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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 9, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta 'Anthony Westell Uunrfny, MortJi 1, 1973 1HI irmBRIDOI HERAID 5 Obscenities from both sides of House QTTAWA When 1'arlia. mcnt relumed recently for a pre-election session, it was generally anticipated that it would be. an cxcitinR time in the Commons, a daily dUpiay of political fireworks. Because we in the news business ex- pected it, the daily reports sometimes make it seem ,is if it is happening. But liic disap- pointing truth at least as I have seen it on visits to the House is that it has no', been a particularly lively period o! time, The government's low- key Throne Speech, devoid o[ surprises, opening a rather rou- tine debate on the slate of the nation, and the rlnily question period has focused on triviali- Book Reviaws ties in the absence of issues of substance. Herewith are some notes on the topics of Hie day. Prime Minister Pierre Tru- dcou probably did himself more damage by losing liis temper with Conservative 1-cader Rob- ert Stanficlcl, and goddamning ore of his questions, than Ihe opposition had done him all week. In fact, if Trudeau loses the next election which on some days seems very his record of rudeness and bad language will be more [o blamo than any major faults in pol- icy. It is not so much the swear words that give offence; after all, tie says in public what most of us do in private. II is A political system "Politics in tlie U.S.A." hv M. J. C. Vile: (I, rmgmnii C a n a cl R iwfrs. ami Canadians observing the American political scene are more often than not, tolally confused by its complexities and convolutions They simply don't understand what makes it tick or cveo why it ticks at all. In his nexv book Professor Vile, who holds a doclorato from the London Kchool of Eco- nomics and is now Professor of political science at the Univer- sity of Kent in England, does his splendid best, to clarify this state of affairs. In his preface he calls his work "an essay on the Ameri- can political system both for Ihe undergraduate looking for his first introduction to the sub- ject and also for the general reader." That is exactly it is an eminently readable relume, scholarly hut unpretentious in style, going a long way to ex- plain the whys and wherefores of a political system that is "perhaps the most complex the world has evolved and also one which is the conscious cre- ation of the mind of man." Those who want a basic knowledge of the intricate workings of U.S. politics and with an election coming up this year who doesn't. should hnvc a copy of Politics in the U.S.A. on hand. It will sellle a lot of arguments, clear up many doubts, and it covers just about everytlu'ng the average citizen, American, European or Canadian needs to know about government, genus U.S.A. The Constitution ot the United States is included a sensible addition to this erudite, yet easily understood work. JANE E. HUCKVALE Books in brief "Will! Flowers ol Hie Py- renees" by A. W. Taylor (Chatto and Wrmlus, S6.00, 103 pages, distributed Dy Clarke, Invin and company for travellers who are flower lovers, this little book is a guide to some of the specimens lo be found in the Pyrenees mountains ly- ing between France and Spain. There are 91 photographic plates (40 in color) with brief notes below each plate. Some of the pictures show the flowers against vistas which are very beautiful. the fact lhat ho so obviously cannot control his temper or his tongue. This is a lack of self-disci- pline not to be lightly excused in a prime minister, although Trudeau can plead provocation and a sort of double standard that focusscs on his faults while ignoring those of his opponents. The Conservatives don't in- dulge in four-letter words in public, but ttiere are other forms of obscenity that should be no more acceptable in politi- cal debate. It is, for example, extremely offensive for Stanlield to sug- gest lhat Pierre Vallieres got a job because he was "an olcl friend" of Ihc Prime Minister. It is shockingly irresponsible when John Diefenbaker per- sists in the charge, without pro- ducing a scrap of evidence, lhat Solicitor Gcnreal Jean- Pierre Goyer has on his desk a report recommending "the end of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police and the setting up of another force similar to Ihe security gestapo that lias aJrcady been set up." It is dis- graceful when the Tory justice critic Glclon Woolliams, opens his questioning on the Geoffrey affair with the assumption, as lie called it, that tlie escaped murderer is a friend of the sol- icitor-general. I find these tactics obscene in the sense that they are disgust- ing, repulsive. They are un- worthy of Stanfield and the party he leds, just as a foul mouth is unworthy of Tru- deau. Both leaders might re- member lhat Uie NDP's David Lewis remains the most effec- tive debater in tlie House with- out descending to bad language or spreading underhand rum- ors. Tlie easy way out of Ihe Geof- froy affair for the government would have been to appoint a judicial inquiry as soon as it became a public issue, thus taking it out of the political arena for Ihe time being. This in fact was the course favored by Trudeau and a number of. other ministers when the case came before Uie cabinet for 90 minutes in January and they were assured than an inquiry would stiow that administrative bungling and not corruption was lo blame for the murderer's es- cape. Goyer opposed an inquiry and won over the cabinet with a du- tiful argument. He said lhat as political head of the solicilor- general's department, he had to accept responsibility for the mistakes of his officials, disci- pline any who might have bro- ken the niles or exceeded au- thority, and rliango procedures to make sure Ihc same sort of escape could not happen again. He insisted thai if he allowed his officials lo be called before a public inquiry lo account for their decisions and explain their mislakes, a mood of ex- cessive caution would paralyze the penitentiary service. Every official would feel lhat he could exercise judgment only with a potential public inquiry looking over his shoulder and ready to find faull, The result would be to freeze the peniten- tiary service, perhaps cause it to regress, when the atmos- phere should be one of reform and experiment. The cabinet accepted Goyer's position with his provision that if any evidence of corruption emerged to challenge his as- sessment of the facts, the whole mailer should at once be refer- red to a legal inquiry. It was, I think, the right and courageous position for Goyer and finally the cabinet lo take, and one consistent with the par- liamentary tradition that a minister is responsible, for Ihe actions of liis officials. It is re- grettable, however, that under the pressure ot atlack, Goyer has backed away to the extent of emphasizing that the deci- sion to release Geoffrey was made by officials, without ref- erence to him. In order to pro- tect his own reputation, he has been too ready lo blame his bureaucrats, which is bound to make Ihem extremely cautious in future, the one thing he wanted, to avoid. An issue largely absent from the Commons has been the gov- ernment's long promised state- ment on foreign investment PART IV PICTURE QUIZ s POINTS I denounced the agreement between U.S. and Com- munlBt Chinese- leaders that the U.S. troops in my country will be eventually withdrawn. Who am HOW 00 YOU RATE? 91 to 100 polnti-TOP SCORE! 71 to 80 polnli oood. 81 to 't to 70 polnlt- Fjlr. Mof FAMILY DISCUSSION QUESTION Should there be more emphasis placed on safety In constructing YOUR NEWS QUIZ PART I NATIONAL AND INTERNATIONAL Give yourself 10 points for each correct answer. 1 Canada has offered to serve as a link In future diplomatic contacts between the U.S. and People's Republto of China. True or False? 2 There are I. Canadian hockey teams In National Hockey League. a-lhree b-six c-elghl 3 The Royal Canadian Mounled Police, have teen abolished and replaced with provincial police forces. True or Falae? 4 is a non-citizen of Canada who once held a Canadian pasRport. a-Karleton Armstrong h-James Earl Ray c-Hene Levesque 5 Canadian wheat growers will be getting a hlghei price for gralnlntendedfordomestioconsumptloj! than for wheat desttnedforexport.TrueorFalsel PART II WORDS IN THE NEWS Take 4 points for each word that you can match with its correct meaning. a-degree of excellence shflm c-sometblng out of place chronologically i-spcclal privilege granted to a group e-a metal palJ used loi carrying coal 1.....anachronl B 2___calibre 3.....scuttle 4.....franchise PART III NAMES IN NEWS Take 5 points for names that you can correctly match with the clues. Mesny 2.....Mitchell Slurp 3.....Jean-Pierre Goyer 4.....Balph Nader B.-M.YveB Geoifro.i 3-672 B-Mlnister of Foreign Affairs Solicitor- General c-an escaped convict d-Prestdent of ATL-CIC consume) advocate VEC, Inc. Sava This Practice Examination! AklCUfEDC rm T STUDENTS Valuable Reference Material For Exarm. ANSWERS ON PAGE 7 Despile Tmdeau's repealed promises over several montlis, the policy remains lo be finally approved and annouccd by ca- binet. So instead of having a Jtiotter of substance to debate, the opposition and the com- mcnlalors have, had to make tlie most ot the delay, weaving theories about a cabinet split or change of heart brought about by tough trade talks with Washington. The Irue reason for tlie delay, Iwwevcr, was disclosed by my colleague, Eric Mailing, when he obtained a copy of the re- port la the cabinet in which the responsible minister, Revenue Minister Herb Gray, explained what was going on and the im- plications. Oddly enough, this cabinet leak was widely ignor- ed, perhaps because it made nonsense of most of the politi- cal theories. As Gray noted in his paper, the cabinet decided its policy on "domestic control of the na- tional economic environmenl" al meetings on Nov. 4 and ID, and then further decided on Nov. 25 to publish an edited version of tlie massive study on which the decision was based. There has been no change of decision, but: "the editing of the memorandum has taken considerably more time than originally anticipated. It is still not complete." It certainly took much longer than Trudeau had expected and he is said to be furious al being put in the position of raising expectations of early publica- tion that he could not fulfil, Tlie earliest date on which the 500-page report might be avail- able, says Gray, is March 17, although it could take until April 7. What then has hap- pened to slow down progress? One pictures an office full of sluggish bureaucrats, nit-pick- ing lawyers, hair splitting economists, quarrelling over every word. But the people who are actually writing the report or rather, translating the origi- nal into something more easily understood are mostly journal- used lo working lo a dead- line. Bruce Macdonald, formerly with The Star and the Globe, and Mail in OlUwa and Wash- ington as an economic corres- pondent, has been seconded by the finance department to be the principal ghost writer. He has recently been joined by Perry Anglin, formerly with The Star and a radio station in Ottawa, later executive assist- ant to Consumer and Corpor- ate Affairs Minister Ron Bas- ford, who has just, returned from a year of work and study wilh the British civil service in London and Oxford. Another former newsman, Mi- chael Gillan, who left the Globe and Mail in Ottawa to become executive assistant to Edgar Benson when he was finance minister, is now taking time from his new duties with Ben- son at defence to work on an in- formation program to accom- pany the publication of the re- port. The intention, it seems, is to invite broad public debate and to engage in detailed con- sul t a t i o n with particular groups. A fourth man In this special unit (they have an out-of-the- nm office on Ihe Sparks SI. shopping mall and a girl who answers the phone by repeating tlie number and waiting sus- piciously for a specific inquiry) is L. R. "Red" Wilson, former- ly director of economic re- search for tycoon J. II. Moore at Brascan Ltd. and John La- batt Ltd. Moore was one of the angels who financed the Com- mittee for an Independent Ca- nada. Wilson's job at the mo- ment is trying to produce a page summary of the 500-page report. The point is that none of these men are slouchers. If their work is going slowly, it is my guess that they are being held up by changes in terms of reference and by demands for rewriting. Gray is well-known in Ottawa as a detail man, a perfection- ist, and he made it clear in his paper to cabinet that there were a number of practical points about the new policy as opposed lo decisions of princi- ple, to be cleared up. But it may also be Irue, as some sources suggesl, that Tru- deau wants to use the foreign ownership policy as the bash for his election program and is demanding that it must be definitive, a work beyond criti- cism that will restore his repu- tation among opinion leaders as K political thinker, economist and patriot. This of course raises new doubts about a June election. Tnxleati surely cannot begin a campaign without some sub- stantial policy in hand. If he also wants lo bring in (he leg- islation, as the Gray document suggests, this may easily take him into May, which "would meai! a fall election. Divisive rein.fl.rfes The Winnipeg Free Press dialogue between Frcnclvspcaking and English speaking Canadians re- garding the rights of the former in this country as they relate (o language, cul- ture, role in the civil service and other matters, is going to continue for a long time yet. Much progress has been inatio in recent years in arriving at a policy on bilingualism a policy sponsored by (he government, and supported by the leaders of the opposition parlies in Parliament. Un- questionably there has been criticism of this policy on the one hand by some English speaking Canadians who sincere- ly believe that they are being asked to sac- rifice loo much in the interests of French- speaking Canadians; and by French speak- ing Canadians who quite as sincerely be- lieve that Ihe policy falls short of justice. Whatever may be the virtues and vices o! the government's policy on bilingualism, the unity of Canada is not going to be served by the kind of display put on by some Conservatives in Parliament re- cently, when six Tory MPs in the course ol a few hours made remarks about French- English relations which, the Canadian Press observed, "could be considered divi- sive." It is incredible to read of George Hces saying, "We respect their symbols. Stop eroding ours." In this case, "their" means French-speaking Canadians; English-speaking Canadians. But to have an MIJ talk of and "ours" when he is talking about Canadians in both cases does nothing but harm lo this country. Conservative Leader Robert Stanfield ap- pears lo have appalled at his follow- ers' outbursts and dissociated the party from their statements. They may win voles for their makers in their ridings in the next federal election, if they truly reflect sentiment in these areas. But the unity of the nation is vastly more important than Conservative chances in a handful of con- stituencies. A poinl of principle The Cranbrook Courier JJESPITE what some government rep- resentatives have said, Today Publi- cations Ltd., publishers of the weekly Cou- rier, Cranbrook Daily Townsman and Kim- berley Daily Bulletin, has banned govein- ment advertising on a point of principle, one which we feel is vital to the continued freedom of the press in this province. The Victoria Daily Times and Victoria Daily Colonist both ran tobacco advertise- ments in their newspapers in defiance of a provincial law and the provincial govern- ment, inslead of laking the paper lo court over the supposed violation of the law, took economic reprisal by cancelling all government advertising in the two papers. The attorney general of this province, Leslie Peterson, who has the law at his fingertips, then threatened all other news- papers in B.C. with the same type of eco' nomic reprisal if they decided lo challenge this rslher shaky piece of legislation. Education Minisler Donald Brolhers said publicly the government did not intend to "reward" a newspaper for breaking the law. When taxpayers' dollars can be used against the news media of this province as a reward, bribe or Ihreat, it is time for all thinking people to stand up and reject this type of politics in Ihe ioudesl possible voice. In order (o drive home Ihe point, Today Publications has banned all government ad- vertising until [he government's ban on ad- vertising in the Times and Colonist is lift- ed and until Premier W. A. C. Bennett comes out with a firm policy staleznent that taxpayers1 dollars will not be used (his way in the future. We are not condoning breaking the law, we do not intend lo publish tobacco or booze advertising as long as il is against the law. Olhcr papers are in a far better position lo carry on this type of legal baltla that we are. Our protest Is on an important point of principle. If (he government is allowed to get away with Ihis type of reprisal againsl Ihe Victoria newspapers, nono of us in (he news media are in a position to taka a stand against the government or its laws without also having the fear of economic reprisal being used against us. This type of blackmail is a complete violation to the principles of a free press. Our stand, at this point, is a lonely one, but we feel it must be taken and we only hope that the lights of protest go on one by one across this entire province. Nortli American runes The Christian Science Monitor N expert 0, G. Landsverk calls them "the irost important runes in North America." Maine Assistant Attorney GeneraJ Lee M. Schepps says that the find- er's asking price of to for one of the three rune-inscribed stones is "out- rageous." But if Mr. Landsverk is right, (lie stones' may well be one-thou- sand times tire present asking pi-ice. If authentic that is if actually carved by the Norsemen who reached North America nearly years ago these stones might well be the single greatest archaeological discovery of the New World. It is now increasingly likely that it was these Scandinavian northerners who discovered America a whole half-millen- nium before Golumbus. But new evidence of this is still desirable. And, if truly writ- ten by Vikings and truly left by them in Maine, such written runic evidence would be of monumental historical importance. But tlie experience of the Kensington Stone, found in Minnesota, (3 sobering. Now known to be a hoax (although still fervently believed in by some incurable it was once thought to prove lhat the Norsemen had wandered part way across what is now the United States. At the very least, these Maine stones should go where they can be auUrcnticated or, as much likelier, be found to Iw but another in the long line of Cardiff Giants. -I Student 'needs? WHEN a government agency has a budget lhat goes up a tew million dollars every year, and when money seems 10 be getting scarcer, and especially there's just been a change of governments, 11 shouldn't come as a complete shock if tbal agency is asked lo tighlen up a bit, So when it finally began to dawn on Iho folks up in Edmonton that Alberta's won- derful money tap wasn't flowing like il uscrt lo, no one wns really upset, when Ihe old Sludcnts' Assistance Board was lold to fi- gure out some new rules that would keep expenditures dovsTi, and if possible to do it without starting a student revolution. From what my student spies tell me, It rvas done. New rules went inlo effect and (lie budget was pared, and while there's been a bit of complaining, there's been no attempt at organized protest. Nor should there be. Even with (his so-called lighten- ing up. Alhcrta students hnve a Heal that makes every other provincial scheme look downright miserly. Naturally Ihere arc a few whose circumstances just don't fit the rules, and there'll always he some who aren't satisfied, and who wouldn't be satis- fied with anything less than a blank cheque every week or so. But any reasonable per- son who checks the facts will have lo agree (hat Ihis is one government ngency lhal really has done the job it was set up lo do. But nothing's perfect. Though reluctant lo tinker with something lhat works (espe- cially a govcrnmcnl someone should lell the government that the new rules don't work any belter than the old ones, And in some ways are worse. And if Ihey'rR saving any money, it musl be on Ihe same basis as Ihe games they accuse their pre- decessors of playing with the reserves thing, pretending that a lot of non-repay- able loans aren't expenses. A particularly sari feature is thai new rules still penalize the student who J3 thrifty, honest and responsible, and offer big cash dividends to Ihe one prepared lo make a case, which nobody will ever check- up on, for more money (ban he needs. That may sound irrational, and maybe it is, but it happens lo he (he way this busi- ness worts. The new rules hnvc climinalcd outright grants for most students, and substituted a system of remissions whereby up to 25 per cent of each student's total loan can be cancelled. A student who borrows SLOW) may have to pay back only A student who borrows and the way things arc, thousands of students can and will-- has the same rale of remission, so IIIRV have to repay only The 'free' money is for the first student, for-Iho second, a clear premium simply for asking for more, even if Ihe 'extra' is simply left in the bank to draw interest until it has lo be repaid. Perhaps one shouldn't, the prin- ciple that he who ne-erls more should gel. more (although it hasn't been a prominent plank in the political platforms of recent Alberta governments, when you come to think of One must wonder, however, if it is really sound policy in this day and age lo just take everyone's vord for ;