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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Daily Herald (Newspaper) - March 11, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta PAGE FOUR THE LKTHBMDUK DAILY HERALD i XctbbnDjc, Blberta OAILY AND WEEKLY Proprietors and Publisher!* THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD PRINTING COMPANY, LIMITED 323 6th Street South. Lethbridge W. A. Buchanan President and Managing Diroctor John Torrance - - Business Manager TELEPHONES Bufcineas Office .............. 1252 Editorial Office .............. 1224 Subscription Rates; Daily, fielivered, per week ......10 Daily, delivered, per year .....J5.00 Daily, by mail, per year ......$4.00 Weekly, by mail, per year .....$1.50 Weekly, by mall, per year to U.S..$2.00 Dates ot expiry of subscriptions appear daily on address label. Acceptance of papers tfio. expiration aate is our authority to continue the subscription. THE PROGRESS OF THE WAR Activity along the western front ia increasing. The engagements are becoming more frequent and more extensive. Activity for the first time in tome months is noted on the St. Quen-tin front which has been taken overjjy the British from the French. .Last week's attack by the Germane along the Ypres front In Belgium was a dismal failure, although it -w�� originally planned upon a large scale. It if now reported from Russia that Trotiky, the Bolshevik! foreign minister, wu really dismissed by Lenlne, because of a quarrel over the method f obtaining peace. Cossacks have gained a success on the Siberian front, where the Bolshevlki are opposing toed with gun3 under direction of �J*nnan officers. THE OPERATION OF THE MILITARY SERVICE ACT Tha Winnipeg Free Press m s,.-uie bsorvations on the program for the ooming session of parliament, makes this inference to the Military Service Act: There is a loL.of wide-of-the-mark trlticism of the Military Service Act. If It has not been so immediately Successful as some of its upholders ejBpected, it is by no means the failure that its enemies declare it to be. Sfa shortcomings are due , principally to remediable 'causes-such as ineffi-Otmit administration in areas where the highest competency is required. The purpose of the Military Service act Is to' ensure a sufficient supply ot recruits to maintain our divisions at the front in unimpaired strength. This is being accomplished even under" existing conditions. Reinforcements are going forward steadily; and the military authorities beyond the.sea know that they will be maintained in whatever proportions are necessary to achieve the intended end. .Not for at lea3t 18 months las the Canadian military . situation en so satisfactory. Reinforcements are being secured with not one-quarter the disadvantages which attended voluntary recruiting in the Important matter of dislocation of business and the creation of national liabilities. The Military Service Act is, in fact, working; and it can be speeded up and amplified, at need, to �teet requirements as they arise. We are certain, the people will be satisfied If the act provides the required reinforcements systematically and with due regard to the productive requirements of-the cotrntry. - The Military Service Act will then be fulfilling tha expectations of its supporters. The people also desire that the act will be impartially enforced in every part ef the country and that the slacker sections of the Dominion will be made to toe the mark. �  THE DEMAND FOR TARIFF CHANGES Encouraged by the free tractor policy ot the government, the Saskatoon Phoenix says there will be a tendency on the part of farming interests to still . further aim 'at concessions that will free' the farming' interest from the tariff ,tux on 'ftnfolements. 'Anything" Jn that direction is highly desirable, but seeing that the government has already .made moves in the right -direction, the I'hoenix argues that "the voice of the organized farmers of the western provinces should be asserted "in tones of sympathy with the national war program, as well as in demands for tariff relief. In other wordB, that while the government should be requested to carefully consider the advisability of removing entirely or of modifying the tariff on farm implements the farmers should at the same time express their willingness to bear their full share of the burden of taxation and if possible paint out aiter-pative methods in lieu of the tax on implements." The Phoenix's view is reasonable pnd we.think that there, is a considerable opinion amongst the farmers in favor of the abolition of all custom-: taxation; except the war tax of 7 1-2 per cent, on farm implements. It has been suggested to us that if the government lmd removed tha duties, on all tractors, except the war duty, the farmers would have been just as well pleased a.-: to have all the duties re-aipvetl from the smaller priced trac- tors. THc Hera-lil strongly believes in tariff amelioration, but wo realise that the taxation problem is one of the most difficult the government has to solve, and that we can't expect general all round tariff reduction until the government- 'settles upon some new ; method of raising revenue. As to all ' productive 'implements, and the fuel j and attachments necessary to operate those implements, there is every war-j rant to reduce their cost to the limit j so as to enable our farmers to success | fully .carry out the production pro-' gram that is demanded of them. A � protective tariff that enables the man-i ufacturer to keep up the price is a i menace to production and that is the \ situation in connection with agricultural implements. Our farmers realize ; the great need for revenue in order \ to meet our war obligations and they ' wil! not be unreasonable in their demands. - They do expect, however, either the complete removal of the duties upon agricultural implements or the removal of all the duties except the 7 1-2 per cent, war duty imposed for war purposes. They also look to the government to evolve a policy that will generally result in a complete all round reduction of the tariff, but wo are sure they realize the government's serious' taxation problems and do not anticipate the immediate adoption of such a sweeping change. All our tariff changes for the present should be inspired by a consideration of the immediate war needs. Productive implements are a necessity for war winning and should be made available to the producers at the lowest possible cost. Id this connection Roderick McKen zie, secretary of the Canadian Council of Agriculture, in a letter to the Winnipeg Free Press'says: "Ot the two hundred thousand farmers of the prairie provinces, probably not more than fifty thousand can purchase and operate tractor engines -all tho rest of them require the latest improved farm implements so as to increase their efficiency and productive power, and nearly the whole of them are prepared to buy. improved machinery could it be pur- � chased at reasonable prices. i "I know many farmers in Manitoba who early in the season and before prices for farm machinery were fixed, I gave orders far n%w and larger implements, such as seed drills, but cancelled their orders when they learned what the price was to be. Farmers who were using a '_lfi;shoe drill wanted to purchase a 20 or'22-shoe drill, thus increasing the working power of a man 25 per cent, in seeding-that same thing applies to harrows, plows, etc. I "Many farmers who have an extri ! colt or two ready to put to work 1 would use a six or eight-horse team in place of a four-horse team, and the two-horse farmers would use four . horses, but are prevented from thus increasing their effective power by the excessive cost of machinery. Increased factory cost and war tax have increased the duty more than double. For instance, in 1914 the duty on a 20-shoe seed drill was ?12.90:; this year it is $32-add to that the profit of the dealer and the cost on account of customs duty would be 540. � 5S.:!5 duly was imposed on a 12-inch two-bottom gang plow in 1914; this year > $19.60. A triple gang pldw carried a duty of $13.50 in 1914, and $32.65 in 191S-so all along the line. "Those  who know the needs .. of agriculture and the limit thai will be placed on production by the lack of farm labor are convinced that the expansion'of production can be brought about'more, by placing' modern farm implements at the disposal of farmers at a reasonable rate and contribute niore to increase production than any other one thing the government can o." 1 Mr. McKeiftie's argument is absolutely sound and cannot be disputed, We hope the government will wipe out the custom's duties on all productive implements; it is necessary for the proper encouragement of the farmer in production. That Alberta is agreed, at least its legislators, is proven by the unanimous declaration- of the legislature, endorsing Hon. Mr. TJunnlng's demand that, in order to stimulate production, farm machinery should be placed on the free list. '-The fixed price proposal is proper to. Provide the farmer with implements as cheap as possible, and let him'lpiow now the price that he will get for his wheat in 1919 and there will be little need to campaign for more production. The farmer ; will be inspired to increase produc- ; lion when-he knows the price he Is going to get and that he is not paying a bonus into the pockets 6*f the. manu- ' facturers through a protective tariff. -* PICKED UP IN -* PA SSIJVG f0R the bUSy~mTn A recount is being demanded in tho constituency of lirant, where .lohn Harold. Libera! Unionist, was elected. ii. A. Mulhoitand, of Port Hope, is a likely appointment to the senate from Ontario. s | Thos. 11. Williamson, former super-j Fred Baker, whose relatives are supposed to live hi Ontario, was found dead in a shack at Oranbrook. intendent of the Gre.nville canal nud, mayor of Orenville, is dead. A Kevelstoke meeting called upon the government to place a minimum price on all vegetables and pork. A favorable report of the V. S. senate was ordered by u committee on the bill providing prohibition in Hawaii during the war. Mrs. Edward Horton. wife of a former mayor of St. Thomas, is dead, aged i'D years. She was a sister of the late Justice Richardson of the old X.W.T. supreme court. J. 13. Seymour, a former employe of the Alberta Fanners Co-operative Elevator Company, has gone east to train for the aviation corps. He was with the Quebec Bank in Calgary before the amalgamation with the Royal. His parents farm in the vicinity of Nantou. Rev. Dr. Kerliy. _ Dr. Bland. Winnipeg, Calgary, and Rev. -............... inn.peg, will engage in Canadian Chautauqua work this year. t They have been invited to attend a conference of lecturers at Washington. , Had Michael Iluusmun; who has just passed away in Port Hope, lived until next June, he and his wife, who survives him. would have celebrated the sixty-seventh anniversary of their marriage. Mr. Hansmau was in his S'.Uh year. The Kitchener police commission h.L-s decided to increase the sal-trie*; ot the senior policemen $30 per an-mim, three Intermediate, constables were awarded .H-�. little, goad to ventilate __ I through thpse columns the muUbr. ot , what is apparently an organized gani-. A purer democracy for Canada, one j hi jug tind-drinking outfit or so, that under which the. true will of the peo-. we have around (own. Dp to the'prus-ple will be given effect to a greater ; ent, sllenc-tr has been maintained ^t'i extent than is possible under the pros- Hie possibilities of a cloun-up taking ent condition of things, was forecasted place;.but' evidently things a rtv bat'onf-by W. S. Ball, speaker at the Sunday ingi too sej'lous lo wait any limber, forum, whose subject was Democracy Residents who live in the vicinity of after the war. ; wliere ithis sort of--thing taken place Out of the war. believes Mr. Ball, a have been getting uncomfortable about purer democracy will arise for the, It. . The noise, and the all-night sea-whole world than has ever existed. We ' sion's tire gutting too much for thqm have a so-called democracy in Canada, j and-they are justly colnpluinlng that now, said Mr. Pall, but even under \ decent neighborhoods aro at the mercy this system, the will of tho people does | of a few who wish to spend their sub-not, n]ways prevail, it. is not always j stance iij riotous living. .. - , carried out by the representatives-------------- elected to do so. Evidence of this Is: On his return from the front. Hearn-given often in our parliaments. It is lelgh and Eastway people presented n the" case too, with elections, whore purse _o_fgp|d. to Pte. Peter Stacfy. some portions of the, people may have I .'-------Z.Z-ZS: many representatives while other por- On. the-day of the funeral of Hon. tions a much smaller number, or none f H.. ,C,...Bre\vster,. Reve'lstoke observed at all. It sometimes happens too, said a public holiday........ Mr. Ball. that, the govt. In power has i ______ less of a popular vote in tile country i = than the opposition, therefore repre-, sents the minority rather than the ma- : jority. Cntler our present system laws \ are made by cabinets and carried into : effect by blind party voting. j An awakening is occurring alone1 these lines, thinks Mr. Ball, and lie! believes that after the war tlie* move-! ment will be for vaster Improvement ;  of democracy. ' There are many organizations In the country today, working towards | the same end. that of a purer deaioc-1 racy, but there is still a great deal off friction and misunderstanding between : these organizations. A purer deinoc- i racy can only be obtained by the uni-� fication of ail these forces working! . . towards the same end. | At the close of Mr. Ball's address a ' . hearty vote of thanks was accorded [ him by ihe gathering. Sergt. Cotting-: ton contributed to the discussion af-I terwards by saying that he believed a ! -true democracy was one which would j mean that the man who builded should own his home, that the man who farm- ! ed should own the land, and so forth. ; He believed that only along such lines j of justice could a real democracy be j worked out. j . Mr. Barrowman expressed semi-! ments along the same lines, and a re- . K sident of the United States who has I . corne to Leihbridge made a very pleas-j !ng impression with remarks to the i effect that one real evidence toward I a world democracy had already been | \yitnessed in the closer drawing to-1 gether of the l.'uited States and C$i-| ada. the wiping out of old. misunderstandings and prejudices, and laying the basis for a real brotherhood of nations. He believed that such a brotherhood would arise from the great  Vuk-an. March 11..-A meeting was hold'on Thursday afternoon to consider the question ofithe consolidation of'the Auburn, Harvey. Highland. Mclntyre. Thigh Hill, Vulcan, and the unorganised district .'lo Hie northeast of Vulcan. Mr. A. liiir.ron, of ihe department of education, Edmonton, explained the advantages of consolidation oyer the unit school system. The shortage of Heartless, the continuity of tho education of the child under parental in-flueuce from.its entrance into school life up to Grade XI,, the opportunity to raise the standard of education In tho community, a"nd the fostering or the community spirit, were all dwoli upon. Speaking of the cost of education under the present system, he quoted the cost ot maintenance of ea,ch school iii the districts represented at the meeting, showing; the cost to-be from $60.00 to $301.50 p�jr pupil'par milium.' The' cost' ot a consolidated school he whs unable to determine until he had certain statistics he would ask for. ....." '�"" SUNLIGHT People's Forum Communications under this heading must bear the signatures of the writers. Canada's wheat price this year will be the price, $2.20, the United States .has fixed. The farmers can count on that. The Calgary Herald's legislature correspondent, publishes a rumor that a new department may be created in the provincial government in order to provide a portfolio for Hon. A. G. McKay. Alberta doesn't want any more depart meals, requiring new cabinet min'slera. Mr. McKn; ran wall. GOD DEALING WITH THE EARTH Editor Herald: Dear Sir:-When angels ot the Lord came to set the earth in order its condition was that of sterility and gross darknoss. This condition is well illustrated by the like conditions that would oiitain at the flood, or the condition of Egypt when the ninth plague was upon it. We are told it was a darkness that could be felt-Ex. 10:22. In the first case the angels brought light and fruitfulness to the earth. In the case of the flood destructioa to the wicked, salvation to Noah and in the case of Egypt destruction, but salvation to oppressed Israel. The apostle Paul tells us that whatsoever things were written were written for our I'.-arning that we, through patience and comfort of the scriptures, might have hope in Clod's salvation for man and the earth. Romans 15:4. If the angels had not had the power of God present with them at the setting in order of the earth they could not have performed the work, but God worked with them and the end was very good. God has been working out his plan in the affairs of men, Dan. �:L'5. The end will be good. Adam was put at the head of affairs which God 1 ronounced very good, but because of disobedience to the divine lu\v, the v