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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 11, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THl IETHBR1DGE HERAID Saturday, Morch 11, v972 Shaun Herron Security for everyone? Doubtless a shaky plank in one of. tho political parlies' platform in the next federal election will be Hie promise of a guaranteed minimum income for all Canadians, with an outline on its implementation. While this plan has been endorsed by all tlie parlies in principle, the consen- sus ends there because to date, there is not agreement on how much it woultl cost, or if the country can af- ford it. From lime fo time, as unemploy- ment continues lo rise, the subject of a guaranteed income comes up in the Commons and each lime it does, a different sum as to ils cost is pre- sented. Senator David Croll. who was chairman of the Senate's special committee on poverty whose report adopted a guaranteed income scheme estimated the cost at about S5 bil- lion a year, or around S800 million more than existing social welfare. However, the senator has pointed out that The Canadian Chamber of Com- merce. Queen's Universily, the Pro- gressive Conservative and the New Democratic Parties, among others, have done research inlo the scheme also and eacli comes up with a dif- ferent set of figures. The federal government contends tlie senator is wrong and that Ihe cost of Hie plan would be between S6 and S7 billion. Now Finance Minis- ter John Turner lias released an- other estimate. He recently an- nounced in the Commons that a guar- anteed income plan that would be comprehensive enough lo wipe out regional economic disparities would cost close to billion a year. A private pol! conducted among Ca- nadians produced the figure last month that 54 per cent of citizens In- terviewed endorse a guaranteed in- come plan. Basing their questions on Senator Croll's figures of not less than as a minimum income for a family of four, the consensus the pollsters found was. on the whole, positive. Those interviewed did not think the incentive to work would be destroy- ed; and that it. would instead, be a big encouragement to those who are trying hard io gel ahead. Other opin- ions stated that "nobody should live in poverty in Canada" and the end result would produce more equality in standards of living as well as be- ing good for the economy. 'But whether tlie country can af- ford a money-for-all plan is a ques- tion that has not yet been, answered. The discrepancy between the sena- tor's estimates of S5 billion and the finance minister's of S14 billion could spell the difference between social success and economic disaster. Keeping the Speaker Mr. Lucien Lamoureux, the Speak- er of the House of Commons may not. be back after the next federal election. This would be a great pity, for Mr. Lamoureux has conducted his difficult job with dignity, firm- ness and fairness. Completely bilingual, Mr. Lamour- eux has been able to control the in- numerable little fires of irritation which have been lighted in the past few sessions of Parliament, ably urg- ing MPs to get on with their busi- ness. He is also admired and liked by the Commons as a whole. Why, then, would he leave? Be- cause to date, our political parties haven't come up with a reasonable precept for removing partisanship from the Speaker's chair. Although there has been talk of appointing a permanent Speaker for a number of years, the matter seems to have been shelved until Mr. Lamoureux indicated recently that he may not run again in his constituency. Now the matter has come up again. The term "permanent" does not mean forever. It simply implies re- moving the necessity for the chair- man of debates to seek election to each Parliament under a party ban- ner. In Britain the Speaker is un- opposed by other parties in his homo constituency but in Canada this doesn't apply. And Mr. Lamoureux, being a fair minded man, has stat- Weekend Meditation ed that his riding should have the chance to be represented by a mem- ber of a political party who wouldn't be bound by the Speaker's rule of im- partiality. Mr. Lamoureux was first elected in 1962 as a Liberal in the riding of Stormont Dundas in Ontario. In 1963 he was re-elected and made dep- uty Speaker a post he held until 1965. In January of 1966 he was made Speaker, and during the 1968 elec- tions he was talked into remaining on the job when the Conservatives agreed they would not run a candi- date against him if he ran as an Independent. The idea behind this was to remove the Speakership from the political arena by creating a spe- cial constituency with the party lead- ers in the Commons as the only elig- ible voters. In that way the Speaker would be technically a "member of the House" without the need to tramp through the hustings seeking votes. Tlie plan is a good one but for some reason it hasn't been imple- mented. Before the next federal elec- tion it would be a good idea if all party leaders sat down to discuss a formula for a permanent Speaker, one which would appeal enough to encourage Mr. Lamoureux to stay on the job. He's too good a man to lose simply through vacillation and pro- crastination. Some sayings of Jesus TESUS said, "You cannot serve God and Mammon." Our society believes it can and has erected numberless churches to the worship of God and given Him much lip service, but the whole social system is built on covetousness and all advertising Is beamed to the covetous instinct. No so- ciety in the world's history is more Mam- mon-oriented than this one. The values of life are measured in terms of possession of goods and there would be a revolution- ary change in the whole system if Jesus' words were followed. Jesus said, "Deny yourself, take up your cross, and follow me." There is plenty of self-indulgence in society but very little self-denial. Yet self-denial is the way, ac- cording to Jesus, into the kingdom of heaven. Self-denial is the way to realize a full personality, the way to self-realiza- tion. It is only by self-denial that great artists and musicians attain the heights. It is only by self-denial that a great charac- ter or society is created. Jesus said, "Love your enemies, do good to them that hate you, pray for them that despitefully use you." Our national sys- tems order us to hate our enemies, drop bombs on them, in every way aim at their destruction, and pray for their complete devastation. Dropping an atomic bomb on Hiroshima and roasting the entire popula- tion alive becomes a triumph for which Ihe whole nation exults, but sending medicine to North Vietnam is an act of treason. Jesus said, "Blessed are the poor in spirit blessed are they that, mom blessed are the meek blessnri >hry which do hunger and thirst after righ- teousness blessed are the merciful... blessed are the pure in heart blessed are the peacemakers Our society says blessed are the strong, the rich, and the strident. Blessed are the aggressive. Blessed are they who look after them- selves and hunger and thirst after the vain money and possessions of this v.orlrj. Blessed are they who trample others under Informed Irish scorn popular theory (SOMETIMES 1 feel like a motherless child." It's a good line. Every clergyman of whatever stamp or standing, should sing it to himself when he conies forward boldly into the political arena and stands on guard for Illis or that. Tho naughty world, dear friends, is a butcher knife, well Iwncd. 1 want U> tell you the story of the playboys of the western world because some of my cor- respondents are like mother- less children, and parrots, and talking dolls and they have about the same equipment. Educated and i n t. e 11 i gcnl Irishmen of even1 persuasion laugh today at the learned-by- rote-sit-TOur-mother's-knee-Btuff about "Ireland's 700 years of mentioned by rote letters to the papers across the country. Sean O'F.ivlain. n devoted Irishman, finds popular versions of popu- lar Irish history very entertaiiv ing. But to the clergy: Take Car- dinal Conway, for example, tho top Catholic clergyman hi all Ireland. When Ihe shooting be- gan and it began because the Catholic community was so friendly with tire army thai the IRA shot some soldiers to put a stop lo their feet and get to the top. Blessed arc the lustful and the sensual. Blessed ara they who overcome or destroy their com- petitors. Blessed are the ruthless and Ihe men and women who do not lei sentiment interfere with business. Blessed are the cunning and the calculating. Ask the man in the street about these sayings of Jesus and he will tell you that they don't make common sense. Of course they don't. They are divine and divine sense can never become common sense. Yet the man who follows these sayings of Jesus will find that they make good sense and that they lead to the only happiness possible in this world and that the say- ings of the world lead to destruction and damnation. A French author wrote a book entitled "The fnsanity of Jesus." Well docs Paul say that the foolishness of God is wiser than the wisdom of men. This would be a far happier and saner world if it followed the "insanity" of Jesus. Here is a world which pollutes ils atmosphere, pol- lutes its lakes and rivers, rapes its forests, destroys ils wild life, lives in cut-throat competition with its fellow man, raises tariff barriers, uses the invention of print- ing for pornography and the discovery of nuclear power for bombs and then dares to talk about "the insanity of Bernard Shaw suggested that a visitor from another planet would think of this world as the madhouse among planets. Jesus said, "Seek you first Ihe kingdom of God and His righteousness anrl all these Mings will be added to you." A prosperous and peaceful world ran only come through following the sayings of Jesus. Until men realize this they are rebels against God snd their ultimate fate will be darkness, confusion, and pain. Prayer: Give us O God the mind of Christ to think His thoughts, The heart of Christ to follow His example in love, And the life of Christ to do His deeds o( service And bless mankind. S. M. were made lo the cardinal to condemn the gunplay and thoso who took part in it, and he re- mained silent. No matter what Irishmen in Canada may say ahout Ibis, 1 am prepared to take the cardinal's own word for In his Christinas mes- sage last year he admitted it and said. "I know I didn't real- ize three years ago how thin the crust of Irish life- is" and "I have seen the crust break and Ihe lava flow. Just a trickle at first, but flowing on relentlessly, widening and deepening And so he be- gan to take seriously what ho at first refused to do anything about. "Do not let your feelings betray you inlo calling evil by any other he warned the Catholic community in Ulster and the neople anil poli- ticians of the South. He mighi have extended this to Irishmen on this continent. He was joined in this plea by the Catholic bishop of Dro- more. "Before the rot becomes chronic." he said to the Cath- olics of Newry, "we must get back on the straight path wo have left and repudiate the "people who claim to be acting for the people of Newry." (That is. the IRA.) But this is merely my intro- duction. Tliis is what the Calli- olic higher clergy are saying to Catholic laymen and those Catholic clergy who have taken it upon themselves to hide, to cover and lo nurture the men with the guns and the bombs and the mutilated babes-in- arms lo their credit. How iimocent the clergy tend (a be when they talk about and act for what they suppose to a just cause. For what took place behind the sqenes before tile killing began about which some clergy and so many Irish- men everywhere talk so glibly, as is their principle talent? Here is what was going on behind the scenes wln'lc car- dinals and bishops were silent or talking about, justice. Here is what was going on long be- fore Dr. llillery, Ireland's for- eign minister, made his recent emotional tour of the Western capitals to protest what is now called Bloody Sunday. In the latter part of and through a large part of I960, meetings were taking place be- tween highly-placed politicians in Dublin and the leaders of tlie IRA. Money was offered to the IRA if they would agree to transfer their activities to the North and leave the South alone. When this did not pro- duce the desired results, two prominent political figures in Dublin began a drive to per- suade the militants under Sean MacStiofain (John Stephenson, an Englishman turned more Irish than Irish) to split with the official IRA and go to war in the North. Calhal Colliding, the military head of the offi- cial IRA, was present a? these discussions. Some of them took place in the Shelbourne Hotel in Dublin. Party to these discussions was a group of Irish business- men who promised to put 000 into a fund tt finance the fighting, if what became tlie Provisional would concentrate on the North. Also parly to them was the fund-raising or- ganization of Hie Fianna Fail party the government party Dublin. The Irish government itself, through its then minister of fi- nance, Charles Ilaughey, pro- vided to the IRA for activity in the North. Cathal Goulding refused to go along with any of it because he was convinced that the senior poli- ticians involved in the discus- 'Yes, it does look better Bill, but it's not good pruning." sion and in the transactions were not acting unofficially but were in fact acting with the full knowledge of Ihe Irish cabinet in an effort to split the IRA and get tliem out of the South and into ttie North where they would be defeated and decimated and therefore cease to be a threat to Mr. Lyndi. In other words, he believed that Mr. Lynch was willing that what has happened should hap- pen, if it got the IRA off his back. Mr. Goulding was not alone in his thoughts. The British government thought so too, and its information came from, among other places, an agent of MIS who sat in on these discussions. Where did the Irish opposi- tion in the Daii (Parliament) get its information about these meetings and about efforts lo supply arms to the IRA in the North information that led to the (rial of two Dublin Cabinet ministers after a judge was at last found who hear tho case? They got it from British government sources and con- firmed il, and raised the hue and cry that led to Ihe trials that led, after a fascinating trial, to the acquittals. The British agent in ques- tion had sold himself to (be IRA as a shabby dealer in il- licit arms. He even had a ware- house to prove it and took Goulriing and Stephenson and others to see it. It was well slocked. There Is much more. Need 1 say more? My point is very simple. One never knows who is behind what. Sometimes when governments weep for tlie suffering of the poor pub- lic, they weep for what they have themselves contrived to create. They weep to cover their complicity. Sometimes when foreign ministers travel with their hearts in their hands, tears in their voices and on their cheeks, they are weeping to cover their gidlt for, and their fear of, a monster they helped to create in the Hves of others so that it would not roar in their own back yard. There are all sorts of play- boys. Some of them are con- cerned only with the naked. Others are responsible for the dead. {Herald Special Sendee) Bruce Hutchison When neighbors disagree, tensions are created WASHINGTON In the current jargon of this capital the "special relation- ship" between t h e United States and Canada is dead. It died, apparently, when the Ca- nadian government sought and was indignantly refused a uni- lateral exemption from Pres- ident Nixon's tariff surcharge last autumn. At that point, it is said, Canada became just another foreign nation with all the rest and thenceforth would be treated like them. In fact, the "special relation- ship" is not dead and cannot die. It lives, and must live, un- der the mandate of geography, history and interdependent daily business, no matter what governments on both sides may say or do. These continental truths will remain unaltered long after the present dispute of trade and currencies has passed. Undoubtedly new and perhaps more serious disputes will open in the future, but they, too, will leave the basic situa- tion unchanged because the two North American nations must live side by side, willy-nilly, in perpetual if-sometimes uneasy symbiosis on the same island, surrounded by mankind's sea of troubles. The ultimate truth is well un- derstood by President Nixon and Prime Minister Trudeau, though neither of them, nor any man now alive, will see its larger consequences. After last December's abra- sive clash between their offi- cials, the American and Cana- dian leaders recognized that the old "special relationship" no longer existed in technical terms. That is to say, Canada need not expect the United States to exempt it auto- matically from economic poli- cies applied to the world at large, as often happened in the past. But, as Mr. Nixon put the future in a happy phrase, Can- ada will enjoy a different, "spe- cial special relationship" an intimacy with i t s neighbor denied, for reasons of mutual interest, to other nations. Yet at the moment the neigh- bors literally don't know what they are talking about in tbeir commercial argument. They cannot agree even on the sim- ple figures of their joint busi- ness. This reporter, for example, Letter to the editor Beating the system As you read this letter I would like you to think of your- self as a taxpayer who puts out a good sized portion of his earned dollar toward his gov- ernment, to spend as I hey feel is supposedly to your advan- tage, namely, on education. A person can be sent lo school by Canada Manpower, have his books paid for, have his tuition paid in full, and rc- ceivo a pay cheque every sec- ond Friday for a lew hours ol w-bool work A perton vm RI to school for short courses that will certainly not make him a scholar, hut will net him from per week to go to school, in addition to getting books and tuition paid for. And that's probably only a start. There probably are a couple oJ other ways you can get some easy money and an education. But now a question: How is it that an independent student who is living at home cannot get even a loan? If you want an education do not go to school! Go to work. Then let Canada Manpower pay you to return to school. If you do not want to work, let Priority ICmployment Plan send you to school. And if you do not gel on their plan, you i-iii always go on welfare and have them pay Ihera arft people who deserve this money and are putting both the money and the education they receive lo excellent use. But much of the money is a needless giveaway. SO IF YOU CAN'T BEAT EM, JOIN KM! Lethbridgs ENLIGHTENED had been assured by the Ca- nadian government that in 1970 and 1371 Canada ran a minor over-all deficit in the United States market. The American government, however, adds up the figures to show a surplus of billion. Between the two versions the gap is so wide, indeed so far beyond belief, that negotiations become difficult, if not impos- sible, until tlie neighbors agree on a method of calculating their exchange of goods, ser- vices and capital. They have reached no agreement yet and meanwhile are talking in dif- ferent mathematical languages without an interpreter. The complexities of business between the world's two largest trading partners are outside the layman's comprehension, but it is staggering for him to find the ablest American and Canadian experts miles apart on the mere facts of record. So they stand today, shouting, as it were, across a grand canyon of statistical fog and the public on both sides hears only faint echoes, signifying lit- tle or nothing. This extraordinary, almost comical, confusion will pass and the true figures will em- erge from the computers, but probably not before the Cana- dian election. The politicians of Washing- ton, with electoral problems of their own. understand why the worried Trudeau government is loath lo make a new trade deal, and inevitably antagonize some local voters, until it has been re-elected. They are bit- terly disappointed with Can- ada's secret offers, which they consider ludicrous, but they hope to break the log-jam once the election is past, whether the Liberal party wins or loses it. However the statistics are fi- nally reconciled for past years, they already arc changing for the future. On Ihe one hand. Canada's huge surplus rtf merchandise trade in the American mar- ket (apart from invisible and capital items) has begun to fall. It will fall still further if the Canadian inflation con- tinues at anything like tho present rale, to price our goods out of the market and encour- age imports of cheaper Ameri- can goods. On the other hard, Ihe Uni- ted States is grappling with a foreign exchange problem much larger and more difficult than most Canadians realize. And that problem will not be solved magically, or soon, by the December currency agree- ment. Depending on how the fig- ures arc reckoned, the United States suffered a total ex- change deficit last year of something between S20 billion and billion far more, in any case, than it can tolerate for long. But the American gov- ernment does not expect any sudden improvement. For another year at least, and prob- ably two years, deficits on a vast scale will continue as the currency and trade concessions won by the United States work their way through the arteries of the world economy. The American government also knows that it has only bought time in which to dis- cipline and harden its own eco- nomy, that all its gains can be quickly frittered away if its production costs and prices keep rising to dull its com- petitive edge. The same is equally true of Canada, In the period immediately ahead, one danger, of course, is that the currency agree- ment will unravel as foreign- ers try to unload their United States dollars. The American government discounts this pos- sibility. It thinks the agree- ment will hold, mainly because any alternative is worse and mutually catastrophic. TTie more likely danger is that the United States Con- gress, impatient and angry with an ungrateful world, will upset the government's long- range plans by passing some drastic protectionist law and in- viting the world's retaliation. That way lies econo'mic suicide for everybody. Hence a year of elections in Canada and the United States is dubious and dangerous in both. While the risks are grave, and may be mismanaged by both, they cannot basically re- vise the interdependent geog- graphic, economic and political anatomy of North America. Nor can they remake the nature of its human inhabitants, who will certainly quarrel from time to time on statistics, money and other questions but know, in their bones, that they cannot escape their joint manifest destiny. (Herald Special Service) Looking backward THROUGH THE HERALD Circulation of hooks in the public library reached a record in the month of Febru- ary when books were cir- culated. 1312 Gerald Tailfeathcrs, young Indian artist from Card- ston has been named one of the seven winners of art scholar- ships awarded annually to out- standing students at Ihe Pro- vincial Art School in Calgaiy. He won the T. Eaton scholar- ship. 1952 Seventeen skaters passed the preliminary tests o( Canadian figure skating yester- day at the Civic Ice Centre. 1362 Gym No. 2 of the Civic Sports Centre was a coin collector's paradise Friday night. Local numismatists, or coin collectors, held their first coin display since organizing into a club about three years ago. The Lethbttdge Herald 7lh St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBIUDGE HERALD HO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1805 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Clasl Mall Reoislrslior, No. 0012 MemWr ol Canadian Press (lie Canadian Dally Newspaper Publishers' Associalion and Ihe Audit Bureau ol Circulalions CLEO W. MOWERS, Edilor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAAAS, General Manager DON PILLING WILLIAM HAY Managing Editor Associate Edilcr ROY F MILEi DOUGLAS K. WALKER Advertising Manager fedilonal Page Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;