Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 8, 1974, Lethbridge, Alberta
City's history includes bar rooms and brothels THE FLU By KEN ROBERTS Herald Staff Writer Lethbridge of the 1880's was a different town than what appeared on the surface, says a historian from Memorial University in Newfoundland. The Lethbridge News, the local newspaper of that day, painted a picture of a quiet frontier town with a pleasant climate and a happy church- going populace. All in all, the paper was a very good place to live. However, most of the population of Lethbridge in the 1880's consisted of single transient coal miners who came to the town in the winter to work in the mines and went farming in the summer. Along with these miners came saloons, gambling houses and brothels, A. A. den Otter told about 30 people at a public lecture held at the University of Lethbridge Thursday. In the late 1880's a district of brothels sprang up in Lethbridge. There were six two and three storey brothels located near .what is now Sick's Lethbridge .Brewery Ltd., in a district called The Point. Along with the brothels there were 50 saloons in a town with a total population of Although these saloons, gambling houses and brothels offered, some "shallow hospitality" to the miners who worked long, hard hours, they were also "the cruel destroyers of many men." Men would lose their wages at a crooked gambling table and sometimes be brutally assaulted. It was quite a setback to a miner who had been saving his money to buy a'farm to blow his week's wages in one night, Mr. den Otter said. Mr. den Otter is working on a doctorate degree from the University of Alberta. The subject of his thesis is Sir Farm plates set f Licence plates for farm vehicles are now on sale. Although some distributors had the farm plates when new licence plates and stickers. went on sale March 1, the highways and transport department had ordered the plates held until more could be processed. It was decided to wait until all distributors had the plates before they were sold. Alexander Gait and Western Canada. The Northwest Mounted Police didn't do much about these brothels, saloons and gambling houses but more or less ignored them. However, the NWMP was kept busy. Burton Deans, who was in command in the 1880's, once requested a new jail because one night he had 20 men in the jail and it was just too small. The Lethbridge News blamed the rowdiness of the town on the Hungarians and Slavs who made up a good percentage of the miners. In one stinging editorial The News called them "the most despicable people who had ever made their way to Canada. Their customs were repulsive and their mode was filthy and unwholesome." Mr. den Otter pointed out there were permanent residents in Lethbridge at the time who were interested in developing the town into a thriving community. In 1891 these people succeeded in having Lethbridge incorporated into a town. Schools still closed in Milk River, Coutts By GEORGE STEPHENSON Herald Staff Writer Although.an influenza outbreak has forced closure of schools in Milk River and Coutts, other areas of Southern Alberta have not yet been seriously affected. The Barons-Eureka and Chinook health units have been "keeping an eye on" schools in their areas for signs of an outbreak but have not noticed any increase in the absenteeism of students because of the flu. Monday, Warner County school superintendent Garfield Potvin ordered three schools in Milk River and Coutts closed because of the flu outbreak. Dr. A. A. Byrne, public health officer for Lethbridge and the County of Warner, said Thursday the schools would remain closed until Monday. Because the schools are closed the health unit cannot tell if the flu outbreak is subsiding or not. The unit guages the extent of the outbreak through the absentee rate in the schools. The outbreak became apparent first in Milk River then spread to Coutts and Warner. It does not seem to have spread to the Raymond area, he said. In Warner an official at the school division office said the number of students sick seems to have slightly decreased. Dr. Byrne added if the outbreak is tapering off it will "take awhile for a trend to develop." At the Barons-Eureka health unit, which keeps a continuous record of absenteeism from a random sampling of schools throughout its area County of Lethbridge and Municipal District of Taber no noticeable change in absenteeism because of the flu has been recorded. Dr. Kurt Adler, at the Chinook health unit in Fort Macleod. said there is no indication of an outbreak of flu in that area. The health unit has been keeping in touch with schools and industry in the area and has not noticed any abnormal trends in absenteeism because of influenza. s District The Lethbridge Herald SECOND SECTION Lethbridge, Alberta, Friday, March 8, 1974 Pages 13-24 Helping hands Bryan Fletcher, 5, 1291-Coaldale, gets two helping hands from Greg Strong to demonstrate to other Happy Land Kindergarten students the areas of the teeth where plaque remains hidden. Dr. Strong showed the students how to eliminate plaque from the teeth, while also giving dental 4-9, a helping hand. RICK ERVIN photo 'Catholic schools good buy Gov't to check with different identity9 Raymond Home By JIM GRANT Herald Staff Writer Education in catholic separate schools is a good buy. if it pursues an identity that is different from public school education, the superintendent of Lethbridge separate schools says. Parents, teachers and administrators "have had to drop the apologetic stance" they once took when giving their reasons for supporting a separate school system. Ralph Himsl says in an interview. People are beginning to realize that separate schools are and must be "different than public schools." he suggests. "If they aren't why do we have To help better understand the purpose of the local separate school system, its trustees directed its administration to form a special committee about a year ago to evaluate the philosophical goals of the separate schools. The committee found Chat the local system did not have a written statement of goals and as a result it was possible for inconsistent practice to develop within the schools. Without an "agreed-upon philosophy, p pie working in the schools at different times and places make decisions on the basis of unexamined assumptions about the meaning of a Catholic school." the report of the special committee says. The trustees then established a task force to develop a statement of what the separate schools stand for so new staff members, parents wanting to enrol their children in separate schools and prospective school board candidates can decide whether they want to be part of the system. The task force has and still is soliciting opinions from different population groups on what they think Catholic schools should be offering their children. The task force is approaching the public in search of views that "we may not get in another way" and it has found video tape to be the most effective method of obtaining these opinions, Mr. Himsl says. Through its statement of philosophy, he says, the separate school system must inform the community of its educational bias and then reflect that bias in its library resources and curriculum. The school system must also adopt a practice of worship that can be applied in its schools. "We have to be able to offer an educational program that is in line' with Christian principles." The religious classes should teach some of the Christian dogma but their emphasis should be on less dogma and "more spirit of life and joy in God's creation. Mr. Himsl adds. The Lethbridge separate school curriculum has not been able to do much curriculum development that would reflect its religious bias because many of its teachers do not have the training to be able to reflect Christianity in their daily teaching. At one time, Mr. Himsl says, the church was able to provide teachers for Catholic separate schools from within, but with a decline in the order of sisters "lay people" had to be hired. The separate school board will be presenting a brief to the University of Lethbridge senate March 16 urging support of its efforts to obtain professional preparation., for teachers that is specific to the needs of Catholic schools in the province. The development of Christianity in the curriculum will "come as soon as we develop sophistication among the staff." Mr. Himsl contends. An investigation of complaints against the Raymond Home and reassessment of all patients will be carried out by the provincial department of health and social development. Dick Mead, director of the department's homes and institutions branch which administers the Raymond Home said the situation "is in the hands of the deputy minister and complaints will be investigated." Deputy minister Bruce Rawson was unavailable for comment. The investigation is a result of a story published in The Herald March 2. The Herald story quoted two former patients who claimed patients are not given a chance for eventual release from the home. The story reported there is no effort made to help the severely ill because no psychiatrist visits the home, rehabilitation is lacking at the home and patients are not aware of their rights. June Tagg, regional direct services chairman for the Canadian Mental Health Association, termed the 65 middle-aged women patients as "forgotten people." Ms. Tagg told The Herald the government should be reassessing all the patients and providing adequate rehabilitation programs aimed at eventual release or improvement of the quality of life for patients at the home. Sources told The Herald Thursday a complete reassessment of the patients will be carried out by Alberta Mental Health Services. Mr. Mead said: "This is probably true." Pomp and ceremony And in the midst of it all was a gum chomper in coonskin hat By AL SCARTH Herald Legislatwrc Bwreav EDMONTON There was a little pomp and a little ceremony at Thursday's speech from the throne and a girl with a coonskin hat The premier wore a morning coal, the lieutenant-governor an impressive black and gold uniform reserved for such occasions and the girl her coonskin hat possibly also reserved for such occasions. But she didn't get to take part in the formal procedures of the day. She just watched from the gallery and attentively took notes on the Conservative government's platform for this session of the legislature. Her quiet rebuke of the formalities of dress for the day was punctuated by vigorous chews on a piece of gum. About 200 visitors packed the floor of the legislature with more in the galleries. A fanfare greeted Ll.-Gov. J. W. Grant MacEwan, escorted into the chamber by the premier. The Lteutenant-Govemor took 26 minutes to read the speech written for him by his ministers. It may nave been Mr. MacEwan's last such duty since he plans to retire soon. Known for his interest hi physical fitness, he nonetheless made a small slip hi reading his script, pronouncing the recently-coined word, participaction in its original form. The scene outside the legislative chamber after the speech lost most of its pomp and ceremony took on a carnival air. The huge dome of the legislative buildings turned the band's music from above into something far from the intent of the composers. Special guests of the government mingling outside over tea and both alcoholic and non- alcoholic punch included four supreme court judges, five clergy, 10 diplomats, the ombudsman and a university president. Bat the Davy Crockett headpiece bad disappeared, leaving the lieutenant governor hi his admiral's peaks to carry on. If PWA succeeds Time faces loss If Pacific Western Airlines is successful in its bid to establish twice-daily jet service to Lethbridge, Time Air would lose a month, Time's president told the Southern Alberta Council on Public Affairs Thursday. But Stubb Ross said a PWA application for one Lethbridge-Calgary jet flight a day would be more difficult to oppose. "I would still oppose it, but it would be harder to he said. Replaying tc a question, Mr. Ross said he isn't sure at this point what he would do if PWA won its bid on the basis of two flights per day. "We would have to adjust to some he said. "Maybe there is enough Medicine Hat-Calgary business to move the bulk of our operation there. "We' would have to see exactly what the decision was." "Lethbridge-Calgary is 62 per cent of our he said. "We're operating on a small profit margin. Obviously any dilution of that traffic would put us in the red." Mr. Ross also told thepublic affairs luncheon he personally thinks a Regina-Lethbridge- Okanagan-Vancouver flight would be profitable. But Time Air would not apply for such a route, because it's a regional route and Time Air is a third-level carrier, he said. "We would not oppose any application for that he added. Mr. Ross said he has heard nothing yet from the Air Transport Committee of the Canadian Transport Commission on his application to fly a 40-passenger turbo- prop aircraft three times daily on a Lethbridge-Cal- gary-Edmonton run. "But I understand they are proceeding with my application without waiting to deal with PWA s. he said. There had been fears expressed that Time Air's application would be delayed until the PWA application was considered, delaying the arrival of any sort of larger aircraft serving the city. Mr. Ross said the 40- passenger turbo-prop would cut flight time to Calgary by only five minutes but would reduce the time to Edmonton by 45 minutes. He said a jet would cut flying time to Calgary by only about 10 minutes. Regarding jet service. Mr. Ross said that at the moment a Boeing 737. U7-passenger aircraft like that used by PWA be feasible for Time Air's operation. "But other jets are coming close to being he said. He also said Time Air's turbo-prop would not be serious competition to the Pacific Western airbus, which he said carries 43.000 passengers a month between Calgary and Edmonton. "If PWA would like to open the door completely to competition we would be happy to step Mr. Ross added. "But we would like to compete, with apples and apples, not twin 'otters." And Mr. RbsFaTsoPrevealed that Time Air had hoped to start nights to Great Falls this spring or fall. Approval from the Canadian -side has been obtained and it would take, about 30 to 45 days to gain approval from the Civil Aeronautics Board in the United States, he said. City may oppose PWA bid The city's transportation committee is expected to recommend to city council Monday that an intervention be filed against Pacific Western Airline's application to fly a Lethbridge-Calgary route.. But transportation committee chairman Steve Kotch said today following meetings with PWA officials Thursday evening he could not confirm what the recommendation is until council has a chance to see it. He said the case presented by PWA to the committee was much the same as its application to the Canadian Transport Commission. "There were no startling revelations." he said. The committee had earlier sent a message of support for Time Air to the CTC when PWA's application first became public. Park Meadows extension approved A 63-acre extension to the Park Meadows subdivision in northeast Lethbridge was approved Thursday by the Oldman River Regional Planning Commission. Engineered Homes, the developer, intends to build 138 single-family homes in the extension, as well as 30 multi- family residences. Construction will probably begin in May. The development is part of a million building program being carried out by private developers in the northeast section of the city over the next two or three wars.