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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 7, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 4 THI LCTHBRIDGE HERAID _ March 7, 1971 A mission that must not fail Canada's membership in the Inter- national Commission for Control and Supervision in Vietnam may be short- lived. The recent Paris conference reject- ed Canada's plea for a stable politi- cal authority to which the commis- simi could report. At home op- position political parties have not ceased to criticize the government over its handling of Canada's parti- cipation in the ICCS, either for what it has done or for not always consult- ing Parliament before doing it. In the field, Canadian troops attempting to carry out the spirit the letter scarcely exists of their task, have found it a frustrating, depressing and dangerous business, no easier for their knowing how meagre are the possibilities of worthwhile results. Quite properly, therefore, External Affairs Minister Sharp has warned ail concerned that Canada may well decide to get out of ICCS altogether, unless there are early signs of very considerable improvement in the whole situation. In setting out his position, JI r. Sharp told the press "the continuation of peace in Vietnam does not de- peud on Canadians being on the com- and in the broad sense that is true. While Canada has been one of the staunchest participants in peacekeeping duties, and her armed services are probably the most know- ledgeable and effective in the world in this role, it is nevertheless a fact that tiie troops of some other nation could step in and do the job if Can- ada decided to pull out. But Canadian withdrawal would still mean a very significant change. While Irish, Danish or some other forces might have the needed exper- ience and skills in peacekeeping dut- ies, none has the special Canadian relationship with the United States. That relationship is important, and never more so than right now. Canadians hold differing beliefs about American participation in the Vietnamese war, views as diverse as those held and expressed in the U.S. itself. Some are completely certain the Americans have been fighting our battles there all along, while others are just as convinced they should never have gone there at all. But about U.S. troops coming home, there is little argument; to a man, Canadians whole-heartedly welcome the approaching end of our neighbor's involvement in this Woody, divisive and unwinnable war. Canadians share with others a very real fear that the battle in Viet- nam is not over, that bitterness and enmity generated by a generation or more savage fighting will not quickly pass away. Their concern, and that of anyone with America's interests at heart, is that U.S. troops not be a part of Die blood-letting they fear is still to come. So, though it may mean political and diplomatic frustration, and even greater danger to Canadians present- ly in Vietnam, every possible effort must be made to hang on, to con- tinue just the appearance of peace- keeping if it can be no more than that, until the last American is safe- ly home. As has teen remarked, so sadly and with so ominous a ring of pro- phecy, the last foreign soldier to die in Vietnam may not yet be born. No thinking Canadian can want that last soldier to be- American. Inflation must stop somewhere Notwithstanding their constantly re- iterated concern over inflation, gov- ernments at all levels keep bringing down budgets they proudly declare to be the highest in history or, at the very least, higher than any their predecessors were able to produce. From Edmonton comes word of an all-time high budget in which there is even provision for a built-in V.5 per cent annual increase in educa- tional spending, already at record levels. Ottawa's recently announced bud- get is also an all-time high, and it too contains provisions which make clear the government's acceptance of inflation as a permanent condition. It seems to be the same every- where. In the U.S., as another record budget is considered, prices have risen from five to 20 per cent in response to "easing" of controls, and it is an open secret that there Is tacit agreement between the White House and big labor for wage hikes of around eight per cent. Record budgets and inflation, then, are everywhere. Everywhere, that is. except in payments to pensioners. Replying to a brief from the Na- tional Pensioners and Senior Citi- zens, Finance Minister Turner re- cently told a delegation from that organization there is little hope of any further increase in old age pen- sions, because the government hasn't the money; if pensions were to be raised even by ?10 it would mean an increase of 1.5 per cent in income taxes. That's quite out of the question, because it would be inflationary. And that would never do, would it? Inflation has to stop somewhere. But does it have to be at the old age pensioner's door-step? ANDY RUSSELL The rock slide When one looks at a rock slide in the Rockies, a great mass of loose broken rock varying in size from a few pounds to tons, the impression is of an expanse of lifeless waste. But nothing could be farther from the truth, for a rock slide offers shelter fo many kinds of life. TJie permanent resi- dents of such a place attract roving pred- ators; mountain goats, mule deer and wild Eheep wander back and forth; so the na- ture observer may see a wide variety of gpecies. Sometimes a rockslide is an old glacial moraine left by receding ice. Occasionally it is caused by a great rock fall, when a piece of a mountain slips, buckles and falls into the valley below. More often it is formed by the gradual but constant accum- ulation of rock being split a bit at a time off a high face by water freezing in cracks, along with expansion and contraction of changing temperatures, wind and water. This casting off of loose rock by a moun- tain happens day and night, winter and summer over the years with varying de- grees of intensity until great talus fans are built up wilh the finer rock at the nar- row tops and coarser stuff at the bottom. The peaks of activity occur at sunrise and sunset with the resultant quick changes of temperature. Spring and fall are Ihe most active times of the year. Many times I have camped at (he foot of rock slides below the high face of a mounfain to wake at night hearing the ex- plosive repercussions of falling rock. In Ihe dark these fails sound ominous and much larger than Ihey really are. Rarely docs a rock stay together in such a plunge and the fragments reaching the rock slide gen- erally roll only a few yards below (he foot of the cliffs. Wildlife pays small attention to it, accepting it as a natural part of liv- ing in the mountains, and by the same token of exposure a man learns to largely ignore it unless the fall is an unusually large one. Whatever the source, such masses of loose rock offer cover and shelter for a host of rodents such as pikas, tled ground squirrels, chipmunks, mar- mots, wood rats, porcupines and many kinds of mice. Around the lower perim- eters, where boulders lay half buried in the earth, the Columbian ground squirrels dig their dens. Many limes I have sat for hours play- ing my binoculars over the broken rock, watching the teeming life. Apart from the residents of such a place there is the larg- er game even the powerful grizzly bear. Eagles can he seen swinging in lazy cir- cles on (he (hermais overhead on the look- out for an easy catch. Once I saw a wolv- erine prowling through the boulders to the accompaniment of shrill warning calls squirrels and marmots. When a pine mar- ten or a weasel shows up, every pika and ground squirrel in the vicinity will be up on top of the highest rocks adding Ihcir voices to the general alarm system, pene- trating and persistant if not really melo- dious. I was riding along a trail skirting a rock slide one day at Umberline, when a golden eagle came down in a sizzling strike at a ground squirrel sitting on top of ah old weathered log. The squirrel barely man- aged to dodge the big bird's talons, fell off the log in a panic and proceeded to scramble along under it towards the homo den. The eagle flapped and hopped after it along the top of the log, but the razor sharp point'; of its long curved talons kept getting tangled in the open cracks of weathered wood, slowing the bird up and allowing the squirrel to escape. Only when it is raining or snowing does a rock slide look lifeless. The pikas alone move around in winter under the snow blanket covering the loose rock, for then most of lha others are in deep hiberna- tion. It is only then that a rockslicle is an inert and relatively lifeless mass. Unfinished business for the P.M. By Peter Desbarals, Toronto Star commentator The poster given to him by the reporter from the Los Ange- les Times after the election is still outside his centre block of- fice: The kitten still desperately clutches a horizontal bar with its front paws above the leg- In There, Baby." He has now hung in there for four months, a lot longer than many voters expected, or wanted, after the near-defeat of October 30. And at this stage, with the critical budget debate behind his minority govern- ment, it would be reasonable to expect _Pierre Trudeau to stay in power for some time. Most people in Ottawa now talk of a fall election as the earliest possibility and there are members of the cabinet who are -starting to speculate in terms of years rather than months. The prime minisfir is not one of them. Sitting behind the desk in. his office, he pre- fers to talk about the parlia- mentary hurdles that still lie ahead of his government. Even after tlie budget, debate is over, he remarks "we still have the budget legislation to pass, last years and this years, and I would be deluding myself if I thought there was no possi- bility of accidents or of mishaps in the handling of those bills. "And even between now and March 26, we have seven oppo- sition days, two of which will be days in which non-confidence motiqns can be moved. I wouldn't underestimate the abil- ity of the official opposition to trap us into defeat." "I just think we've got to con- tinue as a government, doing what we've been doing sincu October 30, assuming that the people have spoken, that they don't want to have an imme- diate election, that we will put the best legislation before the House and the best policies we can before the country." He considered the suggestion that perhaps the counfry might benefit from an assurance that the government has no intention of springing an early election on voters. "If an election is called at this he says, "it will be because the opposition will have Joined us into an election. There's no desire on the part of the government to have an early election. "There is so much stuff in the Throne Speech, much of it fun- damental, that I just couldn't see myself going to the people without having tackled those he continues. "I could talk about the Jake- over and foreign ownership leg- islation, but another example which is very close to my heart is the resolution that we want to put before the House on the Of- ficial Languages Act and its implementation in the federal government services. You know how basic that whole idea is to my concept of Canada, and I would want very much every MP to have to go on record "Well, 1 think we can rule out malnutrition." Majority want peaceful accommodation By James Reslon, New York Times commentator WASHINGTON You can hardly read a newspaper or tune in on the evening news these days without thinking that this is a demented world. Israel, living in a state of siege, shoots down a Libyan civilian plane with the loss of more than 100 lives. A few Arab ter- rorists retaliate by murdering two U.S. diplomats in Khar- toum, and the obvious conclu- sion seems to be that we are living on the verge of anarchy. Everywhere in the world, the majority of the people seem ta be living in fear of the tyranny of the minority. In the com- munist world, it is the tyranny of rulers; in the non-communist world, it is the tyranny of the criminals or the money specu- lators or some combination of forces that influence the life of most people, which the people do not understand. Yet, in the perspective of his- tory, anarchy is not the dom- inating force of this compli- cated age. The nations have not got hold of their violent mi- norities, but they are in many ways more conscious now than at any other time in this cen- tury that military force will not solve their problems, and that they must co-operate abroad in order to solve their problems at home. Even the United States, with all its monetary and industrial power, finds that it cannot de- fend the dollar or restore its balance of payments and trade without the co-operation of oth- er countries. The Soviet Union has stopped talking about "burying" the United Stales, and surpassing it in agriculture and industrial production, but is now buying grain from the American mid- dle west, and relying on the computer technology of West Germany and Japan to keep up with the scientific revolution of production and distribution in the West. Meanwhile, China has come out of isolation, worried about Russia, and is beginning lo talk to America, Japan, and Eu- rope. The old Gaullist prej- udices against ritain and the U.S. have been modified in France by Pompidou, who has an election to fight, and is now talking, not about nationalism, but about integration and co- operation. And even !n the Middle East, despite the tragedies oi the last few days, the cease- fire between Israel and the Arab States continues, and re- cently the leading officials Jerusalem and Cairo have been in Washington exploring pos- sibilities oE a peaceful com- promise and accommodation. Anarchy is in the headlines, but anarchy is the nightmare of all these countries, so they Letter Man's job Discrimination! That's all it is. Gulf Oil Canada Ltd. is right in the middle of it discrim- inating against men. Have you noticed then- ad in The Herald for a "manageress" for the new self-serve gas bar under construction at 3rd Ave. and 13th St. S.? This ad even states: "Unique opportunity for lady a lady, nowadays? I thought most females were now Ms, whatever that may be. What about us men? Don't we get a crack at the job? Appar- ently not. It's discrimination, that's what. The gas bar alone is discrim- ination against present Gulf service station operators in the city, all of whom are men. Gas bar gasoline prices will un- doubtedly provide direct dis- criminatory competition to a service industry which is al- ready struggling for its surviv- al. Then to add insult fo injury, Gulf has the nerve to adver- tise for a "manageress." On your feet fellow libcra- tionists! Picket that construc- tion job. Females want equal opportunity, so do we. MALE LIBERATION1ST Lethbridge are talking and compromising, Vietnam is a symbol of the point. In the headlines, it is a confusing mess, but the trend is toward more negotiation and less violence. This is true as well in Wash- ington. A couple of weeks ago, the president and Congress seemed to be headed for a con- stitutional crisis over the im- pounding of funds, the freedom, of the press to protect its sources of information, the power of the president to make war or peace or grant aid to North Vietnam or amnesty to young Americans who defied the draft or deserted. But all this is changing now, not much but some. At home, as in Vietnam, the president is beginning to rec- ognize, though not to admit publicly, that "total victory" and "unconditional surrender" are really out of the question. So when Hubert Humphrey and many Republican leaders of Congress say they will go along on reconstruction aid to North Vietnam, but not if it comes out of the domestic bud- get, the president announces that he will take it out oJ the defence and security budget. How long this mood will last nobody knows. But the demo- cratic process of compromise is beginning to work, not in the headlines, but in the interna- tional conferences in Paris and in the cloakrooms of the Con- gress on Capital Hill. It is not going to satisfy the extremist minorities who want clear and tidy solutions, and will go on trying to resolve all these com- plicated and ambiguous issues by force, but the main thing is that the majority of people in most countries and the leaders of most nations, seem lo have given up on ideological solu- tions and arc now looking for a way out. They still have a long way to go. They arc still iasisting on vast military budgets the nations of the world are now spending more than billion a year on arms and thcsa military expenditures keep them from dealing wilh the poverty of their peoples. Kor example, infers isn't major nation in the world, ex- cept Japan, that is not spend- ing on the armed services enor- mous funds that are desperate- ly needed for food, housing, and education at home. President Eisenhower put tin's point with great force away back in 1953: "Every gun that is he said, "every warship launched, every rocket fired' signifies, in the final sense, a theft from those who hunger and are not fed, those who are cold and are not cloth- ed. This world in arms is not spending money alone. It is spending the sweat of its lab- orers, the genius of its scien- tists, the hopes of its chil- dren This problem o! priorities has obviously not yet been solved. The problem of the tyrannical in support of the Act's appli- cation. "If a dissolution were to come before that, I'm afraid that the subject would loom large during an election. I'd rather have it settled in Parliament than risk having it come up during an election in an underground way, as it did in the last election." Despite the Ottawa chatter since the election about possible succcsso.-s, the prime minister to give the impression of contemplating much unfin- ished business. "I got into be re- calls, "lo make sure that a cer- tain number of ideas in which I believe, and for which I fought, would find a platform in Ot- tawa, that I could speak for them and defend them. And I've always said that I would stay around and fight for those ideas as long as I thought I could be useful to them. "If the ideas are accepted, and they no longer have to be fought for, well, you know, I'll be thinking of hanging up my skates, I don't think the last election showed me that either the Official Languages Act or the problem of national unity was solved as I thought it was when I went into the campaign. So I think I'll be around to fight for those in one capacity or an- oilier." He is reminded that the Na- tional Liberal convention next fall will have a secret vote on whether or not to hold a lead- ership convention. Does he ex- pect a minimum level of sup- port in this vote? What per- centage? "If there were a very large majority voting in favor of a leadership he says, "I suppose I would have to ask myself if I would run, in that leadership convention or not. But I'm not saying I would, and I'm not saying I wouldn't." As he talks and the reels on the tape recorder revolve slowly, I wonder if he is really looking thinner and more tired than during the campaign, or If it is only that I expect him. to. "Well, I'll tell you that I worked every bit as hard dur- ing the first four years as I'm working he insists. "My days are just as full, but they're full of different things. I'm sitting a longer time in tho House because I listen to more of the debates. I'm spending more time with MPs and minis- ters. I'm spending less time in cabinet committees because there's less legislation being processed. The House is a much slower thing now, therefore we need to spend less time in proc- essing legislation and policies. "Perhaps that's basically a good thing in political terms though I'm not sure if it's the best thing for the country." This remark carries a re- minder of election battles of tie sixties, particularly the Pearson campaign of 1965, when minor- ity governments campaigned on the necessity for strong major- ities. "I believe that minority gov- ernments can be says the prime minister. would even be prepared to con- cede that it's not a bad thing to have a minority government once in a while. "But in the long run, It doesn't necessarily make for good government. It doesn't permit you to plan the future'as well, and it doesn't permit you perhaps to plan your own at- tack on major problems like energy policy, long-term inter- national trade arrangements and so on. "But I'm making no com- plaints, and I certainly would never go out and campaign on piuiyiciu W1 WRi tyrmnycai minority is stil] with us, but need to Telect a majority 11____ __. flfiVfm Tn flnf T fKinlr these are mainly the most ob- vious headlines on the surface of the troubled waters of the world. Underneath, stronger tides of co-operation and com- mon sense are running. So maybe the main point is not that the violent outlaws 'in the middle east and elsewhere are dominating the contempo- rary world, but merely that they ere dramatizing the dan- gers of anarchy, and persuad- ing officials in all countries of the necessity of co-operation order and peace, which most people everywhere seem to want. Maybe 'this is the forgotten factor: The minority may want violence and absolute solutions, but the majority in most na- tions is now ready for com- promise and accommodation. government. I think that was tned-once, and it wasn't suc- cessful." 'Crazy Capers' No doulit about it Mr. Cmmble, it's the worst in- grown toe r.ait I've every come across! Herald St. 5, Lethbridge, Alberta LETHBRIDGE HERALD 00. LTD., Proprietors and Published 1MS-1954, by Hon. W. A. BUCHANAN CUsi figuration No. 0012 DON PILLING VJIIII4HA Manglnj Editor Assoetew SaiKr ROY F, VilLES DOUG1 A' K Vjli t'co Mvtmung "THE.HERAtD SERVES THE SOUTH" ;