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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 8, 1921, Lethbridge, Alberta PAGE FOUk THE LlilHilKlUit DAILY iiS THi LETHBRIDaK HfKALO PMINTINQ COMPANY. LIMITID H ttb Strot toutH, A i rroprlttert and W. A miCMANAN Fmldtnt and Manacinc DlrtetiV JOHN TORKANCB BiiHlncw Audit Bureau of tubtcrlotlen Ratts: Dftltr, delivered, per -25 Dally, by mail, per year............ S.t'il Dally, by for -1 Dally bjr mall, 3 months........... 2.aO by null, per r-ar.......... mail year to U.S... 2.00 "my orthodnsy being your heter- in tho way it Thero is ;t disposition on the part of some to view tho embargo iiolicy aeainst Canadian MB bolng adopted by Great Britain in an inim- ical spirit to Canada.. Unfortunately, with an astonishing ignorance in tho editorial offices or certain newspapers, tills viow is being disseminated. ever reasons may appear necessary in Great Britain for insisting on the Do You Know? embargo, it can truthfully bo said Unit i the policy has been fostered with first population, thoughts to a home industry and with j nothing of any inimical feeling to TODAY'S QUESTIONS 1. What it longest bridge in tho world? 2. How docs tho number of Chris- tians in the world conipan with the non-Christians? 3. What Is the estimaltd number of Inhabitants of the world! 4. Which is tho lirger in point of Kng., or New After the Hritish Empire what CALLING THE GERMAN BLUFF. That Allies mean business in making Germany live up tc In r treaty obligations, in respect to the indem- nity for reparations, is in military uteps taken to call he- to time. Everything in the of con- sideration has been given to Ger- many and, living up to the spirit of .the Treaty of Versailles, '.he Allies have allowed that country the oppor- tunity to submit counter-proposals be- fore taking action to enforce the rep- aration terms. This, as it was seen, was done in the London Conference, with the ridiculous proposal made by the German delegates that the Allies should accept the sum of seven and a half billion dollars, when out of the total indemnity summed up by the Allies at the Paris Conference, that of fifty-five billion dollars, the portion of France alone amounts to twenty-one billions. It was shown in a previous article how this sum of twenty-one billion dollars, which is to be France's portion, compares with the indemnity levied by the Germans on France after the Franco-Prussian war. Of the remaining sum to tie paid by Ger- many, 38 per cent, goes to Great Brit- ain, and the remainder is to pro- portioned out to the smaller nations. wards Canada. To think otherwise j would be ridiculous. The question of the embargo cannot be made on Issue between this country and Great Brit- ain, in that it would mean an interfer- ence with policies there, a course which we would resent were such in- terference in our policies to come from Great Britain. The question calls for settlement in an amicable spirit, with the object of "sweet reasonable- ness" being brought to bear on the British authorities. With the British consumer at the back of the Canad- ian exporter of store cattle, the sit- uation in respect to the removal ot the embargo is more encouraging than ever it has been. There is the contention that, how- ever clean the bill of health of Can- adian cattle is, there is the loophole of disease being imported into Great Britain through cattle frqm the Unit- ed States being shipped with Canad- ian herds. This is a matter which carries argument, but at the same time it would appear that it IB one for diligent inquiry in Canada as to whether such a thing could be pos- sible, and the satisfying of the au- thorities in Great Britain that it is only an idle fancy. The matter of raising the embargo on Canadian cat- tle is a very important one so far as are the live largest countries in the in iKitne of order? What arc the rarest and most valuable iiostaee stamps? MONDAY'S QUESTIONS 1. AYTiat is a sidereal day? What is the Golden Number? 3. What is tho solar cycle? 4. What docs tho chronology of the Persians date from? 5. What is the chronological sys- tem of the Abyssiniane? 6. What is Kpact? ANSWERS 1. The duration of a complete rela- tion of the Karth round its axis with j on A. R. McMultri rtsoliittoo amoBd (he Senate and Holme uf Coss mons Act. aim nady. ka4 not expci'tud, ho wld, that the motion would couK! before tho at inch an early business was then the order at the day, and the hou.i4. after Civing second to a bill to amend and connolldate the acU re- spectlni the rnsiwctton of Eas and fcas went Into conimittee on It. quality of natural sas as sup- plied by distributing companies was at xome length. Hon. Char- les Marcll (Bonaventurc) asked that some provision bo made to protect the consumer, and J. K. AnnstronB said that some of the nat- ural gas oeing distributed in'Ontario consisted of common air pumped through the meter) and charged for us illuminating gas. Sir George Foster said it was gen- erally understood that the quality of natural gas was H matter to be con- sidered between the purchaser and distributor. Nothing About Burnham OTTAWA, Mar. Henry Drayton. acting secretary of state, said in the house in reply to questions by Hon. Chas. Murphy this afternoon that no repre- sentations had been made to the gov- ernment by Lord Northcliffe, or by reference to the stars. This is of (his secretary, Sir Campbell Stuart, j.-.u.j relative t0 the appointment of the neit governor-general ot Canada. Mr. Murphy; "Has the appointment of Lortl Burqham as governor-general been suggested or Sir Henry: "No." uniform length, and is-divided, like the mean solar day, into 24 equal hours, which are shorter than a solar hour by about 9.S3 secondl of mean time. 2. So-called from its importance in calculating tho date of Eaater, is the number of any year in a lunar cycle of 19 years. 3. A period of 28 rears, in any corresponding period of which the days of the week recur on the same days of the month. 4. From the accession of Yazde- gerd.lll to the throne, on 10th, June. 632, A.D. It is still followed by the Parsees of India. The year 1921 is, therefore, 1200 of the Parsees. The New Year begins on March 20th. 5. They have a chronological sys- tem that starts from.the first day of the Roman Emperor Diocletian, and proceeds in a cycle of 532 years, com- mencing at 1 again upon the comple- it affects this country, In the state- j tion of each cycle. Their first year ment made by Mr. David Henderson, Estimated in pounds sterling. Uie jy.p., jn'the House at Ottawa, si indemnity bill presented to Germany amounts to It is a fact that this total sum, large thougn it may seem, is even less than what tbe Allies, according to an official German statement, had actually to apend in excess of the Central Pow- ers on the war which Germany forced on them. This statement of expendi- ture was made so far back aa March, 1918, by Count Roedem, the then German Secretary for the Treasury. To quote an authority, the war had then lasted 42 months, and, according to Count Roedern's statement, had cost all the nations involved in it on the average per month. Its last nine months must have cost tbe Allies relatively more than ft cost the Central Powers. But leav- ing thct out of account, and taking the average cost stated by Count Roedem, the total war expenditure for both sides .was then, after 51 months, And of that amount, on the basis of the German ex-Mill ister's statement, was spent by the Allies and 000 by the Central Powers. So that, by German admission, the war expen- diture of the former wss 000 more than that of the latter.' The Allies are demanding trom Ger- many the total sum of spread over a period of 42 years, a sum which does not touch the war expenditure, to say nothing of the devastation wrought by Germany. The peculiar mentality of the Ger- man in regard to the payment of the indemnity can be gauged in calling to mind the remark made by the then German Emperor when he addressed the town council of Aix-ia-Chapelle, in May, 1918, as he was passing through after a visit to the western front. He then said: "In the West I have inspected half-devastated France. There alone one obtains a right im- pression of the awful conditions that have been spared to our Fatherland. If any man (in Germany) should ever grow faint-hearted, he ought to go to the front and see the devastation." In the face of this one can estimate, If that were possible, tho gall of the present German counter-proposals and the attitude taken in respect to what, in the circumstances, is a very modest demand made by the Allies. NEW PHASE OF THE EMBARGO QUESTION. The embargo on Canadian cattle, as it would appear from the result of the by-election in Dudley, Eng., with the defeat of the Minister of Agriculture, Sir Arthur CJrifflth-Boscawen, has h9 come a political issue in Great Brit- ain. The influence the embargo has on the price of meat has its weight with the British public. The embargo on Canadian cattle has in its effect the nature of a protective policy in Its relation to the hnmft-rsifRf! stock. There Is one aspect of the question which is not without a sense of humor, end that it, in the consensus of opin- ion held in Canada, which includes that of tic protective element, it has come to be seen how adversely the principle ot protection works when adopted in' one country, In the reflex action it has on mother on which, as In the case at present, It has a bearlnc on the articles Imported from the par- ticular country. It Is the old story of back as 1301, that the loss on cattle shipped during the preceding five yeara amounted to six million dollars. In its effects the policy of the embargo on Canadian cattle may be viewed as "an unfriendly act" on the part of Great Britain. This, however, is a different thing to inferring that the policy is inspired by any animosity to- wards Canada. began on Aug. 29th, 284., A.D. G. of the Moon at the com- mencement of the year, thus indicat- j ing the difference between the solar and lunar cycles. WiB Again Deal (Continued from Front Page) In the evening the house gave sec- ond reading to the bill to amend the Exchequer Court giving the com- missioner of patents the right to ap- Tbe Home Bank Monthly contains j Peal- This bill passed the committee some interesting information as to the history of the embargo. The em- bargo or the agitation to have it ap- plied was first written into the trade annals 'of Canada, it jays, thirty- seven years ago. Eight years later, in 1S93, the question became acute and the embargo was finally applied in 1894. "Originally the embargo was not an economic measure. It is that now, but in the beginning it was adopted to pre- vent the spread of disease among cattle in Great Britain. Ifcwaa applied against America and other countries, in 1S94, as the Disease ot Animals Act. It had become an economic, or trade, regulation by 1901. whsn var- ious British agricultural associations, representing seven million fanners, protested against Its repeal. It .was upon this occasion that the late Sir William Van Home, then President of the Canadian Pacific Railway, de- clared that if he had the power he would repeal the tariff extended to Great Britain by the Canadian Gov- ernment, until this cattie embargo was withdrawn. "Only those associated, with the export of cattle of Great Britain ap- preciate what Sir Charles Tupper ac- complished for the Canadian trade stage and stands for third reading. Pensions for Mothers The house took up another resolu- tion of Major Power's which proposes to pay full pension to widowed moth- ers of dead soldiers, irrespective .of their incomes or whether or not there are other living children. He did not see that there should be" any distinc- tion between the wives of dead sol- diers and the mothers. Both had made great saoHflces. Hume Cronyn, London; Dr. Peter McGibboD, Muakoka; Major General Mewburn, T. M. Tweedie, Calgary; Hon. W. S. Fielding, and W. F. Cock- shutt, Brantford, all supported the re- solution, Major Power said that he had been fighting this mattar for four years. Year after year it was side-tracked. As far as the Joint 'i (Continued from Front Page) GERMAN AMBASSADOR LEAVES LONDON, Mar. 8 __ Dr. St. Hamer, the German ambasiador to Britain will leave London for lln tonight, it was announced this afternoon. When asked whether he would the German en- voy shrugged his shoulders and said he did not know. The embassy here is remaining open with the counsellor in charge. Germans Won't Resist BERLIN, Mar. Occupation of Dusseldorf, Dursburg and Ruhrort by allied forces will cot be opposed by the German government, It was indi- cated here early this morning. The cabinet was in session until 11 o'clock and then adjourned without taking action calculated to meet the situa- tion which has arisen between Ger-' many and the allied nations. It has been hoped that some means of avoid- ing a final break might be found, in view of the informal conferences be- tween Dr. Simons and Lloyd George and M. Brland during the last three days. Speaking of the allied penal- ties, a cabinet member stated after the adjournment of the meeting: "W< must bear them with dignity." Members of the cabinet who were willing to talk viewed tnft situation with a show of resignatlovu; They de- clared nothing would be said' or done until the effect of the ''invasion had been demonstrated practically. In- formation was received at the chan- cellory late yesterday afternoon that Belgian billeting squads had appeared near Neuss. Early last evening, the government was advised that contin- gents of French troops had moveM to the edge of the occupation zone and were ready to advance, while others were coming down the Rhine on ittee .was con- cerned, he that h.e would not consent to sit on it another year. In deference, however, to the view of members that more good would be done by allowing the question to come before the committee than by having the resolution defeated in the house, he agreed to withdraw his resolution. Friday Afterrtoon Session OTTAWA, Mar. 7 the house met this afternoon. Mr. Robb (Hunt- ingdon) said he desired to call the attention of the government, and of the finance minister in particular, to a statement sent out from one of tho larger New York banks to its Canad- ian correspondent! and by them pass- ed along to their branches, intimating that the New York band has informa- sisting at the dissection of animals i during the years 1883 to 1894. By as- ition tllat the Canadian government will within a very short time, levy against the customs duty by adding Imported from Canada, and alleged 30 per cent, to the already existing to be infected, and by applying his duty. If the information was not well knowledge as a physician in the role I founded, the finance minister would of a veterinary established the fact that the Canad- ian cattle were free of infectious dis- eases. Canada was therefore not in- cluded in the embargo set up prior to 1S04 and applying against importa- tions from the United States. It was probably owing to representations from the United States authorities that the embargo was, in that year, sureeon he finallv Bee the ot giving it lin- surgeon, He nnaiiy mediate denials. Jf the information was correct or partially so, some per- son has been .indiscreet. Sir Henry Drayton replied tllat this intimation -was the first-he had heard of the matter. The imposition of an additional 30 per cent, increase in cus- toms duty had not even been consid- ered. Many Resolutions There was a' formidable array of resolutions placed on the order paper made effective against Canada. It was by private members. The speaker call claimed that the application of the j ed them all, some 40 in number, and embargo against the United States, I u was touml that Bone of the mov- _ ,i ers was prepared to proceed. II. H. and not against Canada, gave the Stephen3 Vancouver who Canadian exporter an advantage of I moved the adjournment of the debate eight to twelve dollars a head. Pleuro- pneumonia was no more in evidence among Canadian cattle in 1894 than it was any time during the preceding ten years, hut jealousy of the expan- sion of the Canadian cattle trade had spread in the meantime. "In 1905 resolutions were passed, both In. the Canadian House o! Com- mons and Senate, deploring the con- tinuance of the embargo aa unjust and unfair. In reply to these resolutions the British Board of Agriculture for- warded a memorandum setting furtli the contentions that the British Act (the embargo) did not prevent tho growth of a large and valuable cattle trade with Canada; that existing reg- ulations inflicted no slur upon Canad- ian cattle, as they were in force against all other countries as well as tho United States; that the past ex- perience with Argentine and United States cattle showed the disastrous effects on the consumers and produc- ers nf Great Britain of foot and mouth disease in cattle, and the difficulty of keeping it out undfir ordinary sanitary conditions. "In 1906 pressure was renewed upon the British Ministry and a bill for its repeal was brought before the Government. This measure failed to pass, and on December 11, 1906, the British Premier announced in the Commons that the embargo was a precautionary measure of wide appli- cation and that the Government en- tirely accepted tbe contention of the Canadian authorities as to the local j absence ot among boats. Affects Coal Situation Germany's coal deliveries to tha allies may be affected by the present situation, it was indicated here last night. Although allied 'troops may seize important coal shipping points, they will have to go still further into the interior of the Ruhr district In order to secure effective 'control of coal production. No. reformation has been received by the government re- garding the operation of the customs barrier to be established as part of the allied plan. "Foreign Ebert President Ebert late last night Is- sued an appeal to the German people urging them to meet, "this foreign despotism" with "austere dignity." Ho also admonished them not to commit ill-advised acts and concluded hie ap- peal by saying: Foreign Tyrants "Be patient; have faith, for the gov- ernment will not rest until the for- eign tyrants yield to our rights." None of the cabinet members ap- peared to have uny definite idea as to the next move of the allies, aside from invading fresh German areas. The government, it was said, was cer- tain of support from the Reichstag, in view of the declarations made last Saturday when all factions, except the Communists, went on record in oppo- sition to the demands f ornu- '.ated in Paris. The French Advance PARIS, Mar. General De Goutte, Commander-in-chief of French forces along the Rhine, received orders from Marshal Focli at S o'clock last 'night to advance upon cities the allies had announced they would take over as a result of Germany's refusal to ac- cept the Paris plan for payment of indemnitlea. A strip of land from eight to ten miles deep on the east- ern side of the Rhine will 'be occupi- ed by French forces, says .a telegram to the Journal from Mayence. General De Goutte who will be in command of the operation, left Mayence last night to establish headquarters at Neuss, a town four miles weit of Duswldorf and on the west bank of the Bhlne. The first French contingent to ad- vance will be the 77th division, which has been quartered at Bonn and Is under command of General Gaucher. Dispatches from Mayence declare that citywas outwardly calm, crowds of townspeople contenting themselves by commenting upon newspaper dis- patches relating details of the break n negotiations at London. No spe- cial measures were taken by the oc- cupation troops and no resistance to their advance had been apprehended, but belief Is expressed here that all military precautions have been taken. "France did not sock a irfoak, biit 4ks) break wrote Jacques aa authority on po- lities la the Kicclilor. "it way hi- Mid, bcwtver, we do act ncret It, for alter all, H will bring a solution to the problem." These words fairly the calm mood In which Ptaneh news- papers received the from Lon- don. Newspapers affiliated with snn- porlprs of former President Polncuro openly exulted. Sentiment In the lower classes In France was echoed In which declared: "Then Is war rolnx to be- gin bet hope not. it Is merely debt collection and not our fault, If the Germans oblige its to send our best army corps as collectors." German Delegates Remain PARIS, March departure of the German delegation from London today is by no means certain, accord- ing to the Havas agency. It was re ported that the German delegates had perhaps not said their last word. "There seems to a the London correspondent of the Havas agency adds in his dispatch, "that new instructions from Berlin would reach Dr. Simons, and It is eveu as- sured that the German experts have not broken all contact with allied authorities." French Troops on Move BERLIN, March first con- tingent of French troops assigned to participate in the occupation of Dus- seldorf is reported to have arrived at Benrath, six miles southeast of Dus- seldorf. Dusseldorf Cltixens Warned DUSSELDORF, March tants of this city were warned in a proclamation issued by the mayor to- day against taking a provocative atti- tude against allied forces occupying that town. They were asked to be and quiet, to refrain from demonstrations and to keep off tho streets. Women and children were especially warned to remain at home. Up to the hour when British, French and Belgian troops entered Dusseldorf, the people knew nothing of the nation- ality of the forces to be moved into tho city, nor was their hour of arriv- al known. The population was gloomy, but was resigned to the situation. COSTA RICAN TROOPS ORDERED TO RETIRE WASHINGTON, March have been issued by the Costa Rican gOTernmerit for imm'edaite withdrawal of its forces from the disputed terri- tory beyond the Sixaola river and for no further advance by its forces on the Pacific side of the Panama-Costa Ric- an boundary. British Troops ffDIB reality ami Mtrikal Koch's army will Unit u "ronvenlont to a van! Industrial melon which y'rani'D hai long covrtwl." "Thy nitrate of this reckless the "muy he only Ktntwil, but Marsliul r'ocli'a soon lirove a march to pcrdtHoo." Limit Participation Some mUgivlnpi expressed by the Daily wliioli urged that Great Britain limit Its participation in military activities to the minimum. "If this :i bCKinninx of a lengthy campaign reiiulrliiK widespread pre- parations and the creation of a great general tho newspaper cleclar- otl, "it will bo opposed. Hritish tan- payers cannot support inojiher ei- pensive venture." Welding of the Entente The London Times and Morning Post rejoiced that the conference had produced a "weltling of the entente." The Times salt! the German countor proposals had hcen rejected because they were not honest and that the allies, by occupying German towns, "would havo their-hands on the taps through which a large amount of Ger- man weflllh passes and they will know how to regulate the flow." German Appeal to League Germany's appeal to the League of Nations was characterized by the Telegraph as a "fiaal touch oC feeble insincerity as German wire pullers take the league as seriously as they did Belgium's guaranteed neutrality in 1914." The Daily Mall asserted the final speech by Dr. Walter Simons, head of the German delegation was "impudent and cynical" and that every sentence was an affront. Labor Paper Comment Even the Herald, while It called the penalties "a sheer colossal folly" said Dr. Simons' speech was "a model of tactlessness and ineptitude. The newspaper consoles itself, however, by asserting: "From a revolutionary viewpoint the penalties will be all for the good as the end must be a crash from which revolution will arise." BIG OPIUM SEIZURE VANCOUVER, March valued at more than was seized and five Oriental members of the crew of the steamer Empress of Russia were arrested last night through the activities of customs officers. PICKED UP IN PASSING FOR TUB BUST MAN Cnrrton Spence, a returned soldier, has been appointed unitary inspec- tor for Westminster township. Mrs. P. Culhnnc, Ashdod, had u narrow nscapo from hemg burnftd to death when tiro destroyed her homo. Kd. Moyer, of Daphwood, wan fined and had worth of litiuor confiscated for a breach of the O.T.A. The Spanish Cabinet it seekin; to igsuc a loan f.o cover the deficit in the The Royal Dutch Oil Company his increased its capital stock from to guilders. Karl Tmckell, serving a term of sii months at the Industrial School, Mini- ico, escaped and was re-arrested at his home. Herman Schuster. Kitchener, who has just celebrated his golden jubilee, can remember selling fish at bwo cents a pound when Kitchener was a village. Kitchener Public schools" and Col- leKiate Institute will require out of. the municipal treasury for this year's expenses. The Ontario Beet Growers' Asso. ciation has advised their members not to sign contracts with the Domin- ion Sugar Co. uutil further notice. Dr. W. C. Morrison' has issued a compulsory vaccination order for alt school children in Hagar township ow- ing to an outbreak of smallpox. The House of Lords passed the Un- employment Insurance Act Amend- ment Bill, which has now gone, through both Houses. Workers in the shipyards at Flens- b'urg prevented the launching of a 000 ton freighter because they object- ed to naming it Severance of all relationship with the International Federation of Trades Unions was practically decided on to- day by the American Federation of Labor's executive council. There's nothing that can beat the biscuits made from Cream of the West unless it's the light cakes, the flaky pies, the tempting buns or the snow-white bread. Medley Shaw Milling Co., Limiter1 Medicine Hat, Calgary, Karnloops. Vancou- CREAM CREAM OF THE WEST FLOUR was formerly sold under the brand name "King's Quality." It is milled at the big mills of the HecUey Shaw Milling Com- pany, Limited, at Medicine most complete and most modern mills in Western Canada, ;