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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 11, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta Saturday, March 11, 1 THl HKAID 5 JIattlfi I. Chester Only memories remain of train travel WE used to set our clock by thfl train, it varied so lit- tle in time. When wo heard Iho ills t ant "Wlm-oo-oo" of iho whistle, we'd look out to sec Iho train wind into sight and quick- ly disappear around Uie next bond, then check the clock to see if it was or whatever hour the train made its appear- ance across the fields cast o[ our bouse. We always knew, too, where to look for the smoke of the approaching train, just where the grade was a little steeper and a little more power needed. Tliero were so many interest- ing things about travelling on a train. A train (rip, oven if only thirty minutes or so in duration could give an opportunity for adveniure. We never knew whom we might meet or what might happen. From the mo- ment we climlied Uie steps to the station platform and enter- ed ttie waiting room with ils bare, shiny Ixjnches along the walls (I never saw any liko them anywhere our hearts beat faster in anticipa- tion. At the wicket, the agent peer- ed at you over his glasses, "Go- ing to Lethbriclgc? Round And you felt important. You look the little piece oi cardboard and sat down, Prob- ably there were or three neigh bors or acquaintances there and the agent joined in the conversation, poking Irs face close to the wicket bars. Maybe there was a stranger and somebody tried to get him into the conversation and get him around lo indicating what has business in town had been. Then the whistle of the train sounded as it emerged from the cut north of town, and blew for the crossing. Everyone hurried outside and tried to place himself where he thought the train might stop so he'd be first ion and get the choice of any vacant scats. Entering the long coach wiUi its faint smell of disinfectant, or moth-proofing, whatever it was, we looked around for the best seat avail- able, by a window if possible. We had probably seen the land- scape fifty times, but always wanted to watch it move along nevertheless. It made it seem more like a journey that way. The engine belched and coughed, gave a big "chuff" and a jerk getting the long train underway again. The con- ductor came and took one end off your ticket, and gave the rest back for the return trip. You stowed it safely away in tome snug part of your purse, rmd look stoek of your fellow travellers, mostly those from adjacent small towns going to the city for Ihe afternoon. In a few minutes the Newsy came along, carrying a large basket containing magazines, chocolate bars, gum, fruit and peanuts. He called his wares as he moved slowly along, "Chew- Ing gum, Gripes, llAG-zines, Amges, and some- times, "San-wiches." If anyone bought anything, he usually took up his chant wherever he had left off as he stopped for the sale, so routine had it be- come. It was seldom that he re- appeared from the other direc- tion, and I used to wonder il he got off at one of the other stations and returned to his place in the baggage car, or whether he rode the rest of tha way on Uie engine, after treat- Ing the crew to some of bis wares. When the train no long- er carried a Newsy, I missed bis gravelly voice and weird pronunciations. 71 was interesting watching the people on the platform at other small towns, some saying good-bye to visitors from a dis- tance perhaps, others, like our- selves, going in for an after- noon of shopping, or maylx: a show. So the train rambled on through the countryside, through a deep cut here, on a pradc a few feel above Uio fields there, stopping at Coal- hurst k> switch to the main line. Then we were al. flic high brirlge across {he coulees and the Oldman River. It wss never n casual experience going across that. Looking clown and seeing the coulees spread out far below, then the thread of the river, and the road and traffic bridge, cars almost like match-box toys, a long way down. The conductor called, "Lcth- hridgc! Everybody change 1" We were Ihere. The engine stood puffing and blowing as if frying to cool off after ils la- bors, hut we didn't give it much thought .is we scurried for Mm station door, and whatever des- tination we sought. Going home in the dusk or diirk of the evening was more adventuresome still, especially if it was winter, and the rail- way yards full ot tile fog of while steam as one boarded the train. And as it puffed and wail- rd ils way along, billows o( wJiitc smoko or steam sailed, by Uie darkened windows, and when il slopped at a station, there was a great rush of es- caping strain, and clouds of vapor mingling with Iho smoke as Ihe engine panted lo be on its way. One often had small contre- temps of some kind, too, on a train journey. One dark nighl, Uie train slopped at a station, and I was sure it was mine. 1 hurried out, but found the steel platform over the steps hadn't been raised. I wasn't in the for- ward coach Uiat night as it had been full when 1 got on, and it was possible that the conductor had forgotten lhat there was another local passenger. Tliero wasn't, time to rush through Uie next car (as I so 1 went to the edge of the slcel lid and jumped down, bundles and all. As I looked about me at the descried station I real- ized that I had alighted at the town next lo ours. I grasped the edge of the steel platform and pulled myself up, [earing every second that the train would lake off with me dangling there. Luckily il was dark and nobody about lo wilness my in- dignity. On another occasion I was wailing lo change Irains at a cily in central Alberta where I bad never been before. 1 knew the time of departure of my train, hut there was no sign of it on the track in front of tho station as the time approached, so I continued to wander about. However, I decided to ask aboul il, only lo be told lhat it was on another track a couple of hundred yards fat least) down Uie track from the sta- tion and its departure was im- minent I ran; snilcase, maga- zines, extra coal, banging and flapping, seeing the train begin to move, reached oul and look the conductor's hand and was pulled aboard on (be rear plat- form. A person could never have adventures like Ihtit travelling by airplane. Trains were so convenient. One could check baggage at the beginning of a journey, and no mailer how many inter- mediary changes of train (here were, one was confident it would be there at the end of the journey, without ever hav- ing seen it again en route. Alas, that is not so with some mod- ern meUiods of travel. Too, there was a network of railway lines and one could always get to within a very few miles of one's destination, no matter how remole from a large cen- tre. Now the lonesome "Whoo-oo- oo" of the whistle, the screech of escaping steam, and the bil- lows of vapor and smoke from which one could conjure weird are no more in Iho countryside. In a few public parks are found on view 0110 of Hie steam monslcrs that carried passengers and freight safely Over su inany miles of. Canada's rugged face. No long- er is the local conductor's face as familiar as your milkman's. No longer is one confident that one will arrive on time for an appointment; one may even wonder if he will gel there at all when he boards a modern means of transportation. Canada still needs Uie rail- ways, but it is true that an in- dustry cannot function without business, and modem demand for greater has end- ed Uie railway era. Perhaps nostalgia exaggerates the pleasant side, and causes the annoyances there undoubtedly were to be forgollen, bul speed of Iransporlalion has laken much of Ihe romance from a trans-continenlal journey. All's quiet on the tvater front The Oldman River Photo by Finlay Book Reviews Indian integrationist presents views "Ruffled Feathers: Indi- ans in Canadian Society" by William I. C. Wullunee (Bell Boohs, paperback, 171 "INTEGRATION is inevitable argues William Wuttunee, so Indians in Canada are wasl- ing valuable limo resisting the kind of directions proposed by the government in its 1969 White Paper. Tlic negative attitude taken by Indian leaders is not scrying the best interests of the native people, according to Mr. Wuttunec. Flailing the while man for all that is wrong in the lives Indians today is no longer jus- tified, says this Indian author. Whereas the Indian was once forgotten, he is now the object of much concern and every ef- fort is being made Ijo change his status. With Ihe kind of as- sistance (he government makes available for education, the ac- quisition of a home, and low- interest loans to get established in business, the excitse for lan- guishing on reserves has van- ished. ''The problem dbes not lie with Uie white people any more; the problem is squarely placed upon the shoulders of the Indian Pou ring money In to the re- serves doesn't make much sense. Indians are being drawn to the cities where they encoun- ter many problems and often get into trouble. The best help the government can give is in supporting Friendship Centres and counsellors attached to the centres, Those who have been struggling to keep the Loth- bridge centre open will be hope- ful that the authorities pay at- tention to the praise given by Mr. WuUunee. Opposition to integration Is to be found among white people as well as Indians, There is a desire to see Indian culture pre- served, But it is a losing battle, as Mr. Wuttunee sees it, and not necessarily a bad thing at that. "Just because a culture dies does not mean that some- thing good has died To maintain Indian culture does not mean wearing feathers and hopping around on one foot; it means the belief in the Greai Spirit It means that one is honorable, brave, generous and kind. It means that one has a sense of responsibility. The real meat, of Mr. tunee's book comes in the later chapters after he has devoted considerable attention to Mr. Harold Cardinal, the Indian or- ganizations the Whi tc Paper, the Hed Paper, the Brown Paper and the Indian Act, I think the book would have been more effective if his viewpoint on integration had been pre- sented firsl with the examina- tion of other positions follow- ing. But it is a useful contribu- tion to a critical debate any- and bound to ruffle more feathers which may he a good thing if they stay ruffled Jong enough to prevent the old apathy from settling in again. DOUG WALKER. Cartoonist recounts rise to fame "The Brass by Bill Maulflin (IV. W. Norton and Co. 276 piigps, dis- trlbulcd fiy George J. Mc- Lcod Prevention best cure "Tile Young Die (Jnicllv" by Uhilnry North Seymour. Jr. (Willinm Morrow and Co., Inc., 192 pages, distri- buted by Gcrogc J. McLcod rpHIS book Is recommended for everyone rinig addicts actual and potential, government officials, the med- ical profession, social workers, leschcrs, parents and others concerned with Ihe narcotics problem. Written by an authority on Ibis social epidemic, Tho Young Die Quietly gives a comprehensive coverage of all aspects of the problem and conlains some shocking mfor- malion aboul organized crime behind a major concern ui North America today. The presentation is fair and balanced, and the author, whilo offering no miracles to the so- lution of the problem, gives a useful action program to help prevent nur, youth from falling victims lo a dangerous experi- ment. Mr, Seymour, in a warning to Ihosc Irybig soft drugs, points out that between 80 and per cent of the heroin sd- dict.s slEirled on marijuana. Up to this date, there is still no sure-cure for heroin addicts and tile best method is preven- tion. Although the use of mari- juana and other soft drugs .should not be encouraged, tho criminal sanctions against in most cases arc total- ly unrcaiislic, according lo Mr. Seymour, a former NTcw York stale legislator ami currpnlly chief (r.S. government r-rosecii- lor in N'ew York City, Uie drug capital of the world. The problem of drug use Is directly associated wilh the problem of child-raising, tho book says, and children should, not be brought up wilh the be- lief lhal chemicals can provido answers (o most of the world's ills. JOE MA, JJILL MAULDIN, a lop car- toonist, is also a good writer. This he demonstrates in the recounting of a ten-year pe- riod of his life from his early teens lo his early twenties. A m o r e cnterlaining memoir would be bard to find. There is a disarming honesty in Ihe way Mauldin writes about himself. The same irrev- erent atlitudc he took loward military life in his famous Sec- ond World War cartoons is ta- ken loward his own foibles. A juvenile, passion for riding merry-g o-rounds, slill persist- ing in his laic teens, is typical of the sprt of thing he admits about himself and provides the tille for Ihe book. Just as Mauklin was adept at getting free rides on the merry- go-round through an ability to snag brass rings lhat hung out on a arm as he went bobbing by on his horse, so he used the army lo get launched into a fabulous career as a cartoonist. It all seems incred- ible even to Bill Maulriin. Yet he deserved Ihe rccogni- lion he got, not only bccausg his cartoons were good and conlribuled greatly lo building morale but because be worked bard to develop his talent. Ones lie got the idea of becoming a cartoonist he pursued it with amazing determination. An in- teresting insight into the way native talenl is turned inlo skill is the way Mauldiu disciplined himself to think, up ten cartoon ideas every nighl, five nights a week, during a year at the Chi- cago Academy of Fine Arts. Any man who has had expo- sure to military life without ac- quiring some sort of attitude o( idolization of it will enjoy this book since the bulk of it is about Mnuldin's war expe- rience. Some U.S. officers en- joyed the way Mauldin poked fun at the army through his scruffy characters. An cxccp. [ion was General George Pat- The reported cneoimtei be- Iwccn Patton and Mauldin is delightful to read. Seventy-eight pages of this book are devoted to photos and drawings. They are not all of great significance but even that fad seems appropriate in tha kir.d of story that is told. Although the ten years re- counted in this memoir no doubt form a distinguishable unit in Mauhiin's life, I wished Ihe author bad gone on to tell of his subsequent experiences. As an editorial page editor whn lias acquired a deep apprecia- tion for the political cartoon, I would like to read what. Maul- din has lo say about jousting with the politicians. The car- toons I now see by this man take the kind of jabs that poli- ticians like officers in his war experiences seem to de- serve. Maybe he intends to do his a 111 G b i o g r a p h y in In- stallments. DOUG WALKER, Focus on the University By MICHAEL SUTHERLAND Firsts the University of LeUibridge ap- proaches Ihe end of its fifth academic year il has already experienced, and con- linues to experience, (hose kinds of Ihings Uiat arc brashly referred to as "firsts" in its history. For example just three months ago, the. man whu served as Ihe univer- sity's firsl presidcnl in such a distinguish- ed and unique way, completed his term in office and moved to a new position as a senior executive member of the staff of the United Slates International University. Some "firsts" are (hose generally cat- egorized as "growing pains" and these are more than welcome to remove themselves from the total picture. However, on cer- tain occasions these "firsts" involve a sep- aration of the university from individuals in a way thai produces an almost nostalgic sense of appreciation. Such an occasion look place this mor- ning when the university's first chancel- lor, Judge L. S. Turcotle, completed his term in office and turned over Ihe re- sponsibililies lo a new person (Ihe iden- tity of whom could not be disclosed at the lime of printing this By legislation contained in the Universities Act, a chan- cellor can only be appointed for one term. The years 1967 and !DG8 must certainly have been significant ones for L. S. Tur- cotte. It was during the Canadian Centen- nial that he received his present appoinl- menl as Chief Judge o! the District Court of Southern Alberta, at the invitation of the federal minister of justice. Just a few months later, in February of 19G8, he was asked by the 55 members of the univer- sity's newly formed senate to serve as the head of that body, in s position known as chancellor of the university. He accepted and has for the past four years provided the institulion with a kind of dignity and good judgment that has on many "occa- sions been of considerable Influence in all aspects of the growth of this institution. As a brash youngsler in the commulily of universities The University of Lelh- hridge has benefited greally from Ihe expe- rience, foresight and patience of this man. To specify the kinds of tribulations (I felt the word Irials would be out of place) that Chancellor Turcoffe has had lo deal with as a function of his position could certainly not be done in Ibe space available here. Problems faced by a new university are always considerable and these were anticipated in the case of The University of Lelhbridge and dealt wilh, usually in a mosl effective manner. Specifically, and it gels back to some more a great many people will remember thai day in May of 1963 when Dr. Sam Smith was Installed as the university's president and Judge S. Tur- cotle became Uie firsl chancellor. Only minutes after Itiis ceremony had laken place, the new chancellor admitted 32 peo- ple to convocalion as the first graduating, degree recipients of the new university. The day was not one of complete formal- ity however, as immediately after tho cer- emonies many convocation participants and their guests joined member! of the community to walk en masse of all things to Gall Gardens to take part tn the city's first-ever protest rally to let tha Government of Alberta know that tho Is- sue of a site for the new campus could nol be brushed aside easily. Unfortunately the rally and march cut into the atten- dance at the chancellor's first post- convocation reception but most allowed time for tea, coffee, etc. and then further- ed their particular sense of community in- volvement which was undoubtedly at an all time high during the site carrying on to the rally. Since that day, Chancellor Turcotte has presided at three subsequent convocations. He has had the pleasure of awarding the university's first honorary degrees (1959-- Scnalor James Gladstone and Judge John Sissons; 1970 Mr. Asael Palmer and Professor Murray Adaskin; and 1971 IMiss Annora Brown) and has formally granted degrees to nearly 600 University of Lethbridge graduates. As the university's formal head of state he and Mrs. Turcotte have provided dig- nity at many universily and community functions the 1969 sod-turning ceremony; (he nationally-publicized One Prairie Prov- ince? Conference in 1970; awards ban- quets; news media relaUons; schools and community liaison; cultural activities; and as Ihe first southern Alberta donor to ths Three Alberta Universities Fluid Campaign and so on The term of Chancellor Louis Sherman Turcotte is now finished, and complete. has been a dedicated, distinguished in- volved representative of the university. The successes and progress of the univer- sity during these years have been quite overwhelming without much time to stop and catch a breath. But at a poinl in time as significant as this 11 Is important lo stop and realize lhat in all the "firsts" that wiU in future be looked upon as posi- tive contributors to the development of ths university, the dedication of Chancellor L. S. Turcotte will sUnd out. The Voice Of One -By DR. FRANK MORLEY The Chinese., Puritans and Lent one realizes that the future is In the hands of the disciplined people, one shivers will) apprehension watching Ihe Chinese children, youth and The children march their swinging way to school and back again, singing their songs and dropping off al their homes with al- most military precision and study with tho same dedication lhat their parents give to their work. Here our young people line the streets after school wanting a ride for a few blocks, their hair and clothes un- kempt, without manners and without poise, many of them drug users. I visited a class- room in an Albertan high school and was aslonished lhat one-third of the class paid absolutely no attcnlion to the teacher, but did as they liked. A visitor from Brilish Columbia told me lhal "you haven't seen anything A boy from Bermuda now resident in British Columbia relates un- happily, "There is no discipline here al all." One is impressed by the amazing Chi- nese sexual reslrainl as Ihey give them- selves lo Ihe consiruclion of their country, In every civilization in history that has perished one symptom has been sexual degeneracy, surely an obvious rot in our society. Pornography fills Iho bookstalls and magazine racks. II is estimated lhal if. Ihe increase of venereal disease continues al its present rale, one in five of a city's high school students will have contraclcd gonorrhea or by the time he or she graduates. Abortion is contributing further to sexual decline and the brulalization of human life. fn the United Slates eight million Ions of smuggled heroin are consumed annual- ly. It is a brave person who will walk down the streets of an American city at night. In New York city the annual drug addict thievery alone is eslimaled at two hundred and fitly million dollars lo a high of nearly two billion dollars while no one has counted the people terrorized or (hose maimed and killed. A lawyer friend of mine suffering a heart attack was beaten in broad daylight just outside his horns while his wife watched in horror from a window. One wearies of reading continual- ly of new labor strikes in the news media bill the lack of elhics and Ihe disregard of service in business scarcely sets labor any example. One such lack of ethics is the selling up of holding companies in Bermuda and Ihe Caribbean to escape (nxation. Mark Twain was certainly no orthodox churchman, but when he was in- volved in a financial failure and forced into bankruptcy, though he had no further legal responsibility for his large outstand- ing debts, he undertook to pay them. At sixty years of age he set out on a crush- ing lecture tour saying, "I am confident that if I live I can pay off the last debt within four years, afler which, at the age of sixty-four, I can make a fresh and un- encumbered slarl in life." Then he added, "Honor is a harder masler than the law." Now this is the very stuff that has made the greatness of the British world. As Lord Moulton said, "The future of democracy de- pends on the people who will obey a self- imposed law." In every civilization (he puritans have been responsible for the highest develop- ment. One notes in the Greek civilization with (he decline of purilanism Greek cul- ture declined. Roman Catholic and Protes- tant puritans similarly have given our civ- ilization everything it possesses in both things material and spiritual. It is fas- cinating lo read Theodore Roosevelt warn- ing his country against "playing the part oi China, and being content to rot by inch- es in ignoble deeds within our wenl on to predict "thai we should find, what China has already found, that in this world the nation that has trained itself tn a career of unwarlike and isolated ease U bound, in the end, to go down before other nations which have nol lost the manly and adventurous qualilies." One cannot sym- pathize with Roosevelt's bellicose "big stick" Imperialism, but how astonishingly the situations of China and the United States have been reversed since Teddy's day] His basic premise is supported by history and Arnold Toynbee grimly piles up evidence that the Doasyoulikes have been, the ruin of all civilizations, while Ihe great people have come from the hard and not soft countries. Toynbee gets his illus- tration from Charles Kingsley's fable, "Ths History of the Great and Famous Nation of the Doasyoulikes, who came away from Ihe Country of Hard Work because they wanted to play on the Jews' Harp all day long." The purilans believed that austerily, industry, self-control, marital fidelity, fru- gality, sobriety, thrift and honesty pro- duced a good and happy society. They be- lieved that men who were pleasure-loving, untrustworthy, sluggish, dissipated, friv- olous and irresponsible produced a bad so- cicly and unhappy people. If they were right then the contemporary wcslcrn world is very wrong, ;