Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 12, 1921, Lethbridge, Alberta
SATURDAY, MARCH -a- THE LETHBRTPQB DAILY PAGE OF INTEREST TO YHE FARMER Support the District Agent Idea BETTER SEED GRAINFQR S. ALBERTA Every Farmer Should Have-a Seed Plot wheat nay not hUheet Jong ehoald avoWee1, select totrlr Icles, Mi. tfcMsM era- Uin two or More torn- Those cocUinUg onlr off and thoee wttk bat null or nidi- mealery seceatery or boeemi kernel ihould U discarded. In Infertile ud la nuny Instances tkli to a hereditary hence every care ihould be taken to Mlact only those having a large nmmber of fertile ipttelets. Barley: The bead should be dense, compact and well filled to tbe tip; select haadi hiring the outer rowi well filled and carrying nut to the tips. Discard time with num- erous Infertile or with the outer rowi of kernels dwarfed and off Tho importance ol Rood seed cannot foe overestimated. Canada requires each spring approilmately bushels ot seed grain; tklt amount icprwenU approximately elfkt per cent, of the average amount of duction. Tbe area devoted to these crops m Canada annually Is approximately An Inereaeed yield of only one buahel to an acre all round would mean an Increase of pi an addition to wealth of the country of at least OW.OOO' dollars. The four mala wayf ot Increasing production are: (a) By adding fertil- ity directly; (b) By better ealtlvatlon of the land and following- a proper system of rotation; (c) By adopting and following out the belt methods ol protecting the plants from luects and disease; (d) By the more general use ot seed of better breeding and of varieties better suited to the districts where grown. The need of greater attention to tbe quality and variety of seed sown li becoming more and more generally recognised. There are two practical methods by which every fanner can improve his seed grain, vii: (1) By using every csre In the se- lection ot the seed and variety best suited for his'particular district to- gether with the thorough use of a good fanning mill. (C) By establishing a seed plot on bis farm and carrying out mass selec- tion. How To Establish a Seed Plot Mass selection commonly known as "Hand Selection" has been found to be the most practical method for the farmer to adopt. To the man who will do "consistent" work and atteiM to the plot regularly, there is no work more interesting or more profitable than that of seed Improvement. Selecting the Variety Tho first question of importance, after having decided to take up hand- selection work, is: Which variety is It advisable to select? Use the stand- ard variety best suited to tbe district. Handle only one variety of grain grown on the farm. This will limit the danger of mixing. Soil for the Plot Clean, rich, well-prepared soil is of first importance, as the condition of the soil may largely determine the success of tho project. Clean fallow, sod land, root or corn ground will be fouud suitable. Planning the A quarter ot an acre is a suitable for the initial plot, and it should be square In shape with a cultivated border wide enough for a cultivator, separating it from any other grain. Seed Secure ubout a bushel of first gener- ation registered seed of the variety best suited for your particular district, from a seed grower or seed firm. Too much care cannot be exercised In se- curing the beet possible seed. Seeding Clean out tho ordinary grain drill thoroughly and seed a little lighter than the ordinary drop, in order to give the individual plauts every pos- sible chance. Weeding The plot should be examined regu- larly and all weeds destroyed while In the ftrst leal. Pull out all other kinds of grains, smutty heads, other var- ieties, and any head .which does not conform to your ideal. Selection Mass selection is based upon the selection of beat heads or panicles of a desired type. It is important, there- fore, that before selection is commenc- ed the operator should have a clear idea ot tho desired type fixed In his mind. Desirable and Undesirable Types Wheat: Long Heads, like large po- tatoes1 are not always the best. They are usually loosely put together, lack compactness hate few grains per spikelet and are pocriy filled toward the tips. Oati: Long oat penlcles, like Urge against box or table until thoroughly ft type. When Tto Meet Selections should be from the centra ot tie plot where the plants have bad an tonal opportunity. heads from tho outside of tie plot may be so doe to their specially favored location. When To Select It 1: always well to make the se- lection before the field has become dead as the later maturing plants can be readily detected and discarded. The operator must bear in mind that in inheritance the plant and- not the head Is the unit. This will require him to secure from tho that have produced a number of desir- able heads, and not from plants pro- ducjng only one or two choice hearts, and many poor onei, no matter how good the belt heads may be. Amount To Select In order to hire sufficient seed for the quarter-acre plot tho next year, it will found that from 35 to 40 Ibs. of or will give wed., bald wheat from 23 to 36 Ibs. of clean train. of Selected Heado After selection tbe heads shoult t placed In clean sacks and stored away la a dry, airy place, ,free from nice, until an opportune) time for hreshlng arrives. Thresh Ing Put three to four Ibs. in a good stout cotton bag aid pound bag No Savings Account too small Can't think that be- cause your first savings deposit may be small that it will not be welcomed in The Bank of Nova Scotia. A savings ac. count means a new .tential customer. It is the beginning of what may be the foundation of a valuable account later on. It is the young man's stepping stone to a bueU neu career. That is why the small- est Hvinfi account is valued in MB THE BANK OF NOVA SCOTIA B. M. Manager Lethbrldge Matan out. By using this mothod, here Is little danger of loss by truck- ng the grain. Cleaning dean by winnowing or smi'.Il "Clip- per" and then hand pick, discarding all Inferior kernels not true to type, aid store ready to seed tho new quarter-acre plot the next spring. Harvesting Main Plot After Hand Selection Has Been Done If binder has been in uso clean it thoroughly. Stocking and Stacking Stook In round stocks about 10 sheaves each and cap. Stack as soon as ready, using side and cap sheaves to top oft with and top stack with some hay. Threshing Be sure that the separator Is abso- lutely clean. As a precaution thresh the weathered sheaves first and keep the grain separate. The wheat plot should be threshed after oats as oats can be readily seen in the wheat. Likewise the oat seed plot should ieTer he threshed Immediately alter other omts. Store grain in sacks or a clean iso- lated bin. Plan Showing Progress of Better Seed Toward Field Conditions Quarter-acre plot shown, with hand selected seed: Multiplying sown field with progeny ot sefd plot and pro- ducing first rate registered seed: Gen- eral crop of farm sown with seed from multiplying flield and producing second generation registered seed. Experiment Carried On At the Ontario Agricultural College Showing the Relative Value of Large and Small Seed Average Yield to the Acre Grade of Seed 51 Large....... 1.9 Oatav. 7 Medium..... 1.8 Small....... 1.8 Barley 6 Large plump. 1.5 Small plump. 1.5 Spring large plump 1.4 Wheat 8 -Small plump 1.3 P5O 82.0 54.1 46.5 53.S 50.4 21.T 18.0 32.2 31.S 49.5 will clean iip and a full feed of grain; lot two a full feed ol sunflower silage and 2-3 as much grain as 'lot one, and lot three a full feed of sunflower silage and 1-3 as much grain as lot'one. In audition to this, lots 1, 2 and 3 are fed pralrlo amount being regulated by the lot consuming the least. Lots four, five and six are allowed all the oat silage they will clean up with prairie bay regulated as mentioned in the sunflower groups. Lot four receives a lull teed of grain, lot five two-thirds ot this amount, and lot six one-third thli quantity In like manneii lots seven, eight load of poorest type feeders. Thoug: no more than two steers in eacU ca load will have been' fed the y> the twenty steers of each quality wi] have .been fed and handled exactly a were the other two grades. Results, which will not be availo.bl until laie in April, will be of interea to the cattle feeders of this countrj The Herald wishes to igaln remind its rtadert Interested In the development of Southern Alberta Hong teund, sclintMc lines that mere support It needed If the District Agent movement Insti- tuted at the recent Better Farming Conference Is to bear fruit. Thet the government at Edmonton Is favorable Is certain. Deputy Minister H. A. Craig rns openly declared himself being heartily In accord with the Idea- Hon. Duncan Minhill, mlnlitir of agriculture, Is also known to be a warm supporter of the plan providing the prvper-men are This sympathetic attitude from the department of agri- culture Is cheering. will It put the idea acroti? That li the uppermost question now. Southern Alberta cannot afford to take the chince. The stakes are ton high. Intelligent guidance to the man on the land Is vital this year for this Is a critical year. Action Is ntcessury. The farming and busi- ness Interests of the south went on record last month as being con- vinced of the Imperitlve need of these district or county agents. A delegation went to Edmonton where they laid the matter fully and clearly before the government. Since then very little follow-up work has been done. But this ii not because It was not needed. Too long action on the part of the U. F. A., agricultural societies, boards of trade and other public organizations in the communities of Southern Alberta has been delayed. The time to wake up Is now. It Is not yet too late to get In some effective work. If your U. F. A. believes in tho District Agent idea'let It tell the central organization at Calgary. The officials there would then have something tangible to use In support of the movement. The districts that actively work for these agents are most likely to be the districts that will get them. It would be .a sad thing If your district were passed up because of the indifference of your farmers' organiza- tion. Some consider the question of securing men of the right calibre a stumbling block. It is an essential consideration but by no means i hopeless one. The men can be qualified to carry on the good work launched by Supt. W. .H. Falrfield, of the Lethbrldge Experi- mental Farm; Prof. Murray, of the Noble Foundation; Prof. Cutler, of the faculty of agriculture of the University of Alberta, and others. The thing needed now is on the part of every U.F.A. in Southern Alberta. Get behind it, men, and this step forward In the business of farming will be taken. The farmers in the U.S. have found the county agent to be indlipensable. Realizing this we should make every legitimate effort to induce the Alberta government to Introduce the system hero. The issue is upon us. Now is the time to put it across. we aro soon expecting a telephone at Proton. There has linen u lot ot nlckuoHS in thin nnlRhhorhoort the last wcoks. bids siwm to bo In "style" now. Mr. rat Condlu made a trip to Foremost lust Saturday. Ho reports tho roads wijre fairly good for caro now. The r. K. A. ot tills district, met at View school last Mrs. Jim Wilson (of Foreman hocii KpeuillMK tho last HOH'S and home .Mr. Ouy Kussell, nf Bow [junto :L trip In (ji'olon Inat ryu In tills district pnmiifllnr for a crop. .Mr. IMvin Smith lost a coll liiKt week. Do We Take Small We do more than that. Weinvite take good care of them. If you wish to open a Savings Account for any particular purpose wish W teach the children to save by having an account in each child's not hesitate to do to because the amounts to be deposited will be small. is sufficient to a Savings Account, and deposits of }1. always welcome. MCRCHANTS BANK Head Office: Montreal. OF BRANCH. STOCK VARbS BRANCH. Rnmchci alto al Bworwi find heuleforu. at Monarch Tuawiayi ar.d w. T.'HOI o THE VALUE OF SOME LITTLE USED GRASSES 4 4 4 4 4 (Experimental Farms Note.) On several occasions, particularly through the medium of "Seasonable Hints" issued by the Experimental Farms Branch of the Dominion de- partment of agriculture, attention has been called to the usefulness of sev- eral grasses which at present are lit- tle appreciated in Canada. The grasses to which in the past particular attention has been called as valuable adjuncts to hay and pasture mix- tures are Orchard grass aftd Meadow fescue. The former is considered as Island hulletin has to say "Dandelions and plantains are often very troublesome weeds but apparent- ly are checked by a degree of acidity whinh is not especially detrimental to the gr6wtk of heat and .red for example. To check eventually the growth of these weeds it is only nec- essary to introduce sulphate of am- monia into the top-dressing in place of nitrate of soda. This procedure will of course at the same time check the development of certain grasses 'plate ammonia us a top-dressing, parently are checked" offers but little hope of getting rid- of dandelions by this means. The following statement from the same source is significant; "The sulphate of ammonia in the fertilizer apparently "burned" tho I grass, for the trouble did not exist j A Good Investment 'THE money you save earns interest when deposited in our Savings Department, and both principal and interest are safe and can be obtain- ed whenever required. Open an account to-day. THE CANADIAN BANK OF COMMERCE PAID-UP CAPITAL RESERVE FUND LETHBRIDGE K. W. Keikie: Manager. one -of the best for dairy farms Denmark where, as is well known, i where nitrate of soda and blood I dairying has reached a height per-j were used as, sources -of nitrogen. j foction unequalled by any other coun-1 The burning was especially noticeable try. The latter grass is also consirt-! en clover." This "burning" action ered extremely valuable- In hay and might well deter one from uaing sill- pasture mixtures Intensive i pnate of ammonia as a tou-dresging. farming is practiced. experience The mixture used consisted ot 250 Is that, in Canada, these two grasses j pounds sulphate of ammonia, 400 would, if added to the standard and j pounds acid phosphate and 250 often stereotyped mixture of "clover i pounds muriate of potato per and materially help to in- a heavy dressing, crease the .vahie of the hay The first section of the bulletin and of tho pastures.' presents the results from a But besides .these grasses there are j experiment with hay in several i tj introduction various sources of nitrogen were used in conjunction with a From Chrome Leather A Hame Strap 1 which into Canadian farming would no doubt prove most beneficial pro- vided that they are used under condi- tions in which they can prove their real value. AVe have especially in mind the use of some grasses which, although of little importance for hay, yet are very valuable aa pasture grasses, that la tn say may lie advantageously put In as bottom grasses in hay mixtures and pastured when the hay has been removed. Among Jhese grasses arc the Kentucky blue grass, suitable es- CHEAP HORSE FEED Farmers who have to buy hay for thin season's work are in a very for- tunate position this spring in that they are able to get most excellent horse hay at a vary moderate pdce, .Owing to the open winter tlie de- mand for alfalfa hay has been light and the farmers on Irrigated land find' themselves with a "good, part their laat year's hay crop on hand. The second cutting has been disposed of .and what is left is first cutting. Horses prefer first cutting while cows prefer the more leafy softer second cutting. Although the first cutting is Belling at a lower price than the sec- ond cutting it Is really better horse hay. Good first cutting alfalfa la now quoted at per ton on cars while upland hay from the north costs sev- eral dollars more per ton laid down here and timothy is still higher. The farmer who buys the alfalfa is getting more for his money not only In tonnage but also iu actual feed value. A pound of alfalfa hay con- tains more protein (the most valuable food constituent) than does a pound small quantity of phosphate and pot- iish. The statement follows The average yields of hay per acre for the four years, 191o to 1918, com- bined were as follows Check plot ................3.34 tons Nitrate of soda plots ......S.8S tons Suljihate of ammonia tons Calcium cyanamUl plots ----6.84 tons Thin superior influence of nitrate of soda has been irrefutably attested in tlie records of more than half a century from the famous grass plots pecially for ioamy soil, the sheep's j at Uothamsted, where the sulphate of fescue and the red or creeping fescue j ammunia plots have always been in- on light land, the red top especially j t'erior in those treated with nitrate of under wet conditions, and the crested dog's tail under similar conditions. Iu our opinion it 'would pay to add those grasses in small quantities to grass mixtures seeded down with tho taller growing grasses primarily look- ed upon as hay producers. Indeed, tbe experience of countries where the farms are small and where con- sequently the highest possible returns are imperative to make farming a living proposition, strongly poiuta to the advisability of including four or fivft or even more grasses iu hay, and pasture mixtures so as to make it the more remunerative. M. O. >JALTE, Dominion Agrostologist. chreme kanim. They or water. They have jre.it WMring qualitiea that wiH more than pieaae yon. May we show yen orr fino halters and harness. IJ C. G. OLANDBR -----.........J............ LETHBRIDGE LTD- CONSUMERS' HARDWARE A SUPPLY CO., LETHBRIDCE L. B. DUNCAN............................... NEW DAYTON soda. Iu dry seasons the difference is most pronounced and excavations, revealed a deeper penetration of the grass and clover roots in tbe nitrate plots and explained tho greater sus- ceptibility to drought ot the grasses on the sulphate if ammonia plots. i To Rothamsted uepletibn we owe! also much of our kuowledge respecting, the rapid depletion of lime in soils through the liberal use of sulphate of ammonia and the consequent need for liming such soil. B. LESLIE EMSLIE, Soal Fertility Specialist. ,of upland or timothy hay. It is notes sary, however, if the most satisfactory i results are to be obtained to feed it in a somewhat different manner Jthaii timothy or other ordinary hays. To get the best results out of alfalEa horses should not he given quite all they will eat up clean. A good rule GROTON JOTTINGS (From Our Own Correspondent) GROTON, Feb. snow is ;M to follow pounds of hay to every 100 pounds of horse i.e., a 1-100 pound horse should receive only 21 pounds of hay, per day. With a rea- sonable amount of grain he will be in a condition to do heavy work with satisfaction. The complaint IK sometimes made that .alfalfa Is too much of a laxative and also affects the horse's kidneys, causing Increased urination. The kid- neys are not affected but what occurs when horses eat an excessive amount of alfalfa Is that they drink more water. Exactly the same thing oc- curs when animals are over fed on oil cake or any food particularly rich In 'protein. Both the laxative offect and also the tendency to increased urination is entirely overcome by pre- venting the horses gorging them- selves on alfalfa. Too much attention and, nine are fed to capacity on oat ,ven to thlg ot alfaUa aa sllagft, with lot on a full feed of a h0rse hay and exaggerated st-te grain, lot eight on two-thirds grain ments with no foUTidatIoa ttro ofton In-the soil and thefle were bent and ration, and lot nine a one-third feed! made As an actua] fact thero is ab.I fescue-grasses unlovely at ot grain. Each lot IB allowed what' sohlteiy no case on record where the while clovers and. the .better gi-a prrflrle hay regulated aa heftUh of ft horae haa cver as well as certain weeds, wen FERTILIZERS FOR GRASSES AND CLOVERS, IN FIELD AND LAWN (Experimental Farms Note.) A story which weut tbe rounds' the press recently proclaimed the "discovery" of :t "new fertilizer" which wojild effectively rid lawns of troublesome weeds. It does not appear bow tho wonder grow nor bow the story found such wide publicity at this belated date. The account is based on a report issued by the Rhode Island Experi- ment Station (Bulletin No. 170) In tlie year 1917 nearly four years ago. Sulphate of ammonia is the fertiliz- er to which the wonderful influence is attributed, and the bulletin des- cribes bow by furnishing nitrogen in the form of sulphate of ammonia in- stead of nitrate of soda an acid con- dition of the soil Is promoted a con- dition which, if intense, discourages tho growth of practically all cultivat- ed plants. Two grasses, however, were found to persist despite the acidity created NOTICE TO FARMERS AND ENGINE OWNERS I Have Opened Up a New Oxy-Acetylene Welding Shop at G. Gowin's Blacksmith Shop Call and see mo about that welding job you will have to set done before you start to work this spring. HARVEY G. GOWIN 330 4TH ST. S. PHONE 1061. gone, and we aro having regular j spring weather. The telephone line between. Ivippen- ville and Groton is finished now, and mentioned In the sunflower groups. Lot ten Is fed to capacity on a standard ration of prairie hay and grain, and will genre ai a check lot on tho group. At the close of the feeding period each lot will be valued separately to determine the returns from the differ- ent feeds and methods of feeding. Then the two best'steers from each gronp will he sold M one ear load, Brace Township, Ont., has clodded the two medium type feeders as the to abolish statute laltor and- have road second grade car loau, and the two i work done tuultr Uu new Highways poorest steers from each lot ihe really affected by tlio feeding of al- falfa. These facts are given for tbe bene- fit of farmers and others who are un- accustomed to tbe'feeding of alfalfa to work horess but who may be con- templating the purchase of It.- -W. II. F. grasses, ro ox- tenninated. Ixsst any. having .learned only balf the truth, should proceed to transform their lawns by tho method suggested. he it remarked that unless bent and fescue grasses ilre present and the owner of the lawn has decided that these are preferable to the more "velvety" kinds Mm experiment, likely tu prove, disastrous to the lawn. itespc.i'.tlni; dandelions, which many regard as riie most troublesome and Mead iu lawns, the Hhode Safeguard Your Valuables before it is too Late It is not wise to leave money, securities, jewelry ror other val- uables unprotected in your home. Deposit your money in tbe Rank your valuables in a Safety Deposit Box. Consult our Manager. The Royal Bank of Canada Ltthbrldge 6. MacKay, manager. Total Resources BRITISH CANADIAN TRUST CO'Y HEAD OFFICE, CONYBEARE BLOCK LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA AUTHORIZED .TO ACT AS EXECUTOR, ADMINISTRATOR, ASSIGNEE, GUARDIAN, TRUSTEE GENERAL FINANCIAL AGENTS AUTHORIZED TRUSTEE UNDER BANK- RUPTCY ACT may be required for the protection of your assets or the maintenance of your family. This Company named as Executor under your Will is in a position to afford such assistance in the event of your death, CORRESPONDENCE INVITED TRUSTS and GUARANTEE Company, Limited 220 8TH AVE. W., CALGARY ALBERTA. LETHBRIDGE OFFICE, BANK OF COMMERCE BUILDING. J. W. McNIcol. Inspector.