing frost and when moisture content is below 12 per cent (mid-October). A stripper attachment for straight combining is essential and can be ordered from Federal Grain Limited. The contract price Is four cents per pound and average yield will be 800 to 900 pounds per acre. Canadians can afford price hikes Canadians can afford to pay a little more for their bread and cereals in the opinion of Saskatchewan Wheat Pool President E. K. Turner. In a recent interview reported by the Pool, Mr. Turner referred to figures compiled by the United States department of agriculture that show consumers in the U.S. and Canada work fewer minutes to buy most food items than do people in other countries. For example, he pointed out, a Canadian can buy a one-pound loaf of bread with the money it takes him four minutes to earn. It takes an American six minutes to earn the cash for the same size loaf; it takes a Frenchman 11 minutes; a Russian, 12 and a Japanese 27 minutes. As another example it takes 28 minutes of work in Canada to buy a gallon of milk; 26 minutes in the U.S.; 42 in France; 121 in Russia and 124 in Japan. "Surely," says Mr. Turner, "this is proof that our country can afford to spend more for food." Irrigation Equipment Rainbird-Buckner and Raintrel Sprinklers Don't start the Ma ton with worn out sprinkler heads, trade for now ones. $1.50 trade-in allowed (for limited time) BEFORE BUYING YOUR SPRINKLER IRRIGATION EQUIPMENT, CHECK MAJOR'S ATTRACTIVE PRICES We use the best AlCAN aluminum tubing Major Irrigation Co. 2125 2nd Avenue South PHONES 327-5455. 327-5523 0 9 � ALBERTA See Your Tool Man"NOW!