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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 9, 1972, Lethbridge, Alberta FORECAST HIGH FRIDAY MID 40s VOL. LXV No. 75 LETHBRIDGE, ALBEUTA, THURSDAY, MARCH 9, 1972 PRICE NOT OVER 10 CENTS TWO SECTIONS -24 PAGES Great Alberta to crack 1 FORT McMURUAY (CP) There is on enormous amount of oil in the Athabasca sands of northeastern Alherta, and enormous obstacles to getting it out. Great Canadian Oil Sands Ltd. has been struggling for five years to separate barrels from the sand and only now is within sight of its target. Meanwhile, the company has lost more than KKJ million. The Great Canadian extraction plant on the Atha- basca River is the only large-scale commercial opera- tion on Hie sands, which covers about square miles and contains an estimated 625 billion barrels of oil. Expected eventually to yield 267-billion barrels of synthetic crude, the Athabasca deposit is the largest known in the world. The competition hasn't been scared off by Great Canadian's difficulties. Syncrude Canada Lid. is going ahead with plans for a S500-million plant due to start producing barrels a day in mid-1976. Most of Great Canadian's problems have been me- chanical, although a strike by some of the plant's 885 employees in 1969 didn't help. Equipment failed Equipment failures have periodically closed tha plant, a pioneering effort which is based on a new and still-experimental extraction process, and forced ex- pensive modifications. Tlia Alberta government came to Great Canadian's assistance in 3970, reducing royalties on production from the plant by 50 per cent. The federal government also helped, remitting the million Great Canadian paid between 1963 and In sales tax on purchase ol production machinery. Tho tax was applied to production machinery in 1903 hut Finance Minister Turner said feasibility studios, planning and preparation for the oil sands ex- traction project were completed before the tas was introduced. "Construction of the plant was not completed and production did not commence until after June 2, 1967, when production equipment was again exempted from the sates he told the Commons recently. After losing money from the start of production, the company made a case for remission of all federal taxes on huildings, plant and production equipment. Only the latter remission was granted. Great Canadian, controlled by Sun Oil Co. of Penn- sylvania, spent million on the plant, with million going for interest and start-up costs. Last year, the company out million for equipment. "It's been a gradual learnlij-.; said Len Bland, the company's public relations director. "But we're finally looking at the possibility this year of at least producing 11 ic barrels a day that we are licensed to produce. "The experience and know-how gained over Ihe last few years is beginning to add up to a pretty logical operation." One problem has been winter breakdowns of two huge German-built bucketwheel excavators, each of which is supposed to gobble up lOOjOCO tons of sand a day. It takes two tons of sand to produce one barrel of oil. Mr. Bland said there have been no complete shut- downs recently and the plant has been producing about ban-els a day. Sand mined by the bucket wheels Is carried to the plant on conveyor beltSj of which there now are six miles. The extraction plant uses a hot water process de- veloped by the late Dr. Karl A. Clark and associates at the Alberta research council. The sand is tumbled in hot water and steam, pro- ducing a pulp that goes into four large separation cells. The oil floats to the top in the form of froth, and is skimmed off. The sand falls to the bottom and! is removed to a disposal area. Further processing results In synthetic crude, a highly-refined oif that goes 266 miles by pipeline to Ed- monton and then to markets in mid-western Canada and the United States.. The plant also produces gas, kerosene, naplha, oii, butanes, pcntanes, coke and sulphur. Companies WASHINGTON (CP) A group of private educa- tional companies has apparently flunked its big test- trying to prove that "free enterprise" can do a belter job than the public schools in educating poor children. "I guess it's back to tlie drawing said Phillip V. i'anchez, director of (he United Slates gov- ernment's Office of EconorrJc Opportunity as be announced here the "disappointing" results of a year's experiment in what is known as performance contracting. Six companies were each assigned classes in three widely-scattered U.S. school districts. Under con- tracts that cost the government more than million, they were to improve reading anil mathematics skills among disadvantaged pupils at a faster rate than the ordinary school programs could do. The belter Ihe companies did tlie more money they would receive under their contracts. The firms used a dazzling array of equipment, books, ami specially recruited teachers. Hut (lie result, said an OEO report, was that the private companies "did not perform significantly belter than the more traditional school systems." The experiment was "clearly another failure in our search for means of helping poor and disadvantaged .vomigslcrs tlie report said. FIGHTS DEPORTATION ORDER Puerto Rican Hum- berto Hernadez Pagan is lead handcuffed 1o his immi- gration appeal board hearing in Ottawa Wednesday. Pagan, wanted In Puerto Rico for murder, denies his guilt and has said since his imprisonment in Canada for illegal entry that he could not have a fair trial in his island home because of his activities in the independence move- ment, (CP Wirepholo) Soviet 'master OTTAWA (CP) Soviet dip- lomat Illen Petrovsky refused to comment early today on a Cairo report that describes him as a former master spy in the Mid- dle Bast. Mr. Petrovsky, posted to Ot- tawa in 1969 as counsellor for cultural affairs in the Soviet embassy, is described in the newspaper An Nahar as a "bril- liant KGB officer." Tiie diplomat, reached by tel- ephone, spoke fluent French but broken English in refusing to comment on what he called a joke. He lives next door to Ihc Alge- rian embassy quarters in an ex- clusive cast-end Ottawa apart- ment building. An Nahar, in an article Mon- day, says he master-mhided a By THE CANADIAN PRESS Striking CBC technicians still were refusing to guarantee to man equipment for Saturday's hockey telecasts as a noon- deadline by the owners of Hockey Night in Canada came and went today. But Ted Hough, vice-president of MacLarcn Advertising, which holds television rights to all Na- tional Hockey League games played in Canadaj said discus- sions were continuing and no new deadline has been set. "I suppose the deadline will be the last possible time we can make alternate arrangements if we can't get a he said. "And that could be flexi- ble." Meanwhile, striking members (if the National Association of. Broadcast Employees and Tech- nicians walked off their jobs within minutes of each other in Ottawa, Winnipeg and St. John's, Nflcl., television stations today. Union members were still off tJie job in Halifax and Edmonton. See earlier story page 21. "virtually uncontrolled in- crease" in the number of politi- cal (KGB) and military (GRU) agents in Egypt. SAID IV CAIRO The Egyptian newspaper says Mr. Petrovsky "served in Cairo under cover of the commercial department of the Soviet em- bassy from 1954 to 1958. "A frequent visitor to Damas- cus and Beirut, Petrovsky often introduced himself as an insur- ance representative." "In fact, he is one of the KGB's leading Middle East ex- perts. "Pclrovsky" later served in Teheran where he again master- minded KGB operalions. "He is now reported to be in Canada as a senior member of the Soviet embassy." ADVICE SOUGHT' The article says he was re- called to Moscow recently "where the KGB sought his ad- vice on the deterioration of So- viet-Egyptian relations in Cairo." Mr. Pe'rovsky hasn't been a conspicuous figure in Ottawa since his arrival in August, 1969. His apartment i.-; listed under his wife's N. I. Pe- the latest city direc- tor. Tiie telephone number is under his name. About 75 Soviet diplomatic or trade personnel live in Ottawa. Search ends for Great Falls boy GREAT FALLS, Mont. (AP) Divers have called off their search for a seven-year-old Great Falls boy believed miss- ing in the Missouri River near hero. The Cascade County sheriff's department said the task of hunting for David Rose under tho ice was loo dangerous for the clivers, whose air hoses tend to foul up as a result of the cold water. The boy was reported miss- ing Monday. It is believed he fell through a hole in the ice while playing near a trailer court. 'How come we never have Marlon Brando denies son kidnapped PARK (AP) Marlon Bran- do's son is well and with friends on a scuba diving excursion in Mexico, the actor's spokesman rcporled today. "There's nothing at all to be alarmed the spokesman said after learning of Mexico City newspaper reports tliat 13- year-old Christian Branrto was missing and feared kidnapped near the U.S. border. Tlie spokesman said Ihe boy had gone off on the trip without informing anyone and that Mex- ican police were asked to get in touch with him because he was thought to be in a remote area where only radio contact was possible. Jury accuses in Huqhes rvings claim The Herald Legislative Bureau EDMONTON Bill Yurko, minister of the environment, denied in the legislature Wed- nesday that the new Alberta Beverage container Act caused the loss of jobs at Do- minion Glass Co. at Redeliff near Medicine Hat. Mr. Yurko said "to the best of my knowledge11 the new anti-pollution act did not force the layoff. Bill Wyse (SC Medicine Hat-Hedciiff) suggested that the beverage container act which came into effect Jan. 1 contributed to the layoff of 150 Dominion employees in De- cember, 1971. LINES SHUT DOWN' The company shut down three assembly lines which produced no-return bottles. Mr. Yurko said new contain- er legislation in British Colum- bia and a new container fac- tory in the B.C. Okanagan took "considerable business" away from the Redeliff bottle plant. Layoffs at Hedcliff took placa before tho new Alberta act, passed by the former Socred government, went into effect, said the minister. The new Alberta beverage container act made all soft drink containers subject to a return on deposit. AUTHOR CtlFFORD IRVING AND WIFE EDITH r By GREG McINTYRR Herald Staff Writer EDMONTON The lands and foresls department has been asked to take emergency action to stop the destruction of hay stacks in the Pincher Creek area by large bands of deer and elk. Charlie Drain (SC Pincher Creek-Crowsnest) told (lie leg- islature Wednesday that lire heaviest snowfall in years has allowed game to bypass fences and destroy winter feed in the Kidnapped executive's fate lianas in balance From ItEUTER-AP PARIS (CP) Union leaders at the Renault car plant decided today against railing a mass meeting of workers to decide tlie fate of kidnapped company official Robert N'ogrette, as de- manded by his abductors. Leaders of the three main un- ions at Renault met after Ihe Maoist militant group which kidnapped Nogrette early Wednesday, said they would abide by a decision of ihe work- ers regarding what to do with Nogrette if a meeting were called. A spokesman for one union said: "There was no question of a general assembly of the work- ers. We were agreed in con- demning the act of violence con- stituted by the kidnapping." An official of the General Con- federation of Workers, the Com- munist Union that represents a majority of Renault's employ- ees, said such a meeting would be pointless because virtually ail the factory's workers condemned the kidnapping. RAID APARTMENTS Police raided the apartments of several suspected Maoists at dawn, but fojnd no trace of the ROBERT N'OGRETTE kidnapped kidnappers. No arrests were made. The New People's resistance, a clandestine group which claimed responsibility for kid- napping the 63-year-old No- grctfe at gunpcint, had called for a meeting of workers at Re- nault to discuss his release. ranges of small cattle ranches in tlie Pincher Creek foolhills. Allan Warrack, minister of. lands and forests said "Mr. Sneaker, I'll be happy to give that matter my immediate at- tention." STARVK TO DEATH In an interview later, Mr. Drain said game animals tear up and urinate on hay stacks. Cattle refuse to eat tlie spoiled hay and starve to death. Four ranchers called asking for government help, he said "and there are many more who haven't communicated ilieir problems." In (his extraordinary situa- tion the lands and forests de- partment should come to the aid of the ranchers by supply- ing extra fencing or compen- sating for damaged feed, he said. Mr. Drain said he sent the lands and forests minister a memo cautioning tliat if the government agrees to pay compensation for damage caused by wild animals, it will set a precedent since the de- partment in Uie past has left Hie responsibility for protect- ing their hay stacks with tlie farmers. The Pincher Creck-Crows- nest MIjA said he advocated a "long, hard look" be taken at the matter. He said many ranchers might be entitled to compensation because they provide food for wild animals. Tlie minister of lands and forests said laler he will ask department officials in the Pincher Creek area for an assessment of the problem be- fore recommending action. Many perish in epidemic STOCKHOLM, Sweden (Ren- ter) As many as 100 persons may have died in a mercury poisoning epidemic (hat swept northern Iraq, the Swedish for- eign ministry said Wednesday. A ministry spokesman, com- menting on local press reporls, said the ministry had been ad- vised of (he epidemic by the Swedish embassy in Baghdad. The embassy report said tho epidemic was caused by farm- ers using mercury-impregnated grain for cattle feed and for niaking flour. Tlie grain was imported into Iraq following a drought last summer and was distributed to farmers for use only as planling seed. Floods strike Nova Scotia HALIFAX (CP) One man was feared drowned and a num- ber of homes were evacuated today as waters from rising riv- ers flooded several areas of. Nova Scotia. A car carrying hvo men slipped inlo the swollen Sack- ville River at nearby Bedford today from the parking lot of a drive-in restaurant, and one of the men was missing and pre- sumed drowned. Meanwhile, the Salmon River near Truro overflowed for the second lime in a month forcing residents near the river to leave their homes. The flooding was blamed on a combinnalion of a high tide, melting ice and heavy rain. NKW YORK (AP) A New York County grand jury today indicted aulhor Clifford" Irving, his wife Edith and bis re- searcher, Richard Suskind, on grand larceny, conspiracy and forgery charges in concction willi Irving's disputed autobiog- raphy of Howard Hughes. In a separate indictment, Irv- ing, 41, and Suskind, 38, were charged with perjury in the sec- ond degree. The county grand jury ac- cused them in a 25-count indict- ment of grand larceny in the second degree, which covers larceny where extortion is not involved, and with conspiracy in the third degree. An "important announce- ment" scheduled laler was ex- pected to disclose Ihe outcome of a federal grand jury probe into the "autobiography." The grand jury investigations began six weeks ago. At the outset, Irving and his 36-year-old wife took the Fifth Amendment and declined to dis- cuss the circumstances sur- rounding preparation of (he manuscript. CHANGED MIND But last week, after authori- ties met at length with lawyers for the Irvings in numerous'ses- sions, the couple agreed to tes- tify. Each appeared before both grand juries for about 90 min- utes. The controversy began with the announcement last Dec. 7 that McGraw-Hill Inc. would publish an "auiobiography" of Hughes, the billionaire recluse. Life magazine said at the same time it would run exerpls from the book. Rosemont_ Enterprises, a Ne- v a d a corporation associated with Hughes, immediately de- nied the authenticity of the still unpublished volume. And a lit- tle-known novelist whose most successful book was Fake! sud- denly became the focus of world attention. Irving swore in an affidavit 18 that Hughes gave him permission to compile the auto- biography, that he had inter- viewed the wealthy industrialist for more than 100 hours and that he had passed on to Hughes intended by MeGraw- Hill as payment for rights to tha eccentric bilhona ire's life story. Ransom contact NEW YORK (CP) Trans World Airlines officials were re- ported today to bs negotiating with extortionists who planted bombs on two jetliners and de- manded 52 million ransom. Po- lice said one unsuccessful ran- som delivery attempt had been made. A third bomb was found on a United Air Lines jet. A TWA spokesman would not comment on a report in the New York Daily News that ne- gotiations were under way. Seen and heard About town pEED mill operators turn- ed tenors Bill John Van Sltiys. John Van Slnj-s Jr. and Andy doKok surprising Ten" Swiliart vvitli a birthday song travel association secretary Kitty IJiinlop remarking her boss Frank Smith looks m u ch heller with a mustache. Police hunt The Angel of Death' LIMA (Renter) Defectives scoured remote German sellle- ments in (he Peruvian Andes today for "The Angel of Death" death camp Dr. Joseph Mengclc. Mengele conducted sadistic experiments on Jews in the Auschwitz dcalh camp during the Second World War, and ru- mors in Lima link him with tha fatal New Year's Day stabbing of rich Peruvian industrialist Luis B anchoro. The hunt for Menfiele, one of Ihe two most-wanted Nazi war criminals, began after reporls that he bad been seen in Lima. He was last reported to be in Paraguay. Meanwhile, West German Nazi-hunter Beate Klarsfeld, now on her way back Io France, said that the most-wanted Nazi of them all, Hitler's deputy Martin Borman, may also ha biding somewhere in Peru. Mrs. Klarsfeld said good friends in Bolivia (old her Bor- mann was hiding on southeast- ern Peru. He vanished from Hit- ler's suicide bunker (luring Ihe fall of Berlin in May, 1345, and nine year later a West German court pronounced him dead. Mrs. Klarsfeld, a representa- tive of the International League Against Anli-Semilism, visited Bolivia in an unsuccesful at- tempt to obtain the extradition lp France of a naturalized Bo- livian, Klaus Ailmann, who she claims is really Klaus Barbie, wartime Gestapo chief in the French cily of Lyon. Altinann denies he is Barbie. There are at least a dozen German settlements in outlying regions of this South American republic, some dating back la the 19th century. One police offi- cial described them as ''littlo Elates within ;