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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Daily Herald (Newspaper) - March 9, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta PAGE EIGHT THE LETHBRIDGE DAILY HERALD v SATURDAY, MARCH 0, 1U18 OF INTEREST TO THE FARMER tHKUHCS raSCULIUEM. *C*ITH lias The census and siatisuVs of jmblished a: Ottawa its annual estimates of farm* value* in IP 17 a? compiled from the reports of ecrre-spendents at the end of .lamwry I'.HS The estimates comprise ill the overage values of farm lam! (-> the svor-tttre wages paid lor farm help and >.'. > the average values of farm live slock and of wool. Average Values of Fard Land According to the returns received, the average value of farm land for tho �whole of Canada, inelmliiiff land improved and unimproved, topetaer with il'.volling houses, barns, stables and Dthev farm, buildings, is upproxiniutc'y !j;4 per aero as compared with ?41 in ^1016. The average values by provinces are as follows: Prince Edward Quebec $M New Ontario So I ; S.isk.wc'.iewan 7: ilri'.ish Columbia name,; province' the due to orcharding l.v.ui JtS.T; Nov; | Hnaiswick ; ; Manitoba *'::t>: .-l Iberia J-ti I jt-i;>. In the i.'.s: j higher average, is and .'n.dr fn.'wjni;'. ' Average Wages of Farm Help ! j The nv erase wases p;iid for farm : and have  j agaiu reached the u.p.iest level on re-: i cord. In many cases iluy are double, I what they were before the war. For ' I the whole of Canada the wages per | taoath of farm help during the suin-  taw. including board, avenge $63.63 ! j for male and $:'.4;.;:i for female help, as i j compared with -J-!".:';'. and $i'2.4i> in is- j litis. Tor the year 1017. includiug 'board, tile wages averaged JtltO.CO Tor males and $3tH for females as compared with ?397 and |L'-S in 1916. The I Potatoes, owing to the demands of average taiue of hoard tier month is [ our nlllos for wheat, ? tiotitd occupy returned as $19.44 for males and $14~ i a. very prominent position as an ar-for females as compared with 517 for ticlo of hutnaa food. V. behooves all .males and $13 for leinalos in ISIli. By who grow them to endeavor to secure i provinces, the averaco wages per as great u yield as possible from any month for males and females respect- area, since the shoring*' of labor cur-. ively. in the summer season, including tails any very iucreasm! acre.iee. i board, were as follows: Prince Kd- from experiments conducted at the jward Island $,19.74 and $22.63; Nova , Dominion Experimental Station. Lft-I Scotia $i>3.;:> and $2�. and $31.9;;; j oi v.ilue not only to the farmer, but 'Manitoba SfiT.PT and $40.28: Saskatche-1 aiso (0 the townsman who Best Practice In Potato Culture on the Prairies wan $73..'l and S41.09; Alberta $7ti.09 and $14.44; British Columbia S7S.12 and .�54S.80. Average Value of Farm Live Stock and of Wool On the whole . there Is but little char.po reported in value per head of horses; iu some of the provinces iho value hi* remained stationary' or has Moline Universal Tractor IT IS ALL TRACTOR IT PULLS-IT DOES NOT PUSH IT SAVES A HIRED MAN-A ONE MAN TRACTOR-A 24 HOUR HOF.SE. TWO BREAKERS-THF. EE STUBBLE PLOWS Works all horse drawn implements, with cue man only and that man ON THE IMPLEMENT. You don't need a revolving head with thia. General Supplies Limited m"THcZ��"m, Or Their Agent, W." K. BELL, at the Lethbridge Hotel. AGENTS WANTED FOR ALL UNOCCUPIED TERRITORY. to me townsman who grows a small patch of tubers in his Back yard. BYom May 15th to May ?.f>th, generally speaking, is the best time to plant potatoes. Those planted earlier than this do not yield much. If any, heavier, while they, run .Jd greater chance of rotting during a cold spring, or i>t being froien if they- appear above the even declined. For cattle, sheep and j ground too early. i'lantlnx a month swine;' however, values are gubstau- j later than the time ^recommended has tiallv higher than last year and are j reduced the yield one hundred and higher than in any previous year for ninety-three bushels per acre. Seed which records have been collected, sprouted In the sunlight for a couple of For Canada, the average value of | weeks until shocje. ,green sprouts ap-' horses, three years old and over is ! pear at the eyes, has given an earlier $lt>. as compared with $160 In W t">.! and heavier crop than ihas ordinary milch cows are $84 as against $7n; j planting. This method, dan be recom-cattle betweon one year old and throe j mended to those who have a limited years average $52 against $43: sheep i area and desire to raise a maximum ure ?JL4.'.'>3.against $10.4$ last year and crop, it has been found that cuttings swine are $17.33 against $11.9S per } with three eyes from sound, medium cwl. The average Value of wool is sized tubers give the best results. 5:> cents per pound, unwashed and 75 I Rather poor yielrtHjjUiay be. expected cents per pound washed. Corrospon-1 from the use of small putatoes -for scacj dents wrre requested to ascertain as and a large proportion of the crop is nearly as possible the average value per head of each description of farm animal, ahd for calculation of total : values these averages have been applied to the total number of farm animals as returned in June last. The results are as follows: Horses $429,123.-000 as compared, with $41S.fiSG,000 in 1916: milch cows $274,081,000 against S19S.S9S.000, other cattle $270,595,000 at against $204,477,000 sheep $35,576,-000 as against $20,927,000 and .swine ; $?2,!>'S6,0t)0 as against $00,700,000. The ; total value of farm live stock in Cau-1 ada is estimated to be $1,102,261,000, as | compared with $903.08(1,000. the esti-! mate for 191 as finally revised by tho ' Census returns for the prairie provinces. In 1917, for the first time, the totni value of farm live, stock exceeds one billion dollars. THE HEIDER 12-20 KEROSENE TRACTOR - The V. S. war department has decided that college students though undergoing military training, are not exempt trom the draft. tumid to consist ofv8mall. ummarkot-able tubers. A. sys^eSiu of selecting ^d planting only th^best healthy potatoes is bound to give the greatest yields during a number of years. The control oi djsease is becoming more of a problem each year, but fortunately scab is. the most common of potato diseases. For this the sod should be immersed for three hours � a solution i f fotnwlin one pound i thirty gallons of water, or better still, add 2000 solution of bi-chloride of m ;v-cuty. This latter chemical is hig �ly poisonous, and--should he put only in wooden vessels, as is will corrode Iron. Iu cutting seed, two knives should be used one being pat in a disinfecting solution whenever a diseased tuber is cut into. The land that is to be seeded to potatoes should be well worked to a depth of six or eight inches and if possible a sol! that is not heavy or wet should be chosen. The sets should be dropped about 14 or 16 inches apart I in rows that are two and one-half feet apart. Where there is plenty of land and not very much seed, planting may bo dono n little farthe'r apart. A fjreat deal of hand labor may bo saved by thoroughly harrowing tho land whenever any weeds appear from the -time of planting until tho young potato shoots are six inches high. As soon tis the rows are clearly defined by the young plants, and from then on, 'he single horse cultivator can he used whenever It is necessary either to kill weeds or form a soil mulch. This method has been found to do away with a great deal of hoeing. For harvesting nothing can equal n potato digger, and, where possible, n sroup of three or four farmors would do well to form a company for the purchase aud use of one. The time-honored custom of ploughing the potatoes out and digging with a fork gives good results for small patches. According to a system of charging nostsl adopted at this station several years ago, the cost of producing and jutting Into the cellar a bushel of potatoes in 1917 was 15.2 ce'hts.. Allowing a liberal increase for the cost of production at the present Uuio of high-priced labor, there is atlll a very good profit to be made from potato growing. A yield of eight hundred and thirty-seven and one-half bushels was secured from the two acres planted, of Which all costs of production wore recorded. A considerable sum of money is lost each year by farmers marketing potatoes of all tho sizes and colors known in the various varieties. A white potato is in greatest demand. It is well worth the trouble for a community to grow at least all one color of tubers, and. if possible, one variety. They can then be shipped in %&r lots from one station, and will net the producer a better price. If they are grad-sd. so as to remove the small and immature potatoes, the sample will be of greater value and serve the double purpose of providing a more satisfied consumer and producer. 1 The LAUSON Kerosene Tractor SAVE THE HENS JUST NOW This Tractor pulls three plows and will plow an acre per hour. It has big heavy steel gears arid a motor second to none hence will out last any other Tractor made. Next week is "Repair Week" and we have a complete stock of repairs right here in Lethbridge. No telegrams, no express charges, no freight charges. Ask Heider operators about our "Service." The above facts are worthy of your consideration. MART McMAHON ALBERTA DISTRIBUTOR OFFICE AND WAREHOUSE, 1211 2nd AVE. S. PHONE 496 Grant Leave to Work on Farms ' The killing of hens and pullets just before* and during the heavy spring laying is a -wasteful and unprofitable practice. Farmers are asked to refrain from selling hens for slaughter before May 1, and patriotic buyers ,will refrain from buying poultry during this period. Every hen sold before May 1 represents an average food loss of about 30 eggs, and the total loss of eggs represented by the customary selling of fiens between February I and May' 1 ^mounts to about SO per cent, of what the hen is actually worth. A Few Features Correct Design. ' 15 Horse power on draw-bar; 25 horse-power on belt. All parts enclosed. Dirt and dust proof. Valve in head Motor; removable head. Kerosene Cnrtfuretor, with patent air-cleaner. Perfect cooling and oiling systems. Internal expansion type clutch. Universal joint between clutch and transmission, thus relieving the strain from shaft and bearings. Transmission made of chrome nickel tempered steel, running In oil InduBt proor case. j This tractor will follow furrow without aid from operator.' * Equipped with very convenient operating platform, roomy, with seat mounted on pedestal constructed so it can be tipped back gut of operator's way when standing. Plows on high speed 2'/2 miles per hour. Low speed, 1^4 miles. Weight on rear wheels, 24 inch r',m, 4,000 lbs., [jive* 177 pounds per Inch; front wheels carried on rim, 1400 lbs., flives 117 poundn per inch of rim. An ordinary grain drill about 1200 pounds weight is carried on two wheel3 having a combined width of about 6 inches, gives this machine a load of 200 pounds per inch of tire. There Is no objection to paoklng soil when uslnrj a drill. The Lauson Tractor does not pack the soil as much as an ordinary drill. Now is the time to get ypur order in, or you will be disappointed when spring opens. We are promised only a limited number of thei� traotors for early delivery. McClenaghan & Taylor / Distributors for Alberta 103 Fifth Street South Lethbridge, Alberta Calgary, Mar. 7.-Jir. C. Rice-Jones the agricultural representative on the leave of. absence board, states that in view 'of the vital importance of increased production during the coming season, every farmer or farm laborer who is in uniform or who has been ordered to report for military service should, as a duty to the country, immediately apply far leave of absence. There can be no doubt about their first duty, as, while the need of men is great, the government of Canada recognizes that at the present time the need of increased production on our prairies is greater. He further states that a number of farmers and farm laborers have left with the last draft when in the national interest they should have secured leave of absence to work on the farms during the coming summer, ahd he wishes to draw the attention of all fanners and farm , laborers 'who come under the Military Service Act to the following: 1. All farmers and farm laborers who are in uniform or who are ordered to report should immediately apply for leave of abaence. All information can be secured from C. Rice-Jones, United Grain GrowerB, Ltd., Calgary. 2. Under a recent military order all applications for leave of absence must ! be made within one week from the , date on which a m^n has been ordered ! to report for duty. 3. Men who are ordered to report Jhould apply for leave of absence the day they report, as it is not desirable that a uniform and .kit be Issued to a man if he i3 to be given leave of absence in a few days. 1 4. All applications, whether a man is in uniform or is under orders to report, must be made through the O. C.. 1st Depot Battalion. Calgary. 5. How to apply for leave of absence: Wr.'te out an application for leave of absence addressed to the O. C, 1st Depot Battalion; ask the sergeant to parade you to your company cautai making application through liim. He will see that 'it is placed before the commanding officer. The application will then be forwarded to the leave of absence board and will ! be dealt with by thenij. Write C. Rice-Jones, giving full particulars as to what you have been doing during the past few years, as it,^ necessary for you to support your claim that you are a farmer or farm laborer. 6. Statements have been made that it is necessary for a man to own land before he can secure leave of absence. This is not so. If you.fcre e farm laborer, get the farmer fdr Whom you is-tend to go to work t6,al�o write in, gjving a complete statement as to the acreage which he intends to crop and the work he has to do this summer. Mr. Rice-JoneE states that it is useless for men to attempt Ho take advantage of provisions for leave of absence unless they are experienced at farm work, that it is not a case of farmers or farm laborers as a class being granted leave of absence, but of men whose knowledge of farm work is such that they can better serve their country during the coming season by assisting in increasing the production of foodstuffs than in any other way. DARKENING OF SHIPS London, March 9-(Via Reuter's) - The most vital importance is attached by the admiralty to the darkening of ships as explained in the- Geddes speech. The admiralty desiros that the fullest possible jmblicity be given to this passage of the speech by placarding and, otherwise, and that protective measures as prescribed be immediately and implicitly carried out. Food Will Win the War Serve your country and yourself by raising FOOD on the fertile plains of Western "Canada. The Canadian Pacific Railway makes it easy for you to begin. Lands $11 to$30an acre; irrigated land up to $50; 20 years to pay. Loan to assist settlers on irrigated lands. Get fnil particulars and free illustrated literature from ALUM CAMERON, Gtf'l Sflt C.P.H Laife 905, Ht St. E��t, CALGARY Emerson Farm Tractor Guaranteed to pull two 14-inch bottoms in breaking ana three 14-inch bottoms in stubbier? also to run a 24-inch separator with all attachments to full capacity. Engine operates successfully on gasoline or kerosene. A general purpose four cylinder farm engine; three speeds-low speed 1.64, intermediate 2 25, high 3.4. The draw bar pL'Ii on low gear is 2700 lbs., intermediate 2,000 lbs., high gear 13G0 lbs. For full particulars as to dimensions, etc., call upon- Reduced $325.00 .Since Removal of Duty THOMAS QUINN LETHBRIDGE' AGENT The MOLINE UNIVERSAL Tractor "IS MADE IN THE LARGEST TRACTOR FACTORY IN THE WORLD." "It is no experiment." "Go aee other Tractor* first before seeing the Moline." "We Invite criticism." "The man who drives th� "Moline" runs the binder." Read our severe tests on Montana soil. Get our testimonial given to us by authentic farmers during the 2 years use In the States. 7500 sold in the States. Flret Season for Canada. Output arranged and contracted for at works 20,000. 50% power conserved with the Mollne. Agent: W. Keith Bell LETHBRIDGE HOTEL, WILL BE,PLEASED TO GIVE ALL -  INFORMATION. MAKING A The disposition of his property, is of great importance to every man. He should appoint the' most efficient Executor. The modern Executor is a Trust Company. - " WE ARE AT; YOUR SERVICE. ' The Trusts and Guarantee Company, limited CALGARY AND LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA '. .' LETHBRIDGE OFFICE: BANK OF COMMERCE BUILDING, J. W. McNICOL, INSPECTOR. PUBLIC ADMINISTRATOR AND OFFICIAL ASSIGNEE FOR THE JUDICIAL DISTRICTS OF LETHBRIDGE, MACLEOD. MEDICINE 'HAT, CALGARY, RED DEER, STETTLER, \ I Government Bonds We offer all maturities of Victory Loan at 98% and accrued interest. Free from Taxes. Bonds may he registered as to Principal. We can also supply you with Provincial and Municipal Bonds. / The British Canadian Trust Co. EXECUTOR, ADMINISTRATOR, A881GNEE, ETC. HEAD OFFICE, 315 FIFTH STREET S. i LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA _j'lfj"'^"'^ TRACTOR REPAIRS Now is the time to put your tractor in shape for spring work. Look your machine over today. We are well equipped to handle your repairs. If your cylinders are worn or scored, we can rebore them and fit them with oversize pistons and rings at a reasonable charge. We carry in stock oversize pistons for all popular makes of gas tractors. 216 First Avenue S. N1VEN BROS. Phone 1732 ;