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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 10, 1917, Lethbridge, Alberta PACE THE TiRTimnmnF, DAIT.Y SATURDAY, MARCH 10, 101T THOUSANDS OF HOGS DIED ALBERTA IN 1916 WHEAT RUST NOT A> RECENT i GRAIN DISEASE I Splendidly Illustrated Lecture By Prof. Fgr Dept. of Plant Pathology. Excellent Work "Iking In Minnesota and.Dakolns, De- clares ihe Speriker (Winnipeg >tee March hundred people who braved the genuine old- (telculb so n change takes (ilice from the rarllcr red slago lo the Inter blick slano. The black slre-iks so well known on rusty straw really iiusluloa, which cqtilnEn many Ihousanrfs ot these spores which Lave very dnrk walls. The black scores sometimes arise in tlic old red pustules alonfi with iho rcil Eporee, Lut often In new pustules. They nave ihk'Xcr walls than the rod spores, and must be considered us resilns bodies. Tlioy da not ccnus away from Ilic rusied straw as powder, but rennlu lirinly .by stout stalk? upon the straw throughout Iho whole of the autumn and winter.1 They arc over-winter Is. they serve 10 the existence at (he funpus throughout the whiter, and thus be- have like the seeds o[ many uuuurtl green, plants. Infecllcn of the Barberry Bush, The black spores whicn gornii- do lain ,ck Edmonton, Feb. the year 1PK there WHS a loss of liogs in tiie province of Aliens, ac- cording to statistics tabled by the mluislcr of- RgricuUure ut the'legis- lature yesterday. The cause Is thought to uJ duu io an enlargement of the thyroid gland, which Is found in hogs In many districts of Iho wes- tern slntes'.and Canada. Yhe losses occurred mosL frequent- ly ot farrowing iu March nnd Aiirll exceedingly cold wen Hie r, but a sickle anil known, iccLnEcaUy very, near'fulaJre I'rot. lluller will bo as a On .tlie convex sida induced give lhe lecture before 41 0( lDil5 microscopic sickle are pro- larjb aufileuce; and tho bodies ot fOUr 'lillle stalks, aiid at tho farmers should certainly each a third kind 'of tha condition was-nol jjecullar to'Al- berta. Tho department'ill Wnsblus- on rvconls Iho'fact that over DQD wero lost In Moniaim last yeav tinder similar conditions. rtiuff vet- crlimrlmis mid chemists sent out to .Montana to make die- covered that the only organ which varied from normal In Ihe hogs af- lectcil wos tho thyroid-gland. H la .nought ihat tills la ihf. ecal of trou- ble, as tn liumun belnga oven a Blight derangement of that or pun leads to mportant (rouble. Xo imp or (ant discoveries In the 'line of prevention liavo been. made. Heavy losses In farranlng havo ac- For ill B imstVlliree years scarcer bulls Im'vo beoii higher In prlco' -Tula scarcity; Ws so great. Ihal many :wcrq use -grades. All of ---the signs'- lo a Dealer.' In 1917 _ovcr TtihV condition toulrl bo "'rtllevod by. preserving- the older anhnali, 11 is 'a' common prtieltce to discard herd at from five to six years go number of I'uro bred, lulls, lii Iho hands of rannerrt and stockmen fitted for utaughter which Jiyuld uc eenl In-one or iinutliec ot bo Inill.EQkd Is to bo held hy he breed In nlfiory, Mconibc or Cuslor. K will be Iu the Interest oT'llic ayd of tho live-stock IniluHlry nf the province, to save for "breed- ing purpose all bred bulls ure IK lie's rt and proved lo brccdcrD during (lie past W. F, SfKVKNfl, eurred In Albenn perJoillcally forjof .age.. Wllli proper management many years, says the livestock Is no reason why bulls should erintendein. Thcso usually occur not he serviceable until eight or even winter and early sprlug lol- sck'cro This has Lcen attributed Eumewhat lo ten years old. Tliero'are'al mo present time break of the disease becomca a em, U U-possible tbai in Kansas und Oklahoma the fungus manager lo pass through the winter In tha roe stage so that (here arc living ret1 sporM on Ihp -winter aud grasses in Iho spring. -In this case the barberry becomes unnecessary i (or completing the life cycle of. ihe no vords can de-j whcrft lhcy are carrlwl by ihe rusl lhe es Mn .ihe.-wonderful .models, ula-, wlnd. Iri tho case of the black stem [nfcct tnc >vheat crop In the sprint? The red spores arising in this ivay may he blowu-up north end step by step bring at nut Infection In Minue- sola, South Dakota, North D.ikob, Manitoba. Research on Rust, TUQ lecturer, in concluding his Ice-1 ed cllality cautetl Ijy close housing, liberal feeding luck of exercise. Tho greater number of hogs mar- keted in Alberta last year wero light. weight roor condition. In fnct, j so furtiiy Logs of from lOQ lo J25" pounds, which were uusuiled to the ilonicfcuc trade, were oifored that dockage of a cents was imposed by the pnckcrs. The price of hogs last year carlcd from fS.95 In January TO }U.39 in Lecember. )SUPPLIES AMD ALL KINDS OF ELEC- TRICAL WORK. W.L. McKeiixie Co. PHONE 637 718 3rd Avc. S, grasses fhls has proved repeated anJ most caredil oliser- fialei fdr-llie audience to whole marvelous prbcois from time' an? Infectedi'plant begins to show1 valion. Jiyl IE lhe sporiilia are placed Uiejlrsr yellowish spot up to the leaves of the barlerry hush stage of which Iho; infection raphlly tafces place.: and. in Tlie 'loclura WRB the-, third of the! yellow rust pustules make iheir np- aeries of four-popular lectures arrang- pearance on llie barberry'leaves. The ed f oi tte UnlveraUy ol 1-. ...Losses Due io Rust. quoted John 'Love. as retiring" president of the Griln Exchange1 in 19 OB." "stated: "I think ltTis well'within the mark ID rust cost this country llic veslJgailon ot the rust disease iu ibis province. He urged'that a de- partment plant pathology should a fourth kind in lit- to established at the. Agricultural LIB cups, embedded in-the yellow pus- wbjch shoulil1 devote Us en tules. ana are bnoivn as cluster cnji to slutlj' rust spores produced on the barberry spores faecidio' It has been found that they will not, infqct bjir- berry leaves, at all, hut will infect the leaYes--bi wheat arid barley, as well as .grasses. Thus, "tor 000 000-in 150-1- "Last --._ CanafllaTi vresl Jriua ilie] tbo complete.life [cycle of the-rust K-ors't epidemic'oJ rusl in us history, fungus two host planU are neces-.- 1Qe pr01 There I? a consensus of opinion thai wheat end the barberry-' Origin of .Our Rust in Spring.- accpnilng Id Professor Jnchson, there are only bushes. These the oi the wheat crop rust in-iaiG araounled; COO.OGO bushels and thai' lhe mon- have exceeded According to the" bureau oi sUUstics at Washington, the losses due: lo ruaU In the .United Stales amounted in 191C to The serious nature ot Uiis disease is made obvious by these figures and Canada ought to in iriaJiing a thorough scientific study of! the rust disease with a rlew tri preventing 115 ravages. Rust Not a New Disease- _ bushes arc niuch. more numerous in iho spring. auJ iu ihe cor them as well .us .3Ian-. itoba, the' barberries become badly J _ rusted jn rust from barberries' .jiircr.ts the wild grasses In iheir'immediate vicinity early In the: spring with in a radius oi "or 30 yards from these' bushesi -nunibers red pus-; Inles ,thus arise i which contain planl diseases, and especially lo such diseases as smut, rust, scab, and root-rois which] do "so riiuch harm Lb wheat. Tbe life-j history ot ihe rust fungus is not yet lully undcrslooil and awaits for Its fi renewed investigation, rust resist- aut wheats is being 'studied In Eng land and In lhe .United Stales ant! ought, to b? atlncked-In nda.' Sclfresnect demarjjs" tKat' cease to be so dependent on other countries for our scientific tnowlcdei find that we undertake for 'ourselves a vigorous campaign of research. AUCTION SALE Farm Stock and Implements ON WEDNESDAY, MARCHv-21at COMMENCING AT ONE O'CLOCK SHARP At X. ft 19-5.-1S, 8, NV, pi." Xcw Davion 1 tcaiu DI greysr about lUQp Ibs., 3 years old; 1 (earn of about 1200 [J years old; 1 team uf wares, aLoui 1350 9 and H years old; 1 team of bay a, about 1GOO Ibs., t> ami S years old; 1 a dark bay and n black, Ibs., 9 and 11 years oW; i Lay borse, 1200 S years old; 1 bay horse, 1SOO Ibs., 11 yeari.old: 1 disc harrows; 1 heavy subsoil packer; 1 set of drag harrows; 3 seeders; 2 grain 2 lowVagons ,ivllh racka; .2 sang and. I "I JlcCoriulct mower and rake; 4 McCormlck 1 (annicg elevator on LruckE; steel water tank (ten barrel wlUi 12 barrel wooden tank, complete ivitli lank on trucks; aboutL5 sets ot harness aiid a lot of other articles loo numerous to mention; 5 horse rower Galloway on trucks. J As mcst of the land the owner hat b-en larrnlng for years has: been sold he will not require the equipment to work his own farm' consequently ths stack and implements listed here will be sold. EVERYTHING MUST BE SOLD, NO RESERVE, .TERMS CASH. J.'A.'SMITH, Auctioneer JOHN FORSLIN, Owner AUCTION SALE FARM STOCK, IMPLEMENTS, and' JrlppSEHOLD FURNITURE On Tuesday, March 13th AT-1407 SIXTH N. -.-COMMENCING AT P.M. HORSES, IMPLEMENTS, lilack 3 years old, ivelghl 1300 IUs.; 1 hlacl; S years old, wcleht JOOO Ibs.; 1 lilQcVi 10'yc.irs old, wclglit 1000 Iba.; 1 culv, 3 years old wlih calf by tier slrtu; 3 of iluulilo hanicas (one aliunat 1 NCL single harness; 1 Weber 3 Incli UrC3 willi triple box; 1 truck svagoii (almosl 1 road cnrt; 1 sulky 1 disc; Bent's bicycle. HOUSEHOLD Iron beds, springs nnil mallrpsies; 1 1 child's crib; 1 comulnatlan liook case ami writing 'Austra- Zealand, Tnrtia anrl erery- I Si'.lhc world .where wheat I Krown.' Probahly-the average annual I loss to the world Inrough rust cs- Icpeds SIOO.COO.OOO.' .What is Husl'is a disease' of cereals- and I'Vrlli grasaes caused by-a specific fun- lowly plant aomelhing .lite a I mould. The rust fungus grows I tide the infected plant, and feeds on Ills IJssues, thus interfering -Us .Normally lhe green [eaves ,of plant manufacture' sugai Is eventually up to the grains .where It Is converted Into fstarch- The rusl fungus robs the plant" "of" this "sugar, and thus comoa'_ about thai .ilanLs' produce shrlyelled grains. rust breaks, out in the sum- rnier the thing one notices 1s that red pustules, appear the'.leaf I The pus- .ule3 contain a" red powder, which up-of fcrcral lhoasan-j spores i These spores are the pro-' lluctlyc bodies! ot the luiigus which bean growing Inside the leaves. red spores (urcdo spores) often knowu ,33 'BUinrner soores, hey are easily carried away by Ihe and E caller cd at long distances 'roai their' place of otlgin. If Ihey :ettle down on the leaves of wheal [ilanLs, provided the weather Is dry. bey undergo no change- but should ic weather become moist with stin. iticgy days and nights, so that the -face of the leaves hecomcs cov- d with a fine film ot moisture, the res germinate in n, few hours ipy produce slender lubes, which r toward, and eventually throagh, minute pores o( lhe cpk" fungus tubes thus their :y Into the Interior of "ih'e" leaves, iere they quickly grow In client cause serious disturbance to the en cells.-.. Under faromhle clrr [stances. Hie fungus may pro-luco puatules In about eight day? :cr the spores germinated ere may be four or five generations produced Fn this way lhe' course of a single' summer, e red aporea serve tlie purpose o spreading the (angua over ireals and grasaca. In. the summci As tht Infected wheat plants bc- older and more mature, the it fungus second fclnd spore Ihe black spore ;raln; .the weather' s'Tavorahie, lhe mfecting nist fun-; Ens -There can he no doubt Ihat barberry bushes ought not to'.he L grown in countries, where grain is produced on a great, scale. They form [oral centres of in-, fection'and in lhe spring enable the fungus to complete its life history.' Beyond a. doubt they are 'one ftiuse, although probably hot tha v-only' cause, oi lhe; breaking out oi rust in ihe .doefe. our rust' come? It- seems highly probable that it arises from the red or summer spores are blown away from and grasses growing perhaps far to the south of us in .lie United States. These spores can he carried by the' wind for very long riislnnces, prob- ably hundreds of miles. They settle. la our wheat planta and wheu the Tv'eathor conditions arc right for in- fection, ihat 'Is. when lhe air Is still and hum id, and the surface of the leaves becomes covered with a film' of moisture, the spores germinate and B. few daya aHcrwards, an out- Auction Sale Register Farmers or ranchers, if you contemplate having, an auction sale of farm stock !t will- pay. you to'see Ed. Po'pham, the Bar- ons auctioneer for dates. A sat- isfied patron Is my best adver- tisement- Have had 30 years; experience In raising and hand- ling all kinds of live stock and know the value of same. This is ths secret of my success as an auctioneer. FOLLOWING -SALE DATES ARE'RESERVED. WEDNESDAY, MARCH Burt Lebar, farm Albion Ridge. FRIDAY, MARCH V. Bowersock, at ojd Barr Kill Post Office, MARCH C. S. Noble, annual sale at West Farm, S. W. Nobleford. Ed. Popham, The Barons Auctioneer 7TT UNRESERVED AUCTION SALE Of Farm Stock and Implements, On Friday, March 1917 AT OWE O'CLOCK P.M. On the farm, N. ]4 2-9-21. miles uordi cast of IiHU'.niilc nortli of Experimental FaHH. loam black geldings, about aOuu Ibs.i 1 team black geldings, about 2400 Ihs.; 1 brown geMing, about 1250 Ibs.; 1 black gelding, about 1150 Ibs.; I grey horse, aged; 1 bay mare; 1 roan marc in Mai; 3 Illly colts, rising 2 years old; 2 yearling colls from a Slacdanl bj-ed horse. good grade milk cows to Tic In.lalf; 2 cows rising 2 years old fresh; 1 HercfoRl heifer, calf al tool; 2 Polled Anpii heifers, 2 yeara old, calves at loot; 1 PoUtd. Angus 3 old. In caH; 3 grade Shorthorn hellers, years oW. In call; 1 Polled Angus bull, rising '2 yeara old; 4 steers, rtalng n years old; 16 steers rising 2 years old; 6 heifers rising 1 year old; U steers rising 1 year old; 5 calrea. Bcrtshlre sow3-to (arrow In April; 2 Yorkshire SOTTS lo farrow in May. MisaeT-Ilarris binder In repair; 2 disc gang plow; Van Ilnint 22 disc drill Tvilh actdcr attachment; 1 Overthrow Daln stzckcr in Rood repair; 2 sweep rakes; 1 sulky Mfce; 1 Massey-Harris mowtr; 1 slrtc luiiibcr wagons; 2 hay racks; I fanning mill; l Gei weigh scales, 2000 Ihs.; 1 (ecd boiler, gallons; and other articles tod nymerous lo mention. NO RESERVE AS OWNER IS LEAVING.THE FARM TERMS CASH J. A, SMITH, HUGH TAYLOR, T. S. CROMBIE, Auctioneer. Clerk Proprietor GREAT HORSE SALE I Tractors NOBLE'S i ANNUAL SPRING SALE WILL BE HELD ON WEDNESDAY, MARCH 21 I .will iel] by Public AuclTon, without reserve, the following STOCK AND MACHINERY on .Section 35, Township Kiuige 24, West of (lie Miles West and 1 Mile' South of Noblcforjl. On Wednesday, March Free Lunch lo bt served from 11.30 lo 12.30, Sale to start promptly al 12.30. REGISTERED STALLION AND _ Mr. Xoble will dispose o( hts rcefstererl and marc, weight 1700 each. This Is a well matched pair and are both good workers. The stallion has taken prizes at various shows in Alberta. 82 HEAD OF HORSES 1" 1 span black geldinga, 1506 Iti3., 5 years .old; -I span black ,EclillnE3, 1500 Ibs., 6 years old; 2 span black 1100 Ibs., 12 years old; 1 span black mares, HBO Iba., 7 years old; 1 span black geldings, 1150'lba., -1 years old; 1 span black geldings, 1250 Ibs., 3 yearn old; L span black inaree, 1200 Iba.; 3 years old; 1 span brown-mares, 1300 years old; I span brown lbs..'i S years old; 1 span brown geldlnga. 1350 Ibs., 5 years old; I span haj- geldings, WOO Ibs., 5 yearf old; 2 span bay ficrdtnga, 1400 Ilw-Vf years old; I span bar geldings, 1500 Ihs., 8 years span-hay Rcldlciga, 1400 Ibs., 9 ycara old; 2 epi'r. bay gelding, 1500 7 years old; 2 span hay geldings, 1600 Ib3-, 7, years old; 1 span'grey gelrtinga, 1400 Iba., 7iycarsfold; 1 span grey geldings, HOO S years old; 2 span sorrel gelding, 1205 Yita., 5 years old; 3 sorrel geldinga, 1300 Iba., ageg 3, 4 and 7; I sorrftl marc, 1300 Ihs.. J) yeara old; I span hay geldings, H50 lba.r 0 yAirs 2 span hay inarca, 1300 3. years old; 2 span bay marcs, 12oO Ibs., 3 years old; 1 span bay marcs; 1200 Ibs. 3 years old; 2 span hay gchllngs. UQO Ibs., 3 yeara old; 2 span bay geldings, 1250 3 years oM; 3 span nay gelding, 1200 Ibs., 3 years old; 2 span: bay. geldings, 1150 Ihs. 3 yeara oM; 1 span bay mares, 1350 Ihs., 4 yeara oM; 1 span bay mares, 1-iOO oM. 1 In offering these horses for eale'Mr. Noble wishes lo announce to Iho public lb.it'he has' lioW during Iheipa.e.t year Ihree auction sales, cich time (or the purpose of disposing of Ihe least desirable horses. He now his bla farm the best slocfc of farm'.horses In Alhcrla. The above horses mares now bolng offer- ed for sale hare either" been grown, upon hla larm or have Ijcon carefully selected from ..the.'best horse breeders in Alberta, Tho teams arc all nicely matched up and full of strength :in.i vigor and well hrofcen. Thla is an DxcclieoL opportunity lo gel hor.tus thai arc ready lor hard spring worlc. Al each of his past three, aurllon eaTcs Mr. Xohln has rn- dtaTored to nolnt out any.defects In character or conslltulfon nl horse but can state that the nhovc described horses abso- lutely free from all dcfccU GO far aa his knowledge of sam-3 Koes. .Each (cam will be 6Ct for aalo separately am] ho toM without Tcscire. This-Is-a gocxl oprvortunlty for anyoTLd t- ROT. some esccllent horsca. They will no doubt sell at prices thai wlH suit (he small farmer anil" (ho large dealer, nnrt will make, a very good invRntmcTiL ns n largo mimljcr of these horses arc not lully developed, nltlinugh well, will offer an opportunity for Investment for good workers afid at the same lime lor horses .that will rapidly advance In value. A SMALL QUANTITY OF MACHfrVERY WILL ALSO QE SOLD INCLUDING SIX BINDF.K3 AND NUMEROUO OTHER ARTICLES SATISFACTORY TERMS BE ARRANGED AND MADE KNOWN AT THE SALE C. S. NOBLE, Owner ED. POPHAM, Auclloneer not merely Kerosene Tractors, but will bundle equally well all fuel oils, Keroseiie, Distillate, Solar Oil, etc. feature-mahes'II ppisible 'or any-Tlta'n Tractor; fuel is 'cheapest in'-his'locality. to replace; al iVast horses', and-you naturally V other tractor y cap the the back'bT interests? t ;Doisn't -this, jilrtl.jab'dut." settle th'e Iracto'r" question for li'v know" whether you.1 arc grUinQ a TiianTrador.s Arc Even You have only to Intervlew'any farmer who Tt already the of a Titan and he will tell you. .Tit an traclovs, Tried and Tested. They are gaat the experimental stage and proved a lurceit. We represent the I. H. C. and wish you lo write or phone ui for1 descriptive literature of the machinery you require. We also carry a line of sleighs, delivery bobi, wagons, dernbcratt, buggies, press drills, disc harrows, power lifts, sulklei, ganfl plewi, r Owens' fanning mlllStand Smut machines, grain pfcklen, grain lackf. i Agtnls and Distribulors for Atpinwall Potato Machinery. E. A. Sharman Gompany OFFICE 1173 1217. SECOND. AVENUE SOUTH RESIDENCE 5JO ;