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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - March 8, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 - THE LETHBRIDGE HERALD - Monday, March 8, 1971 EDITORIALS li�iiii�iiii��i^^ Carl Rowan Ineffectual efforts Carl Rowan in his column today charges that efforts to end the menace of heroin addiction in the United States are ineffectual because of failure to boldly attack the problem at the source. The source of the problem is the poppy fields in Turkey from where an estimated 80 per cent of the world's supply of heroin originates. Attempts to fight the traffic have largely been centred on smuggling. Turkish Digest, issued from the Turkish Embassy in Washington, in its latest issue reports that AID (the Agency for International Development of the U.S. department of state) signed a three million dollar loan with Turkey to aid in the control of smuggled opium. Part of the money will be used to purchase aircraft to chase smugglers. Recently there was a stoiy in the news about the U.S. and France signing a pact to fight the drug traffic. It has long been known that the heroin smuggled to the U.S. is processed from Turkish opium in southern France. The pact provides for the establishment of narcotics offices in France for the Americans and in the U.S. for the French. Senator Walter F. Mondale of Minnesota has introduced a bill in Congress that would attack the problem in the way Mr. Rowan thinks it should be attacked. The bill is in the form of an amendment to the Foreign Aid Appropriations Act. Essentially it seeks to end the growing of poppies by providing funds to help opium farmers to convert to other crops. It is a "horrible absurdity" in the eyes of Senator Mondale that Turkey, a NATO ally and recipient of five and one-half billion dollars in U.S. aid since 1964, should be stabbing the U.S. in the back through the drug traffic. "The interests of the United States would be far better served if Turkey were a member of the Communist bloc (the Communist countries rigidly control poppy culture) rather than a NATO ally supplying our great cities with the means of their destruction." Money interests may be the ultimate factor in preventing the taking of the only sure way of curbing the hard drug trade but Senator Mondale says the U.S. administration is stifling any move to force crop conversion in Turkey for "diplomatic reasons." The argument against pushing for such a program has been that it would amount to intervening in the domestic affairs of another state. When one reflects on the numerous ways in which the U.S. has intervened in the affairs of other states through the activities of the Central Intelligence Agency and the Army that ar-g u m e n i is laughable. No wonder some people suspect that no significant advance is being made in dealing with the heroin menace because big money is involved. Waste recycling Resource management increasingly points to the necessity of waste recycling. "Pollution Control - South em Alberta" is getting to a fundamental issue, then, when it searches for ways to tackle the problem. There is realism in the recognition that a community - wide system of collection of re-usable waste is required. The percentage of people who will take their material to a depot on their own is very likely to be depressingly small - in spite of t h e extensive concern that has been aroused over pollution. In some instances the failure to act might be attributed to sheer inertia but in others it is apt to be rooted in logistical problems of storage and cartage. Waste products in many homes and apartments have to go out every day because of shortage of space, and not quite everyone yet has a vehicle. Since it has repeatedly been emphasized that fighting pollution is going to cost the individual money, per- haps the way to handle this problem is to reguire householders to separate their wastes into designated containers to be all handled by the existing garbage collection arrangement. The increased cost of such a service would have to be charged back to the citizens in some way. But before such a thing would be feasible there would have to be real recycling plants in operation to which the re-usable material could be delivered. Florists can only use a certain amount of paper and their use of it merely postpones the pollution problem. Unless paper can be returned to a state of again receiving print the bulk of it has to be treated as garbage. Recycling plants might offer new employment opportunities. In the case of the recycling of paper it appears that it is not yet an economically profitable business. This may be one area where government subsidization would be widely recognized as legitimate. ART BUCHWALD WASHINGTON - President Nixon has given all of us assurances that the American GIs will not do any fighting in Laos, Cambodia, or even North Vietnam- on the ground, that is. Therefore, the burden of all the fighting will be on the South Vietnamese, which seems to be a fine idea with President Thieu and Marshal Ky. But nobody seems to have asked the average South Vietnamese soldier how he feels about all this. Three South Vietnamese soldiers were dug in along the Ho Chi Minh Trail the other day discussing the situation. "Hey look, did you hear that after this incursion they want us to invade North Vietnam?" "The generals must be out of their rice-picking minds," Cpl. Lok said. "What in the monsoon do they want us to invade North Vietnam for?" "So the American GIs can pull out of our country faster," Pfc. No Dem replied. "You see, every time we go into another country, it makes it easier for Nixon to pull out Americans." "That's fine for the Americans," Pic. Nhu Nhu said. "But what happens to us?" "According to the American generals in Saigon we're as good fighters as any army in the world, providing we have aerial support and the enemy has none," Pfc. No Dem said. "That's a crock of yak butter," Cpl. Lok said. "They're just saying that so they can pull out without losing face." "That's no way to talk about our ally, Lok. If it hadn't been for the U.S., we wouldn't be on the Ho Chi Minh Trail today," Pfc. No Dem said. "Getting our butts shot off," Cpl. Lok grunted. "You always think of yourselves," Pfc. No Dem said. "Do you realize there is a lot more at stake than just getting your butt shot off?" "Like what?" Cpl. Lok demanded. "Well, if President Nixon doesn't get enough American troops out of Vietnam he could lose the election in 1972." "I hadn't thought of that," Pfc. Nhu Nhu said. "You mean we're dug in here getting our butts shot off just so we won't make a liar out of Nixon?" Cpl. Lok said. "Not just Nixon, but Henry Kissinger and Mel Laird and Ambassador Bunker and Gen. Abrams and Joseph Alsop. There are a lot of careers that could go down the drain if we don't interdict the enemy's supply lines before the rainy season starts," Pfc. No Dem warned. "We're carrying a big burden on our shoulders," Pfc. Nhu Nhu agreed. "And let's not forget,"said Pfc. No Dem, "our own President Thieu's election could depend on the outcome of this incursion." "Who's he running against?" Cpl. Lok asked. "Nobody," Pfc. No Dem said. "But we still want him to look good, don't we?" Neither Nhu Nhu nor Lok replied. Cpl. Lok finally said, "Okay, let's, for argument's sake, say we cut the Ho Chi Minh Trail, secure Cambodia and invade North Vietnam and all the American troops pull out. Where does that leave us?" Pfc. No Dem replied, "We'll be part of the free world, dummy." (Toronto Telegram News Service) The fence that ivas to be By Doug Walker T'll bet there aren't many people who have had the honor of being presented with a fence picket at a public gathering. I was given one by Bill Kergan at the United Church fellowship dinner recently - it was even painted and gift wrapped. The picket was intended to be a starter for the fence at our place. It will not be wasted, I wish to assure my benefactors. I intend to plant it in the corner of the lot for everyone to see, not as a harbinger of the fence that is to be but as the memorial of the fence thai was lo be . . . and was sacrificed in a good cause. Here's why the U.S. drug menace grows WASHINGTON - The drug " tragedy deepens in this country, leaving ho family immune to its sudden curse. . In New York City another 960 people died from overdoses of heroin in 1970, some 60 more than 1969, and the deaths continue at the rate of three a day. Here in the nation's capital there were 63 heroin deaths, triple the 1969 figure, and several other fatalities caused by overdoses of methadone and other drugs. That mis is far from just a big city ghetto problem is pitifully evident in almost every suburban area. In Fairfax County, Virginia, for example, overdoses of methadone have taken the lives of five youths in 17 months. There is no hope of easing or ending this social calamity until: 1. The justice department and the.FBI become less interested in muzzling and jailing political dissenters and more interested in attacking the leeches of organized crime whose highly profitable heroin traffic is eating at the vitals of the nation. 2. The American public climbs out of a morass of confusion where high priority is given to jailing a "hippie" for "possession of marijuana" or to jailing the victim of heroin addiction, but only the most ineffectual efforts are devoted to drying up the sources of opium in Turkey and France, of jailing the hoodlums who bring it into the United States in such quantities. 3. Law enforcement officials really go after the policemen �who provide the protection that enables the heroin trade to flourish in many/big cities. The justice department boasts it used new wiretapping authority to break what Attorney General John Mitchell called one of the biggest drug rings. Those caught and convicted actually were third or fourth-string Mafia operators. A confidential memorandum within the justic* department hierarchy concedes that none of the big operators was arrested or indicted. The hard truth is that there is so much money in the drug traffic that the big operators play for keeps, buying off opposition in one area, killing it off where necessary. It is dangerous law enforcement work where success and glorv are hard to come by. It is a lot easier to go after student dissenters, or a Rap Brown, or priests and nuns thought to be involved in some conspiracy. And that is where too much FBI activity is concentrated - while the bloodsucking drug peddlers of organized crime go their merrv way. Public confusion and prejudices encourage this distortion of law-enforcement priorities. Minneapolis police vacuumed the jacket of the 18-year-old Robert Siirila to find a micro- The Pied Piper of Indochina scopic quantity of marijuana (l-MOOths of an ounce). As a result the youth has spent two years behind bars and is now on parole. The Minnesota Supreme Court recently voted, 4 to 3, to uphold his conviction. One dissenter, Judge James Otis, said, "It is inconceivable to me that the legislature intended 20 years imprisonment for possessing an unusuabl* amount of marijuana which could neither be sold, consumed, nor in any other way pose a threat to society." In many communities, where heroin peddlers hide safely be* hind an umbrella of rackets-purchased protection, those who become addict victims are unceremoniously thrown behind bare. A fortnight ago in the District of Columbia Superior Court Judge Tim C. Murphy sought to put an end to this travesty on justice. Murphy freed a 35 - year - old heroin addict charged with narcotics possession as "a sick man." The judge called upon Congress to "provide treatment for such people instead of Using criminal law to send them to jail." Private and semi-official groups offering treatment for heroin addicts have run into harassment and other difficulties with the law in some cities. It is not just naked cynicism that leads some people to speculate that the harassment is part of the protection that organized crime has bought. An anti-marijuana drive is okay, but leave heroin alone, for, that is where the big money is-that seems to be the racketeers' instructions. People have a legitimate fear of the drug traffic. This fear is being exploited by government officials and policemen who want to override long - standing prohibitions against invasions of privacy and unreasonable searches and seizures. But it is the minnows that keep getting caught in the dragnets. The public has got to ask when the buggings and wiretaps will turn up the big drug profiteers, the high level policemen who are on the take. Until they do, we will have to assume that the fight against drug abuse is mostly talk, and that widespread electronic surveillance is mostly a political device for protecting the status quo. (Field Enterprises, Inc.) Maurice Western The encyclopedic Canadian Labor Congress riTTAWA - The Cana-dian Labor Congress recently held its third confrontation with the prime minister and assorted members of the federal cabiniet. In contrast to the first, which was cordial, and the second, which was angry, the latest meeting was a soporific exercise. It ought'not to have been, because the CLC brief fairly bristled with hostile references to the government and its policies. Among the sins attributed to ministers were "brutality," "callousness, "studied indifference," "in-epitude," "extreme reaction (to FLQ terrorism)," "excess of zeal ill-becoming a responsible government." In con-such a memorandum might "appear to generate" a "kind of friction" which the writers felt would have "positive value." After such a prelude, what followed seemed remarkably mild. If the object of confrontation was to ruffle feathers, or to generate positive friction in satisfying measure, Letter to the editor this must have been a disappointment to all concerned. As the prime minister noted in his response, the CLC is like the government in that it exercises great power. He might have added that it behaves like the government. It obviously employs skilled public relations experts t o project a glossy paper image in no way inferior to that of the chamber of commerce. It also attempts to cover the waterfront, or at least everything on the waterfront that is covered by its political arm, the New Democratic Party. No group bent on covering everything can cover much in detail in a relatively short period. Mr. Trudeau, the master of confrontation, dealt briefly with two matters - unemployment and the action taken in Quebec against the FLQ. After that he played the game by the CLC rules. Edgar Benson w a s on hand to discuss the economy, Mitchell Sharp to deal with Greece and South Africa, Robert An- In defence of Warriors I have never written letters to the newspaper but after the unfair treatment and criticism that the Lethbridge Warriors have received this year, I feel that someone must tell the other side of the story. This juvenile team is composed of a group of boys, who are keen on hockey, just like the other teams. They are supposed to be a farm team for the Sugar Kings but most of them realize now that this is just a joke for no matter how well they play, "The Kings" would rather bring in outsiders than use local boys. Nevertheless, even though many boys drop out of hockey at this age, particularly when no future is in view, this group still enjoys hockey. Though some of the fans from other areas don't realize it, many of the parents still travel to out-of-town games with the team. Their behavior and language is no worse or better than most of the other boys and better than some of the irate fans that have been witnessed at some of the games who badger some players unmercifully. They have two strikes against them - no future, unfair, bad reputation; then there are the referees who also have something against this club. Just to show you the support that this team gets from Lethbridge, while other teams had ample ice time to prepare for playoffs, this team went three weeks without even a game or practice time at a time when a team should be working towards perfecting their plays. I think this is most unfair! It amazes me that Lethbridge can even have a juvenile team with this type of treatment. Good luck Warriors! I think you not only need it but you deserve it. A FAN. Lethbridge. dras, housing, Jean-Luc Pepin, trade, and so on. It was all very instructive if scarcely new. But it was also anti - climatic, and Donald Macdonald, in his rebuttal, sounded very much like a man who knew that he was going nowhere in particular. Like the government, the CLC has too many policies and often they conflict. The brief, for example, contains a stirring passage on freer trade and views with grave concern "ominous signs" of "protectionist pressures." Tiirning the page, one reads: "At the same time, we hold very strongly the view that Canada, when necessary, should take effec'tive steps to prevent itself from becoming vulnerable to unfair import competition." A little later, we find two pages of commendation about recent textile legislation. This was quite enough to make Mr. Pepin purr with contentment. Why is the CLC so worried about import competition when it is well aware of our unprecedented export surplus and uses that as an argument against the government's economic policies of last year? Had we had rampant inflation, a balance of payments crisis, a weak dollar, stringent policies might, it i s suggested, have had some justification. But in respect to inflation and trade, we did better than any country. Mr. Trudeau made short work of this. Wisdom after the event is all very well, but the government had no crystal ball last year which might have enabled it to forsee how well or how badly our trading partners would manage their affairs. Neither did the CLC,' which also worried about inflation last year but was not prepared to do anything about it. The stand of the CLC on foreign affairs, apart from being illogical, is puzzling because it would invite even greater unemployment. As would be expected from its statements of other years, the CLC welcomes the new China policy and wants the government to vote for the admission of mainland China to the United Nations. But it finds our South African policy "incomprehensible," calls for an end of preferential tariffs and a q ui c k move towards "the complete cessation of all trade with that country." But the CLC, as a strongly non-Communist organization, presumably disapproves also of many policies of China, the Soviet Union and other trading partners. It must do so since trade unions in those countries are agencies of the state. If there is to be no trade with states whose governments follow objectionable policies, clearly there will be a great deal less trade and a great deal more unemployment. When not brooding over the alleged inequities of the Trudeau government, the CLC broods about Spain, Russia, Portugal, South Africa, the United States and NORAD. What it appears to want is a protest from Mr. Sharp every hour on the hour. Whether this would help things very much is at least doubtful. It is certainly a more spirited policy than that outlined in the government's multi-colored paper (of which the CLC thinks very little) but, if put into action, it would probably have unfortunate effects on the job situation and might cause future union delegations to complain of ministerial brutality and callousness, not to mention "excess of zeal ill-becoming a responsible government." The CLC is as much entitled to its views as any other group, but in confrontations with the government it would almost certainly do better if it was less encyclopedic. By rationing itself to two or three topics, it might hope for a searching discussion, which is more than it achieved on Monday. This would mean a worthwhile saving on glossy paper and public relations costs. The rest of the waterfront and of the NDP program could be postponed, without irreparable loss, for some future occasion. (Herald Ottawa Bureau) Looking backward Through the Herald 1921 - British, Belgian and French troops entered Dussel-dorf for Germany's failure to accept reparation terms imposed. President Ebert of Germany declared the action of the allies was contrary to the terms of the Versailles treaty. 1931 -India's civil disobedience campaign came to an end March 3 when an agreement of peace was signed by Lord Irwin, viceroy of India and Mahatma Gandhi. 1941 - United States flags were broken out in various sections of London to show British satisfaction at passage of the British aid bill in the United States senate. 1951-Weather records were shattered at Edmonton, Calgary and Medicine Hat early today with temperatures of 30 to 45 degrees below zero. It was 34 below in the city. The Lethbridge Herald 504 7th St. S., Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905-1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Registration No. 0012 Member of The Canadian Press end the Canadian Dally Newspaper Publishers' Association and tha Audit Bureau of Circulations CLEO W. MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA Managing Editor ROY F. MILES Advertising Manager WILLIAM HAY Associate Editor DOUGLAS K. WALKER Editorial Page Editor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;