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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 8, 1971, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THE IFTHBRIDGF HERALD Mendoy, Match S, 1971 Carl Roivan Here's why the U.S. drug menace grows Ineffectual efforts Carl Rowan in his column today charges that efforts to end the men- ace of heroin addiction in the United States are ineffectual because of fail- ure to boldly attack the problem at the source. The source of the prob- lem is the poppy fields in Turkey from an estimated 80 per cent of the world's supply of heroin orig- inates Attempts to fight the traffic have largely been centred on smuggling. Turkish Digest, issued from the Turk- ish Embassy in Washington, in its latest issue reports that AID (tne Agency for International Develop- ment of the U.S. department of state! a three million dollar loan with Turkey to aid in the control of smuggled opium. Part of the money will lie used to purchase aircraft to chase smugglers. Recently theie a story in the news about the U S and France sign- ing a pact to fight the drug traffic. It has Ion? been known that the her- oin smuggled to the U S. is processed from Turkish opium in southern France The pact provides for the establishment of narcotics offices in France for the Americans and in the U.S. for the French. Senator Walter F. Mondale of Min- nesota has introduced a bill in Con- gress that w ould attack the problem in the way Mr. Rowan thinks it should be attacked. The bill is in the form of an amendment to the For- Appropriations Act. Essen- tiallv it seeks to end the growing of poppies by providing funds to help opium fanners to convert to other crops. It is a "horrible absurdity" in the eyes of Senator Mondale that Tur- key, a NATO ally and recipient of five and one-half billion dollars in U S aid since 1964, should be stab- bin" the U S. in the back through the dm" traffic "The interests of the United States would be far better served if Turkey were a member of the Communist bloc (the Communist countries ligidly control poppy cul- ture) rather than a NATO ally sup- plying our great cities with the means of their destruction Money interests may be the ulti- mate factor in preventing the tak- of the only sure way of curbing the hard drug trade but Senator Mon- dale says the U.S. administration is stifling any move to force crop con- version iii Turkey for "diplomatic reasons." The argument against push- in" for such a program has been that it would amount to intervening in the domestic affairs of another state. When one reflects on the numerous ways in which the U.S. has intervened in the affairs of other states through the activities of the Central Intelli- oence Agency and the Army that ar- g u m e n is laughable. No wonder some people suspect that no signifi- cant advance is being made in deal- ing with the heroin menace because big money is involved. WASHINGTON The drug tragedy deepens in this country, leaving no family im- mune to its sudden curse. In New York City another 960 people died from overdoses of heroin in 1970, some 60 more than and the deaths con- tinue at the rate three a day. Here in the nation's capital there were 63 heroin deaths, triple the figure, and sev- eral other fatalities caused by overdoses of methadone and other drugs. That this is far from just a big city ghetto problem is piti- fully evident in almost every suburban area. In Fairfax County, Virginia, for example, overdoses of methadone have taken the lives of five youths in 17 month There is no hope of easing or ending this social calamity un- til: 1. The justice department and the FBI become less in- terested in muzzling and jail- ing political dissenters and more interested in attacking the leeches of organized crime whose highly profitable heroin traffic is eating at the vitals of the nation. 2. The American public climbs out of a morass of con- fusion where high priority is given to jailing a "hippie" for "possession of marijuana" or to jailing the victim of heroin addiction, but only the most in- effectual efforts are devoted to drying up the sources of opium in" Turkey and France, of jail- ing the hoodlums who bring it into the United States in such quantities. 3. Law enforcement officials really go after the policemen who provide the protection that enables the heroin trade to flourish in many big cities. The justice department boasts it used new wiretapping authority to break what Attor- ney General John Mitchell call- ed one of the biggest drug rings. Those caught and con- victed actually were third or fourth-string Mafia operators. A confidential memorandum within the justice department hierarchy concedes that none of the big operators was ar- rested or indicted. The hard truth is that there is so much money in the drug traffic that the big operators play for keeps, buying off op- position in one area, killing it off where necessary. It is dan- gerous law enforcement work success and glorv are hard to come by. It is a lot easier to go after student dissenters, or a Rap Brown, or priests and nuns thought to be involved in some conspiracy. And that is where too much FBI activity is con- centrated while the blood- sucking drug peddlers of or- ganized crime go their merry way. Public confusion and prej- udices encourage this distor- tion of law-enforcement priori- ties. Minneapolis police vacuum- ed the jacket of the 18-year-old Robert Siirila to find a micro- Waste recycling Resouice management increasing- ly points to the necessity of waste recyclin" "Pollution Control South ern Alberta" is getting to a funda- mental issue, then, when it searches for ways to tackle the problem. There is realism in the recogni- tion that a community wide sys- tem of collection of re-usable waste is required. The percentage of peo- ple who will take their material to a depot on their own is very likely to be depressingly small in spite of the extensive concern that has been aroused over pollution. In some instances the failure to act might be attributed to sheer in- ertia but in others it is apt to be rooted in logistical problems of stor- age and cartage. Waste products in many homes and apartments have to go out every day because of shortage of space, and not quite everyone yet has a vehicle. Since it has repeatedly been em- phasized that fighting pollution is go- ing to cost the individual money, per- haps the way to handle this problem is to reguire'householders to separate their wastes into designated contain- ers to be all handled by the existing oarbage collection arrangement. The increased cost of such a service would have to be charged back to the citizens in some way. But before such a thing would be feasible there would have to be real recycling plants in operation to which the" re-usable material could be de- livered. Florists can only use a cer- tain amount of paper and their use of it merely postpones the pollution problem. Unless paper can be re- turned to a state of again receiving print the bulk of it has to be treated as garbage Recycling plants might offer new employment opportunities. In the case of the recycling of paper it appears that it is not yet an economically profitable business. This may be one area where government subsidization would be widely recognized as legit- imate. ART BUCHWALD "Getting our butts shot Cpl. Lok grunted. "You alv.ajs think of yourselves." Pfc. No Dem said. ''Do you realize there is a lot more at stake than just getting your butt shot off" "Like what''' Cpl Lok demanded. if President Nixon doesn t get enough American troops out of Vietnam he could Icse the election in 1972." "I hadn't thought of Pfc Nhu Nhu said "You mean we're dug in here getting our butts shot off just so we won't make a liar out of Nrxon'1 Cpl Lok .said. "iVot just Nixon, but Henry Kissinger and Mel Laird and Ambassador Bunker and Gen. Abrams and Joseph Alsop. There are a let of careers that could go down the dram if we don't interdict the enemy s supply lines before the rainy sea- son Pfc No Dem warned 'We'ie carnint! a big burden on our Pfc Nhu Nhu agreed. "And let's not foiget' said Pfc. No Dem, our OWTI President Thipu's election could depend on the outcome of this incursion -Who's he running against'" Cpl. Lok a.skeil Pft No Dem said "But we Mill want turn In look Ri.nd. don't we'" Neither Nhu Nhu nnr lepheil Cpl Lok fmalk taid, lets, for ?rguments sake, sav we cut the Ho Chi Mmh Trail, secure Cambodia and invade .Yith ,tnl .ill the American tumps pull out Mine dots ih.it Us'1 I'lc Iiem ii'pliul be part "f till1 fiee wnlil. dumni} I'onmto News SI-HUT) The fence thai mis lo be Hv Dong ,r, people w'nn for the fain- ,it c.ui place It will no! 1-e IL; pii'senlcd wasted. I wish to assuie my benefactors t public jMthiTing. intend lo plant it in the coiner of the lot the for In not as a harbinger of feme th it is lo In- hut as the moiu- "d ,ni.il ni i.i. li-iiir w.i.s lu hi1 and I'd In In1 ,i M.uli'i was in a Rood i ause. President Nixon has given all ot us assurances that the American Gls will not do any fighting in Laos, Cambodia, or even North on the around, that is. Therefore, the burden of all the fighting will be on the South Vietnamese, which seems to be a fine idea with President Thieu and Mar- shal Ky. But nobody seems lo have ask- ed the'average Soath Vietnamese soldier how he feels about all this Three South Vietnamese soldiers were dug m along the Ho Chi llinh Trail the other day discussing the situation "Hey look, did von hear that after this incursion they want us to invade North "The geneials must be out of their nee- lucking minds." Cpl Lr.l: sdici "What in the monsf.nn do thev want us to invade North ictnam for'' "So the American can pull out of our countn Pic No Dem replied. You ice, time v.e go into ano'her ccuntrv, it makes it eucier for N'.xon to pull out Americans "That s fine for ihe Americans. 1'ic Nhu Nhu .-aid Rut uh.it happens to In the Ameiican ponwals in fisMi't.- a1- nnv rudin3 vr have l the enemy has Uittci Cpl i! tli.it MI they '.u face !n I.ilk .liiout (.iir io-n for Ihe t' S v.c 11 me ilu Chi Mmh Trail lo- The Pied Piper of Indochina scopic quantity of marijuana (l-2800ths of an As a result ths youth has spent two years behind bars and is now on parole. The Minnesota Su- preme Court recently voted. 4 to 3, to uphold his conviction. One dissenter, Judge J a m e c Otis, said, "It is inconceivabla to me that the legislature in- tended 20 years imprisonment for possessing an unusuabla amount of marijuana which could neither be sold, con- sumed, r.or in any other way pose a threat to society." In many communities, where heroin peddlers hide safely be- hind an umbrella of rackets- purchased protection, those who become addict victims are unceremoniously thrown behind barf. A fortnight ago in the Dis- trict of Columbia Superior Court Judge Tim C. Murphy sought to put an end to this travesty on justice. Murphy freed a 35 year old heroin addict charged with narcotics possession as "a sick man." The judge called upon Con- gress to "provide treatment for such people instead of using criminal law to send them to jail." Private and semi-official groups offering treatment for heroin addicts have run into harassment and other difficul- ties with the law in some cities. It is not just naked cynicism that leads some people to speculate that Uie harassment is part of the protection that organized crime has bought. An anti-marijuana drive is okay, but leave heroin alone, for "that is where the big mon- ey seems to be the racketeers' instructions. People have a legitimate fear of the drug traffic. This fear is being exploited by gov- ernment officials and police- men who want to override long- standing prohibitions against invasions of privacy and unreasonable searches and seizures. But it is the min- nows that keep getting caught in the dragnets. The public has got to ask when the buggings and wire- taps will turn up the big drug profiteers, the high level po- licemen who are on the take. Until they do, we will have to assume that the fight against drug abuse is mostly talk, and that widespread electronic sur- veillance is mostly a political device for protecting the status quo. (Field Enterprises, Inc.) Maurice Western The encyclopedic Canadian Labor Congress OTTAWA The Cana- dian Labor Congress re- cently held its third confronta- tion with the prime minister and assorted members of the federal cabmiet. In contrast to t h e first, which was cor- dial, and the second, which was angry, the latest meeting was a soporific exercise. It ought'not to have been, because the CLC brief fairly bristled with hostile refer- ences to the government and its policies. Among the sins attributed to ministers were "brutality." "callousness, "studied "m- "exireme reaction (to FLQ teironsmV ''excess of zeal ill-becoming a le- sponsibfe government.1' In con- such a memorandum might appear to generate'' a "kind of friction" which the writers felt would have "posithe value.'' After such a prelude, what followed seemed remarkably mild. If the object of con- frontation was to ruffle feath- ers, or to generate positive friction in satisfying measure, Letter to the editor this must have been a disap- pointment to all concerned. As the prime minister noted in his response, the CLC is hke the government in that it ex- ercises great power. He might have added that it behaves like the government. It obviously employs skilled public rela- tions experts t c project a glossy paper image in no way inferior to that of the cham- ber of commerce. It also at- tempts to cover the waterfront, or at least everything on the waterfront that is covered by its political arm, the N e w Democratic Party. No group bent on covering everything can cover much in detail in a relatively short period. Mr. Trudeau, the mas- ter of confrontation, dealt briefly with two matters un- employment and the action taken in Quebec against the FLQ. After that he played the game by the CLC rules. Edgar Benson was on hand lo discuss the economy, Mitch- ell Sharp to deal with Greece and South Africa, Robert An- In defence of Warriors I have never written letters to the newspaper but after the unfair treatment and criticism that Ihe LetlibridRe Warriors have received this I fee] that Mimeonc must tell Ihe oilier side of the ston This juvenile tearr. is com- posed of a group of bov.s, who are keen on hockey. ]ust hke th.' other teams They aie sup- posed lo be a farm team for the Sugar Kings but mo.st of them realise now that this is lust a for no matter how v.ell the1} plaj. "The Kings" would bung in outsiders than USP local bov.s Neverthe- less, though many drop out of hockey at this age, particularly when nn future is in view, this group still cnjojs Though sonic of II.c- fans from other areas don't realize it, many of the parents still havel "to Raines with the Ic.nr. T.u-ir behavior and language is no wot.se or better than most of tlie other boys and better than some of the hate fans that have been witnessed al some of the Raines who badger some plaj- i.-is They have two strikes against them no future, unfair, bad reputation; then there are the referees who also have some- thing against Uus chili. Jus! io show the .support (lift this team gels fiom Leth- bndgc, while oilier teams had ample ice time to prepare for plajcffs, this team went three without even a game or practice tune at a time when a team should IK working to- wards perfecting their plays. I think this is mo.st, unfair' It amazes ir.c that Lelhbridfl; can even have .1 juvenile team with this type of treatment Good luck Warriors' I think joii not only need it hut you it. A 1'A.N1 IxMhhrulgo dras, housing, Jean-Luc Pepin, trade, and so on. It was all very instructive if scarcely new. But it was also a n t i climatic, and Donald Maedonald, in his rebuttal, sounded very much like a man who knew that he was going nowhere hi particular. Like the government, the CLC has too many policies and otten they conflict. Tile brief, for example, contains a stir- ring passage on freer trade and views with grave concern "ominous signs" of "protec- tionist pressures." Turning the page, one reads: "At the same time, we hold very strongly the view that Canada, when neces- sary, should take effective steps to prevent itself from be- coming vulnerable to unfair import competition." A little later, we find tvvo pages of commendation about recent textile legislation. This was quite enough to make Mr. Pepin purr with contentment. Why is the CLC so worried about import competition when it is well aware of our unpre- cedented export surplus and uses that as an argument against the government's eco- nomic policies of last year? Had we had rampant inflation, a balance of payments crisis, a weak dollar, stringent policies might, it is suggested, have had some justification. But in respect to inflation and tiade, we did belter than any coun- try Mr Trudeau made short work of this. Wisdom after the event is all well, but ball last }car which h.ive enabled it to forsee how- well or how badly our trading partners would manage their affairs. Neither did the which also worried about infla- tion last 5ear but was not pie- pared to do anything alxiut it. The stand of the CLC on for- eign affairs, apart from being illogical, is puzzling because it would invite even greater 1111- As would be ex- pected from its statements of oilier years, the CLC welcomes the new China policy and wants the poveinni'.'iit to vote fin1 Ihe admission of mainland China lo the United Nations. But it finds our South African policy calls for an end of preferential tariffs and a q ui c k move to- wards "the complete cessation of all trade with that country." But the CLC, as a strongly n o n-Communist organization, presumably disapproves also of many policies of China, the Soviet Union and other trading partners. It must do so since trade unions in those countries are agencies of the state. If there is to be no trade with states whose gov- ernments follow objection- able policies, clearly there will be a great deal less trade and a great deal more unemployment. When not brooding over the alleged inequities of the Trudeau government, the CLC broods about Spain, Rus- sia, Portugal, South Africa, the United States and NOEAD. What it appears to want is a protest from Mr. S'narp ev- ery hour on the hour. Whether this would help things very much is at least doubtful. It is certainly a more spirited policy than that outlined in the government's multi-colored pa- per (of which the CLC thinks very little) but, h" put into ac- tion, it would probably have unfortunate effects on the job situation and might cause fu- ture union delegations to complain of ministerial bru- tality and callousness, not to mention "excess of zeal ill- becoming a responsible gov- ernment." The CLC is as much en- titled to its views as any other group, but in confronta- tions with the government it would almost certainly do bet- ter if it was less encyclopedic. By rationing itself to two or three topics, it might hope for a searching discussion, winch is more than it achieved on Monday. This would mean a worth- while saving on glossy paper and public relations costs. The rpst of the waterfront and of the NDP program could be postponed, without irrepar- able loss, for some future occa- sion. (Herald Ottawa Bureau) Looking backward Through the Herald 1921 British, Belgian and French troops entered Dussel- dorf for Germany's failure to accept reparation terms im- posed. President F.hert of Ger- many declared the action of the allies was contrary to the terms of the Versailles treaty. civil disobe- dience campaign came to an end March 3 when agree- ment nf peace was signed by Lord Irwin, viceroy of India and Mahatma Gandlii. United States flags were broken out in various .sec- tions of IjOndon lo show Brit- ish satisfaction at passage of the British aid bill in the Uni- ted Stales senate records were shattered at Edmonton, Cal- gaiy and llodicine Hat early today with temperatures of 30 to -15 degrees below zero. H was 3t below in the city. The Lethbridge Herald 30-1 7th St. S, Lethbridgc, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD CO. LTD., Proprietors and Publishers Published 1905-1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN Second Class Mall Reqistration No Ool7 Member of The Canadian Press and the Canadian D- Publishers' Association and the Audit Bui ily Newspaper of Circulations CLEO W MOWERS, Editor and Publisher THOMAS H. ADAMS, General Manager JOE BALLA M.inaqinq Editor POY T MILES Advertising Manaqei WILLIAM HAY Associate Editor DOUGLAS K WAI KER Edilonnl priqc Edilor "THE HERALD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;