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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 10, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE UTHBRIDGE HERAID Snlurdoy, March 10, 197} Better answers needed The current good market has tem- porarily fogged a few of the prob- lems facing the Canadian grains in- dustry, and others it has not touched at all. There is still an urgent need for an industry wide council where all segments can lalk over their problems together and work co-op- eratively toward possible solutions. The Canada Grains Council, now only four years old, has not solved the problems by any means, but it has been a very useful instrument for communication and mutual un- derstanding within the industry. The three Prairie pools have an- nounced they are withdrawing from membership. The reasons given are unconvincing. Government alone cannot solve the persistent problems. The produ- cers alone cannot, although theirs is the major responsibility. Surely they should meet regularly with rep- resentatives of the other elevator companies, the terminal operators, the railway companies, representa- tives of the many interested govern- ment boards, and the many other groups that go to make up the in- dustry and the council membership. That is all their membership en- tailed. By this action the pools have rais- ed doubts about their own good in- tentions. To what extent have they the producers' interests at heart? South Vietnam prisoners Among many disquieting things about the Vietnam situation is the suspicion that the Thieu regime in the Soutii is violating the ceasefire agreement in relation to political prisoners. People who- would seem to be eligible for release are, ac- cording to allegations, being reclass- ified as criminals and detained in their tiger cages. Recently on the CTV program, Canada AM, an American reporter who has long been trying to stir the consciences of people in his own country about the plight of these prisoners, repeated his charges. No- body could hear his accusations of injustice and cruelty without being profoundly disturbed. Anyone inclined to dismiss this re- porter as a fabricator of tales has to contend with the fact that it was he who led American congressmen a couple of years ago to a notorious South Vietnam prison camp. The story the congressmen told and the pictures they showed shocked the world and brought promises of re- form. As a consequence of the charges of inhuman treatment made by many observers of the prison setup in South Vietnam, a request has been made by a committee of the United Church of Canada to External Af- fairs Minister Mitchell Sharp to look into this matter. This would seem to be a legitimate request. Normally the internal affairs of South Vietnam might not be consid- ered a Canadian concern. But Can- ada is, somewhat unwillingly, a member of the truce team respon- sible for supervising the ceasefire. A subversion by South Vietnam of the agreement regarding prisoners could as effectively prevent peace as mili- tary violations by the North. Mr. Sharp might not be able to do any- thing but he should try. Shoplifting, big business Shoplifting is costing Canadians a million dollars a day, according to Statistics Canada. Last year more than Toron- tonians were caught about twice as many as in 1987. This figure is believed to represent only a fraction of the number of shoppers and employees involved in stealing. The Retail Merchants Association of Canada estimates shoplifting and employee pilfering make up from .5 to five per cent of total sales. The latest, most deceptive thief stores must contend with is the price switcher. Customers can unpin, un- hook or unstaple price tags, change them about and walk through the check out desk with a bargain, unless a sharp-eyed clerk notes the price switch. The problem with the price unlike his cousin, the shoplifter, is that detectives must actually see hirn, make the switch before he can be apprehended. It's difficult to ar- rest him because he can use the excuse, "That's the price I found on it." Security people find this hard to dispute. Another ploy used by the price switcher is to get the item out of the store (at the lower price listed Weekend Meditation on the tag) and then re- turn the item next day demanding the original price.. Much the price switching seems to go on in the changing rooms where customers take as many as four dresses, on the pretence of try- ing them on and then proceed to switch prices, emerging with the dress of: their choice bearing the price of a much cheaper garment. If the check-out clerk isn't alert she won't even notice the switch. Four retail firms polled locally in- dicated price switching is becoming a problem but not nearly as bad as in larger cities. Three of the firms use catgut tags in their men's and women's ready-to-wear departments, and another in shoes, in an effort to make price switching difficult. Perforated, sticky tags, difficult to remove are employed also with sports departments using sign hold- ers giving a full description of the article affording prompt detection if switched to another item. Combatting shoplifting and price switching is an expensive business. Mirrors, television cameras, store detectives and even catgut are cost- ly deterrents. Such costs are borne ultimately by the consumers. Faith is the only victory "This Is the victory that overcomes the world, even our said the Apostle John. How sorely needed that faith is today! It is hard indeed to overcome the world; it seems impossible most of Ihe time. Discouragement threaten to take the heart out of us. Many a man and woman fears to be happy. There is a callousness in the human heart today such as a Bel- fast schoolteacher descriljed in the chil- dren under his care. They did not even show emotion when their brothers and sis- ters were killed. They had learned loo young to meet suffering and tragedy with Stoic acceptance. Multitudes have come into a valley where they have met with Borrow, misfortune, ill-health, and loneli- ness, and it is difficult to carry on without repining through the gloom. When faith is gone, the springs of energy dry up. FaiUi, says Chesterton, is "a perpetually defeated thing which survives all its con- querors." The only thing to do is to wait knowing misfortune, disaster, and suffer- ing are never Hie final end to any life. IJfe will either break the heart or bring it to God. Men are unbelievably brutal and treacherous. The world is evil beyond im- agination. It is easy indeed to become cyn- ical and bitter. Henry Ford had a verso that formed a motto, he said, for his life, "Give to the world the best that you have and the best will come back to you." That is simply not true. How were the prophets rewarded? With stoning. How were the disciples rewarded? With hatred and dogging and prison. How was Jesus rewarded? With a cross and a crown o( thorns. It is only when one lakes heaven into account (hat Emerson's "Lew ot Compensation" works that is, the law that good ar.d evil are rewarded. The glow of faith that keeps despair at bay in these days must come from a life of continual prayer, a vital communion with God. There is also the realization that what is happening to you is also happening to countless thousands of others who have much more reason for despair. Sympathy tor others and escape from our own self- pity is a great healer. There is nothing more destructive to the human soul than seif-pily. On the other hand, as an old Persian proverb puts it, "He who lovej digs a fountain down to God." Every man comes to his wits' end when the seas are against him and in the dark and swirling waters there is no star of hope. Yet it is possible to take from life the sorrows, frustrations, galling burdens and bitterness and give them such a place in the scheme of things that you can win through to new strength, new character, and new vision. Finally a man must be- lieve in no one and nothing except God. Then he passes beyond the power of dis- illusionment and despair. One does not merely survive. As Paul says, "We are more than conquerors." This victory with a surplus may seem utterly incredible. Failh grows and gives staying power. You will find God waiting for you even at the edge of despair: "The thought of Him IS greater far than.sin or doubt or sorrow are." PRAYEH: O God take from us strain of ceaseless striving and hush the noise of the storm that we may realize that Thy grace is sufficient for us, Thy strength strong enough lo carry our cross. F. 8. U. MXJ SAVE SOME FOR.U6? Letters Joint presentation needed Paternalism when it suits By Maurice Western, Herald Ottawa commenator OTTAWA The Trudeau gov- ernment defends its palicy of non-intervention at James Bay an argument which will not stand serious scrutiny but which appears, nevertheless, to have deterred the parliament- ary critics for two full weeks. On February 14, in the House of Commons, the various steps taken by the government were explained by Jean Chretien. The minister has repeatedly, but unsuccessfully, sought an agreement with Quebec which maintains that the Indian peo- ple have no rights in this case. The Indians have been assist- ed with funds in their appeal to the courts and they have been given access to depart- ment information. But the gov- ernment is not itself a party to the actions. Speaking of discussions with the Quebec Indians, the prime minister put the argument in this fashion. "It has been de- cided that the best and least pa- ton) alistic way to approach the problem would be to subsidize them heavily so that they could put then- case before the courts." Mr. Chretien has used similar language. "I do not in- tend to be paternalistic and I know they are capable of de- fending themselves." The argument, whether ser- ious or not, has a certain plausibility for the Indians have traditionally been treated as wards incompetent to manage their own affairs. Such has been their dependence on lha department even the most simple matters have had to await decision by the minister or his officials in Ottawa. AH parlies agree that this state of affairs must end. But what is this paternalism that is to be condemned? Ob- viously, it involves a distinc- tion. The Great White Father treats his red children in one fashion and he treats his whito children in another. IE hs treats both in the same fashion sub- ject, of course, to special rights flowing from treaties or other sources, accusations of patern- alism would lack any realistic basis. The obvious inference of the Prime Minister's argument i s that it would be paternalistic for the Federal Government to play a direct role at James Bay, challenging actions of the BEITS 1BUJ Bourassa Government or the constitutionality of laws passed by the Quebec legislature. In other words, the Government would be assuming a fatherly role that would be unthinkable if the persons Involved were whites. It seems strange that the Government, in its general pol- icies, is constantly intervening in defence of this group or that. Was the Government being pa- ternalistic when it clamped ex- pott controls on crude oil, pre- sumably to protect the interests ol the poor, defenceless and predominantly white citizens of Ontario? Was Eugene Whelan being paternalistic when, for the benefit of farmers, he stout- ly maintained before a parlia- mentary committee that food is a bargain in this country? But these are not close an- alogies. The argument is that the Government, in light of our constitution, has a responsibil- ity to defend ifs jurisdiction in the James Bay case. In other words, the Attorney-General of Canada should be a party to the proceedings. Gerard Pelletier, ouly a few days ago, made public some very interesting information. A provincial ordinance baned on legislation of the Bourasna Gov- ernment the same one in- volved at James Bay would compel cable companies to sup- ply information to Quebec City about their finances and opera- tions. Mr. Pelletier, very prop- erly, challenges this. The Que- bec public service hoard act cannot overrule the constitution of Canada and, as tie Minister explains, double regulation would be very prejudicial to the interests of citizens, whether as consumers or as investors in the cable companies. Perhaps the Bourassa Gov- ernment will see the point. If it does not, they will have to resort to the courts. Will the government defend its rights or will it deem such action pa- ternalistic and merely subsidize the cable operators to do the job? It did not hesitate to go to court in the British Columbia offshore minerals case; nor was it hesitant to defend the Ottawa valley line which div- "Newthett expMnttittat the tf M dollar is all about, let's bolh nore a martini and ides Canada into two petroleum markets, never to be mixed. In each instance, it upheld the fed- eral jurisdiction while, incident- ally, casting a mantle of pro- tection over important inter- ests. The slightest examination of the cases will show that Can- adian Governments and, for that matter, provincial govern- ments have been practising a general paternalism it that is possible ever since Con- federation. In the beginning, the objects of government solici- tude were certain white loggers operating on Die rivers of On- tario; these had to be defended against other loggers protect- ed by the Liberal Government of Ontario. The next to benefit from paternalism were brew- ers, as white as the loggers and, like them, held in partic- ular affection by governments seeking to clarify our constitu- tion before the courts. There were two alternatives to court challenges: the federal powers of reservation and dis- allowance. These were formerly used extensively; G. V. La For- est, in a work on the subject dated 1955, lists well over 100 acts of disallowance and about 68 cases of reserved bills. His table of "reasons for disallow- ance" or reservation is inter- esting. Here are some extracts. A Manitoba statute of 1870 "Act was not to advantage of half-breeds." An Ontario stat- ute oi 1881 "Power of legis- lature to take away rights of one and invest them In another is doubtful." A Manitoba stat- ute, 1882 "Act is also cap- able of being used to contra- vene the terms in regard to Canadian Pacific Railways." A B.C. statute, 1884 "Act dis- criminates against Chinese." An Alberta statute, 1938 one of the famous Social Credit series "Act unjust In that it con- fiscates the property of one group for another and author- ized repudiation of debts re- gardless of ability to pay." Scores of others were re- served or disallowed on the ground that they were ultra vires to a provincial legislature. The federal government, throughout the post-war years, has preferred to defend its rights in the courts. Thus a typ- ical case has arrayed the At- torney General of Canada against the Attorney General of a province or some group claiming that a federal law was unconstitutional. In the well, known Nolan case, and soma others, it was a matter of de- fending the Wheat Board, con- sidered to be an instrument serving the board interests of western farmers. It appears, therefore, that It was not paternalistic tor the federal Government to protect by one method or another and often several, the interests ot farmers or creditors or groups of Metis, Chinese or the Can. adian Pacific Railway. This list could bo extended indefinitely. But it would be paternalistic to defend the interest of the Crees In the James Bay region. Presumably the same doctrine applies to Indians affected by the Churchill-Nelson project in Manitoba. A question on this subject was asked by Keith Taylor on February 13 and no answer has yet appeared OD Hansard, The distinction attempted by the Government is very diffi- cult to grasp. It is understand- able that the questions involved arc worrisome to Ministers. But how much of Vats worry is root- ed in abhorrence paternal- ism and how much in abhor- rence o[ confrontations with waywanr provincial adminis- I wish lo offer a suggestion to those who are closely asso- ciated with the unfortunate impasse which has developed between The University of Cal- gary and the minister of educa- tion. By way of background the Worth Commission was institut- ed under the previous admin- istration of the legislature -of Alberta: viz the Social Credit government. The then minister of Education was the Hon. Rob- ert Clark. On the change to Pro- gressive Conservative govern- ment, the Worth Commission completed its report and since then certain recommendations have been implemented with apparent curious haste. May I first pose two quer- ies? If Social Credit were still in office would they have im- plemented the above recom- mend ations? Had the Progres- sive Conservatives been still in opposition what would now be their position? These questions are posed be- cause there is serious disagree- ment with the present admin- istration of these new policies. The evidence of this is to be found in the many editorials and articles in your publica- tions, and particularly in a res- olution by the General Facul- ties Council, passed by that body, at a public meeting and forwarded to the provincial government. It is not only confusing but deeply distressing to read these charges and counter-charges. There are two quotes which prompt me to write this let- ter. From the Calgary Herald, February 22, 1973, quoting Min- ister J. Foster: "Their prim- ary assumptions about what we're intending to do are just wrong. I don't know whether it's a misunderstanding. But I do know it's all just confusion. 1 think it's symptomatic of the misunderstanding involved Mat only the University of Cal- gary has complained we're had no such comment or hostile reaction from Edmonton or Lethbridge." From the Cal- gary Herald, February 22, 1973, quoting Dr. R. M. Miller of University of Calgary: "Dr. Worth's haste in moving from the role of advisor to that ol senior civil servant charged with implementing his own pro- gram is powerful evidence for the authoritarian tendencies 'pointed up here. Robert Clark has properly objected, in the legislature, to this breach ot normal democratic procedure. The people of Alberta should look closely at Dr. Worth's con- tradictory plan for a person- centred society." The following suggestion could be a dignified way toward a needed solution of a perplex- ity which is. becoming an ag- gravated ambarassment. That Uie government invite The Uni- versity of Calgary and-or all three universities to present briefs to the committee of the whole, known as the agriculture committee. The briefs could be h several parts: from the chan- cellors, senates, and from chancellor's club and-or clubs, (b) from the boards of gov- ernors. (c) from (he student bodies, each to be specific in its field. I do not suggest that If one or other of the separate univer- sities wish to appear on their own, that they should be limit- ed. But, I do suggest that if all can join together in agreement that they wish to be heard on relative (sic) similar presenta- tions, a greater impact as well as convenience will occur, all to be heard in one day. I don't think I need stress the urgency of this appearance to speak to the assembled members of the legislature be- fore the promised act becomes law upon the statute books. As a member of the senate o! The University of Calgary I am convinced that the matter must be brought into the open, but in the proper place, and in a seemly manner. An Invita- tion made with correctness and accepted with grace. MARY JULIA DOVER, 0. B. E. Midnapora Friendship Centre In answer to the question, "Just what is the Friendship Centre, what is it's purpose and who does it serve" volunteers associated with the Centre have decided to make the public aware of its function. The purpose of the Friendship Centre is to assist people mov- ing from rural to urban life, to assist transient persons, to provide counsellors whenever necessary, to encourage new friendships and to assist those in need of a friend. We are fortunate to have such a centre. Despfte many drawbacks and problems work- ers (mostly volunteers) Inter- ested in others, devote many hours each week to keeping the centre running smoothly. For a brief period the centre will be open only for counsel- ling and referrals but soon it will offer many benefits to the entire community. in the city's downtown redevel- opment program, so must shortly be abandoned. It is ex- pected permanent quarters will be procured at that time. Misconceptions relating centre to a flop house are un- true. Instead it offers friend- ship and a place to relax to those who have no permanent quarters and who cannot afford the price of local entertainment centres. Coffee is served free of cost. It is open to everyone, re- gardless of race, creed or cot or. Future plans call for an In- creased variety of activities. SHERLEEN HUNTER Lethbridga Vasectomy recommended Why are the women silent on their rights concerning respon- sibility for unwanted preg- nancy? Rape is illegal. Do women rape men? I don't remember a court case. In most cases it is by mutual consent and should result in mutual responsibility. If wo were as smart as the birds, there would be no problem. With them the sex act is preceded by preparations for a home or nest. After the young arrive it is the responsi- bility of both parents to see that the helpless young are cared for until they can be self- supporting. Women should not have to take the total responsibility in preventing pregnancy, such as taking the piE or having an abortion. It is less of an operation for a man to have a vasectomy than for a woman to have an abortion. The abortion only re- moves the trouble. The vasect- omy prevents the trouble. I do not understand the fool- ish letters in the paper that ad- vocate abortion and ignore the facts. Ending an unwanted pregnancy should be by mutual consent but ttie threat of abor- tion should not be used between husband and wife as grounds for divorce. However, if husband has been insisting on the abortion, the divorce does not free him from supportinz his child. If a man refuses to support his children the means of pro- ducing more children should bei removed from him. This is only common sense. Why should everyone pay taxea to support that which should be paid for by the person who caused the extra expense? The Bible states this should be "If thine arm offend then cut it off." We do lock up those who offend the state but should do something to prevent repealed offences against t h e state by the same person. Vas. ectomy is cheaper than locking them up. Celibacy is never inherited Moderation can be inherited. Those who cannot control them, selves will produce like chit dren. Which Is the belter system? M. E. SPENCER Cardston The Lcthbtidgc Herald 504 7th St. S., tcthbridge, Alberta HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Published 1905 1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN class Man Registration No. 001? Canadian Pita una the Canadian Daily Newspaoer Association and Audit Bureau of clrtulatlom CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor >nd Publisher THOMAS M. ADAMS, Central Mamgtr DON PILL I NO WIUJAV HAY Managlno, EdHor Associate Editor ROY F. M LES DOUGLAi K. WALKER Advertising Manager Editorial Page Editor "THE HERAID SERVES THE SOUTH" ;