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Lethbridge Herald Newspaper Archives

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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 7, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta 34 THt lEtHBRIDGE HERAIO Wfetn.lJoy. Morth 7, 1973 IROYAl TOUR 19731 Tour 1973 Trie Queen and Prince Philip everything from ikiing to bucking horses on two vlsils Jo Canada this During their f fril visit, )he royal coupls will errive in Toronto June 25, travel to Cabaurg and King- ifon, June 27, and Kitchener, Cambridge, London, Si. Catherines and Niagara-on-the-Lalte for the Shaw Festival, June 28. On June 29 they will swing through Brampton, Onl., see the Queen's Plale in Toronto June 30, then for Charlottefown. During their three-clay visit to Edward Island the couple will take part in that province's centennial celebrations. They will see Canada's' national ski team practising on plastic snow July 3 at Thunder Bay, Ont. Before returning to England they will fly to Regina to of lend the Royal Canadian Mounted Police centennial July 4, and ihen 1o Calgory for the Stampede July 5. During their second July 31 fo August they will take parl in engagements and commitments in the Ottawa area associated with the Commonwealth heads o( government conference, l> 25-26: Toronto June 27- Cobourg, Kingston 28: Kitchener, Cambridge, London, St. CatHorinej, Niogora-on- (he-Lake Jjnc 29: Brampton June 30: Toronto J-3: Chorlorfetown July 3: Thunder Bay July 4: Regino July 5: Calgary July 31-Auci.4; Ottawc Today you can sport an easy-care casual shirt and save while you do it. Reg. (a) Reg. 95 599 Q99 a-Save S2.96 Rounded collar sport shirt. 100% polyester. cuff for that fashionable touch Sizes: S-M-L- Colours: White, Grown, Reg Si 1.95 b-Save 52 Long point collar sport shirt. polyester rrepe. Machine washable. 2-butlon cuff sVyle. Sizes: S-M-L-XL. White. Powder Blue. Beige. Orange, Reg. SB 00 S5 99 c-Save 52 Mock lurlleneck boude knit shirt. 100'b Orion acrylic. Machine washable. Stripes. acrylic Machine washable. Tapered lit S-M-L-XL. While 'Navy Maijs.'Brown. Reg. 55.99 Men's Furnlihingi Open Doily a.m. te Sr30 p.m. Thurjrfoy onrf Friday o.m. to p.m. Centra Village Moll. Telephons 328-9731 Viet 'peace' a catalogue of failures AN ANALYSIS By SYLVAN FOX New York Times Service SAIGON More [ban z month after the signing of (lie Vietnam peace agreement the balance sheet on it is heavily weighted with failure. There have been a few posi- tive aspects, of course: United Stales troops are leaving Viet- nam in a steady stream; Amer- ican prisoners have been freed from Communist captivity, al- though even Uiis aspect has now bogged down in .angry dis- pute; the fighting, while still continuing, lias diminished, at least temporarily. Measured against the lenns of the agreement, so meticu- lously negotiated during months of haggling, the events of the last month have fallen far short of the outline for peace. Neither peace nor the effec- tive machinery for maintain- ing peace has taken a f i r m grip on South Vietnam. Of primary concern is the continuation of the fighting, which, after all, is whai the agreement was supposed to eud. After tapering off during the first JO (lays, the fighting flared again and continued to rage until about a week ago, when it started another da- dine. Informed American continue to exude optimism about the prospects for the end of the hostilities. They describe what is happening as the heav- ing of the sea after a storm, or, as one official p.ut it, the last paroxysms of the war. Ycl no one denies that fighting has gone on far longer tton the peace agreement or those charged with implement- ing it foresaw. By government count since the cease-fire be- gan Jan. mare than Communist soldiers and almost government soldiers have been reported killed. 'Rial B about half the number, reported killed in the North Vietnamese offensive of last spring; it hard- ly suggests a country -at peace. How much longer will fighting last? A week or 10 days, according to American officials. By then, one said, expects to see little more com- bat. American officials made such a forecast with equal con- viction two weeks ago, and they were wrong then. Won't stop As' another Western source put it, no one is certain why the fighting has continued for so long. It- continues, he noted, "because neither side wants it to stop." Some informed officials at- tribute the fighting to the fuz ci- of control in contested areas, and they say that once those areas are more clearly defined they report Is fight- ing will end. "The Vietnamese government is determined to return to the status quo ante and they're do- ing a source said. Whether tte Communist will accept that "status quo ante" and cease hostilities when it is reached is anyone's guess, al- though American analysts say Ihere are indications that the thrust of events is in that direc- tion. Another clear failure under the Paris agreement has been the peace-keeping machinery it established. There are wo peace-keeping bodies in the Inter- national Commission of Control and Supervision, composed of Canada. Hungary, Indonesia and Polard, and the four-party joint military commission, con- sisting of representatives of the U.S., North Vietnam, South Vietnam and the Vietcong. The latter commission ceases to ex- ist in a month, to be replaced by a two-party commission South Vietnam and the Viei- cong. The control commission is charged by the Paris agree- ment with supervising the cease fire rather than pre- venting violations as such. Its members interpret that to mean that they are supposed to investigate alleged viola- tions but not try to interpose themselves between the two sides. The result has been that while the commission itself has functioned rather well, without bogging dosvn in what one source called "ste-rile cold war it has remained es- sentially impotent with regard to the cease-fire. The problem, according to the commission's members and those close to it, Is not that the men at its disposal do not constitute a large enough moni- toring force. The problem is that the commission's inter- pretation of the Paris agree- ment so limits its function as to prevent it from taking any sciive steps to stop the fighting. Have to wait Thus the commission mem- bers believe that, under the terms of the agreement, they must wait until the fighting ceases before launching- inves- tigations of violations. If the fighting remained at its pres- ent relatively low level, the commission, by this logic, could never begin to function in any real sense. Even on this score the Amer- icans are not nessimisSic, how- ever. They concede that, as one put it, the commission's effectiveness is "still more po- j tential than actual." but they contend that its international lustre will tend In reduce the fighting and permit it to func- tion eventually. Whether the Americans are correct or not, the control com- mission has moved far slower than expected. As slow as the control com- mission has been in fulfilling its mandate, the four-party joint m i 1 i ta r y commission, which hears fundamental re- sponsibility for ending the hos- tilities, has been even slower, The effect has been to render the military commission al- most as ineffective as the con- trol commission. Aside from working out the first release of American and Vietnamese war prisoners, the military commis- sion has been unable to com- plete a single investigation r.f tlie thousands of cease-lire vio- lations alleged on both sides. sole major accomplish- ment, with half its life over, has been the issuance of an ur- gent appeal to the opposing commands to stop hostilities. The appeal produced no drama- tic halt in the fighting, which continued, though at a some- what lower level. For all the negatives, the Americans remain supremely confident, at least when they are talking with journalists. "Is the cease-fire i well informed official asked rhetorically. "It's not working, in the sense that people shooting at each other. But it you ask me whether the trend is such that one can have con- fidence in the futiire, my an- swer is yes.'' "This thing has to h? added. "We're assuming it will work." The assumption may be more wishful than real, for there is nothing in Vietnam's long his- tory of chaos and conflict, or in ttie long history of failed ef- forts to restore peace, to sug- gest that the current attempts will succeed, and there is much to suggest the opposite. "f don't think anything In Vietnam has ever gone accord- ing to our a rea- sonably optimistic American of- ficial remarked. Indians must depend on education (CPl Chiei Dan George says the history of the North American lias been sad but can be improved through edu- cation. Accepting ari honorary doc- tor of law degree from Bran- University, the British Col- itmbia chief said education "Is the ton! of the modern world." "And we, the Indian, must depend upon it as once we de- pended on bows and arrows." Chief fieorge, who received an Oscar nomination for his role in the movie LiUte Big Man, said tJie Indians' history has besn sad since signing treaties with the white man be- cause of the Indians' position. knew who we were. We didn't like it, but we stood where we signed the treaties at the bottom of the totem pole." ;