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Lethbridge Herald, The (Newspaper) - March 7, 1973, Lethbridge, Alberta Northern Ireland votes Thursday in 'border poll' BELFAST (neuter) For- the first time in 51 years, Northern Ireland votes Thurs- day on the question of continued ties with Britain or union with the Irish republic. Since Protestants of the six counties refused in 1921 to join the Roman Catholic majority of the 26 counties to the south, the issue has never been put to a formal vote. But there is no douht that the views of Ulster's one million Protestants are as firm as ever against joining the and their stand has been hard- ened by the bloody events of the last four years. For this reason the result this weeks referendum which has become commonly known as the "border has been described as a fortegone con- clusion particularly since Catho- lic and Irish nationalist parlies are boycotting the vote. But Protestant political lead- from the moder- ates of the Labor party to the hard-line Ulster spotted what they see us a hidden danger in the poll. TURNOUTS AUE LOW At local elections and in vot- ing for representatives to sit in the British Parliament at West- minster, voter turnout in North- ern Ireland is rarely more lhan 75 per cent. Although Protestants out- number Catholics by two to one among the 1.2-million elec- torate, the attitude of "We are bound to win anyway" among supporters of union with Britafi almost certainly means that many will not bother to vote. Combined with a Catholic boycott of the poll, this may lead to less than 50 per cent of the electorate voting in favor of remaining with Britain. Many Pro testa nt politicians fear this would give the British govern- ment an excuse to try to impose some sort of "Irish-unity" solu- tion to the problem. Britain has repeatedly said that Northern Ireland will never be ceded to the republic against the wishes of the majority. But there is a growing feeling among the British electorate that Protestants and Catholics in Northern Ireland should be left to solve matters among themselves. Many Protestants fear a low poll would encourage the Brit- ish government in its own white paper, proposals later tlu's month to make major con- cessions to the Irish republican view. The Unionist party, which formed the Ulster government for 60 years until Britain im- posed direct rule from London a year ago, has appealed to its supporters to vote. Ian Paisley, the "anti- Popery" Presbyterian gospel preacher whose Democratic Un- ionist parly supports complete integration with Brilain, has stumped the six counties for a month warning of the danger to "Ulster's Protestant On the Catholic side, the So- cial Democratic and Labor Party charges that the mere holding of the poll will increase the seclarian split and has led the boycott campaign. UeLethbridg LETHBRIDGE, ALBERTA, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 7, 1973 PRICE: TEN CENTS THREE SECTIONS 38 Canada may take U.S. to court By VICTOR MACKIE Herald Oltawa Bureau OTTAWA A suggestion by Trade and Commerce Minuter Alastair GilSSpie that the Canadian govern- ment night resort to the United States court if neces- to reduce American trude barriers was declared as "nonsensical" in the Commons Tuesday. The minister came under strong attack from Pro- gressive Conservative and New Damocrahc Party men for failing to take firm action to persuade agaTnst imposing restrictionist trade poUcies Gitek was queried as to whether Ottawa had heard from Washington over the Canadian protest against the American countervailing duty on made-m- Canada Michelin tires. "The answer is Mr. Gillespie told his question- er Edward Broaribenl The NDP member demanded to know what kind ol retaliatory actions against the U.S discriminatory measures the minister was prepared to take. He, H appeared that the U.S. was not going to change its position regarding the duty levied against Micneun tires, a blow to Canada. "If we are not able to settle the Michelin protest in a satisfactory manner we shall have recourse to the courts in the United replied Mr. Gillespie Described us novel This brought John Diefenbaker (PC-Prince Albert) into the exchange in the House. It had been launched by questions raised by Paul Hcllycr (PC-Tnmly) The former prime minister described as "novel Mr, Gillespic's suggestion that the US. did what Canada hoped toward desisting from anything in tire nature of discriminatory action that the matter could be taken to the courts. _ Mr. Diefenbaker enquired what courts the minister had in mind. "I would ask Mm lo what courls the administration of the U.S. would be taken if it failed to do that which Canada asked Mr. Diefenbaker. Mr Gillespie said there is a provision under the, Tariff Act of 1930 whereby the agrieved parties can take action in the U.S. courts. Mr. Diefenbaker said: "I am glad to see the minister going back lo 1930 but we are now in 1973. I ask the minister what courts can Canada go to in order lo punish, admonish or secure an injunction against the United States. That is the Nonsensical answer Mr. Gillespie replied "I believe it is the U.S. federal court system and I do not think it Is a question of securing any injunction so much as it is a question of securing a judgement." Mr. Diefenbaker: "Does the minister suggest that in order for Canada to get justice it would have to go to a U.S. court in any proceeding. That is one of the most nonsensical answers given." Mr. Hellycr opened the questions on trade with reference to the numerous reports coming out of Washington that the U.S. is seriously considering In- creasing trade restrictions against foreign imports. He asked if Mr. Giliespie had been in personal con- tact with the United States secretary of commerce. He said Canada's trade minister should be polnt- ing out to his counterpart in Washington that Canada has not in any way been responsible for the U.S. imbalance in trade and that there is no justification for increasing trade restrictions against Canada. Mr. Gillespie said the Canadian government's view with respect to trade liberalization has been made known to the Washington authorities. Mr. Hellyer urged Mr. Gillespie to consider per- sonal diplomacy. Mr. Gillespie said Canada is in a deficit position with the U.S. on a current account basis. He said the Canadian government has made clear to Wash- ington that Canada is helping the Americans solve their problem. Drain presses for road link Inside Classified Comics Comment District Family..... Local News Markets 22-26 28 ....4 3, 11 18, 19 15, 16 '...20 fh Sports 8-10 Theatres 5 TV 5 Weather........ 2 LOW TONIGHT 25, "Welcome to Viet Nam-don't THURS. 45; bother to unpack.' MOSTLY SUNNY Woman in command Capl. Reba C. Tyler, 32, a former school leacher from Neosho, Mo., gives instruct- ions to her men ofler she was placed In command 'of on all-male unit at Mannheim West first woman officer to receive such a post. She is in charge of a male officer and 33 enlisted men assigned to the 48tli Adjutant General Postal De- tachment in the Mannheim area, which is near Heidelberg. Ulster talks break off From BELFAST (CP) Hopes of a detente among the rival politi- cal factions in Northern Ireland received a setback today when military Protestants dissociated themselves from dial agues be- tween Catholic and loyalist leaders. William hardline leader of the Proleslant Van- guard movement, met Tuesday with two high-ranking members of the Catholic Social Demo- era t i c and Labor Party Paddy Devlin and Ivan Cooper. By doing this, Craig knew he was flying in the face of many of his supporters. There was therefore a widespread assump- tion that progress was being made towards a breakthrough in the deadlock of views on the future of Ulster. GOV'T SPENDS MORE THAN IT TAKES IN EDMONTON (CP) The Al- berta government spent million more than it earned in the first nine months of fiscal 1972 73 but Acting Provincial Auditor D, W. Rogers indicat- ed today that the deficit could he reduced by about million by the lime the fiscal year ends March 31. The nine rnonlh deficit tra- ditionally declines during the fourth quarter of the fiscal year as government spending Rail strike starts early LONDON (Renter) Rail chaos came one day early to Britain today as engineers staged an impromptu rehearsal for Thursday's threatened coun- try-wide shutdown. Sevenly stations were closed and commuters left stranded in southern England. Stragglers who did reach Lon- don's Waterloo Station were warned there would be few, if any, homeward bound trains tonight. The surprise disruption lent bitterness to last-minute talks this morning between manage- ment and unions on Thursday's full-scale passenger train strike. This is scheduled lo start at midnight second in eight days. drops while revenue continues to flow in. In releasing th3 province's interim financial statement, Mr. Rogers said the govern- ment spent billion during the period ended Dec. 31, 1972. In its 1972 73 budget esti- mates, the government antici- pated it would have to spend billion. The 1972 73 budget forecast a deficit of million but in his 1973 74 budget speech last week provincial treasurer God- don Miniely said the province will probably wind up the cur- rent fiscal year wilh a million shortage. The antici- pated reduction was expected to result from an unexpected million surplus in the gov- ernment's income or operating account. But late Tuesday night the militant Ulster Defence Associ- ation joined with the Loyalist Association of Workers in issuing a statement rejecting the Craig talks and any future meetings with the SDLP POLICY DISCUSSED After the two-hour meeting, Craig said he agreed with the SDLP representatives to "ex- change papers defining policy within the next few days." The meeting was seen ss the first effort to achieve inter- sectarian political co-operation since the introduction of direct rule from London nearly a year ago. Meanwhile, guerrillas killed a British soldier, wounded three more in a bomb attack and blew up a furniture store in Bel- fast. At least 743 persons have been killed in Northern Ireland since 1969. The slaughter so far this year has taken 62 nearly one a day since Jan. 1. The British soldier who died was kii'ed by a single shot from a sniper in the Catholic White- cliff district. By GREG MclNTYRE Herald Legislative Bureau EDMONTON Mining com- panies have spent millions of dollars in coal exploration in the Southern Alberta foothills and if the provincial govern- ment doesn't construct a 70 mph primary high- way into the area it has led in- dustry "down the garden the Social Credit MIA for Pincher Creek Crowsnest said Tuesday in the legislature. Charlie Dram said a propos- ed, highway to connect Seebe between Calgary and Banff on the Trans Canada Highway with Coleman on the Southern Trans Canada will cause only insignificant damage lo the en- vironment. Companies with coal leases In the area include Canpac Minerals Ltd., Bralorne Can- Fer Resources Ltd., Canadian TiSlustrial Gas and Oil Ltd. and Scurry-Rainbow Oil Ltd. OPPOSES MOTION Mr. Drain said there are more than 3 billion tons of coal in the Oldroan River watershed and "the day will come when population pressure and politi- cal pressure will not allow us to sit on those resources." He opposed a motion two Conservative back benchers calling for a 50 mph speed limit and load restrictions on the proposed Kananaskis High- Crackdown ordered iii Sudaii KHARTOUM (AP) Presi- dent Jaafar el Nimeiri ordered a crackdown on Palestinian guerrillas operaling in Sudan today and said he has launched a roundup of all Sudanese "sus- pected of having contacts" with terrorists and spies. way to minimize damage to the environment and ensure recreational use. The motion proposed by Cal Lee (PC Calgary Mc- Knight) seconded by Gordon Stromberg (PC Camrose) did not come to a vote. Chief highways construction engineer R. H. Cronkhite said in an interview that a contract has been let and construction is under way fcr upgrading the first 12 miles of the highway south ol Seebe to the Kanasas- kis Lakes area. UPGRADE ROAD The government plans to up- grade about 30 miles of Hie road south of the Trans Can- ada Highway and then start improvements north from Cole- man, he said. The road is currently a for- estry access road through a forestry reserve. In proposing the motion against full high speed speci- fications for the highway, Mr. Lee said the road must be im- proved but left winding and scenic. He said jurisdiction for main- tenance should be taken over by the highways department because the department of lands and forests has not kept the road fa adequate condition for recreational use. Future work after the first 12 miles has been suspended .pending the results of a num- ber of studies, lie said. STUDY UNDER WAY A federal provincial study of resources in the foothills is currently under way under tho direction of the lands and for- ests department. Hearings by the Environ- ment Conservation Authority are scheduled for tlu's spring, A department of the en- vironment impact statement on the proposed highway was is- sued last fall. And, a study of Ihe Kana- naskis Valley has been under- taken by the local planning authority in conjunction with the departments of highways and lands and forests. Prison riot erupts The president said the assault on the Saudi Arabian embassy by Black September gunmen who kilted two United States diplomats and a Belgian was "an effort to destroy Sundan." He said the eight guerrillas will be tried along with "de- structors and those who are paid agenls." "I will not be lenient with de- structors and those who are paid agents." the president said. I shall return the blow twofold." Nimeiri, in a broadcast Tues- day night, termed the slaying of U.S. Ambassador Clco A. Noel, U.S. Charge d'Affairs G. Cur- tis Moore and Belgian Charge d'Affaires Guy Eid an "intoler- able crime." Mr. Lee proposed in addition, that an intergovernmental task force gather information from government and the public about the area. KINGSTON, (CP) About 20 convicts rioted in Mit- Ihaven maximum security in- stitution during the night and early today were wandering about the cell-block but guards had not entered the area. "There are no hostages and no injuries to either guards or inmates" said Mel Willard as- sistant Millhaven warden. The disturbance occurred in a single range of the institution wliich houses 380 convicts. The prisoners have been on a sit-down strike for the last nine days refusing to go to work or attend classes. Allhough'prison officials have declined to say the cause of the sit-down, the strike has been in apparent protest over with- drawal of some privi- leges as the remit of a mass escape by 14 convicts last July. Many of the Millhaven prison- ers were transfered there after a riot at Kingston penitentiary in April, 1971. In the aftermath of tlw 1971 riot, 13 prisoners were found guilty of manslaughter in the deaths of two other convicts who were beaten to death dur- ing that disturbance. Also, a commission headed by Toronto lawyer J. W. Swackha- mer reported last week that during the transfer from the Kingston prison to Millhaven some convicls were made to run "tha gauntlet" by guards. The Swackhamer report said 88 convicts had been injured during the transfer and "those injuries were caused by persons in the employ of the Canadian penitentiary service." The Whig-Standard said it re- ceived an anonymous letter Monday night charging that the sit-down was carried out because guards vrere bealing Ihe prisoners. Canada won't interfere in U.S. pipeline dispute OTTAWA (CP) The Cana- dian government does not want to get involved hi a dispute in the United States Congress on whether an Alaska oil pipeline should be built across Alaska or through the Mackenzie Valley in Canada, Energy Minister Donald Macdonald said Tuesday night. "It is basically an internal Mr. Macdonald said. "We don't want to jump into the middle of a domestic argu- ment In the U.S." Les Aspin, a Democratic member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Wiscon- sin, has predicted a major, battle in Congress between ad- vocates of each route. He heads a group of six senators and 32 representatives who favor the Canadian route. Teachers label new offer an insult and heard About town Stanley Has- persfci mowing the lawn in front of St. Patrick's Church Marnlc! Goddard going fishing "to unwind" after her trip to Ottawa Ted Sdictirkogcl passing out bananas at a Irbur meeting, providing proof that Leth- bridge is In the banana bell. By HERB LEGO llci-atcf Staff Writer Rural teachers have rejected a counter offer made Tuesday by the Southern Alberta School Authorities Association terming the trustees' proposal an insult. More than Southern Al- Iwrta teachers will walk off Ihe job March J2 if a settlement is not reached in their dispute with SASAA. Teacher negotiator Bill Casa- nova, of Calgary, said today his delegation sat around in their rooms "smoking cigars and playing cards" for eight hours Tuesday waiting for SASAA's nsw proposal. SASAA chairman Ray Clark said his bargaining team spent mediation hours Tuesday wait- ing for word from the teachers. Mr. Casanova said the latest SASAA offer, which does not in- clude benefits such as Alberta Health Plan and Blue Cross, amounts to a two per cent wage boost for tho last four months of 1972 and a 6.2 per cent sal- ary hike for 1973. He said Ihe 10-month pro- posal actually means less than a previously rejected concilia- tion board award for 12 months. "We have told Mr. Clark and his mediators to go back and do their homework. This is the first time we've ever been ap- proached on a 15-month con- tract instead of. a plsn. "We view this as a reduction, not a movement forward but a movement backward. The pro- posal itself is just an Mr. Casanova said. MISUNDERSTOOD Mr. Clark said the offer made by SASAA may have been misunderstood by the teachers. He said the two per cent sal- ary hike, for the last four months of 1972, is to be based on the entire year which he says is actually a six per cent wage boost on the four-month period. Added la that, Mr. Clark said, is the original 1973 offer of 6.2 per cent for an approximate ]2.2 per cent hike on a 16-month scslc. Both Mr. Clark and Mr. Casanova said they are willing to continue bargaining. Mr. Cssanova said a complete walk-out by teachers will bo staged if settlement isn't readi- ed. Mr. Clark said he is still hope- ful of agreement without strike action. "We arc not leaving. We hope to avert a Mr. Clark said. Mr. Casanova said his team won't leave Lethbridge without agreement but he is stitl counting on a complete strike s-'tualioii unless the contract is settled. "I'll be in this community as long as it takes to get a settle- ment. We Ii a v e set a deadline for the strike and we'll go ahead with Mr. Casanova said. ;