Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - March 11, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta
4 - THE LITHMIDGE H1KAID - Thurxlay, March 11. 1971 All a matter of training Briefs presented to date in the three day hearing on the Moir Commission inquiry into foreign influence in post - secondary education have been, for the most part heartening. Dr. A. W. R. Carrothers, president of the University of Calgary told the commission that of the 880 instructors now teaching at the U of C 405 are Canadian, 196 U.S. citizens, 149 British and 130 are from 35 different countries. The 475 non - Canadians teach 613 courses offered, excluding medicine, physical education, nursing and engineering. Dr. Carrothers' brief also discussed Canadian content in courses, the lack of textbooks published in Canada and the difficulty encountered by several departments in finding qualified Canadian personnel. It is the last mentioned which has forced the university to "import" non-Canadians, and the president cited a number of reasons. The head of the department of sociology and anthropology for example, has never received a job application from anyone holding a Canadian PhD; there were only six economics PhDs graduated in all of Canada up to and including 1968 and the first PhD applicant for a teaching post in the U of C linguistics department appeared only last year. The same situation has been repeated in many other de- partments, because the graduate programs in various disciplines didn't develop in Canada until very recently. Turning to Canadian content in curricula, the president urged promotion of a government subsidized university press which would publish Canadian textbooks and other material of instruction. The findings contained in Dr. Carrothers' brief were substantiated by one submitted by the students' union Which stated that the quality of education, not the origin of its professors, should be the main concern of Canadian universities. These opinions, from people deeply involved in the educational system should give overly pro - Canadians cause to ponder. If our students can receive better instruction from foreign professors than they can from Canadians then a quota system of non-Canadian professors- simply to satisfy native sentiment would surely be self-defeating. The development of a Canadian university press would, in time, present curricula more Canadian - oriented, and the progress of the graduate program in all faculties will provide the highly - trained personnel to teach it. In the meantime we should consider ourselves fortunate that our universities do attempt to fit the right professor for the right job, regardless of his nationality. Bad risk The risk of a further escalation of the war in Indochina has been increased by the decision to push deep into Laos in the face of strong and effective enemy resistance. It's possible that this gamble may pay off in a limited military sense for if it succeeds, the expanded operation may give Presidents Nixon and Thieu something more basic to show for the latest incursion than the efforts registered so far. But it i s doubtful whether even a total stoppage along the Ho Chi Minn Trail, which must necessarily be temporary, could justify the heavy price in American and South Vietnamese lives that is already being paid. Casualties will undoubtedly rise tragically, especially if the reported new enemy anti - aircraft missiles prove effective against the American helicopters, those vulnerable targets which are the lifeline of the allied offensive. Even more threatening than the risk of the operation itself are the growing threats of some kind of action directly against North Vietnam to help ease enemy pressure on forces in Laos. President Thieu's renewed threat of a ground invasion of the North sounds insincere in view of the trouble South Vietnamese troops are already encountering in Laos and Cambodia. Perhaps he is trying a little psychological warfare, but unfortunately this type of rash threat has a way of becoming tomorrow's harsh reality in a war in which one escalation has had a habit of leading into yet another. The U.S. command in Saigon would do well to advise President Thieu in the strongest terms that an incursion into North Vietnam would be foolhardy. It seems apparent that the South Vietnamese army is not yet capable of going it alone and would inevitably suck the U.S. forces into action on that front. This would be tempting fate too far - that might be what it would take to get China involved and the U.S. surely doesn't want to go to war with that giant. Citizens, second class Further warning has come from Hon. C. M. Drury on behalf of the Canadian government. More and more senior civil service positions will be reserved for bilingual Canadians. And more and more pressure will be put on senior executives who cannot speak French to learn it. So it will be harder and harder for graduates of the Lethbridge school system to reach senior positions in the government unless they know French. And the only really satisfactory time to start becoming bilingual is in the primary grades, if not at home. And by doing nothing about it, the Lethbridge school authorities are condemning the children of this city to second-class citizenship, at least as far as government service is concerned. Sausages and students By Terence Morris npHE sausage - machine mentality i s creeping back into our schools. The new accountabrity fad promises that schools will be held responsible for 'what happens' to our children during each school year. 'What happens,' really means, 'Make sure that they do the three Rs trick as well as every other child - and don't bother to talk about individual differences.' Accountability is now picking up an equally unpleasant companion. This is called, 'Learning Mastery,' and is advocated by a well-known education expert, Dr. B. S. Bloom. In essence this new theory claims that 95 per cent of students can be taught anything that we wish them to learn. So we decide that little Johnny should be a surgeon, or a scientist, and given enough time plus some special individual attention we will get what we want. Of course, the time element is just one of the catches in these scheme. Little Johnny might be on the verge of senile decay before he manages to qualify for his particular calling but he can still get there if lie studies long enough. The ramifications of these theories are very disturbing. We want children to enjoy school. The fellowship of other students, the challenge and stimulation of intellectual growth, and the wonderful world of expanding knowledge should add up to one of the most pleasant times in a person's life. Teachers have tried hard to make our schools happy places and 'more human and less oriented to turning out a compliant product for an industrial niche." The learning for mastery theory with its equally obnoxious twin, accountability, could lead directly to a return to repeating grades, classroom pressure, more emphasis on the three Bs and the whole paraphernalia of academic snobbery that we have tried to reduce in our schools. No one objects to fair and reasonable objectives for students but the overriding consideration must be to ensure that our targets relate to what children can do. If little Johnny is working to the best of his ability. then we have no right to expect him to do any better. With the accountability and learning for mastery fads being the new 'in-things' it won't be long before schools will be expected to apply pressure to force children to reach impossible and unnecessary levels of achievement. Naturally, these new educational fads will be surrounded by a thousand and more qualifications. The experts will assure us that they want schools to be happy places and that students should have considerable freedom of choice. But accountability and learning for mastery must demand a strict adherence to set courses. If you're under pressure to turn out a 95 per cent pass rate there won't be much time for optional courses or the much maligned but vitally important non - academic 'frill courses.' So, if the school atmosphere is to remain relaxed then we will be demanding an end product but using methods that cannot produce that product. As one wise administrator put it, 'We'll be asking the sausages to make themselves.' Before we are straddled with these retrograde innovations, all of those concerned with education, parents, students, teachers, and trustees, must demand some explanations. If we have misread the threats then the experts should tell us. Let the schools play their part in helping students to develop into useful citizens with their own individual personalities. Sausage - making can be left to the meat departments of the local supermarket Dave Humphreys Future of supersonic airliner Concorde FONDON: The British government must soon face the question of whether the Anglo - French supersonic airliner Concorde is the aircraft of tomorrow or a monster white elephant which has gobbled up nearly $1 billion of the taxpayers money. The future of Concorde, the one example of British and French superiority in aviation technology, never was assured. Concorde, and with it the. future of the British aviation industry, hangs as a disconcerting backdrop to the present talks here to save the Rolls - Royce RB-211 engine for the American Lockheed Tristar airbus. The only practical immediate connection between Tristar and Concorde is that both are powered with different Rolls engines, Concorde's secured by a treaty and the government's partial nationalization of the bankrupt Rolls company. Yet Concorde, whatever its success, is proving that supersonic aviation technology is internationally interdependent. New York State Assemblyman Andrew Stein demonstrated this by his proposed noise pollution bill which would have the effect of banning Concorde from New York's Kennedy airport. Former Labor Technology Minister Anthony Wedgwood Benn has returned from New York, where he gave evidence against the Stein bill, with the impressioin that if the RB-211 is not saved Concorde won't have a hope. Mr. Benn's contentious point was that American interests would see to it that Concorde was barred if the British government lets Rolls renege on its RB-211 contract, with the possibility of a snowballinig bankruptcy at Lockheed and serious economic dislocation in the U.S. It is tempting to the British in their present gloomy frame of mind to believe the worst, even though it may be contrary to the evidence. This is that American opponents of Concorde are in fact the environment specialists, opposed to all supersonic airliners. What the Stein scare and the environment movement have proved already is that, incredibly, the British and French governments committed themselves to spending unspecified millions without being assured of any return on their investment and without knowing the consequences of their collaboration. Mr. Benn said: "I doubt whether Britain or America will ever undertake projects on this scale again without having gone through on a -grand scale the same sort of proceedings as were enacted on Thursday . . . (the Stein hearings). Until recently, and certainly at its conception in 1961, the supersonic airliner was unquestionably A Good Thing. It was the logical extensioin of the jet breakthrough. Concorde would fly 140 passengers across the Atlantic in three-and-a-half hours at 1,400 miles an hour. Passengers and public would be happy. The airliners would make piles of money. And British and French technology would have been triumphant. Now, even those assumptions are doubted and many more besides. It is true that time - a decade is a long time in aviation technology - and the un- foreseen environment cr aze have taken their toll. But they are by no means the whole ' story. The informed British government view in 1969, when Mr. Benn was technology minister, was that in full production Concorde would earn the British-French manufacturers $600 million a year. An airline with a fleet of 12 and 60 per cent of capacity and at rates 25 per cent higher: than jets (note the, assumption) would yield the airline a profit of about $360 million over 12 years. By last autumn Tory Technology Minister John Davies found it. necessary to doubt publicly that Concorde could ever make a profit "in the monetary sense." But there were all sorts of spin-off technological benefits, he was sure. He added: "Concorde will continually be under scrutiny because we cannot afford as a country to spend money on things that are not worth having. But Concorde is not yet in that category." In fact the British Aircraft Corporation claims Concorde prototypes measure up to promised weight and speed specifications. They will do everything promised when world airlines took out 74 options to buy. Of these, 38 were taken by American airlines and four by Air Canada. Now it is time to convert the options to firm orders and there is no rush to sign. The American airlines remain sceptical about profitability. Since Concorde was begun, the jumbo jet has been conceived, planned and put into service, apparently unforeseen, yet formidable, competition. The problem of noise, always considered to be solvable, has not in fact been fully solved. When Concorde made its first unscheduled landing at London's Heathrow, the airport was flooded with complaints, removing any doubts that it could glide in unnoticed, through the back door as it were. Objections were hased on airport noise, one of the easiest problems to correct. They did not touch the peculiar Concorde problem of sonic boom. The case against Concorde has gained a hearing partly because of the Stein bill publicity, British government and American airline caution, and partly owing to publication of a book documenting it. For opponents, The Case' Against Supersonic Transport by Richard Wiggs, published here, is almost too good to be true. Unlike some professional protesters, Mr. Wiggs has labored quietly since 1967 to produce a thoroughly documented case. He, too, gave evidence in New York, in favor of the Stein bill. Among about 25 questions, Mr. Wiggs raises two of prime importance now. One is the sonic bang. He quotes American experts to the point that no "cure" is in sight and that overland sonic flights will be unaceptable. Since air Can-da's Concorde's would be integrated into the North Atlantic service from Toronto and Montreal, there would be no hope of eliminating regular sonic bangs for residents in the overland flight path. But Mr. Wiggs also quotes Canadian air regulations: "No aircraft shall be flown in such a manner as to create a shock-wave the effect of which is to create or is likely to create a hazard to other aircraft or to persons or property on the ground." Thus it is quite possible that Canadian air regulations prohibit Air Canada from converting its four options into aircraft. Sonic bang, Mr. Wiggs points out, is not only one bang during each flight. "Just as a ship produces a bow wave throughout its entire journey, so a supersonic aircraft generates a sonic bang throughout its entire flight at supersonic speed." If the problem is resolved for any great distance by flying at subsonic speed then the whole speed advantage is reduced. Mr. Wiggs' other fundamental point is to question the continuing salability of speed. Concorde will reduce transit time from one city centre to the other from ten hours to seven. Whether that saving will attract enough passengers paying a quarter extra is surely being carefully studied by the airlines. If Concorde doesn't measure up on these terms, no amount of horse trading by the British and American governments on the RB-211 is going to save it. Thoughts of its cancellation so soon after the Rolls - Royce col- -lapse must put ministers into a cold sweat. Like Rolls, the Concorde has been allowed to gather an aura of national prestige. Its loss would complete the demoralization of an already run-down British aircraft industry which the Tories undertook to rebuild. But a major rationalization with painful decisions may be avoidable first. (Herald London Bureau) Letter To The Editor Doctors9 real income not yet faced Looking backward It is unfortunate that the doctors who write on behalf of their profession repeat the inaccurate, misleading propaganda so long diseminated by that group. The income indicated by the provincial government figure represents the payment that has come to the doctor from the Health Plan and does not in-elude the scalp fee most doctors add above and beyond the allowed provincial schedule. The true figure should be considerably higher. For example, recently in Calgary I paid extra X-ray, anaesthesioiogist, surgical fees and extra office call fees for my son. It would indeed be enlightening to see the net figures for the profession, particularly if the government-employed members were not included. The medical profession as a self-employed group more than any other enjoy the benefit of public - owned equipment and facilities and many medical people own precious little medical facility. More and more patients are seen at hospital emergency departments and surely Ihese too are a publicly-owned facility. The Dominion Bureau of Sta- tistics places' doctors at the top of the income bracket, probably four or five times higher than the average professional, and the figures are fantastic relative to the $8,000 and $9,000 for a professional - degree teacher. Other professional and trades people also forego pay while obtaining an education. Most doctors operate in multiple practices where each member is on call one night or less a week and woe betide the client who calls the booked-off mem� ber. Hours may be long but nights off are frequent and holidays are usually plentiful and far from the phone. The cost of educating the doctor is primarily carried by the taxpayer whose share is considerably greater than that of the doctor himself. I believe it is a fact that all service fees are higher in the U.S. than in Canada. Is it true that medical in- So They Say You might say It's a case of the unwilling helping the ungrateful to kill the unwanted. -Sgt. Kirk Coles, U.S. soldier aiding the South Vietnamese drive into Laos. comes have nothing to do with Medicare when doctors now receive almost all of their fees whereas they used to claim something like 60 per cent being collectable? Statistics would seem to indicate a 40 per cent increase in incomes since the health plans. Was it a coincidence that the serious complaint from doctors about loss of client relations suddenly ceased with a more remunerative agreement with the provincial government? The never - ceasing appetite for increased income in the medical profession appears to be linked to the prestige factor of topping the architect year after year and supported by a professional policy restricting practitioners in the province. Not only does the public pay the lion's share of the doctor's education and supply him with public equipment and facility but also pays about half of his holiday through tax-free conventions held in Hawaii, the Caribbean, etc. As leader in the income bracket it is time for the doctor to climb down from his pedestal and accept the responsibility he deserves in the spiralling inflation trend. A SKEPTIC Through the Herald 1921 - A New York steamship company is considering a project to establish a line operating from eastern Canada to British Columbia via the Panama Canal. 1931 - The first phones in the city were installed here in 1887 and the office was believed to have been over the Higin-botham drug store. 1941 - A total of 327 horses were sold at the horse auction, 100 more than in the previous year. Farm teams brought the best prices, one selling for $197.50. 1951 - A five-year construction program, designed to expand the acreage "under the ditch" in the Bow River irrigation district northeast of Lethbridge, to cost approximately $15,000,000 has been mapped out by the PFRA. 1961 - One of the most important steps made in the operation of the Lethbridge public stockyards since it was established 10 years ago was the formation of the Lethbridge Livestock Exchange. Lewis Earl of the firm of Hays and Farl was named president. The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publisher* Published 1905 -1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mail Registration No. 0012 Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian Dally Newspaper Publishers' Association and the Audit Bureau of circulation! CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA Managing Editor ROY F. MILES Advertising Manager WILLIAM HAY Associate Editor DOUGLAS K. WALKER Editorial Page Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH"