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Lethbridge Herald (Newspaper) - March 8, 1918, Lethbridge, Alberta VOLUME XI. lethbridge; EnXA. FRIDAY, MARCH 8, 1918 NUMBER 74 MORE AEROPLANES RAID lONDON-^A NUMBER KILI ftumania; forced to. Concede PetroifqmreU and WHeat ' to^Pbwerful Foe NOT TREilTED ANY BETTER THAN SERBIA OR UNFORTUNATE BELGHJM MILLION SAMMIES FOR FRAKCE, 1918 Wt leaet one million American ireepa will be in France during JosRy. Humanla, Monday, March -(By wlreleas' to S^Ionilil, Tuesday, March B)-r-In'tense-tnillgnatlon is tell by the" army ana people ot Rumania over, the terms of the prellrolnarj peace ijpposed on Rumania by the central powora. With its military forces fcattered and Hb. hopeless atrateKipal positloQ, Rumania had no recourse except to yield, to hor powerful and ruthless toe. .. The Rumanian example is pointed to 88 a cepetition ot the bitter fate aut-'fored hy Serbia and Belgium. The hope W felt by the royal family nnd the people that when world peabe cornea some of the sacrifices now be-Jng made by Rumania will be(recoB-iiized'and rdcdmponHod. - AU foreign missions In Rumania are making plans to leave, their departure Being compelled "by the peace terms Reioureea For Germany TTnder the pe^icn terms, Rumania jiot only win have to ulve up Dobrllijla, lose control ot the Danube and eiidure otlior great economic sacrifices, - but she T^ill be'conipelled to yields to Germany large wheat, petroleum and salt i^oncesstons. It Is updorstood that Germany will have control ot the Ruirianlan railways tor i pei;lod of fifteon years ^nd will have pbsseasion ot. the four' principal fortified naaiiaa through.;thp'Carpathians. All Oor-; inan^iigoods are to enter Rumania'Iraa of djity, wht{o all Rumanian goods wUl , go into', Qormany under tlie old tariff i witli'the* exceptloa of certain reduct-' lons^ - - ,. - ^ Ohlyy 24y,H)�ura- Notica ,... , Oterroahy-gervi^aiheriflnal ultimatum �h Rdiitania .yesterday, giviitR the kingdom Otityf24. hours in^wK' make a final decision Acrown coUn* ctl was held and it was docided thai Rumania, >'completely .Isolated and without outside support, would have to bow^ to the i force of circuinatances and take a course from which there appeared to be no escape.- Former Premier Bratiano, who attended the meeting, declared (bat no nation could accept terms s(i''humUlat-ing, King Ferdinand asked him if he would'assume hla old position at the head ot the cabinet and accept the re-' sponslblllty' for refusing Germany's terms. '-Bratiano.replied he could no( undertakelndividually to bear such a burden. i ,^ Eaplaining the Deal Amsterdam, March 8,-Bsplanatlon at the preliminary peace treaty with Rumania is'made In a Rtatement la-Bued to the Aiutrlan press at Vienna^ It aaya that the. Dobnidja waa 4ran8-forred to the oontral powers as a whole in order tfi make the decision easier ' for Rumania. The trontior adluatment In Traasyl-Tanla, lit gf&eral, mean the protection of th� Irpn OatoB and the Petrosanl nines as wdUaa precaution against froab Burprlao attaeka.'.Tiie new frontier^ bowo?or, wilt .not go deeply into Rumania. Tho economic damauds relate particularly to importa of Petrol-'eum and agricultural proMctBjisd tke ovacuatlon of Anatria Hungary by Rumanian-troopB -affocU a strip of Bukdvina still oocnpled by the Ruman-� iana. ^ � ^ .� : Finally, tho atatament says, tho sttp-Hla'^ion that Rumania mupt give trans . port faoilitiesforthe troopB and trans pbrts.of the central powers to Odessa appeared noeeaBary In order to safeguard, the. Bhipnont Qf large grain Bup-pliea from way ot the Volga, Dnieper^ and {Danube rivers to the ceu^ . tral empires. '/ ' Premier Stevi^art Says Failure of Conference Not Western. Premiers''Fault  aWTISH FRONT- London. Mar. 8.-"The, eneihy'9 artillery was active last night'in the nelgliborhrtod ot Hlbecourt a;iid the-f Scarpe valley," the war office reports. "Considerable artiller/ activity developed also on both sides In the Ypres sector, between the Monln. road and Houtliolst Forest." ITALIAN FhONT Rome, Mar. S.-The Italian war, office Issued the following sLatement today: "Unfavorable weather has hindered all Infantry action and greatly minimized tho activity of the artillery. Our batteries fired with .8pm� persistency on enemy troops in movijmett In the Val Brenta and in the region ot Col Delia Beretta. Reciprocal lyirstiB of fire occurred in Val Lagarina and in tho plain south ot Ponta Di Piave. DRAmeANK Private R^iiiences Destroyed-Eleven tjyes Reported Lost -AttackBegan as Theatres Were CIo�irig-Residential Section Seems to Have Been Scene of Most Damage (Special to th� Herald) Edmonton, Mar. 7.-Disclaiming any responsibility,for the conferisnce at Ottawa or reaponslblllty that no definite, concrete scheme Ijad been evolved /or the purposes of the'greater production campaign. Premier Stewart re plied Thursday afternoon In the legls lature to the criticism that had been directed at the action of the wostern premiers in association with it.f "If tho conference, was a failure want to be relieved of the responsibility of the failure. T aald the last day lu~the house I was not satisfied with it, I'am not. satisfied yet; but 1( we did not arrlve'ttt any definite conclusions the responsibility cannot be laid at the door of the western premiers." Not'only did this reply of the premier apply to greater.productlon, but in regard to the ebrdlors' land settlement schema which ft was pQlhted outr was pot adapted to iwestem: conditions. \ All'the satiBtaetidn.'Maid the prem- rWasvthr;B(&�^ent Of; Sir Robert Borden that he^hoii|bt eome am^dments w-ere necessaiyi/IBuW/ItiieriS;:, �,'ero no definite promla^}|'-. 'V On the quMoot�I gneator pxoduction Will Disrupt Financial Businiiss of Country, Say the Bank-ers-Surprised at ' Decision London, March S.~Seven or eight German airplanes made a raid over England last night. One of them reached Loudon and ilropiied bombs In the northwest and southwest districts ot the city. Another rafd'drdpped b^bs in the northern district of London, demolishing several, houaes. The following official ahn'biincement waa made: .'"Last night's'.raid was carried out! by seven or," eight airplanes. Onq' reached Londdh; jtnd dropped bombs lii the north^WMt and southwest dis trlcts. Anotiier raider after dropping bqgibs to tlie ;north of Loudon, proceeded souttiirai^ and dropped bombs in the nortta�ri�K district. Several houses were dmiolishea. ''The first twioSjAideri approached the Isle of THaniiiyat 10.55 p.m. and proceeded up tHiflBiameB estuary. Both were turned; ':be first week k pohilhliri inJnlater' J�, .March, British ' casualties were ed^lottopfromgn" jJJP^^ '^X'^Vn i 3;343^the loweat of any week for sev any-�6nefflb"*tTfi�tv�ffe adopted ^ Al berta, and would pay'?halt. the cost. The minister waeinformed that Hon. Charles Dunning would decide tbe plan under-which the money would bo spent. Ounning ArrivoB Hon. Chas. Dunning arrived In Edmonton Thursday attornoon, and was In conference'With th� members of the cabinet preliminary to a conference with the commlttao ot agriculture which 1.S composed of all the members of the leglBlatun; on Friday. On the question of tbe natural re-eourcea Premier .Stowart;repeated that the premier! of-Baaton Canada ot-fered^no objection'to tho woat receiving'them, but atatod tbat.when they did receive them ,tb�,quoition of in-creaied subaldy would be diabuaaed. It w�b aftor tftlk witli Sir. Robert Borden that a aafinlto time was fixed' for.a oonferenee^htph woitld be held after the aeasion of tno fedofal bouao. In hla apeech- the, premioV took occasion in comment on aome dbscr\'�-tiona mode in tbe debate about Inde-pandenco ot party; "Personelly tbe old tradttlon* of LiberallBm b�Ta been good enough for me," he Mid.' 'U^^�(UI a Liberal, and known by-ttttafttne'cf Liberal, but I;haTO ae : longer depend'upon moonIi(nit|ldThe -atars  WeroL out, however, and there wis little wind," " 'Londoners were taken by surprise when the �warning signals sounded. Tlie ^h^atres were just closing. The .glraeta'-were soon cleared. The wam-['ini tbavOM dangei^fram ahrapuel was gelli^ally'heeded, everyone taking cover. ^Fdr a time the gvritire was heavy." \ Eleven Killed Elevin* persons were^kUled and fbrty-slx-others were injured in last uigbt'a airplane raid upon London, according to the latest police reports, aaya'an'toffIclal announcem,ent today. It is: feared that an additional six bodies' are-in the ruins of hbuaes wrecked. ~Tho text oC Uie official report reada: i."The latest, repdrta^ aUte that 11 weric killed and 46 'injured in last hight'a. raid; It is feared .tbat in ad ditlon to the above six bodiaa are still liuried in the wreckage.of houses. All the caeualtles occurred in London." Private Houses Destroyed ^everarporsona were tktllert by the destruction of private houses in northeastern London. The house of a vicur was partly wrecked but tho clergyman escaped. ' He is a special constable and had left home for duty wh^n the warning came a few minutes before the explosion wlilch damaged his residence. The vicar worked throughout the night, assisting the wounded and homeless. Tlie greatest damage in London WB.g inflicted in the 'northwestern section, where four bJmbs demolished several houses. All the damage and casualties In this district were confined to two parallel - streets, although aa usual windows wera broken for a radiua of several blocks. A aingle^ralder appeared over this area.. Hundreds ot parsons were Just preparing to desert their homes, most--of which are three story buildings, for the more substun tial shelter of the two nearby 'sulF ways when the first bombs began to fall. Went Through Floora The first bomb made it hit on. a three story dwelling of concrete and brick, craahlng through two floors be fore it exploded. ' While tho police special constables and volunteer res cuers were busy there, three more bombs fell nearby in quick sucneBsiou Ambulances .'arrived speedily and not withstanding the confusion, the rescuers worked' effectively under the anti-aircraft barrage. For (ai^enty mlnutes'Bfter the bomljlng of tliia dia trict the barrage was continued. m BY PROJECTILES A New Development of Trench Warfare-Germans Use It (icrmans Carry on Fighting oB' The Eastern Front as  Usual --'��'��>,� GERMANS ^OT AT KIEV; PRISOT>fERS ESCAPE INTO JAPAN FROM SIBERIA Paris, Mar, S.-TronsmlBslon of urg cnt ordcra to troops'in the first line and the sending of Information to tho roar by projectiles is one of the new developme.nta of trench -warfare, ac cording to the La Sirfjnce-Bt-La-Vie. One ot tho instruments ohiployed foi' this purpose by the Germans was captured In a succesaful attack made by the French at Morenvlliers. It, consists ot a tin cylinder abbut IS.lnches long and an inch aiid a' cuarter In di ameter at tho mouth otwhlcli is plac ed a box containing the message. The cylinder and niesaage bo.T are placed in a grenade thrower which launches it in mucli the aamo way as aerial torpedoes and grenades are fired from a trench mortar. The extreme range of tliose new weapons is about 1,300 yordS."; The utility of jiuch a aystembecame apparent with the development o't'bnr-rage fire that mado-tho.carrying- of raeasagcs by bearers.alwaya hazardous and Irequently impoaaibie.andw^lth the wholesale deati'uctlon-ot-telephone lines by intense destructive artillery flro. ..... "4 Paris, March 8.-^The Rutalan embassy here haa addressedthe foreign office a note expressing indignation at tfie dishonorable peace agreed to at Brest-Lltovak. The note declared that Ruasla cannot be bound by aueh a treaty and'says that even at the moment when the wdr aeema finlahed for her, she will realixe that aho must begin a new struggle against Oar-man Imperialism' and that ahe cannot do so without.the assiataneo of the entente allies/ Nothing May Be AccbnipUshed This S�S8i Free Farm Machinery ' Deinanded by Dunniiig , (BpaclalAto. th#/ll�ral�). Xldmonton,-Mar. '8i'-^"I atrangly re-commende(l^o;tbetmtnliter.ot agrlou); ture and throuiih bhn to, the Dominion government:. tSmtaS-�, war meaeure in tbe Interaat of prodttotion It la necei-sary that tbe dutji; Ihill he Uken dff all farm mai^biaeryvaiid. tUat in addl-tloui ao far aiathet 1919 production is concerned it U>Baenttil if we are to get the people .to ;in.;ott'^e land in 1918 and.break it up that a minimum piliae etaoul^ M �'etsaB*,tar'Ue 11)18 Germany Made Deal, So It b Reported, With Ruiaian Itevolul^onary Leaders Ottawa, Mar. 7.-The Evening Cit izen's parliameiitary correspondent, commenting oh- the railway situation says: - ' � 'The cabinet is. not a unit on tho ((ueetion' and opposition to-' government ownership is well defined. The question stUl is in tlfe melting pot, but if, in the final analysis, it should be the. declaredpolicy'to take over the linea, aelriotta doubt arises as. to any final apcbmpiishment .In the coming aesston.'conaldering the negotiations which ;WiIl be necessary," U.S.lS#Eg^CALL FOR 5000 NURSES WaBhinigtori,'March S.-A call |V for 6,000 nuraaabotwson nOw and June i for aoryreea^in military hoa- . pitala at heme 'and abroad hae baoii.made.upon^tha Had Crosa by aurgeeitsOoMirai 6ergaB of the United StatoaaVmyV''- London, Mar. 8.-Nikb ilaidoukb-vitch, Montenegrin liiiniater of war'and Interior, who Is a letter to the Dally Chronicle; in-'the name of his king and' government, denies that Monteneigro wlir makb 'a separate peaco ,wlth the  centraj powers.-, - The letter adds that It. MpntshSgro had contemplated a separate peace she could have obtained it; The Montenegrin minister asserts that an offer of peace reach^ King NIchula'B aince h6 took up his residence'in'France. He adds: , , - ;  ; : -'y ' "The offer was put forward'fbmally by the central poweb and wail ^refused in. terms ot contempt and-indlgna tlon." ^ ' . �' ' �'. ' EDMONTON'S NEVy FIRE CHIEF Edmonton, Mar. 7:-Capt. R. I.Datis, of Number 8 fire hall, will, be the new chief o( the Edmonton fire b'rigade..His appointment was made, ait a-meeting of the city council. Chief R. G. Davidson and. all the n'ew.'men will be; discharged'; forthwith.  �; London, Mar. 8.-A Russian rovolii tionary army captured Jamburg, CS miles from Petrograd, on tho morniuK of March 5, according to an official, announcement ma'de in PetrogrArt' Thursday and forwarded by the cor-. respondent of the Exchange Telegraph company. Fighting Continues London, ilar. 7.-In spite of the fact that a formal treaty of peace has been signed by the central powers and, tho Bolshsviki go>>ernment of Russia,' fighting'continues at varlbus- points along tho eastern front. That'{Germany considers the convention , she ' / forced Leniue and Trotxky to sign as a "scrap of paper" Is evidenced by th'e announcement that the. Teutons liavo' reaclipd Jamburg, a town of 68 inilqs trbm'iP'^trograd. , The report bf^tlje Subaeauent partial retirement "btjlttip "i-Germana. does not lend eiicourage'i|ie|it to tho belief, that further Invasion. Rusi^ia Jibs been aliandoned.' >. ' Ravoiutloniata Hold Kiev cj^ . London, .Mar, 8.-Kiev, the, capital of ^herUkraine,^'ls,atiU:in the.lifiitdK;.aQf I^uasIKn revolutibnary tioops-iiiilHiUi iiot bqen occupied by the Germanii cording to a statement issued Wedn^ip-^. day by the Russian official new8,;^agStiit4a^ \'91b�rla, thus desiring to demonstrate Itfellana and Caooha laMpe - ^ Pekln,' Mar. 8.-^HundredB of, Itillaus and C7.echs who. were prispherBj'i-J'df,, war In Russia, having bneaVcapt^ri^d from the Austrian army by the RuAaiiih General ^Brussiloff, during the adviii^bo ' of 191G and 191T, have eicaped: from the prison camps in. Siberia: and'fled -"'I across the Russia frontier to O^lifa. \ Some have already made their4*iy ' '*'* across to Japan. Hundreds. Qfpers'oha.^. have perished from cold'and hii(iisr,'v vrhlle in Siberia. Mbst of the refligeta ,' ,,i wore only half clad and bad littl� food. : ''':.^/^0if�at"0l8t^B: �;V.*''g''if' .Pour.hundred of them have,;tohnav.,.. ..y shelter 'in' Vlaliivostpk' hut' even^tbiajf; S have suffered. great diatresa aa .tliera^ k^^^ has been little food or, hausinc^lfo spare them. Groups bf those reti^itoa^v are scalteredrln all'.the towna.between^^sV;'^ HarBin and Pekin. The resojircoBs'bt, the Italian' legation:, here'^have>^i(e�in,-' severely, taxed ill the;prpy\,de food and clothing for.thesa'fermer^ivaivi)' ,j Kanyon,!3Vilin.iMar.f8:-GabrgeBrel da^: a; non-partiaan league, organiaer. WBB^esoortodtoVthe railroad atatioif forped^to kniaol and kiss (he Amorjcan. flag and then to purchase'* tjlpkeP forvDqdfe; Centre. He was put on the train ^^thordsra not to r�turn. ^.Breljaal i iwaa anporlntondlng the GdaaUuoqouaty.; caucus of the league and,-app�icantjy- Jiad done nothing to aifouif tho ire' ofith^ citlaena. .A,xrpwd;of',moro thany200 wont, t^ the. hotel wUere >Braidal had � reglsteri ,.ed, and thoy' were:'informed- that' ho wB> 'at','a'.pldt^ro  aUow.; --Tbay found litnf^ atitbe .atiow: aiid forc^ ^ him to ooa^ejAt(t jaiid;;threata'Of � coat of:Ur and;fc|i|thcr8 were made if he returtedi .,^1 Loi)id�D;ilMl�roJ) 8,---!The following �V atf-eacfiped' .prJab'ners: 4Si4,49U, A, G.' Ma0Pnnay;74,l�8, A; WIlHoi.; These announcemeata by Uoiii Ohas. Dunning, director ' of,; food,produiflou wore the featufoB-otvhis" Address ^Friday-morninK'torihA .committee ,of agriculture of the^eniaMture ou.tbo aues-tlom ot the reauiremeniii'from Aibnrta to meet tho neb^Miileavof. the food situation in roliitidn to"th^;�lllea in Europe and w�re, made, In.'reply M> quoBtiona ot iWilF; AtWnO'tbo member for Didabury. l\ ; >A full attendance *ot tho houiB under the prwWeaoy.jof, F; ,8. Leffing-well .hekrdVMr.'-I>una^iig;.an4 'th� nepUon given th9 tnnounoemant ahowr ed li9W vitally iVfi^W^ttbh. pt machinery aad .price b9,in)| up with tbe'l caae of |�9re�a�du.W��n ' .produotlop, Mr, Dunplnf l^tima^od' th^^ � b�. bad taken this .courae'*:it>ly Inwrossed uDou;]tiip;i^ur,lng Mb tour oV tbe provinces .qf^.tlv^rPbmlQl?"-' If North America doea not prodiioe 260,000,000 more bushels of bread grain in 1918 than in 1917," wired Mr. Hoaxer, "we .will use in bringing grain from diatant-poinU ahips that ahould'ha-employed ii^ carrying men and m'unltiona from the United States. J Thejetora,"' said Mr. Dunning, "production had',a' definite military bearing on t.he.,war'' aituatlon." North America insofar: aa the food problem is concerned; la; the crucial point If-i-North America-ralfiea to. the food aituatlon they can (Carry on. If North.America tails,' Mr>VQun-ning did'not complete-the aentenoe; He left tho aignificanoe of th^.l^bjunia8iBtance: to Ruasian revulutionaryfleader% if they wi^uld cause trouble, Tbe documents are reported to mention Germainy's intention to.use releasedvOerman war priiionara In Liberia againat China's northern frontiers. China (hopes to secure Japanese and American finan dial ^aaaistance to iueet tbeveipenses of .'the northern eaeeditibnary forces, , ecarelt'y. Per Voara te^Come The world as a whole wat''(a'tilng famine.^ Nyt only that, for munyyeiirB to come there would be tho greatest (VlfflouUyin supplying meat anJ^aUV Thoa^ wore fba facta the' people of Weatem Canada must graap invofder that the land of plenty ma'de bear for'hu'initnity'Bi sake, AJftoripbrht':: ing out. that a lot of departmentai^had taken piacf under tbe (^anadavWod board, every member of which ^hVCtU fure wiMdoini bis beat. He alluded to A. MILLION DOLyR^ >v::-' HOSPITAL! MONTREAL (CONTINUED ON PAOB''�)//' Montreal, Mar, 8.7-Th^ board of gov-eruoi'sof Notre Dainebbiipitai havede-aided tb build a milliMi dollar hoopital on � Sherbrooke 8tr�i|�tVp facing: L'afon-talne'Park, and conatruifUpn'probably Will' bo begun before;thia;w�f"ia oyer, iud ,nbt; vote unless' he 'or she vhaa.pair^iand^ after the f'vote: had b^bn^:taken,> tlie attention of 1 Mr. Speaker! waal^caUedvttp the fact! that three;membbr8'had, aat in their'^seats, and bad neither'debjared .'thomBolveil' �for'the'-yea?.:or>jiay�i^^''^:V^-'' ''�"i' V^-:'.' �'rhese-.'were^is'^Mrl^.^MpKluhey,'.. Miss^ MacAdMai/ai^d|:,JameB^;Weip..'Thehs a diftioulty bacurredvihi^t was .the oaiiao ot a great 4.eai4bti'mbrriinentzta.^^ of thbhopse^if rather di�|c6ncerting;t9 the three rcipfes theftotalB-pfRu�i>�'* 'Capture*:^ because,-tlrt?%.'iM� have?*!Ben,-ttortl^yf>^^ . A'cuui't, Ua contendbd:�M|ild,lM'feetav;e told;him thint thia ov-e�tlpn .Vi!aa;;.thb beginning of; the, carryihg4.aut:;bff'n Iplan. for; the re-udluatm>iittbf.vthe iqlol districts -" '----"�->>. wjis .becoralpg growth of Alberta, tbattaomb Judges itb do, and others > George Hoadley' asawteit; [^rentlon pt: the dist^io^tw^j:^ pf an^.etectlQU prbniiao;--'-'" i'WeU'. � who' followetfr!]!, tK9'89 who Uvedin f^ipi: During 1916 and 1917;ltHlysJient ^ missions-to � RuBBla; ideMI,fy:|BU^^^ war BriBoners as were-ijnm^^^^^ Itallairand many-were^ntiba**^^^ join thevltillanyft�p>y:a ;rivf :RuB8iah4evnilutton;fWhiohfT>u^ !to the.1R*rk.,'iW|th�;e>>�Jll'>���i'^-^^� �bt  vigilmW ahtf "8eiiena??dli$r^^^ tionof RuBsiamany ofj,thbBo:;^^^ survlv�d the priabf jcimp*;b^ ' �' Througlv effdriafofethe'Itglia^ �ter- intPekln,'�f^^lIfi^:Bt|!ils|^^^ ihgj provid�d|:^twmrbtom�Hen^^^ otleJ^pb!nk|Sra|(>idr�#i^W tov a^emblel*;J^�^:T ;�iJB''idoii.of^;iatb?i^^ not tb vlteep away from a g�|v! StiSaf iqiiurt;h�>ns^-wbu^d| 1 USEa AGAI WaaWngton;iMar^>!!.-^^ ,' :d||tJpbrBJ9f':ihsiAwe^ ifltt( QeifTOaff:��bmat�^ liiiweil ^0 the �inayyfde�a^ Wiyiaia ^PjalrKofc binooulp^jK ,ta'n?Sby.'r.-M|:'#^i-poj^ttSi;iofiS^ 146 00849156 838?78?0 ;