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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Daily Herald (Newspaper) - March 8, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta v. i i VOLUME XI. LETHBMDGE. ALBERT A. FRIDAY, MARCH 8, 1018 NUMBER 74 MORE AEROPLANES RAID LONDON A NUMBER KILLED MILLION SAMMIES FOR FRANCE, 1918 Rumania Forced to. Concede Petrojtunif Oil and WKeat to Powerful Foe Washington, Mar. 7. - Troops and eupplfes for General1 Persh-Ing'e forces are now moving to France on schedule time, It was learned today on high authority. While figures may not be published, it was stated that a substantial American army already is in the trenches on the western front and that �t least one million American troops will be in France during 1918. NOT TREATED ANY BETTER THAN SERBIA OR UNFORTUNATE BELGIUM Tansy. Rumania, Monday, March A. - (By wireless to S^ilonikt, Tuesday, March 5)-Intense-Indignation is felt, by the army and people of Rumania over the terms of the preliminary, peace Jjnposed on Kumania by the central powers. With Its military forces fcattered and Its hopeless strategical position, Rumania had no recourse except to yield to her powerful and ruthless toe. The Rumanian example is pointed to as a repetition or the bitter fate suffered by Serbia and Belgium. The hope in felt by the royal family and the people that when world peace coraes some of the sacrifices now being made by Rumania will beirecognized and recompensed. All foreign missions in Rumania are making plans to leave, their departure Being compelled by the peace terms. Resources For Germany Under the peace terms, Rumania jiut only will have to give up Dobrilgja, lose control of the Danube and endure other great, economic sacrifices, - but she be compelled to yield to Germany large wheat, petroleum and salt concessions. It is understood that Germany will have control of the Rumanian railways for a period of fifteen years .and will have possession of the four' principal fortified passes through the Carpathians. All German goods are to enter Rumania free of duty, whi[c all Rumanian goods will , go into Germany under the old tariff � with*the exception ot certain reduct-1 ions, �J * t *� BRITISH FRONT London, Mar. S.-"The enemy's ar- j tillery was active last night in the I neighborhood of Ribecourt and the*4" Scarpe valley," the war office reports. "Considerable artillery activity developed also on both sides in the Ypres sector, between the Menin road and Houtholet Forest." ITALIAN FRONT Rome, Mar. 8.--The Italian war office issued the following statement today: "Unfavorable weather has hindered fall infantry action and greatly mini-i mized the activity of the artillery. Our batteries fired with -some persistency on enemy troops in movement in the Val Brent a and in the region of Col Delia Beretta. Reciprocal bursts of fire occurred in Val Lagarina and in the plain south of Ponta Di Piave, mr on Night Private Residences Destroyed-Eleven l-ives Reported Losl Attack Began as Theatres Were Closing-Residential Section Seems to Have Been Scene oi Most Damage Premier Stewart Says Failure of Conference Not Western Premiers' Fault - Only 24 Hours Notice Germany served .her, final ultimatum Inches long and an inch and a.' quarter in diameter at the mouth of which is placed a box containing the message. The cylinder and message box are placed in a grenade thrower which launches it in much the same way as aerial torpedoes and grenades are fired from a trench mortar. The extreme range of those new weapons is about 1.300 yards*. The utility of such a system became apparent with the development of barrage fire that made the carrying of messages hy bearers always hazardous and frequently impossible and with the wholesale destruction of telephone lines by intense destructive artillery fire. Paris, March 8.-The Russian embassy here has addressed^to the foreign office a note expressing indignation at trie dishonorable peace agreed to at Brest-Litovsk. The note declared that Russia cannot be bound by such a treaty and says that even at the moment when the war seems finished for her, she will realize that she must begin a new struggle against German imperialism and that ahe cannot do so without the assistance of the entente allies, Ottawa, Mar. 7.-The Evening Citizen's parliamentary correspondent, commenting on the railway situation says: "The cabinet is not a unit on the question and opposition to government ownership is well defined. The question still is In the melting pot, but if, iiT the final analysis, it should be the declared policy to take over the lines, serious doubt arises as to (any final accomplishment In the coming session, considering the negotiations which will be necessary," U. S. ISSUES CALL London, Mar. 8.-Niko Haidouko-vitch, Montenegrin minister ot war and interior, who is now in London, in a letter to the Daily Chronicle, in the name of his king and government, denies that. Montenegro will make a separate peace with the centra^ powers. The letter adds that if Montenegro had contemplated a separate peace she could have obtained it. The Montenegrin minister asserts that an offer of peace reached King Nicholas since he took up his residence in France. He adds: , � { "The offor was put forward formally by the central powers and was refused in terms of contempt and indignation." ...... have to be considered in the settle- Liberalism hare been good enough for i ment of the question of the natural me/' he said. "I am etill a Liberal, resources, and known by the name of Liberal, but They could not, he asserted, expect I have no quarrel with any man who to keep their subsidy and get their does uot lee eye to eye with me. I natural resources as well. 4r FOR 5000 NURSES r Washington, March 8.-A call for 5,000 nurses between now and June 1 for services,In military hospitals at home and abroad hat been made upon the Red Cross by Surgeon General Gorgas of the United States army. I EDMONTON'S NEW FIRE CHIEF Edmonton, Mar. 7.-Capt. R. Davis, of Number S fire hall, will, be the new chief of the Edmonton fire brigade. His appointment was made at a meeting of the city council. Chief It. G. Davidson and.all the new men will .be-discharged forthwith. Free Farm Machinery Demanded by Dunning Germany Made Deal, So It Is Reported, With Russian Revolutionary Leaders Stewart Govt Sustained In First Division in House (Bpeoial to the H�raid) 1 lug from telegramsJCrom Mr.,Hoover, Edmonton, Mar. 8.-"I strongly re- the food administrator of the States, commended-to the minister of agricul- "If North America does not produce RCED TO KISS FLAG Kenyon, Minn., Mar. 8.-George Brei-tial, a non-partisan league organ ire r, was escorted to the railroad station* here, and forced to kneel and ktas the American flag and then to purchase a ticket for Dodge Centre. He was put on the train with orders not to return. Hreldal was superintending the Govuhuo county caucus of the league #tnd apparently had ,done nothing lo arouse the ire of the citizens. A crowd of more than,200 went to the hotel where Broidal had registered, and they were informed that ho was at a picture show. They found him at the ahow and forced him to come out and threats of a coat ot tar and feathers were made if he returned. ESCAPED PRISONERS London, March 8.-The fc'Iowing are escaped prisoners; 424,490, A. G. ranlchurst; G22.440, F. Wigby; 4:5,752, S. C -McConaghy; 74,108, A. Wilson. Interned iu Holland are: Lieutenant^ Ci. Caldwell aud \V. G. Colquihon ture and through him to thB Dominion government that as a war measure in the Interest of production It is necessary that the duty shall be taken dff all fann machinery and that in addition, so far as the 1919 production is concerned It Is essentrfil if we are to get the people to go on the land in 19X8 and break It up that a minimum price should he set now for tU# 11)19 crop." These announcements by Hon. Chas. Dunning, director of food production were the features of his address -Friday morning to the committee of agriculture of the .legislature ou the question of the requirements from Albnrta [ to meet the necessities of the food situation in relation to thfe1 allies in Europe and were made in reply to questions of W. F. Atkins the member for Dldsbury. A full attendance of the house under the presidency of F. S. LefMng-well heard Mr. Dunning, and the reception given the announcement showed how vitally the question ot machinery and price are bound up with the case of increased grain production. Mr. Dunning Intimated that he . had taken thU course because the direct bearing of these factors wa3 forcibly ! impressed upou him during his tour of \ the provinces of the Dominion. The : military authority of the United States !  in the war depended ou ihe production 1 Jipiesilou, Mr. Duiining ^declared, quot-J 250,000,000 more bushels of bread grain in 1918 than in 1917," wired Mr. Hoover, "we will use in bringing grain from distantr points ships that should be employed in, carrying men and munitions from the United States. Therefore," said Mr. Dunning, "production had a definite military bearing on the war situation." North America insofar as the food problem is concerned, is the crucial point if-North America raises to the food situation they can carry on. If North America fails, Mr. Dunning did not complete the sentence. He left the significance of the subjunc-] tlve to the house. . ^ Scarcity For Yeara to~Come The world as a whole was facing famine. Not only that, for many years to come there Would be the greatest difficulty in supplying meat animals. Thosei were rho facts the people of Wcmtorn Canada- must graBp In order that the land of plenty could be made London, March S.-Japan, according to a dispatch fronrVTien Tsln to the Daily Mail, is reported to have intimated that she would welcome Chin; ese co-operation in the event that extreme measures w*ere necessary in Siberia, thus desiring to demonstrate her unselfishness. ; The Chinese government, it. is added, is, said to have obtained documentary proof that the Germans have made definite offers af assistance to Hussian revolutionary*leadera, if they would cause trouble. The documents are reported to mention Germany's intention to use released Gevma.Ti war j prisoners in Siberia against China's northern frontiers. China hoj>ea to secure Japanese and American financial assistance to meet the expenses of the northern expeditionary forces. (Special to vile Hero id) Edmonton Mar. 7.-The first division-this session in the Alberta legislature took place Thursday afternoon when a motion by A. F. Ewlng, West Edmonton, declaring that "The recent, creation of the sub-judicial district of CamroBo was unnecessary and undesirable," -was rejected by 27 votes to i;j. . t7 So far as the opposition was concerned it was a straight party vote, No one objected, au amusing aud instructive contretemps ended and the "Independents" sat on in their seatti gratified if looking just a trifle sheepish at having learned a lesson in a ma'nner they did not anticipate. Matter of Economy Mr. Ewing iu moving his- motion asserted that 75 per,ce,nt. of the business that had been donducted ut AVe-taeklwin would be carried, out from Cam rose -which was situated in the but on the Liberal side H. J. Mont-\part of the district that was most pop-gomery. Wetaskiwiu, stood up against j ulated the government. A MILLION DOLLAR HOSPITAL, MONTREAL t Montreal, Mar. 8.-The board ot governors of Notre Dame hospital have decided to build a million dollar hospital on Sherbrooko street, facing Lafon-taine Park, and construction probably will be begun before the war is over, bear for humanity's sake. After point-'so Archbishop Bruchesi announced yes- ing out that a lot of departments had taken place under the Canada Food board, every member of which he felt sure was doing his best. He alluded to (CONTINUED ON PAGE 9). WEATHER, High............... Low................. Forecast: Fair and coid. * *  A \ 32 12 -�.^/" 1 terday at the annual meeting of the Notre Dame hospital. PASS CREDIT VOTE Condon, Mar. B.-The houae of commons late last night agreed unanimously to the vote of credit of �600,000,000, moved yesterday by Andrew Boner. Lew. Thle brings the total* of votes of credits during the war to �6,842,000,- 000.. The division caught some of the "cross bench" members napping regarding the rules of the house. They were unaware of the fact that a member cannot, stay-in the house during a division, aud not vote unless he or j she yhas paired, aud after the vote had been taken the attention of Mr. Speaker was called to the fact that three members had sat in their seats, and had neither declared themselves for the yeas or nays. These were Mrs. McKinney, Miss MacAdams, and James Weir. Then a difficulty occurred that was the cause of a grea.t deal of merriment to most of the house if rather disconcerting to the three representatives immediately concerned. They . could neither legally stay in nor could they get out. Unless by driving a coach and four through the rules because they were supposed not to have been there. However, the good sense of the premier arrived at a golutlou. He asked the speaker to ascertain from the house If there was any objection to Jthe waiving of this particular rule for this once. Loudon. Mar. S.-A Russian revolu tionary army captured Jamburg, 08 miles from Petrograd, on the morning of March G, according to an official announcement made in Petrogmd Thursday and forwarded by the correspondent of the Exchange Telegraph company. Fighting Continues London. Mar. In 3pite of the fact that ? formal treaty of peace has been signed by the central powers and the Bolslicviki government of IlUHflia, fighting continues" at various- points along the eastern front. That Germany considers the convention she forced Lenine and Trotzky to sign as a "scrap of paper" is evidenced by the announcement that the Teutons have reached Jamburg, a town of 68 miles from' Petrograd. The report of the subsequent partial retirement of the Germans does not lend encouragement, to the belief that further invasion of Russia has been abandoned. Revolutionists Hold Kiev London. Mar. 8.-Kiev, the capital of (.he> Ukraine, is still in the hands of Russian revolutionary troops and had not been occupied by the Germans, ic; cording to a statement issued Wednesday by the Russian official news agency in Petrograd. Theprevious message saying Kiev had been lost to the enemy, the statement adds, was made on the receipt of a wireless message which must have, originated from, enemy sources. ' The German war office, in its official statement of March 3, said that Ukrainian and German troops had captured Kiev. Since then, however, there have been no claims ot any advance beyond Kiev by the invaders. Italians and Czechs Escape ' Pekln, Mar. 8.-Hundreds of Italians and Czechs who were prisoners of war in Russia, having bfeen captured from the Austrian army by the Russian General Brussiloff, during the advance of 1916 and 1917, have escaped from the prison camps in Siberia and fled across the Russia frontier to China. Some have already made their way across to Japan. Hundreds of persons have perished from cold and hunger while in Siberia. Most of the refugees were only half clad and had little food. Great Distress Four hundred of them have found shelter in Vladivostok but even they have suffered great distress as there has been little food or housing to spare them. Groups of these refugees are scattered in all the towns between Harbin and Pekin. The resources of the Italian legation here have been severely taxed in the effort, to provide food and clothing for these former war prisoners. Surrendered by Thousands They came from-Austrian provinces bordering on Italy and because of their loyalty to Italy, were sent to fight the Russians but surrendered by thousands at the first opportunity, swelling the totals of Russia's captures to figures which were the wonder of the world at that time. . During 1P1C and 1917 Italy sent commissions to Russia to identify such war prisoners as were unmistakably Italian" and many were sent back to join the Italian army. Then came the A cuuii. he contended could be held anytime iu Camrose if there was j Russian revolution which put an end necessity for it, but. he urged there was no necessity in times when economy should be exercised that a new staff of officials should be-created.. Cross' Explanation-Attorney (leneral Cross in replying said that if the member for 'West Ed-monton had asked him he cotild have told him that this creation was the to the work. : W^th ensuing relaxation of vigilance and general disorganization of Russia many of those who have survived the prison1 camps escaped. Through efforts of the Italian minister in Pekin, feedin'g stations are being provided at Harbfci, Mukden and other points. Efforts are being made to assemble the straggling groups at some point in Japan and in Pekin with beginning of the carrying out - of u plan for the re-adjustment of,the Jud-jthe idea'of later, transporting them icial districts of the province. This back to Italy, probabl>� by way of Am-was becoming necessary through the J erica, growth of Alberta, it was now found i that some judges had too much work to do, and others not enough. George Hoadley asserted that the creation of the district was the result of an election promise, while' James KAISER'S OWN GIFT USED AGAINST HIM Washington, Mar. 7.-A""costly tele* scope given to an American by the Weir, who' followed, r those who lived In gluBs houses should keep away from a gravel pit.' Premier Stewart, stating that no court house would be built, said that the new district would facilitate business. It, was part of a scheme for re adjustment, and he instanced the case of Calgary where some re-adjustment 1 would also have to be mad* that .German emperor soon will he U3ed by officers of the American navy,to spy out German submarines. It has been loaned to the navy department along; with a pair ot binoculars and a sextant hy SI. h. Dexter, of Savannah, Go., in response to the navy's appeal for. glasses for naval watch officers. The telescope was presented to Mr, !Dexter's father, + - 1 < 1. . ;